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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 272, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122699

RESUMO

Introduction: emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is a high-impact priority intervention strongly recommended for improving maternal health outcomes. The objectives of this study were to assess the availability, utilization, and quality of emergency obstetric care services in the Governorate of Sousse (Tunisia). Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted among public health facilities which performed deliveries in Sousse in 2017. Data were collected by consulting clinical records and registers and interviewing staff using WHO EmOC tools. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) indicators were calculated. Results: only the University maternity Unit functioned as full comprehensive EmOC facility. No other public facility provided all the 7 Basic EmOC signal functions 3 months prior to the survey. The unperformed signal functions were: administration of parenteral antibiotics, manual removal of placenta and assisted vaginal delivery. The number of EmOC facilities was 0.72 per 500,000 inhabitants. The met need for EmOC was 89.5%. The proportion of caesarean section was 24.2%. The direct obstetric case fatality rate was 0.159% and intrapartum and very early neonatal death rate was 0.65%. Conclusion: raising maternity facilities to a minimum level of basic EmOC status would be a major contributing step towards maternal mortality reduction.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Obstetrícia/organização & administração , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde/normas , Instalações de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Mortalidade Materna , Obstetrícia/normas , Morte Perinatal , Gravidez , Tunísia
2.
J Am Coll Nutr ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565922

RESUMO

Background: Rosmarinus officinalis L.is traditionally used as an infusion in the treatment of several diseases and in particular against neuropsychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. It was established that rosemary extracts show an antidepressant effect on animal models. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no scientific data that highlights the therapeutic effects of rosemary intake on human mental health.Aim:This study investigated whether rosemary tea consumption affects the plasma levels of anxiety and depression biomarkers in healthy volunteers.Methods:Twenty-two healthy volunteers aged between 20 and 50 years old consumed rosemary tea prepared from 5 g of dried rosemary in 100 mL boiled water once a day for 10 days. Plasma concentrations of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), Interleukine-6 (IL-6), Interleukine-4 (IL-4), Tumor Necrosis Factor- alpha (TNF-α), Interferon-gamma (IFNϒ), and cortisol were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using commercial ELISA kits (R&D systems) before rosemary consumption and at the end of the experiment.Results:Rosemary tea consumption significantly increased the concentration of BDNF([BDNF]D0 = 22363.86 ± 12987.66 pg/mL, [BDNF]D10 = 41803.64 ± 28109.19, p = 0.006) and TNF-α([TNF-α] D0 = 39.49 ± 14.44 pg/mL, [TNF-α] D10 = 56.24 ± 39.01, p = 0.016). However, a slight variation that was statistically non-significant in INFϒ, cortisol, IL-4, IL-6 levels and in the ratio IL-4/INFϒ was observed (p > 0.05).Conclusion:Our findings highlight the promising anxiolytic and/or antidepressant effects of rosemary tea consumption in healthy volunteers since it increases the level of the most reliable depression biomarker BDNF. However, more powerful studies with larger sample size, carefully-chosen target population and, an extended intervention period are required.

3.
J Surg Res ; 259: 465-472, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the operating rooms (ORs), distractions occur on a regular basis, which affect the surgical workflow and results in the interruption of urgent tasks. This study aimed to observe the occurrence of intraoperative distractions in Tunisian ORs and evaluate associations among distractions, teamwork, workload, and stress. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted in four different ORs (orthopedic, urology, emergency, and digestive surgery) of Sahloul University Hospital for a period of 3 mo in 2018. Distractions and teamwork were recorded and rated in real time during the intraoperative phase of each case using validated observation sheets. Besides, at the end of each operation, stress and workload of team members were measured. RESULTS: Altogether, 50 cases were observed and 160 participants were included. Distractions happened in 100% of the included operations. Overall, we recorded 933 distractions that occurred once every 3 min, with a mean frequency of M = 18.66 (standard deviation [SD] = 8.24) per case. It is particularly noticeable that procedural distractions occurred significantly higher during teaching cases compared with nonteaching cases (M = 3.85, M = 0.60, respectively, P < 0.001). The mean global teamwork score was M = 3.85 (SD = 0.67), the mean workload score was M = 58.60 (SD = 24.27), and the mean stress score was M = 15.29 (SD = 4.00). Furthermore, a higher stress level among surgeons was associated with distractions related to equipment failures and people entering or exiting the OR (r = 0.206, P < 0.01 and r = 0.137, P < 0.01, respectively). Similarly, nurses reported a higher workload in the presence of distractions related to the work environment in the OR (r = 0.313, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted a serious problem, which often team members seem to ignore or underestimate. Taking our findings into consideration, we recommend the implementation of the Surgical Checklist and preoperative briefings to reduce the number of surgical distractions. Also, a continuous teamwork training should be adopted to ensure that OR staff can avoid or handle distractions when they happen.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluxo de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
J Spec Pediatr Nurs ; 26(2): e12324, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421315

