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1.
Small ; 16(11): e1904960, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077633

RESUMO

Progress of thermal tumor therapies and their translation into clinical practice are limited by insufficient nanoparticle concentration to release therapeutic heating at the tumor site after systemic administration. Herein, the use of Janus magneto-plasmonic nanoparticles, made of gold nanostars and iron oxide nanospheres, as efficient therapeutic nanoheaters whose on-site delivery can be improved by magnetic targeting, is proposed. Single and combined magneto- and photo-thermal heating properties of Janus nanoparticles render them as compelling heating elements, depending on the nanoparticle dose, magnetic lobe size, and milieu conditions. In cancer cells, a much more effective effect is observed for photothermia compared to magnetic hyperthermia, while combination of the two modalities into a magneto-photothermal treatment results in a synergistic cytotoxic effect in vitro. The high potential of the Janus nanoparticles for magnetic guiding confirms them to be excellent nanostructures for in vivo magnetically enhanced photothermal therapy, leading to efficient tumor growth inhibition.

2.
ChemSusChem ; 12(17): 4029-4037, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282611

RESUMO

Materials with the formula Sr2 CoNb1-x Tix O6-δ (x=1.00, 0.70; δ=number of oxygen vacancies) present a cubic perovskite-like structure. They are easily and reversibly reduced in N2 or Ar and re-oxidized in air upon heating. Oxidation by water (wet N2 ), involving splitting of water at a temperature as low as 700 °C, produces hydrogen. Both compounds displayed outstanding H2 production in the first thermochemical cycle, the Sr2 CoNb0.30 Ti0.70 O6-δ material retaining its outstanding performance upon cycling, whereas the hydrogen yield of the x=1 oxide showed a continuous decay. The retention of the materials' ability to promote water splitting correlated with their structural, chemical, and redox reversibility upon cycling. On reduction/oxidation, Co ions reversibly changed their oxidation state to compensate the release/recovery of oxygen in both compounds. However, in Sr2 CoTiO6-δ , two phases with different oxygen contents segregated, whereas in Sr2 CoNb0.30 Ti0.70 O6-δ this effect was not evident. Therefore, this latter material displayed a hydrogen production as high as 410 µmol H 2 g-1 perovskite after eight thermochemical cycles at 700 °C, which is among the highest ever reported, making this perovskite a promising candidate for thermosolar water splitting in real devices.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(1)2019 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609796

RESUMO

Porous silicon (PSi) is a versatile matrix with tailorable surface reactivity, which allows the processing of a range of multifunctional films and particles. The biomedical applications of PSi often require a surface capping with organic functionalities. This work shows that visible light can be used to catalyze the assembly of organosilanes on the PSi, as demonstrated with two organosilanes: aminopropyl-triethoxy-silane and perfluorodecyl-triethoxy-silane. We studied the process related to PSi films (PSiFs), which were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) before and after a plasma patterning process. The analyses confirmed the surface oxidation and the anchorage of the organosilane backbone. We further highlighted the surface analytical potential of 13C, 19F and 29Si solid-state NMR (SS-NMR) as compared to Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) in the characterization of functionalized PSi particles (PSiPs). The reduced invasiveness of the organosilanization regarding the PSiPs morphology was confirmed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and FESEM. Relevantly, the results obtained on PSiPs complemented those obtained on PSiFs. SS-NMR suggests a number of siloxane bonds between the organosilane and the PSiPs, which does not reach levels of maximum heterogeneous condensation, while ToF-SIMS suggested a certain degree of organosilane polymerization. Additionally, differences among the carbons in the organic (non-hydrolyzable) functionalizing groups are identified, especially in the case of the perfluorodecyl group. The spectroscopic characterization was used to propose a mechanism for the visible light activation of the organosilane assembly, which is based on the initial photoactivated oxidation of the PSi matrix.

