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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(5): 631-641, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis, but the presence of persistent fibrosis and myocardial hypertrophy has been related to worse prognosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the potential benefits of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors on left ventricular remodeling and major clinical outcomes following successful transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: Patients from 10 institutions with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR between August 2007 and August 2017 were included. All baseline data were prospectively recorded, and pre-specified follow-up was performed. Doses and types of RAS inhibitors at discharge were recorded, and matched comparison according to their prescription at discharge was performed. RESULTS: A total of 2,785 patients were included. Patients treated with RAS inhibitors (n = 1,622) presented similar surgical risk scores but a higher rate of all cardiovascular risk factors, coronary disease, and myocardial infarction. After adjustment for these baseline differences, reduction of left ventricular volumes and hypertrophy was greater and cardiovascular mortality at 3-year follow-up was lower (odds ratio: 0.59; 95% confidence interval: 0.41 to 0.87; p = 0.007) in patients treated with RAS inhibitors. Moreover, RAS inhibitors demonstrated a global cardiovascular protective effect with significantly lower rates of new-onset atrial fibrillation, cerebrovascular events, and readmissions. CONCLUSIONS: Post-TAVR RAS inhibitors are associated with lower cardiac mortality at 3-year follow-up and offer a global cardiovascular protective effect that might be partially explained by a positive left ventricular remodeling. An ongoing randomized trial will help confirm these hypothesis-generating findings. (Renin-Angiotensin System Blockade Benefits in Clinical Evolution and Ventricular Remodeling After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation [RASTAVI]; NCT03201185).

2.
Eur Heart J ; 40(5): 456-465, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590565

RESUMO

Aims: The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of patients undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with balloon-expandable (BE) valves vs. self-expandable (SE) valves. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a minimally invasive and lifesaving treatment in patients with aortic valve stenosis. Even though BE-valves and SE-valves are both commonly used on a large scale, adequately sized trials comparing clinical outcomes in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis treated with BE-valves compared with SE-valves are lacking. Methods and results: In this CENTER-collaboration, data from 10 registries or clinical trials, selected through a systematic search, were pooled and analysed. Propensity score methodology was used to reduce treatment selection bias and potential confounding. The primary endpoints were mortality and stroke at 30 days follow-up in patients treated with BE-valves compared with SE-valves. Secondary endpoints included clinical outcomes, e.g. bleeding during hospital admission. All outcomes were split for early-generation BE-valves compared with early-generation SE-valves and new-generation BE-valves with new-generation SE-valves. The overall patient population (N = 12 381) included 6239 patients undergoing TAVI with BE-valves and 6142 patients with SE-valves. The propensity matched population had a mean age of 81 ± 7 years and a median STS-PROM score or 6.5% [interquartile range (IQR) 4.0-13.0%]. At 30-day follow-up, the mortality rate was not statistically different in patients undergoing TAVI with BE-valves compared with SE-valves [BE: 5.3% vs. SE: 6.2%, relative risk (RR) 0.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-1.0, P = 0.10]. Stroke occurred less frequently in patients treated with BE-valves (BE: 1.9% vs. SE: 2.6%, RR 0.7; 95% CI 0.5-1.0, P = 0.03). Also, patients treated with BE-valves had a three-fold lower risk of requiring pacemaker implantation (BE: 7.8% vs. SE: 20.3%, RR 0.4; 95% CI 0.3-0.4, P < 0.001). In contrast, patients treated with new-generation BE-valves more frequently experienced major and life-threatening bleedings compared with new-generation SE-valves (BE: 4.8% vs. SE: 2.1%, RR 2.3; 95% CI 1.6-3.3, P < 0.001). Conclusion: In this study, which is the largest study to compare valve types in TAVI, we demonstrated that the incidence of stroke and pacemaker implantation was lower in patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI with BE-valves compared with SE-valves. In contrast, patients treated with new-generation BE-valves more often suffered from major or life-threatening bleedings than patients with new-generation SE-valves. Mortality at 30-days was not statistically different in patients treated with BE-valves compared with SE-valves. This study was a propensity-matched analysis generated from observational data, accordingly current outcomes will have to be confirmed in a large scale randomized controlled trial.

3.
JAMA Cardiol ; 4(1): 64-70, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30566185

RESUMO

Importance: In low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (LFLG AS), the severity of left ventricular dysfunction remains a key factor in the evaluation of aortic valve replacement. Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with LFLG AS and severe left ventricular dysfunction. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter registry is a substudy of the True or Pseudo-Severe Aortic Stenosis-TAVI registry that included patients with classic LFLG AS, defined as a mean transvalvular gradient less than 35 mm Hg, an effective orifice area less than 1.0 cm2, and an LVEF of 40% or less. Patients were divided in groups with very low (<30%) LVEF and low (30%-40%) LVEF. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) was performed before TAVR in a subset with very low LVEF, and presence of contractile reserve was defined as an increase of 20% or more in stroke volume. Clinical outcomes were assessed at 1 and 12 months and yearly thereafter, and echocardiography was performed at 1-year follow-up. Retrospective data were collected from 2007 to 2013 and prospective data from January 2013 to March 2018. Data were analyzed from March to October 2018. Exposures: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with LFLG AS. Main Outcomes and Measures: Changes in LVEF over time; periprocedural and late mortality. Results: A total of 293 patients were included, including 128 (43.7%) with very low LVEF and 165 with low LVEF (56.3%). Their mean (SD) age was 80 (7) years, and most (214 [73.0%]) were men. The mean (SD) LVEF in the very low LVEF group was 22% (5%), compared with 37% (7%) in the low LVEF group (P < .001). There were no differences between groups in rates of periprocedural mortality and late mortality (median [interquartile range], 23 [6-38] months). Patients with very low LVEF displayed a greater increase in LVEF at the 1-year follow-up examination (mean absolute increase, 11.9% [95% CI, 8.8%-15.1%]), than the low LVEF group (3.6% [95% CI, 1.1%-6.1%]; P < .001). In 92 patients with very low LVEF who had preprocedural DSE, results showed a lack of contractile reserve in 45 (49%), but this had no effect on clinical outcomes or changes in LVEF over time. Conclusions and Relevance: In patients with LFLG AS and severe left ventricular dysfunction, TAVR was associated with similar clinical outcomes as in counterparts with milder left ventricular dysfunction. The TAVR procedure was associated with a significant increase in LVEF, irrespective of contractile reserve. These results support TAVR for LFLG AS, irrespective of the severity of left ventricular dysfunction and DSE results.

4.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006927, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of preexisting left bundle branch block (LBBB) in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) recipients is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preexisting LBBB on clinical outcomes after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study evaluated 3404 TAVR candidates according to the presence or absence of LBBB on baseline ECG. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Follow-up outpatient visits or telephone interviews were conducted at 30 days, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, at hospital discharge, and at 1-year follow-up. Preexisting LBBB was present in 398 patients (11.7%) and was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI; 21.1% versus 14.8%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.12-2.04) but not death (7.3% versus 5.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.84-2.12) at 30 days. At a mean follow-up of 22±21 months, there were no differences between patients with and without preexisting LBBB in overall mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.75-1.18) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.68-1.21). In a subanalysis of 2421 patients without PPI at 30 days and with complete follow-up about the PPI, preexisting LBBB was not associated with an increased risk of PPI or sudden cardiac death. Patients with preexisting LBBB had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline and at 1-year follow-up ( P <0.001 for both), but those with low LVEF exhibited a similar increase in LVEF over time after TAVR compared with patients with no preexisting LBBB ( P=0.327). CONCLUSIONS: Preexisting LBBB significantly increased the risk of early (but not late) PPI after TAVR, without any significant effect on overall mortality or cardiovascular mortality. Preexisting LBBB was associated with lower LVEF pre-TAVR but did not prevent an increase in LVEF post-TAVR similar to patients without LBBB.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Int J Cardiol ; 2018 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30473334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), prognosis is impacted by nutritional status, but the influence of the nutritional risk index (NRI) is unknown. Here we calculated the NRI to determine the prevalence and prognostic impact in terms of mortality of malnutrition in TAVR patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective multicenter study included 941 patients who underwent TAVR between 2008 and 2016 (mean age, 80.7 ±â€¯6.5 years; 57% female). The NRI was calculated as 1.519 × albumin (g/L) + 41.7 × (real weight [kg] / ideal weight [kg]). The mean NRI was 98.1 ±â€¯7.0%. The patients were stratified into the following groups based on malnutrition risk: severe (NRI < 83.5; n = 83; 8.82%), moderate (83.5 ≥ NRI < 97.5; n = 370; 39.32%), mild (97.5 ≥ NRI < 100; n = 102; 10.84%), and no risk (NRI ≥ 100; n = 386; 41.02%). During the follow-up period (2.1 ±â€¯1.1 years), 186 patients died, representing 19.8% of the total cohort. Cox regression models were used to analyze the relationship between NRI and mortality during follow-up. Compared to patients with no or mild nutritional risk, those with moderate or severe nutritional risk had a 45% greater risk of mortality during follow-up (adjusted HR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.05-1.99; P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: Malnutrition is common among TAVR patients. Our present data indicated that the NRI was independently associated with increased risk of death during long-term follow-up after TAVR. Based on its potential to improve risk prediction, NRI appears to be a promising tool for the clinical assessment of patients who are candidates for TAVR.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(17): 1669-1679, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30190058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to determine the procedural learning curve and minimum annual institutional volumes associated with optimum clinical outcomes for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a complex procedure requiring significant training and experience for successful outcome. Despite increasing use of TAVR across institutions, limited information is available for its learning curve characteristics and minimum annual volumes required to optimize clinical outcomes. METHODS: The study collected data for patients at 16 centers participating in the international TAVR registry since initiation of the respective TAVR program. All cases were chronologically ordered into initial (1 to 75), early (76 to 150), intermediate (151 to 225), high (226 to 300), and very high (>300) experience operators for TAVR learning curve characterization. In addition, participating institutions were stratified by annual TAVR case volume into low-volume (<50), moderate-volume (50 to 100), and high-volume (>100) groups for comparative analysis. Procedural and 30-day clinical outcomes were collected and multivariate regression analysis performed for 30-day mortality and the early safety endpoint. RESULTS: A total of 3,403 patients comprised the study population. On multivariate analysis, all-cause mortality was significantly higher for initial (odds ratio [OR]: 3.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.93 to 7.60), early (OR: 2.41; 95% CI: 1.51 to 5.03), and intermediate (OR: 2.53; 95% CI: 1.19 to 5.40) experience groups compared with the very high experience operators. In addition, the early safety endpoint was significantly worse for all experience groups compared with the very high experience operators. Low annual volume (<50) TAVR institutions had significantly higher all-cause 30-day mortality (OR: 2.70; 95% CI: 1.44 to 5.07) and worse early safety endpoint (OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.17 to 2.17) compared with the moderate- and high-volume groups. There was no difference in patient outcomes between intermediate and high annual volume groups. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR procedures display important learning curve characteristics with both greater procedural safety and a lower mortality when performed by experienced operators. In addition, TAVR performed at low annual volume (<50 procedures) institutions is associated with decreased procedural safety and higher patient mortality. These findings have important implications for operator training and patient care at centers performing TAVR.