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In pediatric asthma, family empowerment education has been beneficial for the quality of life, pulmonary function, and family functioning. Few studies addressed the impact of a family empowerment program on asthma symptom control, acute healthcare use (AHCU), and medication use in children with asthma. This study aimed to assess the effect of a family empowerment intervention on asthma symptom control, AHCU, inhaler technique, and controller adherence in children with asthma. DESIGN AND METHODS: A single-center study using a randomized controlled design was conducted in a university hospital in the center of Tunisia from May 2018 to September 2019. Eighty-two families were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 41) of 8 weeks of group training sessions, or to the control group (n = 41) of usual care education. Thirty-seven families in the intervention group and 39 families in the control group received allocated intervention at baseline. Thirty-four families in each group completed the study at the 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: At baseline, the intervention and control groups were statistically comparable (p > .05). At follow-up, there were significant differences between the intervention and the control group in asthma symptom control, χ2 (1, N = 34) = 9.950, p = .002, and inhalation technique, χ2 (1, N = 34) = 5.916, p = .01. For AHCU and adherence to asthma controller, there was no significant difference between groups, χ2 (1, N = 34) = 3.219, p = .07, χ2 (1, N = 34) = 0.541, p = .46, respectively. The difference within time in asthma symptom control and inhalation technique was significant (p = 10-3 , p = .001; respectively). PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: This study demonstrated that a family empowerment program significantly improved asthma symptom control and inhaler technique in children with asthma aged 7-17 years. This intervention could be clinically useful and time-saving for pediatric nurses.

5.
Food Res Int ; 139: 109815, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509454

RESUMO

Rosmarinus officinalis L. is a widespread aromatic plant commonly consumed as a tea in traditional cuisine and in folk medicine to treat various illnesses due to its therapeutic properties. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on the bioavailability and metabolism of R. officinalis tea polyphenols in humans. This study was aimed at assessing the bioavailability and nutrikinetics of R. officinalis phenolic compounds in healthy humans for the first time. Forty-eight compounds were identified in plasma and urine. Few un-metabolized compounds were detected since rosemary polyphenols were extensively metabolized into phase II conjugates, with rapid appearance and clearance in plasma, pointing to small intestinal absorption. Phase II derivatives of caffeic acid showed kinetics compatible with both intestinal and colonic hydrolysis of rosmarinic acid yielding free caffeic and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-lactic acids, which were absorbed and metabolized into phase II derivatives. These metabolites, along with reduced forms of caffeic acid and their phase II metabolites, and those of hydroxyphenylpropionic, hydroxylphenylacetic, benzoic and hippuric acids, highlight the importance of colonic absorption. Total urinary excretion of the phenols added up to 235 µmol, corresponding to 22.3% of the ingested amount (1055 µM). In conclusion, rosemary tea polyphenols are partially bioavailable and extensively metabolized, mainly by the colonic microbiota.


Assuntos
Rosmarinus , Disponibilidade Biológica , Humanos , Fenóis , Polifenóis , Chá
6.
Aust Crit Care ; 34(4): 363-369, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121872

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Critical care nurses are considered the key to patient safety improvement and play a vital role in enhancing quality of care in intensive care units (ICUs) where adverse events are frequent and have severe consequences. Moreover, there is recognition of the importance of the assessment and the development of patient safety culture (PSC) as a strategic focus for the improvement of patient safety and healthcare quality, notably in critical care settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess critical care nurses' perception of PSC and to determine its associated factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among nurses working in the ICUs of the Tunisian centre (six Tunisian governorates). The study instrument was the French validated version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire, comprising 10 dimensions and a total of 50 items. RESULTS: A total of 249 nurses from 18 ICUs participated in the study, with a participation rate of 87.36%. The dimensions scores ranged between 17.2% for the dimension "frequency of events reported" and 50.1% for the dimension "teamwork within units". Multivariable logistic regression indicated that respondents who worked in private hospitals were five times more likely to have a developed PSC (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 5.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], [2.28, 12.51]; p < 10-3). Similarly, participants who worked in a certified hospital were two times more likely to have a more developed PSC than respondents who work in noncertified hospitals (AOR: 2.51; 95% CI, [.92-6.82]; p = 0.041). In addition, an increased nurse-per-patient ratio (i.e., reduced workload) increased PSC (AOR: 1.10; 95% CI, [1.02-1.12]; p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: This study has shown that the state of critical care nurses' PSC is critically low and these baseline results can help to form a plan of actions for improvements.