4.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 26(Pt 1): 119-123, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655476

RESUMO

The in situ study of the discharge process in a zinc-based half-cell employing a porous electrode as a structural scaffold is reported. The in situ characterization has been performed by synchrotron X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy and, for this purpose, an inexpensive, simple and versatile electrochemical cell compatible with X-ray experiments has been designed and described. The experimental results reported here have been employed to semi-quantify the dissolved and undissolved zinc species during the discharge, allowing the cell feasibility to be tested and to better understand the functioning of the zinc half-cell based on porous electrodes.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28967872

RESUMO

We present a study of the correlation between the magnetic phase transition and the structural distortion observed at 100 K in ε-Fe2O3. For this purpose, we have designed a novel one-pot sol-gel method assisted by glycerol, which reproducibly provides samples with a nominal 100% concentration of ε-Fe2O3 nanoparticles embedded in a SiO2 matrix. The high crystallinity of the samples and the absence of other iron oxide polymorphs has allowed us to perform, for the first time, temperature-dependent X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy experiments, with the aim of investigating the origin of the magnetic quenching anomaly observed at 100 K. The deformation of the structure at a local scale, where the tetrahedral and octahedral Fe sites undergo distortions of different intensities, has been simulated to fulfill the long-range order. Our results point to a local structure distortion accompanied by the magnetism quenching through a magneto-elastic coupling.

6.
ChemSusChem ; 10(14): 2978-2989, 2017 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28594114

RESUMO

The perovskite series Sr2 CoNb1-x Tix O6-δ (0≤x≤1) was investigated in the full compositional range to assess its potential as cathode material for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The variation of transport properties and thus, the area specific resistances (ASR) are explained by a detailed investigation of the defect chemistry. Increasing the titanium content from x=0-1 produces both oxidation of Co3+ to Co4+ (from 0 up to 40 %) and oxygen vacancies (from 6.0 to 5.7 oxygen atom/formula unit), although each charge compensation mechanism predominates in different compositional ranges. Neutron diffraction reveals that samples with high Ti-contents lose a significant amount of oxygen upon heating above 600 K. Oxygen is partially recovered upon cooling as the oxygen release and uptake show noticeably different kinetics. The complex defect chemistry of these compounds, together with the compositional changes upon heating/cooling cycles and atmospheres, produce a complicated behavior of electrical conductivity. Cathodes containing Sr2 CoTiO6-δ display low ASR values, 0,13â€…Ω cm2 at 973 K, comparable to those of the best compounds reported so far, being a very promising cathode material for SOFC.


Assuntos
Condutividade Elétrica , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Óxidos/química , Eletrodos , Oxigênio/química , Pressão , Temperatura
7.
Inorg Chem ; 55(24): 12766-12774, 2016 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27989167

RESUMO

The symmetry of the room-temperature (RT) structure of title compounds La2-xSrxCoTiO6-δ changes with x, from P21/n (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2) to Pnma (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) and to R3̅c (0.6 ≤ x ≤ 1). For x = 1 the three pseudocubic cell parameters become very close suggesting a transition to a cubic structure for higher Sr contents. Similar phase transitions were expected to occur on heating, paralleling the effect of internal pressure induced by substitution of La3+ by Sr2+. However, only some of these aforementioned transitions have been thermally induced. The symmetry-adapted modes formalism is used in the structural refinements and fitting of neutron diffraction data recorded from RT to 1273 K. Thus, for x = 1, the out-of-phase tilting of the BO6 octahedra vanishes progressively on heating, and a cubic structure with Pm3̅m symmetry is found at 1073 K. For lower Sr contents this transition is predicted to occur far above the temperature limit of common experimental setups. The analysis of the evolution of the perovskite tolerance factor, t-factor, with both Sr content and temperature indicates that temperature has a limited ability to release structural stress and thus to enable transitions to more symmetric phases. This is particularly true when compared to the effect of internal pressure induced by substitution of La by Sr. The existence of phase transitions in materials for solid oxide fuel cells that are usually exposed to heating-cooling cycles may have a detrimental effect. This work suggests strategies to stabilize the high-symmetry high-temperature phase of perovskite oxides through internal-pressure chemically induced.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26029688