7.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(3): e005727, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29870383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic liver disease is a known risk factor for perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Very little data exist about such patients treated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Our objective was to evaluate early and late clinical outcomes in a large cohort of patients with liver disease undergoing TAVR and to determine predictive factors of mortality among these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study collected data from 114 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent TAVR in 12 institutions. Perioperative and long-term outcomes were compared with a cohort of 1118 patients without liver disease after a propensity score-matching analysis (114 matched pairs). In-hospital mortality and vascular and bleeding complications were similar between matched groups. Acute kidney injury was more common in liver disease group (30.8% versus 13.5%; P=0.010). Although cardiovascular mortality was similar between groups (9.4% versus 6.5%; P=0.433) at 2-year follow-up, noncardiac mortality was higher in the liver group (26.4% versus 14.8%; P=0.034). Lower glomerular filtration rate (hazard ratio, 1.10, for each decrease of 5 mL/min in estimated glomerular filtration rate; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.17; P=0.005) and Child-Pugh class B or C (hazard ratio, 3.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.47-6.56; P=0.003) were the predictors of mortality in patients with chronic liver disease, with a mortality rate of 83.2% at 2-year follow-up in patients with both factors (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min and Child-Pugh B or C). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that TAVR is a feasible treatment for severe aortic stenosis in patients with early-stage liver disease or as bridge therapy before a curative treatment of the hepatic condition. Patients with Child-Pugh class B-C, especially in combination with renal impairment, had a very low survival rate, and TAVR should be carefully considered to avoid a futile treatment. These results may contribute to improve the clinical decision-making process and management in patients with liver disease.

8.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29859894

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the percutaneous revascularization strategy for severe lesions in the secondary branches (SB) (diameter ≥ 2mm) of major epicardial arteries compared with conservative treatment. METHODS: This study analyzed patients with severe SB lesions who underwent percutaneous revascularization treatment compared with patients who received pharmacological treatment. The study examined the percentage of branch-related events (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction attributable to SB, or the need for revascularization of the SB). RESULTS: We analyzed 679 SB lesions (662 patients). After a mean follow-up of 22.2±10.5 months, there were no significant differences between the 2 treatment groups regarding the percentage of death from cardiovascular causes (1.7% vs 0.4%; P=.14), nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (1.7% vs 1.7%; P=.96), the need for SB revascularization (4.1% vs 5.4%; P=.45) or in the total percentage of events (5.1% vs 6.3%; P=.54). The variables showing an association with event occurrence on multivariate analysis were diabetes (SHR, 2.87; 95%CI, 1.37-5.47; P=.004), prior AMI (SHR, 3.54; 95%CI, 1.77-7.30; P<.0001), SB reference diameter (SHR, 0.16; 95%CI, 0.03-0.97; P=.047), and lesion length (SHR, 3.77; 95%CI, 1.03-1.13; P<.0001). These results remained the same after the propensity score analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of SB-related events during follow-up is low, with no significant differences between the 2 treatment strategies. The variables associated with event occurrence in the multivariate analysis were the presence of diabetes mellitus, prior AMI, and greater lesion length.