7.
Psychol Health Med ; 26(2): 212-220, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835517

RESUMO

Burnout is a major issue among healthcare students and a public health issue in general. Indeed, the consequences of student burnout are as complex as other mental distress factors, such as those concerned with smoking and alcohol consumption, or an unhealthy lifestyle.  This study aimed to determine the prevalence of burnout among health sciences students and to determine its associated factors. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among 368 students of a Tunisian institution using the French validated version of the MBI-SS. The prevalence of burnout was 64.4%. The presence of a diagnosed health problem, a diagnosed mental disorder or sleep problems were associated with burnout. Students who live alone are significantly the most emotionally exhausted (p=0.010) and the most cynical (p=0.033). Students who had a low socio-economic level are significantly more cynical than those who had a medium or high socio-economic level (p=0.032). Performing leisure activities and practicing physical activities were associated with emotional exhaustion (p=0.007, p= 0.008, respectively).In our study, burnout is prevalent among Tunisian health sciences students. Many factors were found to be associated with this syndrome. These findings reinforce the need to establish early preventive strategies to encounter this problem and its consequent risks.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Compr Child Adolesc Nurs ; 44(2): 122-133, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302238

RESUMO

Asthma is a leading cause of acute health care use (AHCU) as defined by hospitalization and emergency department visits (ED). Little was known about factors associated with asthma-related AHCU. This study aimed to identify factors determining AHCU in children and adolescents with asthma. A descriptive study was conducted among children with mild to severe asthma referred to the pediatric outpatient clinic of "Farhat Hached" University Hospital of Sousse (Tunisia) over a period of three months (April-June 2018). We collected data regarding clinical information, the number of hospitalizations and ED visits related to asthma in the past 12 months, asthma management behaviors, and quality of life of children. Multivariable logistic regression was performed using SPSS (20.0). A total of 90 children have participated in the study. The percentage of children aged 7 to 11 years was higher than the percentage of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years (67.8%; 32.2%, respectively). The final logistic regression model demonstrated that asthma severity and inhaler technique increased the odds of AHCU (OR a = 4.6; 95% CI: 1.1-18.1; p = .03, OR a = 2.9; 95% CI: 1.1-7.8; p = .02, respectively). Also, increased quality of life score reduced the odds of AHCU (OR a = 0.6; 95% CI: 0.4-0.9; p = .01). These results suggest that the organization of programs targeting the management of these factors can reduce the workload on hospital services and emergencies.

9.
Int Emerg Nurs ; 54: 100941, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are considered a high-risk environment because of the high frequency of adverse events that occur within. Measuring patient safety culture is an important step that assists healthcare facilities in planning actions to improve the quality of care provided to patients. This study aims to assess patient safety culture within EDs and to determine its associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted among professionals from all the EDs of public and private healthcare institutions in Tunisia. It spread from June to September 2017. We used the validated French version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. RESULTS: In total, 11 EDs were included in the study, with 442 participants and a participation rate of 80.35%. All the ten dimensions of patient safety culture were in need of improvement. 'Teamwork within units' scored the highest with 46%, however, the lowest score was attributed to 'the frequency of adverse events reporting' (19.6%). Several factors have been found significantly related to safety culture. Private EDs have shown significantly higher scores regarding nine patient safety culture dimensions. CONCLUSION: This study showed a concerning perception held by participants about the lack of a patient safety culture in their EDs. Also, it provided baseline results giving a clearer vision of the aspects of safety that need improvement.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Gestão da Segurança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
10.
Compr Child Adolesc Nurs ; : 1-11, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687718

RESUMO

Chronic childhood asthma is a leading cause of poor quality of life. Factors associated with this major asthma outcome were controversial. The aim of this study is to assess the quality of life of children and adolescents with mild to moderate asthma and to determine the factors associated with quality of life impairment in this population. This was a descriptive study carried out in the pediatric outpatient clinic of a University Hospital in the center of Tunisia over a period of 3 months (April-June 2018). Participants were children with mild to moderate asthma aged 7 to 17 years. The Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of asthma-related quality of life. A total of 90 children participated in the study. Almost 68% of children were aged 7 to 11, and nearly 32% were adolescents. The mean of PAQLQ total score was 4.7 ± 1.2. The final logistic regression model demonstrated that asthma symptoms control had the greatest impact on quality of life, followed by acute health care use in the past 12 months (p = .007; p = .01, respectively). The child gender and the parent's quality of life were also associated with the child's quality of life (p = .02; p = .008, respectively). This study revealed that children and adolescents with mild to moderate asthma had a moderate quality of life score. Asthma symptoms control, acute health care use, gender, and parent's quality of life determined the quality of life of children with asthma. Family-based asthma training programs that target family functioning and asthma outcomes are required.

