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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115221

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Intraoral scanners (IOSs) have some inherent distortions caused by optical and/or software imperfections. However, how other factors such as operator experience, scan time, scanner type, and scan size influence scan accuracy is not clear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the trueness and precision of scans performed by 3 professionals with different levels of experience by using 2 IOSs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three operators with low, medium, and high levels of experience scanned a master model 10 times by using 2 IOSs (CEREC Omnicam; Dentsply Sirona and TRIOS 3; 3Shape), resulting in 10 standard tessellation language files for each group (N=60). Each standard tessellation language file was divided into 2 areas (prepared teeth and complete arch). Precision was evaluated by comparing the 10 scans from each examiner for each system. Trueness was evaluated by comparing each scan file with a reference scan obtained from a laboratory scanner (D2000; 3Shape). A 3D analysis software program (Geomagic Control; 3D Systems) was used to perform all the comparisons and superimpositions. The 3-way ANOVA test followed by the Tukey HSD test were used to assess precision and trueness. The 2-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey HSD test was used to assess scan time. The Pearson correlation test was performed between scan time and trueness for both scanners. An additional correlation was performed between scan time and number of images, as well as between number of images and trueness for the TRIOS 3. RESULTS: Statistically significant influences of operator (P<.001), scanner (P<.001), scan size (P<.001), operator and scan size (P<.001), and scanner and scan size (P<.001) were observed. The TRIOS 3 group reported higher precision than the CEREC Omnicam group for complete-arch scans (P<.001), although no difference was observed for scans of the prepared tooth. Medium- (P=.002) and low-experience operators (P<.001) reported lower precision for complete-arch scans performed with CEREC Omnicam when compared with TRIOS 3. The low-experience operator reported significantly worse results for complete-arch scans in comparison with the medium- (P=.008 and P<.001) and high-experience operators (P<.001 and P=.001), by using TRIOS 3 and CEREC Omnicam, respectively. Medium- and high-experience operators reported similar results among themselves. The CEREC Omnicam scanner reported lower trueness for complete-arch scans when compared with the prepared tooth (P<.001); for TRIOS 3, a difference was only observed for the low-experience operator when compared with the high-experience operator (P<.001). The CEREC Omnicam reported lower trueness than the TRIOS 3, except for the medium-experience operator with the prepared tooth scan. Comparing the trueness between operators and considering the same scanner and scan size, all groups were similar. The low-experience operator had a longer scanning time than the medium- and high-experience operators. For TRIOS 3, the low-experience operator obtained the highest number of images during each scan. CONCLUSIONS: The accuracy of intraoral scans was influenced by operator experience, type of IOSs, and scan size. More experienced operators and smaller scan sizes made for more accurate scans. In addition, more experienced operators made faster scans, and the TRIOS 3 was more accurate than the CEREC Omnicam for complete-arch scans.

2.
J Dent ; 89: 103180, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this split-mouth, triple-blind, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy of experimental potassium oxalate concentration (10%) in relieving dentin hypersensitivity (DH), after a four-session application protocol. METHODS: Potassium oxalate gels with different concentrations (5 and 10%) were randomly assigned to half of the 31 patients from the sample in a split-mouth design. The desensitizers were applied following a four-session protocol, one session every 48 h. The primary outcome was the assessment of pain level with the visual analog scale (VAS, 0-10), at baseline, immediately after each desensitizing session, and also after the seventh day and along 1-,3-, 6-, 9- and 12-months follow-ups. Statistical analyses were performed using Friedman repeated measures and Wilcoxon signed rank tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For both groups, the minimum of three sessions were required for the achievement of lower DH levels. Regardless of the concentration, the desensitizing effect was maintained all the way to the end of the 6-month follow-up. The 10%-potassium oxalate group was more effective for both 9 and 12-months follow-up periods (p < 0.001). No complications and adverse effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: When a four-session protocol is applied, both concentrations of potassium oxalate (5 and 10%) proved to be effective on DH reduction for up to six months. However, the higher concentration promoted better long-term results. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The DH is an increasing condition in clinical practice, which affects the patient's life quality. This study provides primary clinical evidence, suggesting that multiple application sessions and higher concentrations of potassium oxalate may result in maintenance of the desensitizing effect for more extended periods. Trial registered under number: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03083496.

3.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 37(2): 117-123, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050930

RESUMO

Objective: A single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of desensitizing agents with different action mechanisms in reducing cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH) after four application sessions, with 24-week follow-up. Materials and methods: Sixty patients with CDH were selected in the study and were allocated in three groups of treatment: Desensibilize KF 2%, Clinpro XT Varnish, and Photon Lase III (100 mW, 4 J/cm2-1 J/cm2 each point, 10 sec per point with wavelength of 808 nm). There were four application sessions performed, with a 48-h interval between each one. The evaporative stimuli and visual analog scale were used to evaluate the CDH level at baseline, immediately after treatment, and at 2, 4, 8, and 24 weeks after the application. Mixed-model effects test was used for comparison (α = 0.05).Results: All three groups showed significant reduction in CDH from baseline to each all-subsequent follow-up. All the groups maintained the CDH reduction, and presented no statistical differences between each other after treatment (p = 0.885), 2 (p = 0.857), 4 (p = 0.928), 8 (p = 0.206), and 24 weeks (p = 0.073) of follow-up.Conclusions: The four-session protocol was an effective approach in reduction of CDH (even after 24 weeks), regardless of desensitization mechanism.