9.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(5): 357-364, mayo 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-178533

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Muchos pacientes sometidos a implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica (TAVI) presentan insuficiencia mitral (IM) de grado moderado o menor. El impacto de la insuficiencia tricuspídea (IT) sigue sin resolverse. Se analiza el impacto de la IM moderada frente a leve-ausente y su evolución, y de la IT concomitante y su interacción con la IM. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo multicéntrico de 813 pacientes tratados con TAVI entre 2007 y 2015 con IM ≤ 2 y abordaje transfemoral. Resultados: La edad media fue 81 ± 7 años y el Society of Thoracic Surgeons-score fue de 6,9 ± 5,1%. El 37,3% presentó IM moderada, con resultados comparables intrahospitalarios y de mortalidad a 6 meses frente a IM < 2 (11,9 frente a 9,4%; p = 0,257). Sin embargo, experimentaron más rehospitalizaciones y peor clase de la New York Heart Association (p = 0,008 y 0,001, respectivamente). Solo un 3,8% demostró un aumento en el grado de IM > 2 tras el TAVI. La presencia de IT moderada/grave se asoció con una mortalidad intrahospitalaria y de seguimiento del 13 y el 34,1%, independientemente del grado de IM. La IT moderada-grave fue predictor independiente de mortalidad (HR = 18,4; IC95%, 10,2-33,3; p < 0,001). Conclusiones: La presencia de IM moderada no supuso mayor mortalidad a corto-medio plazo tras el TAVI, pero asoció más rehospitalizaciones. La presencia de IT moderada/grave implicó mayor mortalidad. Esto sugiere que una evaluación minuciosa de los mecanismos subyacentes entre ambas insuficiencias valvulares debe realizarse para determinar la mejor estrategia para evitar la futilidad relacionada con TAVI


Introduction and objectives: Many patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR) of moderate grade or less. The impact of coexistent tricuspid regurgitation (TR) remains to be determined. We sought to analyze the impact of moderate vs none-to-mild MR and its trend after TAVI, as well as the impact of concomitant TR and its interaction with MR. Methods: Multicenter retrospective study of 813 TAVI patients treated through the transfemoral approach with MR ≤ 2 between 2007 and 2015. Results: The mean age was 81 ± 7 years and the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 6.9% ± 5.1%. Moderate MR was present in 37.3% of the patients, with similar in-hospital outcomes and 6-month follow-up mortality to those with MR < 2 (11.9% vs 9.4%; P = .257). However, they experienced more rehospitalizations and worse New York Heart Association class (P = .008 and .001, respectively). Few patients (3.8%) showed an increase in the MR grade to > 2 post-TAVI. The presence of concomitant moderate/severe TR was associated with in-hospital and follow-up mortality rates of 13% and 34.1%, respectively, regardless of MR grade. Moderate-severe TR was independently associated with mortality (HR, 18.4; 95%CI, 10.2-33.3; P < .001). Conclusions: The presence of moderate MR seemed not to impact short- and mid-term mortality post-TAVI, but was associated with more rehospitalizations. The presence of moderate or severe TR was associated with higher mortality. This suggests that a thorough evaluation of the mechanisms underlying concomitant mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation should be performed to determine the best strategy for avoiding TAVI-related futility