RESUMO

For over 20 years, nanostructured porous silicon (nanoPS) has found a vast number of applications in the broad fields of photonics and optoelectronics, triggered by the discovery of its photoluminescent behavior in 1990. Besides, its biocompatibility, biodegradability, and bioresorbability make porous silicon (PSi) an appealing biomaterial. These properties are largely a consequence of its particular susceptibility to oxidation, leading to the formation of silicon oxide, which is readily dissolved by body fluids. This paper reviews the evolution of the applications of PSi and nanoPS from photonics through biophotonics, to their use as cell scaffolds, whether as an implantable substitute biomaterial, mainly for bony and ophthalmological tissues, or as an in vitro cell conditioning support, especially for pluripotent cells. For any of these applications, PSi/nanoPS can be used directly after synthesis from Si wafers, upon appropriate surface modification processes, or as a composite biomaterial. Unedited studies of fluorescently active PSi structures for cell culture are brought to evidence the margin for new developments.

9.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 22(1): 42-8, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25537587

RESUMO

A novel set-up has been designed and used for synchrotron radiation X-ray high-resolution powder diffraction (SR-HRPD) in transmission geometry (spinning capillary) for in situ solid-gas reactions and processes in an isobaric and isothermal environment. The pressure and temperature of the sample are controlled from 10(-3) to 1000 mbar and from 80 to 1000 K, respectively. To test the capacities of this novel experimental set-up, structure deformation in the porous material zeolitic imidazole framework (ZIF-8) by gas adsorption at cryogenic temperature has been studied under isothermal and isobaric conditions. Direct structure deformations by the adsorption of Ar and N2 gases have been observed in situ, demonstrating that this set-up is perfectly suitable for direct structural analysis under in operando conditions. The presented results prove the feasibility of this novel experimental station for the characterization in real time of solid-gas reactions and other solid-gas processes by SR-HRPD.

10.
Expert Opin Drug Deliv ; 11(8): 1273-83, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24941438

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The particular properties of nanostructured porous silicon (nanoPS) make it an attractive material for controlled and localized release of therapeutics within the body, aiming at increased efficacy and reduced risks of potential side effects. Since this is a rapidly evolving field as a consequence of the number of research groups involved, a critical review of the state of the art is necessary. AREAS COVERED: In this work, the most promising and successful applications of nanoPS in the field of drug delivery are reviewed and discussed. Two key issues such as drug loading and release are also analyzed in detail. The development of multifunctional (hybrid) systems, aiming at imparting additional functionalities to the nanoPS particles such as luminescence, magnetic response and/or plasmonic effects (allowing simultaneous tracking and guiding), is also examined. EXPERT OPINION: Nanostructured materials based on silicon are promising platforms for pharmaceutical applications given their ability to degrade and low toxicity. However, a very limited number of clinical applications have been demonstrated so far.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Nanopartículas/química , Silício/química , Animais , Humanos , Nanoestruturas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Porosidade
11.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7(1): 495, 2012 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22938050

RESUMO

In the present work, the characterization of cobalt-porous silicon (Co-PSi) hybrid systems is performed by a combination of magnetic, spectroscopic, and structural techniques. The Co-PSi structures are composed by a columnar matrix of PSi with Co nanoparticles embedded inside, as determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The oxidation state, crystalline structure, and magnetic behavior are determined by X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) and Alternating Gradient Field Magnetometry (AGFM). Additionally, the Co concentration profile inside the matrix has been studied by Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS). It is concluded that the PSi matrix can be tailored to provide the Co nanoparticles with extra protection against oxidation.

12.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7(1): 396, 2012 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22799489

RESUMO

The localized irradiation of Si allows a precise patterning at the microscale of nanostructured materials such as porous silicon (PS). PS patterns with precisely defined geometries can be fabricated using ion stopping masks. The nanoscale textured micropatterns were used to explore their influence as microenvironments for human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). In fact, the change of photoluminescence emission from PS upon aging in physiological solution suggests the intense formation of silanol surface groups, which may play a relevant role in ulterior cell adhesion. The experimental results show that hMSCs are sensitive to the surface micropatterns. In this regard, preliminary ß-catenin labeling studies reveal the formation of cell to cell interaction structures, while microtubule orientation is strongly influenced by the selective adhesion conditions. Relevantly, Ki-67 assays support a proliferative state of hMSCs on such nanostructured micropatterns comparable to that of standard cell culture platforms, which reinforce the candidature of porous silicon micropatterns to become a conditioning structure for in vitro culture of HMSCs.

