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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 1003263, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353233

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of three novel hypoglycemic agents, glucagon-like peptidyl-1 receptor agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i), and sodium-glucose cotransporter two inhibitors (SGLT2i) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) (defined in this study as CKD stage 3 B or above, eGFR< 45 mL/min/1.73 m²) based on important RCTs to date. Methods: We retrieved studies published before April 15, 2022, from EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and included randomized controlled trials in which the participants were patients with T2DM and severe CKD. Frequentist methods were used in the network meta-analysis. Results: Nineteen studies of 17 trials involving 6,607 participants met our inclusion criteria. Compared with placebo and DPP-4i, SGLT2i demonstrated a significantly lower incidence of serious renal-related adverse events or renal death, and the odds ratios (OR) were 0.69 (0.58, 0.81) and 0.63 (0.40, 1.00), respectively. Compared with placebo, SGLT2i significantly reduced the incidence of all-cause death and severe AE; the ORs were 0.72 (0.55, 0.94) and 0.65 (0.47, 0.91), respectively. Compared with placebo, DPP-4i significantly reduced the level of HbA1c, and the difference between mean changes from baseline was -0.36 (-0.63, -0.09). Conclusions: Patients with T2DM complicated by severe CKD may benefit from SGLT2i. SGLT2i can reduce the incidence of serious renal-related AEs or renal death, as well as severe side effects, and has a positive effect on the patient's renal function and survival, even for only CKD patients can also be considered. GLP-1 RAs can be used as a supplement if blood sugar control is poor. For dialysis patients, DPP-4i can assist blood glucose control, reduce insulin dosage, and reduce the risk of hypoglycemia. Systematic review registration: INPLASY https://inplasy.com/inplasy-2021-12-0106/, identifier INPLASY2021120106.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise em Rede , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
2.
J Diabetes ; 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between the Chinese Visceral Adiposity Index (CVAI) and urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) has not been illustrated. The current study aimed to investigate the association between CVAI and UACR and to compare the discriminative power of CVAI, triglyceride, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with UACR in the Chinese community population. METHODS: This study included 34 732 participants from the REACTION (Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals) study. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to detect the association between CVAI, triglyceride, BMI, WC, WHR and UACR. RESULTS: Binary logistic regression analysis showed that, after adjusting for potential confounders, in women, CVAI (odds ratio [OR]:1.16, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-1.34) and triglyceride (OR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.04-1.33) were associated with UACR, whereas BMI, WC, and WHR were not associated with UACR; in men, CVAI (OR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.02-1.50), WC (OR: 1.21, 95% CI 1.00-1.48), and triglycerides (OR: 1.18, 95% CI 0.97-1.44) were associated with UACR, whereas BMI and WHR were not associated with UACR. Stratified analysis showed that the correlation between CVAI and UACR was stronger in the population with 5.6 ≤ fasting blood glucose (FBG) <7.0 or 7.8 ≤ post-load blood glucose (PBG) <11.1 mmol/L, FBG ≥7.0 or PBG ≥11.1, systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg. CONCLUSIONS: In the Chinese general population, CVAI and UACR were significantly associated in both genders. At higher CVAI levels, the population with prediabetes, diabetes, and hypertension has a more significant association between CVAI and UACR.

4.
J Diabetes ; 14(11): 739-748, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the impact of education on diabetes risk is scarce in developing countries. We aimed to explore the association between education and diabetes within a large population in China and to identify the possible mediators between them. METHODS: Information on educational level and lifestyle factors was collected through questionnaires. Diabetes was diagnosed from self-report and biochemical measurements. A structural equation model was constructed to quantify the mediation effect of each mediator. RESULTS: Compared with their least educated counterparts, men with college education had a higher risk of diabetes (odds ratio [OR] 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-1.27), while college-educated women were less likely to have diabetes (OR 0.77; 95% CI, 0.73-0.82). Obesity was the strongest mediator in both genders (proportion of mediation: 11.6% in men and 23.9% in women), and its association with education was positive in men (ß[SE] 0.0387 [0.0037]) and negative in women (ß[SE] -0.0824 [0.0030]). Taken together, all behavioral factors explained 12.4% of the excess risk of diabetes in men and 33.3% in women. CONCLUSIONS: In a general Chinese population, the association between education level and diabetes was positive in men but negative in women. Obesity was the major mediator underlying the education disparities of diabetes risk, with a stronger mediation effect among women.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Obesidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Escolaridade , Obesidade/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia
5.
Eur J Nutr ; 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261730

