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Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18489, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895782


BACKGROUND: In a multitude of previous studies, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) plays an important role in the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy (EP). However, the predictive value of CT infections in the occurrence of EP has not been estimated worldwide. We thus evaluated, by means of a meta-analysis, the current status of the association between CT infections with EP and the potential predictive value of CT infections in EP. METHODS: We evaluated studies performed between the database construction time and August 2018 published in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Web of Science (SCI). The relationship between CT and EP was calculated based upon the predetermined entry criteria for control group selection and the original data. The related articles were analyzed using a random-effects model, and the heterogeneity of the studies was assessed using the I index. Data were analyzed with the STATA 12.0 software. RESULTS: Twenty-five studies that recruited 11960 patients were included in the present meta-analysis, and the relation of CT infections with EP were assessed. The association between CT infections and EP risk showed an odds ratio (OR) of 3.03, with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 2.37 to 3.89. Our results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups. The prevalence of CT infections in EP was then calculated by a subgroup analysis: African (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.14-4.31), European (OR, 3.16; 95% CI, 2.10-4.47), North American (OR, 3.07; 95% CI, 1.78-5.31), and Asian (OR, 3.39; 95% CI, 1.95-5.90). CONCLUSIONS: From the results of numerous studies conducted on different continents, this meta-analysis showed a clear association between EP and prior CT infections, that is, CT infections increase the risk of EP occurrence.

Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Chlamydia trachomatis , Feminino , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; : 101661, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809957


BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore the outcomes of using the progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol in aged infertile women. The patients recruited in the study had displayed a poor ovarian response (POR) in the first IVF/ICSI-ET cycles with the ultra-short gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-controlled retrospective study was conducted to investigate the clinical outcomes of 117 aged infertile women who met the inclusion criteria. The patients were grouped into two; group B included patients who had displayed a poor ovarian response (POR) in the first IVF/ICSI-ET cycle with the ultra-short GnRH-a protocol. Group A was made up of patients who underwent the PPOS protocol in the second cycle. The study was done between January 2015 to May 2018 in the reproductive and genetic centre of integrated traditional and western medicine, Affiliated hospital of Shandong University of traditional Chinese medicine. Reproduction-related clinical outcomes in the two groups were compared. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the serum levels of LH, E2, and P on the trigger day between group A and group B (P>0.05). The number of follicles with a diameter > 14 mm was significantly higher in the PPOS protocol patients than in the ultra-short GnRH-a protocol group (4.83 ± 2.82 vs. 3.25 ± 2.53, P < 0.01). The duration and total dosage of gonadotropin of the PPOS protocol group were less than in the previous ultra-short GnRH-a protocol, although the statistical differences were not significant (P > 0.05). The number of eggs obtained in the PPOS group was significantly higher than that of the previous one (4.29 ± 3.11 vs. 2.76 ± 2.33, P < 0.05). The numbers of MII eggs, cleavage, 2 P N, transplantable embryos, and high quality embryos were higher in the PPOS protocol group than that in the ultra-short protocol group. However, the differences between the two groups in all the above parameters were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The rate of high-quality embryos was significantly higher in the PPOS protocol group than in the ultra-short protocol group (38.61(100/259) vs. 32.02(65/203), P < 0.05). Although not statistically significant (P > 0.05), the abortion rate of the PPOS protocol group was higher than that of the ultra-short protocol group. The clinical pregnancy and live birth rates were significantly higher in the PPOS protocol group than in the ultra-short protocol group (p < 0.05). The clinical pregnancy rates in the PPOS protocol group and the ultra-short protocol group were 32.35 % and 25.53 % respectively while the live birth rates were 27.45 % and 21.28 % respectively. CONCLUSION: Compared with the ultra-short protocol, the PPOS protocol improves the number of follicles, the number of eggs, clinical pregnancy, and live birth rates in POR patients. The PPOS protocol could, therefore, provide a novel treatment strategy for inducing ovulation in POR patients.

Libyan J Med ; 14(1): 1652058, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405338


Objective: To investigate the effect of the duration of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) use on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) during the short-acting long-term hyperstimulation cycle. Methodology: Clinical data from 776 patients receiving controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) after short-term regimen downregulation were retrospectively analyzed. According to the duration of GnRH-a, the patients were divided into 3 groups: Group A, 14 days for GnRH-a; Group B, 15-17 days for GnRH-a; and Group C, >18 days for GnRH-a. The clinical data, treatment and clinical outcomes were compared among the groups. Results: There were no significant differences in fertilization rate, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rate(P > 0.05). The total costs in group A were significantly less than those in group B and C(P < 0.001). The number of eggs and quality embryos generated in group A was significantly higher than that in groups B and C (P = 0.014, P = 0.005). Conclusions: In the short-acting GnRH agonist long protocol, satisfactory IVF-ET pregnancy outcome was obtained with the use of GnRH-a for 14 days under the premise of lowering the receptor-regulating standard. Excessive application of GnRH-a will affect the number of eggs and embryos and increase the cost of medical treatment.

Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16481, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335711


BACKGROUND: Insomnia is one of the most common sleep problems, which can impact physical and mental quality of life, resulting in a heavy social and economic burden. Xiaoyao san, a Chinese Herbal Medicine product, has been widely used as an alternative to recommended treatments for insomnia, but still lack of evidence of evidence-based medicine, which the clinical efficacy and its safety are questioned. Accordingly, we provide a protocol to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Xiaoyao san to update the search and evaluation for the best available and security treatment for insomnia. METHODS: This review systematic and comprehensive retrieves of 8 related databases at home and abroad. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Xiaoyao san on Insomnia published in English and Chinese will be included. The quality of the included trials including randomization, allocation concealment, blinding, withdrawal, and loss of follow-up which was evaluated using internationally accepted evaluation criteria. And then systematically comprehensive analysis of the efficacy. RESULTS: This review will be to assess the efficacy and safety of Xiaoyao san for insomnia. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide strong evidence for the effectiveness and safety of Xiaoyao san in the treatment of insomnia. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019127326.

Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa