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1.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the preventive effects of teriparatide and alendronate on the progression of vertebral body collapse in postmenopausal single-level Kümmell's disease (KD). METHODS: From March 2013 to December 2020, the medical records for 53 postmenopausal single-level KD patients who received conservative treatment with teriparatide (25 patients, teriparatide group) or alendronate (28 patients, alendronate group) were retrospectively reviewed. Midsagittal computed tomography (CT) images were analyzed by ImageJ to assess the intravertebral bone formation (mineralized bone) by calculating the ratio of area of intravertebral mineralized bone (AIMB) to the area of fractured vertebral body (AFVB). The changes in radiological parameters of the fractured vertebral body including kyphosis angle (KA), anterior and posterior border heights (ABH and PBH) and spinal canal diameter (SCD), bone turnover biomarkers (BTMs), and bone mineral density (BMD) were analyzed to evaluate the therapeutic effect. RESULTS: At month 12, the ratio of AIMB to AFVB was significantly greater in teriparatide group (54.28% ± 15.30%) than in alendronate group (35.57% ± 17.61%) (P < 0.001). Sagittal CT substantiated the formation of bone bridge in 16 patients in teriparatide group. No bone bridge was detected in alendronate group. The KA was significantly smaller and the ABH, PBH, and SCD was greater in teriparatide group than in alendronate group (all P < 0.001). The KA increments were significantly smaller in teriparatide group (3.98° ± 1.30°) than in alendronate group (11.43° ± 3.73°) (P < 0.001). The ABH and PBH decrement were significantly lower in teriparatide group (11.96% ± 1.93% and 2.80% ± 2.52%) than in alendronate group (37.04% ± 8.00% and 19.50% ± 8.22%) (both P < 0.001). The BTMs and BMD were significantly greater in the teriparatide group than in the alendronate group. In teriparatide group, KA increment was negatively correlated with the change in PINP (r = -0.781, P < 0.001) and the ratio of AIMB to AFVB (r = -0.592, P = 0.002) from baseline to month 12. The ABH decrement was negatively correlated with the change in PINP (r = -0.612, P = 0.001) and the ratio of AIMB to AFVB (r = -0.806, P < 0.001) from baseline to month 12. CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal single-level KD patients, conservative treatment with teriparatide was better than alendronate at preventing the progressive vertebral collapse.

2.
J Econ Entomol ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459777

RESUMO

Microbiome associated with insects play vital roles in host ecology and physiology. The small brown planthopper (SBPH), Laodelphax striatellus, is a polyphagous insect pest that caused enormous damage to a wide range of cereal crops. Previous studies have assessed the effects of environmental factors, such as antibiotics, insecticide, and geographical habitat on the bacterial composition of SBPH. However, the influence of host plants on the microbial community in SBPH still unclear. Here, we characterized and compared the microbial community in three SBPH populations feeding on rice, barley, and wheat, respectively, using high-throughput amplicon sequencing. Our observations revealed that the microbiome harbored by SBPH was abundant and diverse. Ten phyla comprising 141 genera of bacteria were annotated, and four fungal phyla consisting of 47 genera were assigned. The bacteria belonging to the phylum Proteobacteria were the most prevalent and the fungi with the highest abundance were from the order Hypocreales. Comparative analysis showed that host plants could significantly induce structural changes of SBPH microbiome. Significant differences in abundance were observed in two main bacterial orders (Rickettsiales and Rhodospirillales) and three fungal classes (Sordariomycetes, an unclassified class in Ascomycota and Eurotiomycetes) among three host-adapted SBPH populations. Our results could broaden our understanding of interactions among SBPH, its microbial associates and host plants, and also represented the basis of future SBPH biological management.