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fruit intake is beneficial to several chronic diseases, but controversial in diabetes. We aimed to investigate prospectively the associations of whole fresh fruit intake with risk of incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) in subjects with different glucose regulation capacities. METHODS: The present study included 79,922 non-diabetic participants aged ≥ 40 years from an ongoing nationwide prospective cohort in China. Baseline fruit intake information was collected by a validated food frequency questionnaire. Plasma HbA1c, fasting and 2 h post-loading glucose levels were measured at both baseline and follow-up examinations. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for incident diabetes among participants with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and prediabetes, after adjusted for multiple confounders. Restricted cubic spline analysis was applied for dose-response relation. RESULTS: During a median 3.8-year follow-up, 5886 (7.36%) participants developed diabetes. Overall, we identified a linear and dose-dependent inverse association between dietary whole fresh fruit intake and risk of incident T2D. Each 100 g/d higher fruit intake was associated with 2.8% lower risk of diabetes (HR 0.972, 95%CI [0.949-0.996], P = 0.0217), majorly benefiting NGT subjects with 15.2% lower risk (HR 0.848, 95%CI [0.766-0.940], P = 0.0017), while not significant in prediabetes (HR 0.981, 95%CI 0.957-4.005, P = 0.1268). Similarly, the inverse association was present in normoglycemia individuals with a 48.6% lower risk of diabetes when consuming fruits > 7 times/week comparing to those < 1 time/week (HR 0.514, 95% CI [0.368-0.948]), but not in prediabetes (HR 0.883, 95% CI [0.762-1.023]). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that higher frequency and amount of fresh fruit intake may protect against incident T2D, especially in NGT, but not in prediabetes, highlighting the dietary recommendation of higher fresh fruit consumption to prevent T2D in normoglycemia population.

