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1.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-12, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710514

RESUMO

Purpose: To estimate the incidence rate (IR) and identify risk factors associated to inflammatory relapse after immunosuppressive drug (ISD) discontinuation in noninfectious uveitis patients.Methods: Multicenter longitudinal retrospective study, including patients from four uveitis clinics followed-up until December 2018. Hazard ratios for different variables were estimated using multivariable Cox models.Results: 32 patients (34 episodes of ISD discontinuation) were analyzed (median and maximum follow-up time: 2.4 and 19.2 years, respectively). Fourteen patients presented at least one relapse: anterior (8 patients), intermediate (5) and posterior (8). IR (95% confidence interval) of the first relapse was 14.3 (8.6-23.8) episodes per 100 patient-years (median survival time: 4.8 years). Early use of ISDs, panuveitis, and higher oral corticosteroid dosage at discontinuation were associated with higher hazards of relapse in multivariable analysis.Conclusions: Relapse is a frequent and early event after ISD discontinuation. Identifying relapse risk factors could support the physician's decision regarding ISD discontinuation.

2.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722849

RESUMO

Management of systemic autoimmune diseases is challenging for physicians in their clinical practice. Although not common, they affect thousands of patients in Spain. The family doctor faces patients with symptoms and non-specific cutaneous, mucous, joint, vascular signs or abnormal laboratory findings at the start of the disease process and has to determine when to refer patients to the specialist. To aid in disease detection and better referral, the Spanish Society of Rheumatology and the Spanish Society of Family Medicine has created a group of experts who selected 26 symptoms, key signs and abnormal laboratory findings which were organized by organ and apparatus. Family doctors and rheumatologists with an interest in autoimmune systemic diseases were selected and formed mixed groups of two that then elaborated algorithms for diagnostic guidelines and referral. The algorithms were then reviewed, homogenized and adapted to the algorithm format and application for cell phone (apps) download. The result is the current Referral document of systemic autoimmune diseases for the family doctor in paper format and app (download). It contains easy-to-use algorithms using data from anamnesis, physical examination and laboratory results usually available to primary care, that help diagnose and refer patients to rheumatology or other specialties if needed.

3.
RMD Open ; 5(2): e001018, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565246

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate whether immunological response to influenza vaccination is impaired in patients who are receiving secukinumab. Patients and methods: Subjects suffering from psoriatic arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis who were receiving treatment with secukinumab and healthy volunteers were included.All participants received seasonal inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine recommended by the WHO in the 2017-2018 northern hemisphere influenza season, which contained an A/Michigan/45/2015 (H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Hong Kong/4801/2014 (H3N2)-like virus and a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus.Haemagglutination inhibition was used to evaluate basal antibody (Ab) titres against the three influenza vaccine virus strains just before vaccination and at least 4 weeks after the vaccine administration. Response to vaccine was considered as >4-fold increases in Ab titre. Results: Thirty subjects, 17 patients and 13 healthy controls, with a follow-up duration of 33±8 days, were analysed. There were no demographic differences between groups. Patients and controls achieved a median of 4.6-fold and 4.0-fold increases, respectively, for anti H1N1 and almost 4.0 (3.7) for patients and 5.3 for controls for anti-B Ab. Both groups presented a poor response against H3N2, with <1.5-fold increase. Seroconversion rates were similar in both groups. Secukinumab did not influence the response to the influenza vaccine (relative risk: 1.09 (95% CI 0.58 to 2.07) for H1N1, RR: 1.53 (95% CI 0.15 to 15.0) for H3N2 and RR: 0.72 (95% CI 0.32 to 1.83) for B strain). Conclusion: In our study, secukinumab has no effect on the immunogenic response to the influenza vaccine.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and analyze any cancer-associated factors in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) differentiating between hormone-sensitive (HS) and non-HS cancers. METHODS: Retrospective multicentric study of a patient cohort from the SLE Registry of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (RELESSER - Spanish acronym). Included are the following: the first cancer post-SLE diagnosis, clinical and sociodemographic information, cumulative damage, severity, comorbidities, treatments and refractoriness. Cancers were classified as HS (prostate, breast, endometrium and ovarian) and non-HS (the rest). Standardized Incidence Ratio (SIR) was calculated and logistic regression models were built. RESULTS: 3,539 patients (90.4% women) were included, 154 of whom presented cancer (91% women), 44 HS (100% women). Cancer SIR was 1.37 (CI 95%: 1.15-1.59), with higher values in women under 65s [2.38 (CI 95%: 1.84-2.91)]. SIR in women with HS vs. non-HS cancer was 1.02 (CI 95%: 0.13-1.91) and 1.93 (CI 95%: 0.98-2.89)], respectively. In HS vs. non-HS cancers, SLE diagnostic age [odds ratio (OR) 1.04 (p= 0.002) vs. 1.04 (p= 0.019), respectively] and period of disease evolution [OR 1.01 (p< 0.001) vs. 1.00 (p= 0.029), respectively] were associated with cancer. SLICC/ACR damage index [OR 1.27 (p= 0.022)] and ACE inhibitor prescriptions [OR 2.87 (p= 0.048)] were associated with non-HS cancers. CONCLUSION: Cancer incidence in SLE patients is higher than in the Spanish population, particularly among young women. This increase might be due to non-HS cancers, which would be associated with an SLE involving greater cumulative damage where more ACE inhibitors are prescribed.