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(12): 1297-1308, 2018 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29566812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data exist on patients with low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (LFLG-AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Also, very scarce data exist on the usefulness of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) before TAVR in these patients. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate clinical outcomes and changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) following TAVR in patients with classical LFLG-AS. METHODS: This multicenter registry included 287 patients with LFLG-AS undergoing TAVR. DSE was performed before TAVR in 234 patients and the presence of contractile reserve was defined as an increase of ≥20% in stroke volume. Transthoracic echocardiography was repeated at hospital discharge and at 1-year follow-up. Clinical follow-up was obtained at 1 and 12 months, and yearly thereafter. RESULTS: The median Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of the study population was 7.7% (interquartile range 5.3% to 12.0%), and the mean LVEF and transvalvular gradient were 30.1 ± 9.7% and 25.4 ± 6.6 mm Hg, respectively. The presence of contractile reserve was observed in 45% of patients at DSE. Mortality rates were 3.8%, 20.1%, and 32.3% at 30 days, 1 year, and 2 years, respectively. On multivariable analysis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p = 0.022) and lower hemoglobin values (p < 0.001) were associated with all-cause mortality. Lower hemoglobin values (p = 0.004) and moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation post-TAVR (p = 0.018) were predictors of the composite of mortality and rehospitalization due to heart failure. LVEF increased by 8.3% (95% confidence interval: 6% to 11%) at 1-year follow-up, and the lack of prior coronary artery bypass graft (p = 0.004), a lower LVEF at baseline (p < 0.001), and a lower stroke volume index at baseline (p = 0.019) were associated with greater increase in LVEF. The absence of contractile reserve at baseline DSE was not associated with any negative effect on clinical outcomes or LVEF changes at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR was associated with good periprocedural outcomes in patients with LFLG-AS. However, approximately one-third of LFLG-AS TAVR recipients died at 2-year follow-up, with pulmonary disease, anemia, and residual paravalvular leaks associated with poorer outcomes. LVEF improved following TAVR, but DSE failed to predict clinical outcomes or LVEF changes over time. (Multicenter Prospective Study of Low-Flow Low-Gradient Aortic Stenosis [TOPAS Study]; NCT01835028).

11.
Heart ; 104(10): 814-820, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29440192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in transvalvular gradients and the incidence of valve haemodynamic deterioration (VHD) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), according to use of anticoagulation therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre study included 2466 patients (46% men; mean age 81±7 years) who underwent TAVR with echocardiography performed at 12-month follow-up. Anticoagulation therapy was used in 707 patients (28.7%) following TAVR (AC group). A total of 663 patients received vitamin K antagonists, and 44 patients received direct oral anticoagulants. A propensity score matching analysis was performed to adjust for intergroup (AC vs non-AC post-TAVR) differences. A total of 622 patients per group were included in the propensity-matched analysis. VHD was defined as a ≥10 mm Hg increase in the mean transprosthetic gradient at follow-up (vs hospital discharge). The mean clinical follow-up was 29±18 months. The mean transvalvular gradient significantly increased at follow-up in the non-AC group within the global cohort (P=0.003), whereas it remained stable over time in the AC group (P=0.323). The incidence of VHD was significantly lower in the AC group (0.6%) compared with the non-AC group (3.7%, P<0.001), and these significant differences remained within the propensity-matched populations (0.6% vs 3.9% in the AC and non-AC groups, respectively, P<0.001). The occurrence of VHD did not associate with an increased risk of all-cause death (P=0.468), cardiovascular death (P=0.539) or stroke (P=0.170) at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of anticoagulation therapy post-TAVR was associated with significant increments in transvalvular gradients and a greater risk of VHD. VHD was subclinical in most cases and did not associate with major adverse clinical events. Future randomised trials are needed to determine if systematic anticoagulation therapy post-TAVR would reduce the incidence of VHD.

12.
BMJ Open ; 8(2): e020255, 2018 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29440218

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) as a treatment in severe aortic stenosis (AS) is an excellent alternative to conventional surgical replacement. However, long-term outcomes are not benign. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade has shown benefit in terms of adverse remodelling in severe AS and after surgical replacement. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The RAS blockade after TAVI (RASTAVI) trial aims to detect if there is a benefit in clinical outcomes and ventricular remodelling with this therapeutic strategy following the TAVI procedure. The study has been designed as a randomised 1:1 open-label study that will be undertaken in 8 centres including 336 TAVI recipients. All patients will receive the standard treatment. The active treatment group will receive ramipril as well. Randomisation will be done before discharge, after signing informed consent. All patients will be followed up for 3 years. A cardiac magnetic resonance will be performed initially and at 1 year to assess ventricular remodelling, defined as ventricular dimensions, ejection fraction, ventricular mass and fibrosis. Recorded events will include cardiac death, admission due to heart failure and stroke. The RASTAVI Study will improve the management of patients after TAVI and may help to increase their quality of life, reduce readmissions and improve long-term survival in this scenario. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: All authors and local ethics committees have approved the study design. All patients will provide informed consent. Results will be published irrespective of whether the findings are positive or negative. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03201185.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Ramipril/administração & dosagem , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
EuroIntervention ; 13(17): 1995-2002, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29360062