Assuntos
Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
ROBRAC ; 26(77): 66-70, abr./jun. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-875295

RESUMO

A reabilitação oclusal de pacientes parcialmente desdentados com redução da dimensão vertical de oclusão (DVO) representa um grande desafio para o cirurgião-dentista. Normalmente envolve procedimentos complexos, demorados e de elevado custo. A prótese parcial removível (PPR) do tipo overlay representa uma alternativa reabilitadora que pode ser utilizada para esta finalidade. Por meio do relato de um caso clínico, este trabalho teve por objetivo descrever a técnica de utilização da PPR overlay, bem como discutir a viabilidade clínica e efetividade desta modalidade de tratamento. No caso em questão, diagnosticada a redução da DVO, inicialmente a reabilitação oral foi feita de forma provisória, utilizando PPR overlay provisória no arco superior e PPR provisória convencional no arco inferior. O restabelecimento das posições mandibulares possibilitou a reconstrução dos dentes anteriores desgastados com resina composta e a confecção de PPR overlay com recobrimento metálico como tratamento "definitivo". As PPRs de recobrimento (overlays) representam uma excelente e eficiente alternativa no restabelecimento das relações maxilomandibulares. São procedimentos menos onerosos que os procedimentos fixos convencionais, normalmente utilizados na reabilitação de pacientes com diminuição da DVO, mais conservadores e bem indicados para pacientes que tiveram desgastes em função de hábitos parafuncionais.


The occlusal rehabilitation of partially edentulous patients with reduced vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) represents a great challenge for the dentist. Normally, involving complex, time-consuming and expensive procedures. The removable partial denture (RPD) overlay type represents a rehabilitative alternative that can be used for this purpose. Through the report of a case, this study aimed to describe the use of the RPD overlay technique as well as discuss the clinical feasibility and effectiveness of this treatment modality. In this case, diagnosed the VDO reduction, initially, the oral rehabilitation was made provisionally, using provisory overlay RPD on the upper arch and conventional provisory RPD in the lower arch. The restoration of mandibular positions made possible the reconstruction of the worn anterior teeth with composite resin and the production of the overlay RPD with metallic covering as the "definitive" treatment. The covering RPDs (overlays) are an excellent and efficient alternative on the restoration of the maxillomandibular relations. They are less costly procedures than conventional fixed procedures, normally used in the rehabilitation of patients with decreased VDO, more conservative and well suited for patients who had wear due parafunctions habits.

5.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 32(5): 1428-1434, sept./oct 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-965775

RESUMO

Diastemas among maxillary incisors and gingival contour disharmony are common findings among patients in dental practice. Ceramic veneers are indicated for esthetic rehabilitation of anterior diastemas due their predictable results, optical characteristics, fracture resistance and tooth structure conservation. However, because it is a friable material and have a brittle behavior, fractures occurrences are related to trauma, oclusal overload, parafunctional habits and material fatigue. This article describes 30 months follow-up of an esthetic and functional rehabilitation diastemas closure using feldspathic veneers associated with periodontal surgery and a ceramic repair with composite resin. Gingivectomy and frenectomy needs were found and the surgical procedures performed guided by new anatomic aspects of the crowns. Mock-up was performed after waxing and reverse planning. All anterior teeth underwent minimally invasive preparation. Feldspathic ceramic veneers were made, tried using try in paste and luted with light-cure resin cement. After 24 months, a fracture occurred on the right maxillary canine veneer. The ceramic restoration repair was performed with nano-hybrid composite resin, after the conditioning with 5% hydrofluoric acid, 37% phosphoric acid and silane couple agent. The combination between ceramic veneers and gingivectomy enables to obtain conservative treatments and esthetic success. After six months of the repair, resulting 30 months of follow-up, the anterior restorations were aesthetically and functionally satisfactory.