5.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(12): 2015-2024, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396685

RESUMO

To describe the clinical and therapeutic management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), alone or in combination with conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs), as well as analysing changes over time in bDMARD use. An observational, retrospective, multicentre study was conducted in the rheumatology departments of 10 public Spanish hospitals. Patients with RA treated with bDMARDs at baseline who had medical records available in the data collection period 2013-2016 were included. All visits to rheumatology departments recording any type of bDMARD modification (dose, etc.) were collected. Clinical characteristics, concomitant treatment, resource use, work productivity and quality of life (QoL) were recorded. 128 patients were included: 81 received first-line bDMARD treatment, 28 second-line bDMARD treatment and 19 received third or later lines. Mean study follow-up was 4.1 years. Assessment of DAS28 was available in 54.6% of visits. At baseline, 48.7% of patients had moderate-high disease activity. At final observation, 69.5% of patients continued with the first bDMARD. Tumour necrosis factor blockers were administered to 85.2% of patients in first line, 45.7% in second line and 18.1% in third or later lines. At final observation, 80.2% of patients still felt pain/discomfort. As expected, those with higher disease activity had higher loss of work productivity and lower QoL, as assessed by DAS28, than patients with lower disease activity. Drugs represented 82.6% of the total cost. In this Spanish cohort of 128 patients, most patients remained on the first prescribed bDMARD, despite remaining signs and symptoms.

6.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 257(11): 2505-2516, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385033

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical prognosis among selected white dot syndromes (WDS) (birdshot chorioretinopathy (BRC), multifocal choroiditis, serpiginous choroidopathy (SC), and others) and to identify risk factors of poor visual prognosis. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study including 84 patients (143 affected eyes) diagnosed with WDS between 1982 and July 2017, followed up until loss of follow-up or December 2017, and recruited from three Uveitis Clinics (Madrid Community, Spain). Our main outcome measures were temporary or permanent moderate (corrected visual acuity in the Snellen scale < 20/50) or severe (< 20/200) vision losses, and development of new ocular complications. Incidence rates (IR) of the main outcome measures were estimated per 100 eye-years. Bivariate and multivariate Cox robust regression models analyzed the association of demographic- and clinical-related variables with vision loss. RESULTS: SC exhibited the greatest IR of vision loss, even in the multivariate models. Previous events of vision loss, presence of choroidal neovascularization, and cataracts exhibited worse visual prognosis. Monotherapy with immunosuppressive drugs but not combine therapy was also associated with higher IR of visual loss. Regarding new ocular complications, BRC showed the highest IR of epiretinal membrane and macular edema. CONCLUSIONS: SC presents the worst visual prognosis. Some ocular manifestations can identify patients with WDS at risk of a worse clinical evolution.