6.
J Diabetes ; 14(9): 571-585, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that abnormally accumulate in diabetic patients have been reported to damage bone health. We aimed to investigate the association between skin autofluorescence (SAF)-AGEage (SAF - AGEs × age/100) and low bone density (LBD)/osteoporosis or major osteoporotic fractures (MOFs) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This study was nested in the prospective REACTION (Risk Evaluation of Cancers in Chinese Diabetic Individuals) study and included 1214 eligible participants. SAF was used to measure skin AGEs (SAF-AGEs). Fracture events were determined by an in-person clinical follow-up. Binary logistic regression analysis, linear regression analysis, and a restricted cubic spline nested in logistic models were used to test outcomes. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of LBD/osteoporosis in middle-aged or elderly T2DM patients was 35.7% (n = 434), and the overall incidence of MOFs was 10.5% (n = 116). Logistic analysis showed a significantly positive relationship between quartiles of SAF-AGEage and the risk of LBD/osteoporosis (odds ratio [OR] 2.02, 95% CI 1.34-3.03; OR 3.63, CI 2.44-5.39; and OR 6.51, CI 4.34-9.78) for the multivariate-adjusted models, respectively. SAF-AGEage was associated with MOFs with a multivariate-adjusted OR of 1.02 (CI 0.52-2.02), 2.42 (CI 1.32-4.46), and 2.70 (CI 1.48-4.91), respectively. Stratified analyses showed that SAF-AGEage was significantly associated with MOFs only in females, nonsmokers, nondrinkers, individuals with lower body mass index, and those without LBD/osteoporosis. Linear regression analyses showed that higher SAF-AGEs were associated with a higher level of serum N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (s-PINP) and serum carboxy-terminal cross-linking peptide of type I collagen (s-CTX), with a multivariate-adjusted OR of 1.02 (CI 0.24-1.80) and 6.30 (CI 1.77-10.83), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, SAF-AGEage was positively associated with the prevalence of LBD/osteoporosis or MOFs in patients with T2DM. A positive association between SAF-AGEs and the level of s-PINP and s-CTX was found.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Colágeno Tipo I , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Peptídeos , Estudos Prospectivos , Pele
7.
Liver Int ; 42(12): 2683-2695, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36166316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lack of physical activity and excessive sitting time contributed to ectopic fat accumulation, especially in the liver. Previous studies have illustrated the harm of sedentary behaviour and the benefits of physical activity on fatty liver disease. We aimed to explore the association between the behaviour patterns and the risk of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) using isotemporal substitution model to examine the effect of replacing one behaviour to another while keeping the total time and other behaviours fixed among Chinese middle-aged and elderly population. METHODS: This study included 161 147 participants aged ≥40 years old from the nationwide, population-based cohort of the REACTION study. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to measure self-reported time for sleeping, sitting, walking and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). MAFLD was defined by evidence of fatty liver index (FLI) ≥ 60 in addition to one of the following three patterns, namely overweight/obesity, presence of diabetes, or evidence of metabolic dysregulation. Isotemporal substitution models using logistic regression models to evaluate the association of replacement of different behaviour patterns with each other and the risk of MAFLD. RESULTS: Substitution of 60 minutes per day of sleeping, walking or total MVPA for sitting was associated with a 2%-8% reduction of MAFLD risk in overall participants. In employed individuals, replacing sitting time with occupational MVPA or nonoccupational MVPA both could bring benefits to liver steatosis. Stratified analysis found that replacing 60 minutes of sitting time with an equivalent time of other behaviour pattern could reduce approximately 8% of the risk among MAFLD participants with metabolic abnormalities. Such a relationship might be explained by the important mediated role of metabolic elements, such as waist circumference, body mass index, triglycerides and homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance. Furthermore, replacing sitting with MVPA showed a stronger association among participants who got enough sleep (sleep duration ≥7 hours per day). CONCLUSION: Replacing sitting with other behaviour patterns could reduce the prevalence of MAFLD, and such substitution effect was much remarkably in individuals with abnormal metabolic status. Observably, obese individuals were more likely to benefit from appropriate changes in behaviour patterns. Moreover, the analysis of sleep duration stratification appealed that the adequacy of individual sleep duration also had a significant impact on the substitution effect. It is worth noting that adjusting the time allocation of behaviour patterns might have a beneficial impact on liver-metabolic health, and these findings might help us better recognize the importance of reasonable arrangement of behaviour patterns according to the individual's situation.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias , Comportamento Sedentário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Humanos , Idoso , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia
8.
Front Oncol ; 12: 901647, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052250

RESUMO

Background: Cathepsin K (CTSK) is a protease that degrades type I collagen and extracellular matrix, thereby contributing to bone resorption and tumor invasion. Some pituitary adenomas (PAs) could invade the sphenoid sinus (SS) and cavernous sinus (CS). Purpose: This retrospective cohort study aimed to study the expression of tumoral biomarkers (CTSK, MMP9, MMP2, TIMP2, and PTTG1) and evaluate their clinical significance in non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) with different invasion patterns. Methods: We assessed the expression levels of candidate invasion-specific protein biomarkers CTSK, MMP9, MMP2, TIMP2, and PTTG1 by immunohistochemical staining in paraffin-embedded NFPA tumor tissues. Variations in staining intensity were analyzed in cases with SS and CS invasion and non-invasive NFPAs. Results: We found that the levels of CTSK were higher in PA cases with SS invasion than that in PA cases with CS invasion (95.57 ± 31.57 vs. 65.29 ± 29.64, P < 0.001), and the expression of MMP9 and MMP2 was higher in CS-invasive cases than that in SS-invasive cases (145.02 ± 49.25 vs. 111.80 ± 51.37, P = 0.002, and 138.67 ± 52.06 vs. 108.30 ± 41.70, P = 0.002). Multiple Cox regression demonstrated that higher CTSK expression (P=0.011), subtotal resection (P<0.001), invasion (P=0.037), and larger tumor diameter (P=0.001) were independent risk factors for recurrence. A positive correlation was observed between CTSK expression and tumor size (r=0.671, p<0.001). There was no significant difference in TIMP2 and PTTG1 levels between CS-and SS-invasive cases (97.42± 39.80 vs. 102.10± 43.22, P = 0.58 and 13.89 ± 4.59 vs. 12.56 ± 3.96, P = 0.14). Conclusion: Our data indicated that CTSK has the potential as a marker for SS invasion of PAs, whereas MMP9 and MMP2 may be markers for CS invasion. And CTSK may play an important role in tumor relapse.