Presença de diastemas entre os incisivos superiores e desarmonia do contorno gengival são achados comuns entre os pacientes atendidos na rotina clínica. Facetas cerâmicas são indicadas para reabilitação estética de diastemas anteriores devido a previsibilidade de resultados, características óticas, resistências à fratura e conservação de estrutura dentária. Entretanto, por este ser um material frágil e apresentar comportamento friável, fraturas podem estar relacionadas a episódios de trauma, sobrecarga oclusal, hábitos parafuncionais e fadiga do material. Este artigo descreve um acompanhamento clínico de 30 meses de reabilitação estética e funcional de fechamento de diastema utilizando facetas minimamente invasivas confeccionadas com cerâmicas feldspáticas associadas à cirurgia periodontal e necessidade de reparo da cerâmica com resina composta. A indicação de plastia gengival e frenectomia foram constatadas e o procedimento cirúrgico guiado pelo planejamento da nova anatomia das coroas dentárias. Todos os dentes anteriores superiores foram minimamente preparados. O mock-up foi realizado depois do enceramento e do planejamento reverso. Facetas em cerâmicas feldspáticas foram confeccionadas, a cor do cimento resinoso selecionada com pastas testes e a cimentação concluída com cimento de polimerização exclusiva física. Depois de 24 meses de acompanhamento, ocorreu fratura da faceta do canino superior direito. O reparo da restauração cerâmica foi realizado com resina nanohibrida, depois da cerâmica condicionada com ácido fluorídrico 5%, ácido fosfórico 37% e aplicação de agente de união silano. A combinação entre facetas cerâmicas e cirurgia de plastia gengival permite alcançar tratamento conservador e sucesso estético. Posteriormente seis meses do reparo, resultando em 30 meses de acompanhamento clínico, as restaurações anteriores permaneciam estética e funcionalmente satisfatórias.


Assuntos
Facetas Dentárias , Diastema , Estética Dentária , Gengivectomia
6.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 32(1): 279-287, jan./fev. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-965290

RESUMO

The objective of this clinical study was to determine the effect of adding desensitizing agents in homemade experimental whitening gel Carbamide peroxide 16%. 60 young patients were selected (between 18-28 years), who used randomly (by lottery) the whitening gel DA (with desensitizing agent) or whitening gel CO (without desensitizing agent) characterized as control of a double-blind study, ie the patient and the evaluator did not know the product that was being used. Teeth 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 were bleached. The guidelines of how to apply the bleaching agents were performed by an experienced and calibrated team, and the application accompanied by examiners in several phases. To measure the color we used a Visual Range Vita Classical through visual inspection by the evaluators and patient information. A comparative test regarding each individual stimulation caused by mechanical attrition and thermal probe with clinical test was done (air syringe) in order to verify the presence of sensitivity in three phases: before treatment, after 7 and 14 days. Data were collected using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) adapted to four criteria: no pain, mild pain, moderate pain and severe pain. The correlation of the data x teeth sensitivity were obtained separately, and tabulated for further comparative analysis. The results showed that there was no difference between the groups in terms of bleaching effect. In the post-operative sensitivity test, the subjects who used the product without desensitizing showed higher levels of sensitivity in different types of teeth, regardless of sex or age. It was concluded that the addition of desensitizing agent in the carbamide peroxide 16% whitening gel produced less post-bleaching sensitivity index. We emphasize that from the teeth evaluated, the premolars showed higher sensitivity index, followed by the canines and incisors. There was no difference in the bleaching capacity of the products used, demonstrating that the addition of desensitizing did not affect the efficacy of the treatment.


O objetivo deste estudo clínico foi determinar o efeito da adição de agentes dessensibilizantes em gel clareador experimental caseiro Peróxido de Carbamida 16%. Foram selecionados 60 pacientes jovens (entre 18 a 28 anos), que utilizaram aleatoriamente (através de sorteio) o gel clareador DA (com dessensibilizante) gel clareador CO (sem dessensibilizante), caracterizado como grupo controle de um estudo duplo-cego, ou seja o paciente e o avaliador não conheciam o produto que estava sendo utilizado. Foram clareados os dentes 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 21, 22, 23, 24 e 25. As orientações de como aplicar os agentes clareadores foram realizadas por uma equipe experiente e calibrada, e a aplicação acompanhada por examinadores em diversas fases. Para mensuração da cor foi utilizada uma Escala Visual Vita Clássica através de inspeção visual pelos avaliadores e informações dos pacientes. Foi feito um teste comparativo considerando cada estímulo individualmente provocado por atrito mecânico com sonda clínica e teste térmico (seringa de ar), a fim de verificar a presença de sensibilidade em três fases: antes do tratamento, após 7 e 14 dias. Os dados foram coletados utilizando Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) adaptada a quatro critérios: ausência de dor, dor leve, dor moderada e dor intensa. A correlação dos dados dentes x sensibilidade foram obtidos separadamente, e tabulados para posterior análise comparativa. Os resultados demonstraram que não existiu diferença entre os grupos em termos de efeito clareador. Já no teste de sensibilidade pós-operatória, os sujeitos que utilizaram o produto sem o dessensibilizante mostraram maiores níveis de sensibildade, em diferentes tipos de dentes, independente de gênero ou idade. Pode-se concluir que a adição do agente dessensibilizante no gel clareador peróxido de carbamida 16% gerou menor índice de sensibilidade pósclareamento. Destacamos que dentre os dentes avaliados, os pré-molares apresentaram maior índice de sensibilidade, seguido pelos caninos e incisivos. Não houve diferença na capacidade de clareamento dos produtos empregados, demonstrando que a adição do dessensibilizante não comprometeu a eficácia do tratamento.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários
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