3.
J Neurosci Methods ; : 109086, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508409

RESUMO

Changes in cell locations and morphologies shape the brain. Tracking single cells over time is a vital step to study these changes, but densely arranged brain cells impede such observation. Larval zebrafish has become a popular model animal for single-cell tracking, owing to its small, transparent brain and easy genetic manipulation. In this article, we review recent single-cell tracking studies on neurons and non-neuronal cells in the larval zebrafish brain, including soma migration, process refinement, and interactions among cell types. These findings yield new insights regarding how the translocation and morphological changes of individual cells determine brain function.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 90: 107214, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278748

RESUMO

We previously revealed that the overexpression of synovial aquaporin 1 (AQP1) aggravated collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats via regulating ß-catenin signaling. This study was to demonstrate the therapeutic effect of acetazolamide (AZ, an AQP1 inhibitor) on rat CIA and explored its underlying mechanisms. Paw swelling, arthritis index, pathological assessments, and serum levels of collagen type II (Col II) antibody, IL-1ß and TNF-α were measured to evaluate the anti-arthritic effect of AZ on rat CIA. Ki67 immunohistochemistry and TUNEL assay were performed to reveal the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of AZ on synovial cells in vivo. The protein levels of apoptosis-related genes and Wnt/ß-catenin pathway key members were detected by western blot. We found that AZ treatment on CIA rats could inhibit paw swelling, reduce arthritis index, alleviate the pathologic changes of ankle joint and decrease the serum levels of Col II antibody, TNF-α and IL-1ß. AZ could reduce Ki67 expression and increase apoptosis index in CIA synovial tissues by reducing Bcl-2 protein level, increasing Bax and caspase 3 protein levels and normalizing Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Moreover, AZ could reduce the protein levels of Wnt1, ß-catenin, p-GSK-3ß (Ser9), c-myc, cyclin D1 and MMP9, while increase GSK-3ß protein level in CIA synovial tissues. Importantly, these mentioned effects of AZ (60 mg/kg) on CIA rats could be reversed by the combined use of lithium chloride (LiCl), an activator of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. In short, AZ exerted potent anti-arthritic effects on CIA rats by inducing synovial apoptosis and inhibiting Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.

5.
Food Res Int ; 138(Pt B): 109800, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288182

RESUMO

Black glutinous rice wine (BGRW) is a popular traditional Chinese rice wine; however, the flavors profiles associated with microbiota changes during its fermentation have not yet been evaluated. In this study, we explored the correlations between microbial communities with physicochemical properties and flavor components during BGRW fermentation. High-throughput sequencing was used to identify the microbial community composition of BGRW at different fermentation stages, and physicochemical properties and volatile flavor compounds (VFCs) were identified via fermentation features testing and headspace solid phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry. First, we revealed Pantoea and Kosakonia predominated bacterial genera the early stage of BGRW fermentation, Leuconostoc, Pediococcus, Bacillus, and Lactobacillus predominated bacterial genera the later stage, while Rhizopus and Saccharomyces were the predominant fungal genera throughout fermentation. Second, total sugars, titratable acids, pH, ethanol, amino acid nitrogen, and 43 VFCs were detected during fermentation. Twenty-three VFCs were differentially produced according to the linear discriminant analysis effect size method. With the increase of the fermentation time, the kinds and contents of esters and alcohols were also increased, while acids decreased. Moreover, 12 microbial genera, Lactococcus, Pediococcus, Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, Cronobacter, Pantoea, Weissella, Enterococcus, Rhizopus, Myceliophthora, Cystofilobasidium, and Aspergillus were found to be highly correlated (|ρ| > 0.7 and P < 0.05) with physicochemical properties and VFCs, by redundancy analysis (RDA) and two-way orthogonal partial least squares (O2PLS) analysis. Ultimately, based on the results, a metabolic map of dominant genera in BGRW was established. Our findings provided detailed information on the dynamic changes of physicochemical properties and VFCs and selection of beneficial strains to improve the quality of BGRW.

6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(9): 2985-2992, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345499