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, mechanisms, management and outcomes of intracardiac shunts (ICS) following TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a multicentre registry across 10 centres aimed at gathering all cases of ICS (1.1%) including infection-related (IRICS, 0.3%) or aseptic (AICS, 0.8%) shunts. Patients presented porcelain aorta (24% vs. 6.8%, p=0.024) and had been treated with predilation (88% vs. 68.5%, p=0.037) or post-dilation (59.1% vs. 19.3%, p<0.001) more often. Median time from intervention to diagnosis of ICS was 10 days (IQR: 2-108), being longer for IRICS (171 [63-249] vs. 3 [1-12] days, p=0.002). Interventricular septum (55.6%) and anterior mitral leaflet (57.2%) were the most common locations for AICS and IRICS, respectively. Most patients (76%) developed heart failure but 64% were medically managed. Seven patients (38.9%) underwent percutaneous closure of AICS. The in-hospital mortality rate was 44% (IRICS 100%, AICS 27.8%) compared to global TAVI recipients (8.1%, p<0.001). At one-year follow-up, 76% of the patients had died. ICS, logistic EuroSCORE, and moderate-severe residual aortic regurgitation were independent predictors of death. CONCLUSIONS: Post-TAVI ICS are an uncommon complication independently associated with high early mortality. Currently, most therapeutic alternatives yield poor results but percutaneous closure of AICS was feasible and is a promising alternative.

14.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 71(5): 357-364, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29079280

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Many patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR) of moderate grade or less. The impact of coexistent tricuspid regurgitation (TR) remains to be determined. We sought to analyze the impact of moderate vs none-to-mild MR and its trend after TAVI, as well as the impact of concomitant TR and its interaction with MR. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study of 813 TAVI patients treated through the transfemoral approach with MR ≤ 2 between 2007 and 2015. RESULTS: The mean age was 81 ± 7 years and the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 6.9% ± 5.1%. Moderate MR was present in 37.3% of the patients, with similar in-hospital outcomes and 6-month follow-up mortality to those with MR < 2 (11.9% vs 9.4%; P = .257). However, they experienced more rehospitalizations and worse New York Heart Association class (P = .008 and .001, respectively). Few patients (3.8%) showed an increase in the MR grade to > 2 post-TAVI. The presence of concomitant moderate/severe TR was associated with in-hospital and follow-up mortality rates of 13% and 34.1%, respectively, regardless of MR grade. Moderate-severe TR was independently associated with mortality (HR, 18.4; 95%CI, 10.2-33.3; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of moderate MR seemed not to impact short- and mid-term mortality post-TAVI, but was associated with more rehospitalizations. The presence of moderate or severe TR was associated with higher mortality. This suggests that a thorough evaluation of the mechanisms underlying concomitant mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation should be performed to determine the best strategy for avoiding TAVI-related futility.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Taxa de Sobrevida , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/mortalidade
15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 70(22): 2752-2763, 2017 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29191323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist about safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with pure native aortic regurgitation (AR). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the outcomes of TAVR with early- and new-generation devices in symptomatic patients with pure native AR. METHODS: From the pure native AR TAVR multicenter registry, procedural and clinical outcomes were assessed according to VARC-2 criteria and compared between early- and new-generation devices. RESULTS: A total of 331 patients with a mean STS score of 6.7 ± 6.7 underwent TAVR. The early- and new-generation devices were used in 119 patients (36.0%) and 212 patients (64.0%), respectively. STS score tended to be lower in the new-generation device group (6.2 ± 6.7 vs. 7.6 ± 6.7; p = 0.08), but transfemoral access was more frequently used in the early-generation device group (87.4% vs. 60.8%; p < 0.001). Compared with the early-generation devices, the new-generation devices were associated with a significantly higher device success rate (81.1% vs. 61.3%; p < 0.001) due to lower rates of second valve implantation (12.7% vs. 24.4%; p = 0.007) and post-procedural AR ≥ moderate (4.2% vs. 18.8%; p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in major 30-day endpoints between the 2 groups. The cumulative rates of all-cause and cardiovascular death at 1-year follow-up were 24.1% and 15.6%, respectively. The 1-year all-cause mortality rate was significantly higher in the patients with post-procedural AR ≥ moderate compared with those with post-procedural AR ≤ mild (46.1% vs. 21.8%; log-rank p = 0.001). On multivariable analysis, post-procedural AR ≥ moderate was independently associated with 1-year all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 2.85; 95% confidence interval: 1.52 to 5.35; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the early-generation devices, TAVR using the new-generation devices was associated with improved procedural outcomes in treating patients with pure native AR. In patients with pure native AR, significant post-procedural AR was independently associated with increased mortality.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Cateterismo Periférico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/normas , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Masculino , Mortalidade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Desenho de Prótese/tendências , Melhoria de Qualidade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Front Microbiol ; 8: 1936, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29051757