9.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 15(9): e008774, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies demonstrate a J-shaped association between blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but the findings are plagued by confounding from other traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). Our aims were to examine the associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels with CVD in individuals without major CVRFs and whether there were thresholds for the association. METHODS: In the 4C study (China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort), 36 042 CVRF-free participants without CVD, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, or smoking were identified during 2011 to 2012. Among CVRF-free participants, 17 476 CVRF-preferable individuals with better glycemic (fasting glucose, <110 mg/dL; 2-hour post-load glucose, <140 mg/dL) and lipid profile (total cholesterol, <200 mg/dL; LDL [low-density lipoprotein] cholesterol, <130 mg/dL) were selected. The total person-years of follow-up for CVRF-free subjects and CVRF-preferable subjects were 130 147 and 63 573 person-years, respectively. Information on the development of major CVDs was collected during 2014 to 2016. Cox proportional hazard models were performed to estimate the risks for incident CVD by SBP and DBP groups, respectively. RESULTS: We found that both baseline SBP and DBP presented significantly linear associations with CVD risks in CVRF-free and CVRF-preferable participants. There is significant increase in the CVD risk among CVRF-free participants with baseline SBP level of 110 to 119 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 1.79 [95% CI, 1.19-2.71]), 120 to 129 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 2.03 [95% CI, 1.36-3.03]), and 130 to 139 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 2.15 [95% CI, 1.40-3.28]) compared with SBP <110 mm Hg. Significant increases were also observed for DBP level of 80 to 89 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 1.43 [95% CI, 1.03-1.97]) compared with DBP <70 mm Hg. Similar results were observed in CVRF-preferable participants. CONCLUSIONS: SBP and DBP with levels currently considered normal were significantly and linearly associated with incident CVD without thresholds above 110/70 mm Hg among Chinese adults without major CVRFs.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol , Glucose , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
10.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 422, 2022 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exert anti-diabetic effects and improve long-term complications via secretory effects that regulate macrophage polarisation and attenuate inflammation. Enhancing the efficacy of MSCs needs to be explored further. The in vitro culture microenvironment influences the secretory profile of MSCs. Therefore, we hypothesised that a diabetic microenvironment would promote the secretion of cytokines responsible for macrophage polarisation, further attenuating systemic inflammation and enhancing the effects of MSCs on type 2 diabetes (T2D) and long-term diabetic complications. METHODS: Preconditioned adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (pre-ADSCs) were obtained after co-cultivating ADSCs in a diabetic metabolic environment (including high sugar, advanced glycation end-product, and lipopolysaccharides). The regulatory effects of pre-ADSCs on macrophages were observed in vitro. A T2D rat model was induced with a high-fat diet for 32 weeks combined with an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into four groups: normal group, diabetes without treatment group (PBS), ADSC treatment group, and pre-ADSC treatment group. ADSCs and pre-ADSCs were intravenously administered weekly to SD rats for 6 months, and then glucose homeostasis and long-term diabetic complications were evaluated in each group. RESULTS: The secretion of cytokines related to M2 macrophage polarisation (IL-6, MCP-1, etc.) was increased in the pre-ADSC group in the in vitro model. Pre-ADSC treatment significantly maintained blood glucose homeostasis, reduced insulin resistance, promoted islet regeneration, and ameliorated the complications related to diabetes in rats (chronic kidney disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, lung fibrosis, and cataract) compared to the ADSC group (P < 0.05). Additionally, the number of anti-inflammatory M2 macrophage phenotypes was enhanced in tissues following pre-ADSC injections. Moreover, the expression of pro-inflammatory genes (iNOS, TNF-α, IL-1ß) was reduced whereas that of anti-inflammatory genes (Arg1, CD206, and Il-10) was increased after cultivation with pre-ADSCs. CONCLUSION: Diabetic microenvironment-preconditioned ADSCs effectively strengthen the capacity against inflammation and modulate the progress of long-term T2D complications.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/terapia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 955241, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966103