RESUMO

Phosphorus is a key nutrient for all plant species and a limiting factor for grassland ecosystem function. In recent years, in response to the rapid increase of global nitrogen deposition, soil phosphorus contents and phosphatase activities changed to varying degrees in grassland ecosystems. We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the responses of soil pH, total phosphorus (TP), available phosphorus (AP), as well as activities of alkaline phosphatase (AlP) and acid phosphatase (AcP) in soils to nitrogen addition amount, nitrogen type, experimental duration, and sampling depth. The correlation between soil pH and phosphatase response ratio was investigated. The results showed that nitrogen addition significantly reduced soil pH, TP and AlP activity, while significantly increased AcP activity, but had no significant effect on AP. Soil pH and AlP activity significantly decreased under nitrogen addition >5 g·m-2·a-1, and AcP activity significantly increased under high nitrogen addition (>10 g·m-2·a-1). The contents of TP and AP significantly decreased when nitrogen addition was 5-10 g·m-2·a-1. NH4NO3 treatment significantly reduced soil TP and increased AcP activity, while urea treatment significantly reduced soil pH and AlP activity. Across all nitrogen addition amounts, when the experiment duration was 3 to 10 years, soil TP content and AlP activity were significantly reduced. Soil pH was significantly reduced after three years nitrogen addition, and AcP activitiy was significantly increased after 10 years nitrogen addition. In the 0-10 cm soil layer, the TP content and AlP activity significantly decreased, while the AP content significantly increased. In >10 cm soil layer, the AP content was significantly decreased. The significant negative correlation between soil pH and AcP activity indicated that change in soil pH caused by nitrogen addition may be an important factor for the variation of soil phosphatase activity.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Fósforo , China , Ecossistema , Pradaria , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Solo
7.
Yi Chuan ; 42(11): 1073-1080, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229314

RESUMO

As an important biological technology, stem cell technology has been being widely used in the life sciences for a long time. There are three major ways to obtain stem cells with unlimited proliferation and differentiation capabilities, including 1) isolating embryonic stem cells (ESCs) from embryos, 2) isolating adult stem cells from adult tissues, and 3) in vitro reprogramming of differentiated somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). In the field of agriculture, the efficient purification, culture and establishment of livestock and poultry stem cell lines are expected to significantly improve the efficiency of somatic cell cloning and genetic modification of cells. The technology of stem cell induced-gamete production will greatly simplify the generation process, and consequently improve the generation efficiency of genetically modified animals. In addition, by combining with gene editing, microinjection, stem cell transplantation, and embryo transfer, stem cell technology has great potential in the production of genetically modified animals, tissue and organ donors, in vitro induced gametes and genetically reconstructed embryos, in the screening of disease treatment targets, and in the research of new drug pharmacology, which is of great significance to the genetic improvement, disease prevention and treatment for agricultural animals. In this review, we summarize the current research progress of stem cells in agricultural animals, including pig (Sus scrofa), cattle (Bos taurus), chicken (Gallus gallus), goat (Capra hircus) and sheep (Ovis aries), to provide information for the studies in the field of stem cells in agricultural animals.

8.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(10): 1203-1207, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198864

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long-term prognosis of undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation (DES) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main (ULM) coronary artery disease complicated with chronic renal failure (CRF). METHODS: Patients with UML coronary artery disease complicated with CRF admitted to the department of cardiology intensive care unit (ICU) and cardiac surgery ICU of Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled. According to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), the patients were divided into two layers, and the clinical characteristics of DES patients and CABG patients were analyzed. Log-Rank method and Cox regression were used to analyze the coronary artery disease and long-term clinical prognosis of patients with two surgical strategies. RESULTS: A total of 353 patients were enrolled, including 150 patients with eGFR < 45 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2 (DES 67 cases, CABG 83 cases), eGFR 45-59 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2 in 203 cases (DES 80 cases, CABG 123 cases). In terms of demography and clinical history, compared with CABG group, DES group had lower proportion of complete revascularization and lower proportion of chronic totalocclusion (CTO) and multi vessel disease in each eGFR level. All patients were followed up for an average of (30.74±15.05) months. Log-Rank analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the incidence of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events (MACCE), all-cause death, cardiogenic death and stroke between DES group and CABG group in each eGFR level. In eGFR 45-59 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2, the proportion of target vessel revascularization (TVR) in DES group was higher than that in CABG group (18.8% vs. 0.8%, P < 0.01); in eGFR < 45 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2, the incidence of myocardial infarction in DES group was higher than that in CABG group (10.4% vs. 1.2%, P < 0.05). Cox analysis showed that after adjusting for age, gender, history of hypertension, diabetes, left ventricular ejection fraction, smoking history, previous cerebrovascular disease, complete revascularization, multiple vessel disease and CTO, TVR proportion in DES group was still higher than that in CABG group in eGFR 45-59 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2 [hazard ratio (HR) = 46.463, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 4.558-473.693, P = 0.001]; in eGFR < 45 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2, the incidence of myocardial infarction in DES group was still higher than that in CABG group (HR = 14.098, 95%CI was 1.123-176.988, P = 0.040), there was no difference in TVR proportion between the two methods. CONCLUSIONS: eGFR < 45 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2 is an independent risk factor for DES in ULM patients. DES is safe and effective for ULM patients with CRF, but for patients with more severe CRF (eGFR < 45 mL×min-1×1.73 m-2), there was more myocardial infarction in DES group than that in CABG group, which should be carefully selected.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Falência Renal Crônica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
9.
J Nat Prod ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216556