7.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 153(10): 380-386, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Influenza vaccine is recommended for patients with autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases who receive biological therapy. To evaluate if biological therapy impairs immunization after seasonal influenza vaccine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with inflammatory arthopathies, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease or connective tissue diseases who were receiving or were going to initiate biological therapy were included and vaccinated during 2014-2015 influenza season. ELISA was used to measure influenza antigen A and B antibodies, before and after vaccination. Demographic parameters, diagnosis and kind of treatment were recorded and their influence on the final serological status against influenza was studied. RESULTS: 253 subjects were analyzed. After vaccination, 77% of participants presented detectable antibodies against antigen A and 50.6% of them had detectable antibodies against antigen B. Final seropositivity rate against antigen B antibodies increased from baseline (50.6% vs 43.5%, p<0.001). Anti-TNF drugs were associated with better response and rituximab with the worst (79.2% vs 55.0% for final seropositivity against antigen A, p=0.020). Vaccine response in the rituximab group tended to improve when the interval between the drug administration and the vaccination was at least 12 weeks (seropositivity rate 80.0% in those with the longer interval vs 25.0% in the other group, p=0.054). CONCLUSIONS: Among the patients on biological therapy vaccinated against influenza, anti-TNF therapy was identified as a predictive factor of final seropositivity. Rituximab presented a lower rate of final seropositivity, which could be increased with an accurate administration schedule.

8.
Surv Ophthalmol ; 64(6): 757-769, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034855

RESUMO

To identify the risk of relapse and subclinical inflammatory stages of systemic autoimmune diseases, new tools are needed. In the recent years, choroidal thickness and retinal thickness measured with ocular coherence tomography (OCT) have been proposed as an inflammatory marker for different systemic diseases, especially for conditions with a vascular component. Our aim in this article is to review the literature regarding the role of choroidal and retinal thickness as a potential inflammatory marker in systemic autoimmune and inflammatory diseases measured by OCT. Current literature suggests that the choroid of patients thickens in active phases of inflammatory diseases with vascular involvement. This pattern is observed in lupus, systemic sclerosis, Behçet disease, spondylitis, and familial Mediterranean fever. Choroidal thickness may decrease with biological treatments, along with systemic inflammation. Repeated flares and long-term disease, however, may thin the choroid, as a result of prolonged insult to the microvasculature and subsequent atrophy. Less is known about the effect of these diseases on retinal thickness. In summary, choroidal and retinal thickness measured by OCT may be promising markers for inflammation in systemic autoimmune and inflammatory diseases; however, more studies are warranted before generalizing choroidal thickness measurements by OCT as a marker for disease activity. The role of retinal thickness is more unclear due to a lack of studies in this field.

9.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 102-108, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3371

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). Methods: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. Results: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. Conclusions: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal


Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de comorbilidades en pacientes con AR en España y discutir sobre su manejo en la clínica diaria utilizando los datos de la cohorte española del estudio internacional COMORA. Métodos: Subanálisis nacional del estudio COMORA en el que se analizaron las características demográficas y clínicas de 200 pacientes con AR (1987 ACR) y las prácticas rutinarias para el cribado y la prevención de eventos cardiovasculares (CV), gastrointestinales y pulmonares, infecciones, cáncer, osteoporosis y depresión. Resultados: Los pacientes tenían una edad media de 58 años, una duración media de la enfermedad de 10 años, un DAS28 de 3,3 y el 25% estaba en remisión (DAS28 <2,6). El 22% de los pacientes presentaba al menos una comorbilidad, principalmente depresión (27%) y obesidad (26%). El 5% tenía historia de infarto de miocardio, el 1% de ictus y el 6% de tumor sólido. Una puntuación de Framingham >20% (51%), tener hipercolesterolemia (46%), hipertensión (41%) y fumar (25%) fueron los factores de riesgo CV más comunes. En relación con el cáncer de próstata, colon y piel, solo el 9, 10 y el 18% de los pacientes, respectivamente, estaban óptimamente controlados. Las infecciones tampoco se manejaban de forma óptima, con solo el 7 y el 17% de los pacientes vacunados contra la influenza y neumococo, respectivamente, al igual que la osteoporosis, con el 47% suplementados con la vitamina D y el 56% con una densitometría realizada. Conclusiones: En España, la prevalencia de comorbilidades y factores de riesgo CV en pacientes con AR establecida y avanzada es relativamente alta, y su manejo en la clínica diaria continúa siendo subóptimo