RESUMO

Background: Obesity, especially visceral obesity, seems to be one of the most decisive risk factors for chronic kidney disease. A Body Shape Index (ABSI) is an emerging body size measurement marker of visceral obesity. This study aimed to explore whether ABSI is associated with albuminuria in Chinese community adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 40,726 participants aged 40 or older from seven provinces across China through a cluster random sampling method. ABSI was calculated by body mass index, waist circumference, and height. Increased albuminuria was defined as urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥ 30 mg/g, indicating kidney injury. For ABSI, we divided it by quartile cutoff points and tried to determine the association between ABSI levels and UACR by multiple regression analysis. DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph) was plotted using literature and expert consensus to identify potential confounding factors. Results: The average age of subjects with elevated UACR was 61.43 ± 10.07, and 26% were men. The average age of subjects with normal UACR was 57.70 ± 9.02, and 30.5% were men. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted and demonstrated that the ABSI quartiles were related to elevated UACR positively (OR [95% CI] Q2 vs. Q1: 1.094 [1.004, 1.197]; OR [95% CI] Q3 vs. Q1: 1.126 [1.030, 1.231]; OR [95% CI] Q4 vs. Q1: 1.183 [1.080, 1.295], p for trend < 0.001) after adjustments for confounding factors. The stratified analysis further showed that with the mounting for ABSI levels, elevated UACR more easily occurred in the people characterized by the elderly, men, and hypertension. Conclusions: In Chinese community adults, people with higher ABSI levels can be deemed as high-risk individuals with UACR elevation, and it will be beneficial for them to lose weight and significantly reduce visceral fat.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Obesidade Abdominal , Adulto , Idoso , Albuminas , Albuminúria/epidemiologia , Albuminúria/urina , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Creatinina , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia
12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 949003, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35992107

RESUMO

Objectives: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of interferon and endocrine side effects, including their incidence, evaluation, and management. Methods: PubMed was searched through March 7th, 2021, by 2 authors independently (LH Wang and H Zhao). Early phase I/II, phase III experimental trials, prospective and retrospective observational studies were included. Stata 16.0 (StataCorp LLC, 16.0) was the main statistical software for meta-analysis. The weighted incidence and risk ratio were estimated for primary thyroid disease and diabetes mellitus. Results: A total of 108 studies involving 46265 patients were included. Hypothyroidism was the most common thyroid disorder, followed by hyperthyroidism. IFN α+RBV treated patients experienced hypothyroidism in 7.8% (95%CI, 5.9-9.9), which was higher than IFN α (5.2%; 95%CI, 3.7-6.8) and IFN ß (7.0%; 95%CI, 0.06-23.92). IFN α+RBV treated patients experienced hyperthyroidism in 5.0% (95%CI, 3.6-6.5), which was higher than IFN α (3.5%; 95%CI, 2.5-4.8) and IFN ß (3.4%; 95%CI, 0.9-7.5). The summary estimated incidence of painless thyroiditis was 5.8% (95%CI, 2.8-9.8) for IFN α, and 3.5% (95%CI,1.9-5.5) for IFN α+RBV. The summary estimated incidence of diabetes was 1.4% (95%CI, 0.3-3.1) for IFN, 0.55% (95%CI, 0.05-1.57) for IFN α, 3.3% (95%CI,1.1-6.6) for IFN α+RBV. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis shows a high incidence of endocrine adverse events provoked by IFN, further reinforced by combined RBV treatment. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier CRD42022334131.