RESUMO

Eleven metabolites, six echinosporins (1-6), four dibenzoyls (7-10), and an aromatic compound (11), were isolated from the fermentation broth of lichen-associated Amycolatopsis hippodromi. The structures of the new compounds (1-5, 8-11) were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis including data from experimental and calculated ECD spectra. Amycolasporins A-C (1-3) demonstrated antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli with MIC values of 25 or 100 µg/mL. Amycolasporin C (3) and the known dibenzoyl (7) attenuated the production of NO due to the suppression of the expression of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells in a dose-dependent manner.

10.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 573131, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072149

RESUMO

The green mirid bug (Apolygus lucorum) and the cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) are both preferred to live on cotton but cause different symptoms, suggesting specialized responses of cotton to the two insects. In this study, we investigated differential molecular mechanisms underlying cotton plant defenses against A. lucorum and H. armigera via transcriptomic analyses. At the transcription level, jasmonate (JA) signaling was dominated in defense against H. armigera whereas salicylic acid (SA) signaling was more significant in defense against A. lucorum. A set of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes and protease inhibitor genes were differentially induced by the two insects. Insect infestations also had an impact on alternative splicing (AS), which was altered more significantly by the H. armigera than A. lucorum. Interestingly, most differential AS (DAS) genes had no obvious change at the transcription level. GO analysis revealed that biological process termed "RNA splicing" and "cellular response to abiotic stimulus" were enriched only in DAS genes from the H. armigera infested samples. Furthermore, insect infestations induced the retained intron of GhJAZs transcripts, which produced a truncated protein lacking the intact Jas motif. Taken together, our data demonstrate that the specialized cotton response to different insects is regulated by gene transcription and AS as well.

11.
Curr Opin Neurobiol ; 64: 151-160, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091825

RESUMO

The brain is tasked with choosing actions that maximize an animal's chances of survival and reproduction. These choices must be flexible and informed by the current state of the environment, the needs of the body, and the outcomes of past actions. This information is physiologically encoded and processed across different brain regions on a wide range of spatial scales, from molecules in single synapses to networks of brain areas. Uncovering these spatially distributed neural interactions underlying behavior requires investigations that span a similar range of spatial scales. Larval zebrafish, given their small size, transparency, and ease of genetic access, are a good model organism for such investigations, allowing the use of modern microscopy, molecular biology, and computational techniques. These approaches are yielding new insights into the mechanistic basis of behavioral states, which we review here and compare to related studies in mammalian species.

12.
J Inflamm Res ; 13: 701-712, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116749

RESUMO

Introduction: Previous studies have confirmed that aquaporin 1 (AQP1) is up-regulated in synovium of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but its exact pathogenic mechanisms in RA are unclear. This study revealed the pathogenic role of AQP1 in rat collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and the underlying mechanisms related to ß-catenin signaling. Materials and Methods: Secondary paw swelling and pathological changes of ankle joints were used to evaluate the severity of rat CIA. Synovial AQP1 and ß-catenin expression were measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot assay. AQP1 siRNA was applied to knockdown AQP1 in cultured CIA fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS). Assays of MTT, PCNA immunofluorescence and transwell were performed to detect cell proliferation, migration and invasion. The protein levels of ß-catenin pathway members and ratio of TOP/FOP luciferase activity were also measured. Results: In vivo, we revealed that synovial AQP1 and ß-catenin expressions in CIA rats were higher than normal rats, and synovial AQP1 expression of CIA rats increased in parallel with secondary paw swelling and total pathological score on joint damage. Correlation analysis of IHC results indicated that synovial AQP1 expression positively correlated with ß-catenin expression in CIA rat. In vitro, AQP1 siRNA apparently reduced the proliferation, migration and invasion of CIA FLS by inhibiting ß-catenin signaling pathway. As an activator of ß-catenin signaling, lithium chloride (an inhibitor of GSK-3ß) reversed the inhibitory effects of AQP1 siRNA on the cultured CIA FLS. Conclusion: We concluded that the overexpression of synovial AQP1 aggravated rat CIA by promoting the activation of FLS through ß-catenin signaling pathway.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005204