10.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30745279

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the findings of a protocolised odontological evaluation of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) treated in rheumatology units in the Community of Madrid. METHODS: Multicentric descriptive study in which pSS patients classified according to the American-European consensus of 2002 criteria were included. We collected the demographic, clinical and serological data of each patient. A complete oral examination was performed and salivary flow and the CAOD caries index were collected. The patients completed the visual analogue scale for xerostomia, the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 questionnaire and an oral health questionnaire. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were recruited. Ninety-eight percent were women and the mean age of the patients was 57 years. Pathological oral signs (unstimulated salivary flow/salivary glands sialography/scintigraphy) were present in 52.5% of the patients, anti-Ro/anti-La were positive in 90.2%. Ninety-two percent of the patients reported xerostomia and 61% of the patients suffered from hyposialia. Thirty-five patients presented oral mucosa lesions. CAOD index was 16.97±7.93 and visual analogue scale for xerostomia was 46.69±14.43. The results of the OHIP-14 questionnaire were 23.13±14.16. Patients with pathological oral signs obtained a significantly higher Oral Health Impact Profile-14 score (P=.03). We also found that patients with peripheral nervous system involvement obtained a significantly higher Oral Health Impact Profile-14 score (P=.001) CONCLUSIONS: The presence of xerostomia in this cohort of pSS patients was high and hyposialia was present in 61% of the patients. Oral lesions appeared in more than half of the subjects. Oral health had a negative impact on the quality of life of patients with pSS, being higher in those with pathological objective oral signs and in those with peripheral nervous system involvement.

11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3)2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting up to 30% of patients with psoriasis (Ps). To date, most of the known risk loci for PsA are shared with Ps, and identifying disease-specific variation has proven very challenging. The objective of the present study was to identify genetic variation specific for PsA. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 835 patients with PsA and 1558 controls from Spain. Genetic association was tested at the single marker level and at the pathway level. Meta-analysis was performed with a case-control cohort of 2847 individuals from North America. To confirm the specificity of the genetic associations with PsA, we tested the associated variation using a purely cutaneous psoriasis cohort (PsC, n=614) and a rheumatoid arthritis cohort (RA, n=1191). Using network and drug-repurposing analyses, we further investigated the potential of the PsA-specific associations to guide the development of new drugs in PsA. RESULTS: We identified a new PsA risk single-nucleotide polymorphism at B3GNT2 locus (p=1.10e-08). At the pathway level, we found 14 genetic pathways significantly associated with PsA (pFDR<0.05). From these, the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) metabolism pathway was confirmed to be disease-specific after comparing the PsA cohort with the cohorts of patients with PsC and RA. Finally, we identified candidate drug targets in the GAG metabolism pathway as well as new PsA indications for approved drugs. CONCLUSION: These findings provide insights into the biological mechanisms that are specific for PsA and could contribute to develop more effective therapies.

12.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30522944

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe the methodology of REAPSER (Spanish Registry of Recent-onset Psoriatic Arthritis), its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to identify prognostic factors for the clinical and radiographic course in a cohort of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) diagnosed within 2years of symptom evolution. METHODS: Multicenter, observational and prospective study (with 2-year follow-up including annual visits). Baseline visit intended to reflect patient situation before the disease course was modified by treatments prescribed in rheumatology departments. Patients were invited to participate consecutively in one of their routine visits to the rheumatologist. 211 patients were included. Following data were collected: sociodemographic variables; employment situation; family history; personal history and comorbidities; anthropometric data; lifestyle; use of healthcare services; clinical situation at the time of PsA diagnosis; joint involvement and spinal pain; pain and overall assessment; enthesitis, dactylitis and uveitis; skin and nail involvement; functional situation and quality of life; radiographic evaluation; analytical determinations; treatment; axial and peripheral flare-ups. CONCLUSIONS: The REAPSER study includes a cohort of patients with recent-onset PsA, before the disease course was modified by disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs prescribed in rheumatology departments. Exhaustive information collected in each visit is expected to be an important data source for future analysis.