Assuntos
Hipertireoidismo , Hipotireoidismo , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide , Antivirais , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/induzido quimicamente , Hipotireoidismo/induzido quimicamente , Interferon-alfa/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia
13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 927067, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928888

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the effect of decade-based body weight gain from 20 to 50 years of age on later life diabetes risk. Methods: 35,611 non-diabetic participants aged ≥ 50 years from a well-defined nationwide cohort were followed up for average of 3.6 years, with cardiovascular diseases and cancers at baseline were excluded. Body weight at 20, 30, 40, and 50 years was reported. The overall 30 years and each 10-year weight gain were calculated from the early and middle life. Cox regression models were used to estimate risks of incident diabetes. Results: After 127,745.26 person-years of follow-up, 2,789 incident diabetes were identified (incidence rate, 2.18%) in 25,289 women (mean weight gain 20-50 years, 7.60 kg) and 10,322 men (7.93 kg). Each 10-kg weight gain over the 30 years was significantly associated with a 39.7% increased risk of incident diabetes (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-1.47); weight gain from 20-30 years showed a more prominent effect on the risk of developing diabetes before 60 years than that of after 60 years (Hazard ratio, HR = 1.084, 95% CI [1.049-1.121], P <0.0001 vs. 1.015 [0.975-1.056], P = 0.4643; P Interaction=0.0293). It showed a stable effect of the three 10-year intervals weight gain on risk of diabetes after 60 years (HR=1.055, 1.038, 1.043, respectively, all P < 0.0036). Conclusions: The early life weight gain showed a more prominent effect on developing diabetes before 60 years than after 60 years; however, each-decade weight gain from 20 to 50 years showed a similar effect on risk developing diabetes after 60 years.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidade , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Aumento de Peso , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 200, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coexistence of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and giant toxic nodular goiter is very rare. Moreover, PHPT could be easily overlooked because hyperthyroidism may also lead to hypercalcemia. A 99mTc-MIBI scan of the parathyroid glands is often negative when they are concomitant. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a rare case of the coexistence of giant toxic nodular goiter and PHPT that had been ignored for many years but was successfully treated with an ultrasound-guided parathyroid adenoma microwave ablation (MWA). CONCLUSION: Reoperation for PHPT carries an increased risk of cure failure and complications. Thermal ablation has been proven effective in inactivating hyperfunctioning parathyroid lesions and in normalizing both serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium.


Assuntos
Bócio Nodular , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário , Hipertireoidismo , Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Bócio Nodular/complicações , Bócio Nodular/cirurgia , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/complicações , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/complicações , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi
15.
Ann Hepatol ; 27(6): 100745, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964909

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) clearance, indicating functional cure or resolved chronic hepatitis B (CHB), remains difficult to achieve via nucleos(t)ide analogue monotherapy. We investigated whether metformin add-on therapy could help achieve this goal in entecavir-treated patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative CHB. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with HBeAg-negative CHB who met eligibility criteria (entecavir treatment for > 12 months, HBsAg < 1000 IU/mL) were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 24 weeks of either metformin (1000 mg, oral, once a day) or placebo (oral, once a day) add-on therapy. The group allocation was blinded for both patients and investigators. Efficacy and safety analyses were based on the intention-to-treat set. The primary outcome, serum HBsAg level (IU/mL) at weeks 24 and 36, was analysed using mixed models. RESULTS: Sixty eligible patients were randomly assigned to the metformin (n = 29) and placebo (n = 31) groups. There was no substantial between-group difference in the HBsAg level at week 24 (adjusted mean difference 0.05, 95% confidence interval -0.04 to 0.13, p = 0.278) or week 36 (0.06, -0.03 to 0.15, p = 0.187), and no significant effect of group-by-time interaction on the HBsAg level throughout the trial (p = 0.814). The occurrence of total adverse events between the two groups was comparable (9 [31.0%] of 29 vs. 5 [16.1%] of 31, p = 0.227) and no patient experienced serious adverse events during the study. CONCLUSION: Although it was safe, metformin add-on therapy did not accelerate HBsAg clearance in entecavir-treated patients with HBeAg-negative CHB.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Metformina , Humanos , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Metformina/efeitos adversos , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , DNA Viral , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Cell Rep Med ; 3(9): 100727, 2022 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998626