RESUMO

The distribution of active compounds of traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Chinese name: Danshen) in vivo was determined by establishing a liquid extraction surface analysis coupled with the tandem mass spectrometry (LESA-MS/MS) method. Stability analysis and distribution analysis were designed in the present study using normal animals or a myocardial ischemia model. The model assessment was performed four weeks after surgery, and then three groups were created: a normal-dose group, a model-blank group, and a model-dose group. Meanwhile, Danshen decoction administration began in dose groups and lasted for four weeks. In stability analysis, four salvianolic acids-Danshensu (DSS), caffeic acid (CAA), rosmarinic acid (RA), and salvianolic acid A (SAA)-in kidney tissues from the normal-dose group were detected by LESA-MS/MS under four conditions, and then distribution analysis was conducted in different tissues using the same method. Ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) in animals from two model groups decreased significantly four weeks after surgery (P < 0.01) and were improved after four weeks of Danshen decoction administration (P < 0.01). Results of stability analysis demonstrated that this method was basically stable since there were no significant differences in signal intensities of DSS, CAA, and SAA under four conditions (P > 0.05). Distribution analysis showed the signal intensities of DSS in the liver and kidney and SAA in the heart were higher in the model-dose group than in the normal-dose group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Signal intensities of RA in the liver and kidney, and SAA in the liver were lower in the model-dose group compared with the normal-dose group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). In conclusion, Danshen decoction has the effect of improving the ischemic condition in a chronic myocardial ischemia model, and the content of two active compounds increased in the targets. These findings contribute to an understanding of the therapeutic role of Danshen in cardiovascular disease.

14.
J Virol ; 95(1)2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028718

RESUMO

Like other enveloped viruses, pestiviruses employ cellular proteases for processing of their structural proteins. While typical signal peptidase cleavage motifs are present at the carboxy terminus of the signal sequence preceding Erns and the E1/E2 and E2/P7 sites, the Erns-E1 precursor is cleaved by signal peptidase at a highly unusual structure, in which the transmembrane sequence upstream of the cleavage site is replaced by an amphipathic helix. As shown before, the integrity of the amphipathic helix is crucial for efficient processing. The data presented here demonstrate that the E1 sequence downstream of this cleavage site is also important for the cleavage. Carboxy-terminal truncation of the E1 moiety as well as internal deletions in E1 reduced the cleavage efficiency to less than 30% of the wild-type (wt) level. Moreover, the C-terminal truncation by more than 30 amino acids resulted in strong secretion of the uncleaved fusion proteins. The reduced processing and increased secretion were even observed when 10 to 5 amino-terminal residues of E1 were left, whereas extensions by 1 or 3 E1 residues resulted in reduced processing but no significantly increased secretion. In contrast to the E1 sequences, a 10-amino-acid c-myc tag fused to the Erns C terminus had only marginal effect on secretion but was also not processed efficiently. Mutation of the von Heijne sequence upstream of E2 not only blocked the cleavage between E1 and E2 but also prevented the processing between Erns and E2. Thus, processing at the Erns-E1 site is a highly regulated process.IMPORTANCE Cellular signal peptidase (SPase) cleavage represents an important step in maturation of viral envelope proteins. Fine tuning of this system allows for establishment of concerted folding and processing processes in different enveloped viruses. We report here on SPase processing of the Erns-E1-E2 glycoprotein precursor of pestiviruses. Erns-E1 cleavage is delayed and only executed efficiently when the complete E1 sequence is present. C-terminal truncation of the Erns-E1 precursor impairs processing and leads to significant secretion of the protein. The latter is not detected when internal deletions preserving the E1 carboxy terminus are introduced, but also these constructs show impaired processing. Moreover, Erns-E1 is only processed after cleavage at the E1/E2 site. Thus, processing of the pestiviral glycoprotein precursor by SPase is done in an ordered way and depends on the integrity of the proteins for efficient cleavage. The functional importance of this processing scheme is discussed in the paper.