13.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(6): 320-333, nov.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176025

RESUMO

Objetivo: La aparición de nueva información sobre las terapias biológicas en la espondiloartritis axial (EspAax) ha impulsado una nueva revisión de las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) basadas en la mejor evidencia posible. Estas nuevas recomendaciones pueden servir de referencia para reumatólogos implicados en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. Métodos: Se creó un panel formado por nueve reumatólogos expertos en EspAax, previamente seleccionados por la SER mediante una convocatoria abierta. Las fases del trabajo fueron: identificación de las áreas clave para la actualización del consenso anterior, análisis y síntesis de la evidencia científica (sistema modificado de Oxford, CEBM, 2009) y formulación de recomendaciones a partir de esta evidencia y de técnicas de consenso. Resultados: Esta revisión de las recomendaciones comporta una actualización en la evaluación de actividad de la enfermedad y objetivos de tratamiento. Incorpora también los nuevos fármacos disponibles, así como sus nuevas indicaciones, y una revisión de los factores predictivos de respuesta terapéutica y progresión del daño radiográfico. Finalmente, estas recomendaciones abordan también las situaciones de fracaso a un primer anti-TNF, así como la posible optimización de la terapia biológica. El documento incluye una tabla de recomendaciones y un algoritmo de tratamiento. Conclusiones: Se presenta la actualización de las recomendaciones SER para el uso de terapias biológicas en pacientes con EspAax


Objective: Recent data published on biological therapy in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) since the last publication of the recommendations of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) has led to the generation of a review of these recommendations based on the best possible evidence. These recommendations should be a reference for rheumatologists and those involved in the treatment of patients with axSpA. Methods: Recommendations were drawn up following a nominal group methodology and based on systematic reviews. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were classified according to the model proposed by the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine at Oxford. The level of agreement was established through the Delphi technique. Results: In this review, we did an update of the evaluation of disease activity and treatment objectives. We included the new drugs with approved therapeutic indication for axSpA. We reviewed both the predictive factors of the therapeutic response and progression of radiographic damage. Finally, we drafted some recommendations for the treatment of patients refractory to anti-tumor necrosis factor, as well as for the possible optimization of biological therapy. The document also includes a table of recommendations and a treatment algorithm. Conclusions: We present an update of the SER recommendations for the use of biological therapy in patients with axSpA


Assuntos
Humanos , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Biológica/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Progressão da Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Certolizumab Pegol/administração & dosagem , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores
14.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2018 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study prognostic factors in different types of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) associated with interstitial lung disease (ILD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study of a Spanish cohort of patients diagnosed with IIM. Patients were classified into four categories: polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), antisynthetase syndrome (ASS), and overlap myositis (OM). Sociodemographic data, clinical characteristics, antibodies, and treatments were collected. Cox regression models were calculated to identify factors associated with mortality, the necessity for long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT), and deterioration in respiratory function tests (RFT). RESULTS: The number of patients included was 478, of whom 112 (23.4%) suffered from ILD: 17% PM, 16% DM, 45% ASS, and 22% OM. Factors associated with mortality in the multivariate analysis were clinically meaningful progression of ILD after 3 months (CMP 3m) (hazard ratio (HR) 9.48, p = 0.005), severe infections (HR 6.41, p = 0.016), heliotrope erythema (HR 31.1, p = 0.002), delay in diagnosis (HR 1.29; p = 0.011), and Raynaud's phenomenon (HR 11.9, p = 0.007). However, being female (HR 0.19, p = 0.044) and positivity solely for ANAs (HR 0.08, p = 0.008) presented a protective effect. CMP 3m (HR 22.7, p = 0.027) was associated with the need for LTOT, while basal aldolase (HR 0.90; p = 0.049) had a protective effect. Likewise, joint manifestations (HR 0.04, p = 0.034) were shown to reduce risk of deterioration in RFT. CONCLUSIONS: CMP 3m, severe infections, delay in diagnosis, heliotrope erythema, and Raynaud's phenomenon were identified as factors of poor prognosis in different IIM associated with ILD.