11.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 54: e9-e16, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616452

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patient education is fundamental in asthma management, especially at pediatric age. It is increasingly recognized as effective in reducing the burden of the disease, but is less clear in improving the quality of life of children with asthma and their parents. This study assessed the effect of an asthma therapeutic education program on pulmonary function and quality of life in children with asthma and their parents. DESIGN AND METHODS: A monocentric randomized controlled trial conducted in Farhat Hached University Hospital of Sousse (Tunisia) from May 2018 to September 2019. Thirty-seven families in the experimental group and 39 families in the control group received allocated intervention at baseline. Thirty-four families in each group completed the study at the 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: The intervention significantly improved quality of life scores of children and their parents (all p < 0.05). Children in the experimental group had significantly better forced expiratory maneuver than children in the control group. Nonetheless, the FEV1/FVC ratio did not show any significant difference in the experimental and control group (p = 0.9; p = 0.14, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that a long-term family-based asthma education program resulted in better pulmonary function and QOL of children and parents enrolled in the intervention group, particularly children with non-allergic asthma. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Family-based asthma education can reduce the burden of allergic and non-allergic asthma on children and their parents through improving their quality of life. Also, the pulmonary function of children with non-allergic asthma was improved due to My Asthma Therapeutic Education intervention.


Assuntos
Asma , Qualidade de Vida , Asma/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Pais , Tunísia
12.
J Crit Care ; 56: 208-214, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952015

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess patient safety culture (PSC) in intensive care units (ICUs) and to determine the factors affecting it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted from October to November 2017 among professionals practicing in the ICUs of the Tunisian center. After obtaining institutional ethics committee's approval and administrative authorizations, an anonymous paper-based questionnaire was distributed to the participants after obtaining their consent to take part in the study. The measuring instrument used is the French validated version of the "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 402 professionals, from 18 ICUs and 10 hospitals, participated in the study with a participation rate of 82.37%. All dimensions were to be improved. The most developed dimension was teamwork within the unit (47.87%) and the least developed dimension was the non-punitive response to error (18.6%). Seven dimensions were significantly more developed in private institutions than in public ones. Results also show that when workload is reduced, the PSC was significantly increased. CONCLUSION: This study has shown that the PSC in ICUs needs improvement and provided a baseline results to get a clearer vision of the aspects of security that require special attention.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 306, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692846