RESUMO

Although previous studies suggest that amino acids (AAs) and microbiota-related metabolites (MRMs) are associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the results remain unclear among normoglycemic populations. We test 28 serum AAs and 22 MRMs in 3,414 subjects with incident diabetes and matched normoglycemic controls from the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) Study. In fully adjusted logistic regression models, per SD increment of branched-chain AAs, aromatic AAs, asparagine, alanine, glutamic acid, homoserine, 2-aminoadipic acid, histidine, methionine, and proline are positively associated with incident T2DM. In the MRM panel, serum carnitines, N-acetyltryptophan, and uric acid are positively associated with incident T2DM. Causal mediation analyses indicate 34 significant causal mediation linkages, with 88.2% through obesity and lipids. Variances explained in the serum metabolites are modestly limited in the comprehensive catalog of risk factor-metabolite-diabetes associations. These findings reveal that systematic AAs and MRMs change profile before T2DM onset and support a potential role of metabolic alterations in the pathogenesis of diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Microbiota , Ácido 2-Aminoadípico , Adulto , Alanina , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Asparagina/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Ácido Glutâmico , Histidina , Homosserina , Humanos , Lipídeos , Metionina , Prolina , Ácido Úrico
17.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 923981, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958421

RESUMO

Backgrounds: Whether longitudinal changes in metabolic status influence the effect of kidney stones on cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains unclarified. We investigated the modification effect of status changes in metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the association of kidney stones with risk of incident CVD events. Methods: We performed a prospective association and interaction study in a nationwide cohort including 129,172 participants aged ≥ 40 years without CVDs at baseline and followed up for an average of 3.8 years. Kidney stones information was collected by using a questionnaire and validated by medical records. The repeated biochemical measurements were performed to ascertain the metabolic status at both baseline and follow-up. Results: 4,017 incident total CVDs, 1,413 coronary heart diseases (CHDs) and 2,682 strokes were documented and ascertained during follow-up. Kidney stones presence was significantly associated with 44%, 70% and 31% higher risk of CVDs, CHDs and stroke, respectively. The stratified analysis showed significant associations were found in the incident and sustained MetS patients, while no significant associations were found in the non-MetS at both baseline and follow-up subjects or the MetS remission ones, especially in women. For the change status of each single component of the MetS, though the trends were not always the same, the associations with CVD were consistently significant in those with sustained metabolic disorders, except for the sustained high blood glucose group, while the associations were consistently significant in those with incident metabolic disorders except for the incident blood pressure group. We also found a significant association of kidney stone and CVD or CHD risk in the remain normal glucose or triglycerides groups; while the associations were consistently significant in those with incident metabolic disorders except for the incident blood pressure group. We also found a significant association of kidney stone and CVD or CHD risk in the remain normal glucose or triglycerides groups. Conclusions: A history of kidney stones in women with newly developed MetS or long-standing MetS associated with increased risk of CVD. The mechanisms link kidney stones and CVD risk in the metabolic and non-metabolic pathways were warranted for further studies.