15.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(19): 19585-19596, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035197

RESUMO

Liposomes (LPs) as promising drug delivery systems are widely applied in cancer therapy. This study aimed to investigate the effect of glypican-1 (GPC1)-targeted and gemcitabine (GEM)-loaded LP [GPC1-LP (GEM)] on cell proliferation and apoptosis in PANC-1s, as well as on orthotopic pancreatic cancer (PDAC) mice. The GPC1-LP (GEM) and LP (GEM) was prepared, and then the size distribution of GPC1-LP (GEM) was analyzed by dynamic light scattering (DLS). In vitro drug release assay of GPC1-LP (GEM) and LP (GEM) was performed, and the expression of GPC1 in PANC1 cells was detected as well. Next, the effects of free GEM, LP (GEM) and GPC1-LP (GEM) on cell viability, clone number, and apoptosis, as well as the expression of proteins associated with apoptosis were measured in 239T and PANC-1 cells. Furthermore, the body weight and tumor size of orthotopic PDAC mice were evaluated following the treatment of free GEM, LP (GEM) or GPC1-LP (GEM). LP (GEM) and GPC1-LP (GEM) were successfully prepared with a successful GEM release within 24 h. In addition, GPC1 was positively expressed in PANC-1 cells but not 293T cells. These findings provided more insights into the anti-tumor potential for the biomedical application of GPC1-LP (GEM) in PDAC.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(9): 801, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978367

RESUMO

Exosomes are small endogenous membrane vesicles that can mediate cell communication by transferring genetic materials. Based on that, exosomes have always been discussed as a cargo carrier for microRNA (miRNA) transportation. Accumulating data have reported the inhibitory effects of microRNA-193a (miR-193a) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell progression. However, the mechanisms of miR-193a delivery to cancer cells and miR-193a in exosomes have not been explored clearly in NSCLC. Given that, this work aims to decode exosomal miR-193a in cisplatin (DDP) resistance of NSCLC cells. A549 and H1299 cell lines were screened out and their parent cells and drug-resistant cells were co-cultured with human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)-derived exosomes (BMSC-Exo) that had been transfected with miR-193a mimic or si-LRRC1 to detect the colony formation, migration, apoptosis, invasion and proliferation of NSCLC cells. In vivo experiment was conducted to verify the in vitro results. BMSC-Exo with upregulated miR-193a and downregulated LRRC1 suppressed colony formation, invasion, proliferation and migration as well as advanced apoptosis of NSCLC parent cells and drug-resistant cells. BMSC-Exo combined with upregulated miR-193a reduced tumor volume and weight in mice with NSCLC. Functional studies report that BMSC-Exo shuffle miR-193a to suppress the colony formation, invasion, migration, and proliferation as well as advance apoptosis of NSCLC DDP-resistant cells via downregulating LRRC1.

17.
Arch Microbiol ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940717

RESUMO

Gut microbiota plays vital roles in the development, evolution and environmental adaptation of the host insects. The brown planthopper (BPH) is one of the most destructive pests of rice, but little is known about its gut microbiota. In this study, we investigated the gut bacterial communities in two BPH populations feeding on susceptible and resistant rice varieties by high-throughput amplicon sequencing. Our results revealed that the gut bacterial communities in BPH were species diverse. A total of 29 phyla and 367 genera were captured, with Proteobacteria and Acinetobacter being the most prominent phylum and genus, respectively. Comparative analysis showed that significant differences in the profile of gut bacterial communities existed between the two BPH populations. The species richness detected in the population feeding on the resistant rice variety was significantly higher than that in the population rearing on the susceptible rice variety. Although the most dominant gut bacteria at all taxonomic levels showed no significant differences between the two BPH populations, the relative abundances of two subdominant phyla (Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes) and two subdominant classes (Bacteroidia and Clostridia) were significantly different. FAPROTAX analysis further indicated that host rice varieties might induce changes of the gut bacterial flora in BPH, as significant differences in five metabolism-related functional categories (fermentation, methylotrophy, xylanolysis, nitrate reduction and ureolysis) were detected between the two BPH populations. Our results are informative for studies which focused on the interactions between BPH and its symbiotic microbes and could also provide the basis of future BPH biological management.