13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 7: 623-30, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22346355

RESUMO

The engineering of surface patterns is a powerful tool for analyzing cellular communication factors involved in the processes of adhesion, migration, and expansion, which can have a notable impact on therapeutic applications including tissue engineering. In this regard, the main objective of this research was to fabricate patterned and textured surfaces at micron- and nanoscale levels, respectively, with very different chemical and topographic characteristics to control cell-substrate interactions. For this task, one-dimensional (1-D) and two-dimensional (2-D) patterns combining silicon and nanostructured porous silicon were engineered by ion beam irradiation and subsequent electrochemical etch. The experimental results show that under the influence of chemical and morphological stimuli, human mesenchymal stem cells polarize and move directionally toward or away from the particular stimulus. Furthermore, a computational model was developed aiming at understanding cell behavior by reproducing the surface distribution and migration of human mesenchymal stem cells observed experimentally.


Assuntos
Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/instrumentação , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Silício/química , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Nanotecnologia , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Engenharia Tecidual/instrumentação
14.
Langmuir ; 28(3): 1909-13, 2012 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22149025

RESUMO

In the present work, we investigate wetting phenomena on freshly prepared nanostructured porous silicon (nPS) with tunable properties. Surface roughness and porosity of nPS can be tailored by controlling fabrication current density in the range 40-120 mA/cm(2). The length scale of the characteristic surface structures that compose nPS allows the application of thermodynamic wettability approaches. The high interaction energy between water and surface is determined by measuring water contact angle (WCA) hysteresis, which reveals Wenzel wetting regime. Moreover, the morphological analysis of the surfaces by atomic force microscopy allows predicting WCA from a semiempiric model adapted to this material.

15.
J Biomed Opt ; 16(2): 025002, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21361682

RESUMO

This work describes a novel process for the fabrication of hybrid nanostructured particles showing intense tunable photoluminescence and a simultaneous ferromagnetic behavior. The fabrication process involves the synthesis of nanostructured porous silicon (NPSi) by chemical anodization of crystalline silicon and subsequent in pore growth of Co nanoparticles by electrochemically-assisted infiltration. Final particles are obtained by subsequent sonication of the Co-infiltrated NPSi layers and conjugation with poly(ethylene glycol) aiming at enhancing their hydrophilic character. These particles respond to magnetic fields, emit light in the visible when excited in the UV range, and internalize into human mesenchymal stem cells with no apoptosis induction. Furthermore, cytotoxicity in in-vitro systems confirms their biocompatibility and the viability of the cells after incorporation of the particles. The hybrid nanostructured particles might represent powerful research tools as cellular trackers or in cellular therapy since they allow combining two or more properties into a single particle.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Nanoestruturas , Silício , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Contraste/toxicidade , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Porosidade , Silício/toxicidade
16.
Materials (Basel) ; 4(4): 791-800, 2011 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28879950

RESUMO

Electrodeposition of gold into porous silicon was investigated. In the present study, porous silicon with ~100 nm in pore diameter, so-called medium-sized pores, was used as template electrode for gold electrodeposition. The growth behavior of gold deposits was studied by scanning electron microscope observation of the gold deposited porous silicon. Gold nanorod arrays with different rod lengths were prepared, and their surface-enhanced Raman scattering properties were investigated. We found that the absorption peak due to the surface plasmon resonance can be tuned by changing the length of the nanorods. The optimum length of the gold nanorods was ~600 nm for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using a He-Ne laser. The reason why the optimum length of the gold nanorods was 600 nm was discussed by considering the relationship between the absorption peak of surface plasmon resonance and the wavelength of the incident laser for Raman scattering.

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