15.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(12): 2289-2296, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251128

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to benchmark the use and attributed importance of well-established prognostic factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in daily clinical practice, and to contrast the use of factors with their ability to predict outcome. Medline was searched (inception-Sep. 2016) for systematic reviews on factors predicting death, disability, structural damage or remission in RA. All factors identified were compiled in a matrix of factors × outcomes, and scoping reviews for each cell were then performed. A survey to 42 rheumatologists randomly selected explored the use of the list of prognostic factors and inquired about the perceived strength of association with poor prognosis. In a second round, participants were exposed to evidence from the matrix and to responses from other participants. Change on perceived strength of association was evaluated. Rheumatologists report using prognostic factors in clinical practice on a daily basis. Very young onset, joint counts at diagnosis, rheumatoid factor, ACPA, and radiographic erosions are used frequently and correctly recognized as strong predictors. Comorbidities and other associated problems, such as obesity, low bone mineral density, cardiovascular disease, or extra-articular manifestations, are perceived as moderately associated to prognosis but, nevertheless, rheumatologists also use them profusely. Genetic and other biomarkers and osteitis by magnetic resonance are less accessible in daily practice and they obtained better results on second round (probably after knowing the strength of association with prognosis). Rheumatologists use widely most prognostic factors with a strong predictive value. However, factors with low evidence of prognostic value are also used and some factors are not used despite good evidence.

16.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(3): 142-149, mayo-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174098

RESUMO

Objetivos. Desarrollar recomendaciones sobre el uso de metrotexato (MTX) parenteral en pacientes con enfermedades reumáticas, fundamentalmente en la artritis reumatoide, basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia. Métodos. Se seleccionó un grupo de 21 expertos reumatólogos en el manejo de MTX. El coordinador generó 13 preguntas sobre el uso de MTX parenteral (perfiles de indicación, eficacia, seguridad, costo-eficacia y biodisponibilidad) para ser contestadas mediante una revisión sistemática de la literatura. Con base en las preguntas se definieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, y las estrategias de búsqueda (en Medline, EMBASE y la Cochrane Library). Tres revisores seleccionaron los artículos resultantes de la búsqueda. Se generaron tablas de evidencia. Paralelamente se evaluaron abstracts de congresos de la European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) y del American College of Rheumatology (ACR). Con toda esta evidencia el coordinador generó 13 recomendaciones preliminares que se evaluaron, discutieron y votaron en una reunión del grupo nominal con los expertos. Para cada recomendación se estableció el nivel de evidencia y grado de recomendación, y el grado de acuerdo mediante un Delphi. Se definió acuerdo si al menos el 80% de los participantes contestaron sí a la recomendación (sí o no). Resultados. La mayoría de la evidencia proviene de la artritis reumatoide. De las 13 recomendaciones preliminares se aceptaron 11 recomendaciones sobre el uso de MTX parenteral en reumatología. Dos no se llegaron a votar y se decidió no incluirlas, pero se comentan en el texto final. Conclusiones. Este documento pretende resolver algunos interrogantes clínicos habituales y facilitar la toma de decisiones con el uso de MTX parenteral