RESUMO

Gut microbiota composition has been reported as a factor linking host metabolism with the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and intestinal immunity. Such gut microbiota has been shown to aggravate CVD by contributing to the production of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), which is a pro-atherogenic compound. Treg cells expressing the transcription factor Forkhead box protein P3 (FoxP3) play an essential role in the regulation of immune responses to commensal microbiota and have an atheroprotective role. However, the aim of this study was to analyze the role of gut microbiota on cardio-metabolic parameters and immunity in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with and without type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The study included 16 coronary CAD-DM2 patients, and 16 age, sex, and BMI matched CAD patients without DM2 (CAD-NDM2). Fecal bacterial DNA was extracted and analyzed by sequencing in a GS Junior 454 platform followed by a bioinformatic analysis (QIIME and PICRUSt). The present study indicated that the diversity and composition of gut microbiota were different between the CAD-DM2 and CAD-NDM2 patients. The abundance of phylum Bacteroidetes was lower, whereas the phyla Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were higher in CAD-DM2 patients than those in the CAD-NDM2 group. CAD-DM2 patients had significantly less beneficial or commensal bacteria (such as Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Bacteroides fragilis) and more opportunistic pathogens (such as Enterobacteriaceae, Streptococcus, and Desulfovibrio). Additionally, CAD-DM2 patients had significantly higher levels of plasma zonulin, TMAO, and IL-1B and significantly lower levels of IL-10 and FOXP3 mRNA expression than CAD-NDM2. Moreover, in the CAD-MD2 group, the increase in Enterobacteriaceae and the decrease in Faecalibacterium prausnitzii were significantly associated with the increase in serum TMAO levels, while the decrease in the abundance of Bacteroides fragilis was associated with the reduction in the FOXP3 mRNA expression, implicated in the development and function of Treg cells. These results suggest that the presence of DM2 is related to an impaired regulation of the immune system in CAD patients, mediated in part by the gut microbiota composition and functionality and the production and effects of their gut microbiota derived molecules.

17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(19): 1973-1981, 2017 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28982562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prognosis and specific complications of patients with prosthetic mitral valves (PMVs) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: TAVR is performed relatively often in patients with PMVs, but specific risks are not well described. METHODS: A multicenter analysis was conducted, including patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR at 10 centers. Patients' clinical characteristics and outcomes were evaluated according to the presence of a PMV. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population (n = 2,414) was 81 ± 8 years, and 48.8% were men. A total of 91 patients (3.77%) had PMVs. They were more commonly women, younger, and had higher surgical risk. PMVs were implanted a median of 14 years before TAVR, and most patients had mechanical prostheses (73.6%). Eighty-six patients (94.5%) were on long-term vitamin K inhibitor therapy, and bridging antithrombotic therapy was administered in 59 (64.8%). TAVR device embolization occurred in 6.7% (vs. 3.3% in the non-PMV group; p = 0.127), in all instances when distance between the PMV and the aortic annulus was <7 mm. Mortality rates did not show a difference, but the rate of bleeding was higher in patients with PMV (24.2% vs. 16.1%; p = 0.041), even in those treated via the transfemoral approach (22.2% vs. 13.9%; p = 0.048). Indeed, bleeding complications, prior atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, surgical risk, and New York Heart Association functional class were independent predictors of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR presents similar mortality irrespective of the presence of a PMV. However, patients with PMVs had higher bleeding risk that was independently associated with higher mortality. Risk for valve embolization was relatively high, but it occurred only in patients with PMV-to-aortic annulus distances <7 mm.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 245: 222-227, 2017 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28760395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite rapidly increasing use of TAVR across institutions, limited data is available for the effect of procedural experience on TAVR outcomes. We investigate the relationship between institutional experience and TAVR outcomes. METHODS: 1953 patients undergoing TAVR at 8 international sites were grouped into chronological quantiles (Q) to assess temporal changes on procedural and clinical outcomes and multivariate logistic regression performed to determine predictors of device success, early safety and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 81±7years and 991 (51%) were female. The quantiles comprised of first 62 cases for Q1, 63-133 for Q2, 134 to 242 for Q3 and 243 to 476 for Q4. Device success increased from Q1 to Q4 (78% vs 89%, p<0.001) with significant improvement in the early safety endpoint (19% vs 10%, p<0.001). All cause mortality reduced by half in Q4 compared to Q1 (8% vs 4%, p=0.01) and rates of major vascular complications, major bleeding and valve embolization decreased with increasing experience. The multivariate analysis identified TAVR in Q3 and Q4 to be independently associated with higher device success and lower risk of complications. TAVR in Q4 was independently associated with lower mortality (OR 0.36 95% CI 0.19-0.70, p=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Greater institutional experience with TAVR procedures improves device success and clinical outcomes. An experience of >242 cases is independently associated with lower mortality. These findings have important implications for defining minimum volume criteria for institutions and training standards for TAVR procedure.