RESUMO

Introduction: An effective referral system is considered as a key to saving mothers' and children's lives. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency and the indications of obstetric referrals in a Tunisian tertiary care maternity and to assess the conformity of referral mechanisms with the National Perinatality Programme (NPP) guidelines. Methods: A descriptive study was undertaken among women referred to Farhat Hached University Hospital in Sousse, Tunisia with antenatal complications requiring urgent delivery and those referred while in labour or with immediate post partum complications. The ICD-10 was used to code recorded indications and diagnoses for referrals. Results: Referrals represents 15.23% of the obstetric activity in this facility. There were 32 reasons for referrals with the most common being premature rupture of membranes (14.1%) and fetal distress (13.5%). A fifth of the referrals were unclassifiable according to ICD-10. Most of the indications for referrals (95.8%) did not conform to the list of referral indications of the NPP. Twenty eight diagnoses were retained after referrals: the most common of which were prolonged pregnancy (29.5%) and premature rupture of membranes (19.3%). In 41% of women, reasons for referral did not match with diagnoses established at the time of the patients' admission to hospital. Conclusion: The current referral system in the region of Sousse still faces several challenges that need to be addressed in order to make it more effective.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Gravidez , Atenção Terciária à Saúde , Tunísia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 19(7): 590-599, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30117391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The plant species Rosmarinus officinalis (RO), Thymus algeriensis (TA) and Thymus capitatus (TC) are widely used in traditional medicine in Tunisia. Their bioactivities have been reported before and particularly referred to their essential oils. The main objective of this work was to assess the phytochemical composition, the antioxidant activity, the antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic potential of these 3 plants. METHOD: The High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), chemical tests and spectrophotometric methods were used for screening, quantification of phytochemicals and for antioxidant activities. Extracts were evaluated for antibacterial potential by the microdilution method. Antifungal activities were tested using the Poisoned food method against: Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus. The cytotoxic potential of the plant extracts was checked using HCT 116 cultures. RESULTS: Results revealed that aqueous extracts are not toxic compared to the methanolic extracts. Phenolic compounds were detected and these extracts showed excellent antioxidant activity presenting dose-dependent relationship. For antibacterial potential, all tested strains are more sensitive to Thymus extracts than Rosmarinus extracts. However, for antifungal activities, only Rosmarinus extracts inhibited mycelial growth. HPLC analysis allowed the identification of ten compounds with the abundance of gallic acid. CONCLUSION: This study showed important bioactivities (antioxidant, antimicrobial, and safety potential) of the plant species RO, TA and TC used in traditional medicine.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rosmarinus , Thymus (Planta) , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Aspergillus flavus/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus flavus/fisiologia , Medicina Tradicional , Metanol/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia
15.
J Res Health Sci ; 18(2): e00414, 2018 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29784895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. It assesses the prevalence of bullying and covers qualitative details of bullying including psychosocial factors and perceived efforts of others to counteract bullying. RESULTS: 11.7% of respondents were classified as pure victims, 7.8% as pure bullies, 3.2% as bully-victims and 75.5% as bystanders. Compared to other groups, the bully-victims were less likely to report a feeling of empathy and liking school. They were more likely to be afraid of being bullied, aggressive and to have fewer friends in the class. Only 30.3% of the victims indicated that they told someone about being bullied. The majority of the middle school students perceived that classmates (54.1%) and teachers (39.5%) did nothing to counteract bullying. CONCLUSIONS: Information about bullying is critical and must be gathered before effective intervention is planned. Parents, teachers and students should learn effective ways to handle the bullying problem since the most effective programs are comprehensive targeting students, schools, families and the community.


Assuntos
Bullying/prevenção & controle , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Docentes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Grupo Associado , Prevalência , Estudantes/psicologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia
16.
J Res Health Sci ; 18(1): e00403, 2018 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29445049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internet represents a revolution in the world of technology and communication all over the world including Tunisia. However, this technology has also introduced problematic use, especially among students. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of Internet addiction among college students and its predictors in the region of Sousse, Tunisia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The current study was conducted in the colleges of Sousse, Tunisia in 2012-2013. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data from 556 students in 5 randomly selected colleges from the region. Collected data concerned socio-demographic characteristics, substances use and internet addiction using the Young Internet Addiction Test. RESULTS: The response rate was 96%. The mean age of participants was 21.8±2.2 yr. Females represented 51.8% of them. Poor control of internet use was found among 280 (54.0%; CI95%: 49.7, 58.3%) participants. Low education levels among parents, the young age, lifetime tobacco use and lifetime illicit drugs use were significantly associated with poor control of internet use among students (P<0.001). While, the most influential factor on internet use among them was under-graduation with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.4 (CI95%: 1.7, 3.6). CONCLUSIONS: Poor control of internet use is highly prevalent among the college students of Sousse especially those under graduate. A national intervention program is required to reduce this problem among youth. A national study among both in-school and out-of-school adolescents and young people would identify at-risk groups and determine the most efficient time to intervene and prevent internet addiction.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/etiologia , Internet , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Drogas Ilícitas , Masculino , Pais , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Phytochem Anal ; 29(1): 87-100, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28895237