18.
Bioorg Chem ; 103: 104242, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916541

RESUMO

Six new terpenoids (1-6) and two new phloroglucinol glucosides (7 and 8) were isolated from the extract of Syzygium szemaoense leaves. Among the isolates, compounds 1 and 2 (named syzygiumursanolides A and B) were unusual 28-norursane type triterpenoids with 19(18→17)-abeo spirocyclic skeleton. And syzygiumone B (8) was rare ascorbyl-modified phloroglucinol glucoside. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive 1D and 2D NMR, HRESIMS spectroscopic data analysis, as well as experimental and calculated ECD spectra and acid hydrolysis. Antimicrobial bioassay revealed that syzygiumursanolide D (4) displayed the most potent antifungal activities with MIC values ranging from 6.25 to 25 µg/mL against a panel of fungi.

19.
Food Funct ; 11(9): 8297-8308, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909594

RESUMO

Benzophenone glycosides are a major type of polyphenols present in guava. To date, there is still poor understanding of the relationship between benzophenone glycosides and the hepatoprotective effects attributed to this edible fruit. Herein, the protective effects of guavinoside B (GUB), a main benzophenone glycoside present in guava fruit, against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Fluorescence measurement demonstrated that GUB (at a concentration of 30 µM) significantly reduced the intracellular ROS levels in APAP-treated HepG2 cells. In addition, GUB (100 mg kg-1 d-1) pretreatment markedly alleviated APAP-induced hepatocyte infiltration and necrosis in C57BL/6 mice, and improved serum and hepatic biochemical parameters, such as ALT, AST, SOD, GSH, ROS, MDA, and TNF-α levels. RT-PCR and western blot experiments revealed that GUB up-regulated Nrf2, GCLC and NQO1, while reducing p-JNK gene expression in the liver. The fermentation experiment further revealed that the displayed beneficial effects of GUB in vivo might be related to the gut microbial metabolite gallic acid. These promising data suggested that GUB showed potent hepatoprotective effects through regulating the Nrf2 and JNK signaling pathways. Further investigation of the absorption and metabolism of benzophenones would be warranted to promote the utilization of these phenolics as functional food ingredients against oxidative stress-induced chronic diseases.

20.
Int Wound J ; 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755065

RESUMO

Perineal wound complications after APR have high morbidity in the colorectal surgical department. Although some approaches have been figured out to solve this clinical focus, the outcomes are still not satisfied. Herein, this prospective comparative clinical trial has been designed to evaluate a new surgical procedure of direct perineal wound full-thick closure (DPWC), compared with conventional perineal wound closure (CPWC), with hopes of making wound healing with less complications. In addition, an evaluation of an incision negative wound pressure therapy, as another focus in this field, was also analysed in the DPWC group. A total of 44 participants in our department were recruited from March 2018 to March 2020, divided into two groups randomly, CPWC group and DPWC group. The patients' characteristics, such as age, gender, BMI, smoking, alcohol consumption, comorbidities, CEA level, and high-risk of invasion, were recorded without statistical significance between the CPWC group and DPWC group. After the same standard abdominal phase, these two groups were performed in different perineal phases. And then, operative and postoperative outcomes were analysed with different statistical methods. Data on wound healing time and length of stay in the DPWC group were shorter than those in the CPWC group (P < .05). Furthermore, cases of wound infection within 30 days in the DPWC group were also less than that in the CPWC group (P < .05). However, no difference was found between the incisional negative pressure wound therapy assisted group (NPA group) and non- incisional negative pressure wound therapy assisted group (non-NPA group). During this study, hypoalbuminemia, as an independent high-risk factor, impacted perineal wound healing. (P = .0271) In conclusion, DPWC is a new surgical approach, which can lead to a better outcome than DPWC, and it can be another surgical procedure for clinicians. In addition, hypoalbuminemia should be interfered for avoiding perineal wound complications.

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