Assuntos
Internacionalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(15): 1564-1574, 2017 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28734885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the influence of baseline right bundle branch block (RBBB) on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality as well as sudden cardiac death (SCD) among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding the late clinical impact of pre-existing RBBB in TAVR recipients. METHODS: A total of 3,527 patients (mean age 82 ± 8 years, 50.1% men) were evaluated according to the presence of RBBB on baseline electrocardiography. Intraventricular conduction abnormalities were classified according to the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology Foundation, and Heart Rhythm Society recommendations for standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 definitions. RESULTS: RBBB was present on baseline electrocardiography in 362 patients (10.3%) and associated with higher 30-day rates of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) (40.1% vs. 13.5%; p < 0.001) and death (10.2% vs. 6.9%; p = 0.024). At a mean follow-up of 20 ± 18 months, pre-existing RBBB was independently associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06 to 1.63; p = 0.014) and cardiovascular mortality (HR: 1.45; 95% CI: 1.11 to 1.89; p = 0.006) but not with SCD (HR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.22 to 2.32; p = 0.57). Patients with pre-existing RBBB and without PPI at discharge from the index hospitalization had the highest 2-year risk for cardiovascular death (27.8%; 95% CI: 20.9% to 36.1%; log-rank p = 0.007). In a subanalysis of 1,245 patients without PPI at discharge from the index hospitalization and with complete follow-up regarding the need for PPI, pre-existing RBBB was independently associated with the composite of SCD and PPI (HR: 2.68; 95% CI: 1.16 to 6.17; p = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Pre-existing RBBB was found in 10% of TAVR recipients and was associated with poorer clinical outcomes. Patients with baseline RBBB without permanent pacemakers at hospital discharge may be at especially high risk for high-degree atrioventricular block and/or SCD during follow-up. Future studies should evaluate strategies aimed at the early detection of patients at risk for late development of high-degree atrioventricular block.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 70(4): 247-253, abr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161486

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: El implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica (TAVI) es una alternativa eficaz y segura al tratamiento quirúrgico de pacientes con estenosis aórtica (EA) grave inoperables o con alto riesgo quirúrgico. El objetivo primario de este estudio es evaluar la supervivencia a muy largo plazo de pacientes con EA grave tratados mediante TAVI. Métodos: Estudio observacional, multicéntrico y prospectivo con seguimiento de todos los pacientes consecutivos con EA grave sintomática a los que se trató mediante TAVI en 3 hospitales españoles de alto volumen. Resultados: Se incluyó a 108 pacientes a los que se implantó una prótesis autoexpandible CoreValve. La media de edad en el momento del implante era 78,6 ± 6,7 años, 49 pacientes (45,4%) eran varones y la media de EuroSCORE logístico, 16% ± 13,9%. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 6,1 años (2.232 días). Las supervivencias al final de los años 1 a 6 fueron del 84,3% (el 92,6% tras el periodo de hospitalización), el 77,8, el 72,2, el 66,7, el 58,3 y el 52,8%. Al final del seguimiento habían fallecido 71 pacientes (65,7%), 18 (25,3%) por causa cardiaca. De los supervivientes, el 82,5% se encontraba en clases I-II de la New York Heart Association. Seis pacientes (5,5%) presentaron disfunción protésica. Conclusiones: La supervivencia a largo plazo de los pacientes con EA tras una TAVI es aceptable. Las principales causas de mortalidad son la cardiovascular durante el primer año y no cardiacas los años posteriores. La funcionalidad de la válvula se mantiene a lo largo del tiempo (AU)


Introduction and objectives: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a safe and effective alternative to surgical treatment in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and those who are inoperable or at high surgical risk. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term survival of consecutive patients with severe AS treated with TAVI. Methods: Observational, multicenter, prospective, follow-up study of consecutive patients with severe symptomatic AS treated by TAVI in 3 high-volume hospitals in Spain. Results: We recruited 108 patients, treated with a self-expanding CoreValve prosthesis. The mean age at implantation was 78.6 ± 6.7 years, 49 (45.4%) were male and the mean logistic EuroSCORE was 16% ± 13.9%. The median follow-up was 6.1 years (2232 days). Survival rates at the end of years 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 were 84.3% (92.6% after hospitalization), 77.8%, 72.2%, 66.7%, 58.3%, and 52.8%. During follow-up, 71 patients (65.7%) died, 18 (25.3%) due to cardiac causes. Most (82.5%) survivors were in New York Heart Association class I or II. Six patients (5.5%) developed prosthetic valve dysfunction. Conclusions: Long-term survival in AS patients after TAVI is acceptable. The main causes of death are cardiovascular in the first year and noncardiac causes in subsequent years. Valve function is maintained over time (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Seguimentos , Tempo/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Prognóstico
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