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) is an aromatic plant common in Tunisia and it is widely consumed as a tea in traditional cuisine and in folk medicine to treat various illnesses. Currently, most research efforts have been focused on rosemary essential oil, alcoholic and aqueous extracts, however, little is reported on rosemary infusion composition. OBJECTIVE: To investigate compounds present in rosemary tea obtained from Rosmarinus officinalis L. collected in a sub-humid area of Tunisia in order to assess whether the traditional rosemary tea preparation method could be considered as a reference method for rosemary's compounds extraction. METHODOLOGY: Qualitative characterisation of Rosmarinus officinalis tea obtained after rosemary infusion in boiled water was determined by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionisation quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS). Quantitative analysis relies on high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). RESULTS: Forty-nine compounds belonging to six families, namely flavonoids, phenolic acids, phenolic terpenes, jasmonate, phenolic glycosides, and lignans were identified. To the best of the authors' knowledge eucommin A is characterised for the first time in rosemary. Rosmarinic acid (158.13 µg/g dried rosemary) was the main compound followed then by feruloylnepitrin (100.87 µg/g) and luteolin-3'-O-(2″-O-acetyl)-ß-d-glucuronide (44.04 µg/g). Among quantified compounds, luteolin-7-O-rutinoside was the compound with the lowest concentration. CONCLUSION: The infusion method allows several polyphenols present in rosemary tea to be extracted, therefore it could be a reference method for rosemary's compounds extraction. Moreover, traditional Tunisian Rosmarinus officinalis tea consumption is of interest for its rich phenolic content. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Bebidas/análise , Rosmarinus/química , Clima , Glicosídeos/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Lignanas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Polifenóis/química , Tunísia
18.
Sante Publique ; 29(1): 71-79, 2017 Mar 06.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737329

RESUMO

Objective: This study was designed to assess the quality of the Gabès (Tunisia) mobile emergency care medical records and propose corrective actions.Materials and methods: A clinical audit was performed at the Gabès mobile emergency care unit (SMUR). Records of day, night and weekend primary and secondary interventions during the first half of 2014 were analysed according to a data collection grid comprising 56 criteria based on the SMUR guidelines and the 2013 French Society of Emergency Medicine evaluation guide. A non-conformance score was calculated for each section.Results: 415 medical records were analysed. The highest non-conformance rates (48.5%) concerned the "specificities of the emergency medical record" section. The lowest non-conformance rates concerned the surveillance data section (23.4%). The non-conformance score for the medical data audit was 24%.Conclusion: This audit identified minor dysfunctions that could be due to the absence of local guidelines concerning medical records in general and more specifically SMUR. Corrective measures were set up in the context of a short-term and intermediate-term action plan.


Assuntos
Ambulâncias , Guias como Assunto , Registros Médicos/normas , Unidades Móveis de Saúde , Humanos , Auditoria Médica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tunísia
19.
Sante Publique ; 29(2): 255-262, 2017 Apr 27.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737344

RESUMO

Aim: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of alcohol consumption and factors associated with alcohol consumption among students of the Sousse region of Tunisia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 556 students of Sousse universities during the 2012-2013 academic year, using an anonymous self-report questionnaire. Data capture and statistical analysis were performed with SPSS software 18.0. Results: Our study population was composed of 268 males (48.2%) with a mean age of 21.8 ± 2.1 years. Eighty-four students (15.1%) had consumed alcohol at least once. On multivariate analysis, male gender (OR = 6.94; 95%CI = [2.32-20.72]), smoking (OR = 13.21; 95%CI = [6.20-27.78]), drug use (OR = 32.22; 95%CI = [6.73-154.26]) and parental alcohol consumption (OR = 4.31; 95%CI = [1.70-10.91]) were the factors significantly associated with alcohol consumption among students. Conclusion: This study was designed to determine the characteristics of alcohol consumption among Tunisian students. Alcohol consumption levels were comparable to those reported in the general population and were significantly related to smoking and drug use. The next step of this study will consist of developing strategies to prevent risk behaviours in the student population.


Assuntos
Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int J Qual Health Care ; 29(2): 176-182, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28073903

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the patient safety culture (PSC) in operating rooms (ORs) and to determine influencing factors. Design: A cross-sectional descriptive multicenter study which was conducted over a period of 7 months (October 2014-April 2015) using the French validated version of the Hospital Survey On Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. Setting: Of the note, 15 ORs of public and private healthcare institutions. Participants: In total, there were 368 participants including surgeons, anesthesiologists, surgical and anesthesia technicians, nurses and caregivers, divided into 316 professionals exercising in public sector and 52 working in private one. Main Outcome Measure(s): A self-administrated questionnaire investigating 10 dimensions of PSC (including 45 items), two items examining the staff perception of patient safety quality and reporting events, and five items regarding demographic characteristics of respondents. Results: The participation rate in the study was 70.8%. All 10 dimensions were to be improved. The overall perception of patient safety had a score of 34.9%. The dimension that had the lowest score (20.5%) was the non-punitive response to error, and the one that had the highest score (41.67%) was teamwork in the ORs. Three dimensions were developed in private sector, and none in public hospitals. Conclusion: This study showed that the level of the PSC needs to be improved not only in public hospitals but also in private ones. The obtained results highlight the importance of implementing quality management systems and developing PSC.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Privados/normas , Hospitais Públicos/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
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