18.
J Diabetes ; 14(8): 541-550, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36040203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) is a sensitive marker of kidney injury. This study analyzed the prevalence of different metabolic phenotypes and investigated their relationship with UACR in Chinese community adults. METHODS: This study involved 33 303 participants over 40 years old from seven centers across China. They were stratified into six groups according to their body mass index (BMI) and metabolic status: metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW), metabolically healthy overweight (MHOW), metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), metabolically unhealthy normal weight (MUNW), metabolically unhealthy overweight (MUOW), and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO). Increased albuminuria was defined as a UACR ≥30 mg/g. RESULTS: The percentages of MHNW, MHOW, MHO, MUNW, MUOW, and MUO were 27.6%, 15.9%, 4.1%, 19.8%, 22.5%, and 9.6%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the MHO group (odds ratio [OR] 1.205; 95% CI, 1.081-1.343), MUNW group (OR 1.232; 95% CI, 1.021-1.486), MUOW group (OR 1.447; 95% CI, 1.303-1.607), and MUO group (OR 1.912; 95% CI, 1.680-2.176) were at higher risk of increased albuminuria compared to the MHNW group. Subgroup analysis indicated that the risk of increased albuminuria was further elevated among regular smokers in men aged 40 to 55 years old with abdominal obesity. CONCLUSIONS: Among Chinese community adults, increased albuminuria was associated with increased BMI whether metabolism was normal or not, and those with abnormal metabolism were at greater risk of increased albuminuria than those with normal metabolism. These findings suggest that overweight or obesity or metabolic abnormalities are risk factors for chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna , Albuminas , Albuminúria/complicações , Albuminúria/etiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Creatinina , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/complicações , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/complicações , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco
19.
Neuro Endocrinol Lett ; 43(2): 113-118, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with hypoparathyroidism always present with recurrent tetany caused by hypocalcemia. These patients are usually misdiagnosed with epilepsy and incorrectly treated with anti-epileptic drugs. This research analyzed clinical data about 22 patients with hypoparathyroidism misdiagnosed as epilepsy and summarized the clinical experience for reducing misdiagnosis and incorrect therapy about hypoparathyroidism. METHOD: Totally 160 patients with hypoparathyroidism, administrated to the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 1st, 2008, to July 1st, 2021, were enrolled in this report. Clinical data about 22 patients initially misdiagnosed with epilepsy were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 160 cases with hypoparathyroidism, 22 patients (12 males and 10 females) were misdiagnosed with epilepsy in local hospitals. The misdiagnosis rate was 13.75% and the median duration of misdiagnosis was 8.0 (2.0, 14.8) years. The clinical manifestations of the 22 patients misdiagnosed as epilepsy included tetany 81.8% (18/22), disturbance of consciousness 27.3% (6/22), limb numbness 13.6% (3/22), limb weakness 27.3% (6/22), mental and behavioral abnormality 9.1% (2/22), and memory impairment 13.6% (3/22), etc. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was performed in 9 cases, which presented as slow wave and spike-slow complex wave in 3 cases, slowing down of Î¸ and δ band background in 2 cases and normal EEG in 4 cases. Out of the 15 cases that underwent head computed tomography (CT) scan, in which 13 cases had intracranial calcification. Anti-epileptic drugs were used to treat 22 patients, of which 17 patients were treated with two kinds of drugs. With calcium and calcitriol supplement in all these 22 patients, the anti-epileptic drugs were gradually reduced and withdrawn in 17 cases. In the other 5 cases with secondary epilepsy, the type of anti-epileptic drugs was reduced to one and the clinical condition improved obviously. CONCLUSION: The clinical manifestations of hypoparathyroidism are complex and usually be misdiagnosed as primary epilepsy. Detection of serum calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone is very important to avoid misdiagnosis and incorrect therapy about hypoparathyroidism.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Hipoparatireoidismo , Tetania , Calcitriol , Cálcio , Análise de Dados , Erros de Diagnóstico , Epilepsia/complicações , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoparatireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipoparatireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Fósforo , Poliésteres , Tetania/induzido quimicamente , Tetania/complicações , Tetania/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 921997, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35846316

RESUMO

Purpose: The optimal adiposity index that is strongly associated with hypertension or prehypertension remains inconclusive in Chinese population. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) and hypertension and prehypertension, as well as to compare the discriminative power of CVAI, visceral adiposity index (VAI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist to height ratio (WHtR), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with hypertension and prehypertension in Chinese general population. Patients and Methods: A total of 34732 participants from REACTION study were recruited. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to detect the association between adiposity indices (CVAI, VAI, BMI, WC, WHtR, WHR, LDL-C) and hypertension and prehypertension. Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with other obesity indices, CVAI remained significantly associated with hypertension and prehypertension (Hypertension: odds ratio (OR) 3.475, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.158-3.824, p<0.001 in total subjects; OR 2.762, 95% CI 2.369-3.221, p<0.001 in men; OR 3.935, 95% CI 3.465-4.469, p<0.001 in women, Prehypertension: OR 2.747, 95% CI 2.460-3.068, p<0.001 in total subjects; OR 2.605, 95% CI 2.176-3.119, p<0.001 in men; OR 2.854, 95% CI 2.465-3.304, p<0.001 in women).In a stratified analysis, CVAI was significantly associated with hypertension and prehypertension at any level of blood glucose, age or estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR). Conclusion: CVAI is significantly associated with hypertension and prehypertension. CVAI shows the superior discriminative ability for hypertension and prehypertension compared with VAI, BMI, WC, WHtR, WHR and LDL-C in Chinese general population.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Pré-Hipertensão , Adiposidade , China/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Obesidade , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Pré-Hipertensão/complicações , Pré-Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Pré-Hipertensão/epidemiologia
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