Objective. To develop recommendations for the use of parenteral methotrexate (MTX) in rheumatic diseases, mainly rheumatoid arthritis, based on best evidence and experience. Methods. A group of 21 experts on parenteral MTX use was selected. The coordinator formulated 13 questions about parenteral MTX (indications, efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (involving Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library). Three different reviewers selected the articles. Evidence tables were created. Abstracts from the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) were evaluated. Based on this evidence, the coordinator proposed preliminary recommendations that the experts discussed and voted in a nominal group meeting. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were established using the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and the level of agreement with the Delphi technique (2 rounds). Agreement was established if at least 80% of the experts voted yes (yes/no). Results. Most of the evidence involved rheumatoid arthritis. A total of 13 preliminary recommendations on the use of parenteral MTX were proposed; 11 of them were accepted. Two of the 13 were not voted and are commented on in the main text. Conclusions. The manuscript aims to solve frequent questions and help in decision-making strategies when treating patients with parenteral MTX


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Consenso , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Infusões Parenterais , Técnica Delfos , Adesão à Medicação , Automedicação/normas
17.
Ophthalmology ; 125(9): 1444-1451, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602570

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) therapy optimization in a large series of patients with uveitis due to Behçet disease (BD) who achieved remission after the use of this biologic agent. DESIGN: Open-label multicenter study of ADA-treated patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional immunosuppressants. SUBJECTS: Sixty-five of 74 patients with uveitis due to BD, who achieved remission after a median ADA duration of 6 (range, 3-12) months. ADA was optimized in 23 (35.4%) of them. This biologic agent was maintained at a dose of 40 mg/subcutaneously/2 weeks in the remaining 42 patients. METHODS: After remission, based on a shared decision between the patient and the treating physician, ADA was optimized. When agreement between patient and physician was reached, optimization was performed by prolonging the ADA dosing interval progressively. Comparison between optimized and nonoptimized patients was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness in optimized and nonoptimized groups. To determine efficacy, intraocular inflammation (anterior chamber cells, vitritis, and retinal vasculitis), macular thickness, visual acuity, and the sparing effect of glucocorticoids were assessed. RESULTS: No demographic or ocular differences were found at the time of ADA onset between the optimized and the nonoptimized groups. Most ocular outcomes were similar after a mean ± standard deviation follow-up of 34.7±13.3 and 26±21.3 months in the optimized and nonoptimized groups, respectively. However, relevant adverse effects were only seen in the nonoptimized group (lymphoma, pneumonia, severe local reaction at the injection site, and bacteremia by Escherichia coli, 1 each). Moreover, the mean ADA treatment costs were lower in the optimized group than in the nonoptimized group (6101.25 euros/patient/year vs. 12 339.48; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: ADA optimization in BD uveitis refractory to conventional therapy is effective, safe, and cost-effective.

18.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(2): 90-96, mar.-abr. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-171559

RESUMO

Objetivo. Existen pacientes con artritis reumatoide (AR) que no responden de la forma deseada a la terapia biológica. Nuestro objetivo fue reconocer los atributos del FAME biológico (FAMEb) que podrían identificar al más adecuado en las primeras líneas de tratamiento de la AR. Métodos. Para reconocer los atributos que podrían definir el FAMEb, se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura acerca de aspectos generales, farmacología, eficacia, seguridad, administración y coste. A continuación, se realizó un proceso Delphi a 2 rondas entre un grupo de reumatólogos expertos en el manejo de la AR para determinar el grado de acuerdo con los atributos identificados, indicando el grado de importancia que se le daba a cada atributo. Se aplicaron 2 criterios para determinar la consistencia de los resultados: 1) sobre la base de la mediana y el rango intercuartílico, y 2) el cumplimiento simultáneo de media, mediana, desviación estándar, rango intercuartílico y coeficiente de variación. Se determinaron también la concordancia y la ratificación final del panel de expertos. Resultados. Ochenta y tres reumatólogos españoles completaron las 2 circulaciones del proceso Delphi. Ninguno de los 77 atributos identificados se consideró de baja importancia, 75 de los 77 (97,4%) se consideraron de alta importancia y 76 de los 77 (98,7%) fueron ratificados. Quince tuvieron el apoyo del 100% del grupo de trabajo. Conclusiones. Quince atributos tuvieron el apoyo del 100% del grupo de trabajo y podrían considerarse los que definirían el FAMEb ideal en las primeras líneas de tratamiento de la AR (AU)


Objective. To date, between 17% and 35% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) do not respond as expected to the initial biological therapy. The objective of this project is to recognize and weigh the attributes of biologic DMARD (bDMARD) to identify the most appropriate for each case, in the first lines of treatment of RA (after inadequate response to at least one synthetic DMARD or previous bDMARD). Methods. To recognize the possible attributes that could define the bDMARD, we performed a systematic search of the literature that recognized the possible attributes involving general aspects, pharmacology, efficacy, safety, management, and cost. Then a Delphi process was conducted with two rounds among a group of selected expert rheumatologists in the management of RA indicating the degree of agreement with the attributes identified in the literature. The project was completed between February and September 2015, indicating the degree of importance that was ascribed to each attribute. Two criteria were applied to determine the consistency of results: 1) based on the median and interquartile range; and 2) on the simultaneous compliance with mean, median, standard deviation, interquartile range and coefficient of variation. The agreement and final ratification of the expert panel were also determined. Results. Eighty-three Spanish rheumatologists participated and completed both rounds of the Delphi process. In no case was the importance of the 77 attributes identified considered to be low; 75 of 77 (97.4%) were considered highly important and 76 of 77 (98.7%) were ratified. Fifteen attributes had the support of 100% of the working group. Conclusions. There was a high degree of agreement concerning the selected attributes. Fifteen of them had the support of 100% of the working group and could be considered the definition of the ideal bDMARD in the first lines of RA treatment (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Biológica , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina de Precisão/tendências , Revisão por Pares/métodos
19.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(2): 90-96, 2018 Mar - Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28065486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To date, between 17% and 35% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) do not respond as expected to the initial biological therapy. The objective of this project is to recognize and weigh the attributes of biologic DMARD (bDMARD) to identify the most appropriate for each case, in the first lines of treatment of RA (after inadequate response to at least one synthetic DMARD or previous bDMARD). METHODS: To recognize the possible attributes that could define the bDMARD, we performed a systematic search of the literature that recognized the possible attributes involving general aspects, pharmacology, efficacy, safety, management, and cost. Then a Delphi process was conducted with two rounds among a group of selected expert rheumatologists in the management of RA indicating the degree of agreement with the attributes identified in the literature. The project was completed between February and September 2015, indicating the degree of importance that was ascribed to each attribute. Two criteria were applied to determine the consistency of results: 1) based on the median and interquartile range; and 2) on the simultaneous compliance with mean, median, standard deviation, interquartile range and coefficient of variation. The agreement and final ratification of the expert panel were also determined. RESULTS: Eighty-three Spanish rheumatologists participated and completed both rounds of the Delphi process. In no case was the importance of the 77 attributes identified considered to be low; 75 of 77 (97.4%) were considered highly important and 76 of 77 (98.7%) were ratified. Fifteen attributes had the support of 100% of the working group. CONCLUSIONS: There was a high degree of agreement concerning the selected attributes. Fifteen of them had the support of 100% of the working group and could be considered the definition of the ideal bDMARD in the first lines of RA treatment.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(3): 142-149, 2018 May - Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28082032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations for the use of parenteral methotrexate (MTX) in rheumatic diseases, mainly rheumatoid arthritis, based on best evidence and experience. METHODS: A group of 21 experts on parenteral MTX use was selected. The coordinator formulated 13 questions about parenteral MTX (indications, efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (involving Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library). Three different reviewers selected the articles. Evidence tables were created. Abstracts from the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and American College of Rheumatology (ACR) were evaluated. Based on this evidence, the coordinator proposed preliminary recommendations that the experts discussed and voted in a nominal group meeting. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were established using the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and the level of agreement with the Delphi technique (2 rounds). Agreement was established if at least 80% of the experts voted yes (yes/no). RESULTS: Most of the evidence involved rheumatoid arthritis. A total of 13 preliminary recommendations on the use of parenteral MTX were proposed; 11 of them were accepted. Two of the 13 were not voted and are commented on in the main text. CONCLUSIONS: The manuscript aims to solve frequent questions and help in decision-making strategies when treating patients with parenteral MTX.

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