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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8953-8972, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314518

RESUMO

As a member of the Janus (JAK) family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, TYK2 plays an important role in mediating the signaling of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-12, IL-23, and type 1 interferons. The nicotinamide 4, identified by a SPA-based high-throughput screen targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase domain, potently inhibits IL-23 and IFNα signaling in cellular assays. The described work details the optimization of this poorly selective hit (4) to potent and selective molecules such as 47 and 48. The discoveries described herein were critical to the eventual identification of the clinical TYK2 JH2 inhibitor (see following report in this issue). Compound 48 provided robust inhibition in a mouse IL-12-induced IFNγ pharmacodynamic model as well as efficacy in an IL-23 and IL-12-dependent mouse colitis model. These results demonstrate the ability of TYK2 JH2 domain binders to provide a highly selective alternative to conventional TYK2 orthosteric inhibitors.

2.
J Med Chem ; 60(12): 5193-5208, 2017 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541707

RESUMO

PI3Kδ plays an important role controlling immune cell function and has therefore been identified as a potential target for the treatment of immunological disorders. This article highlights our work toward the identification of a potent, selective, and efficacious PI3Kδ inhibitor. Through careful SAR, the successful replacement of a polar pyrazole group by a simple chloro or trifluoromethyl group led to improved Caco-2 permeability, reduced Caco-2 efflux, reduced hERG PC activity, and increased selectivity profile while maintaining potency in the CD69 hWB assay. The optimization of the aryl substitution then identified a 4'-CN group that improved the human/rodent correlation in microsomal metabolic stability. Our lead molecule is very potent in PK/PD assays and highly efficacious in a mouse collagen-induced arthritis model.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Células CACO-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células CACO-2/imunologia , Cães , Canal de Potássio ERG1/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/tratamento farmacológico , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Coelhos
3.
J Med Chem ; 59(19): 9173-9200, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27583770

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases. BTK plays an essential role in B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling as well as Fcγ receptor signaling in monocytes and Fcε receptor signaling in mast cells and basophils, all of which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease. As a result, inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. This article details the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel series of highly potent and selective carbazole and tetrahydrocarbazole based, reversible inhibitors of BTK. Of particular interest is that two atropisomeric centers were rotationally locked to provide a single, stable atropisomer, resulting in enhanced potency and selectivity as well as a reduction in safety liabilities. With significantly enhanced potency and selectivity, excellent in vivo properties and efficacy, and a very desirable tolerability and safety profile, 14f (BMS-986142) was advanced into clinical studies.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Isomerismo , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Quinazolinas/química , Quinazolinas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
J Med Chem ; 59(17): 7915-35, 2016 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27531604

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) belongs to the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases and plays a critical role in multiple cell types responsible for numerous autoimmune diseases. This article will detail the structure-activity relationships (SARs) leading to a novel second generation series of potent and selective reversible carbazole inhibitors of BTK. With an excellent pharmacokinetic profile as well as demonstrated in vivo activity and an acceptable safety profile, 7-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4-[2-methyl-3-(4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-3-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole-1-carboxamide 6 (BMS-935177) was selected to advance into clinical development.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/química , Carbazóis/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinazolinonas/química , Administração Oral , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Antirreumáticos/síntese química , Antirreumáticos/farmacocinética , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carbazóis/síntese química , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cães , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Permeabilidade , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Quinazolinonas/síntese química , Quinazolinonas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(9): 2206-11, 2014 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24685542

RESUMO

Investigation of various heterocyclic core isosteres of imidazopyrazines 1 & 2 yielded purine derivatives 3 & 8 as potent and selective BTK inhibitors. Subsequent SAR studies of the purine series led to the discovery of 20 as a leading compound. Compound 20 is very selective when screened against a panel of 400 kinases and is a potent inhibitor in cellular assays of human B cell function including B-Cell proliferation and CD86 cell surface expression and exhibited in vivo efficacy in a mouse PCA model. Its X-ray co-crystal structure with BTK shows that the high selectivity is gained from filling a BTK specific lipophilic pocket. However, physical and ADME properties leading to low oral exposure hindered further development.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Purinas/química , Purinas/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/enzimologia , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Anafilaxia Cutânea Passiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos
7.
J Med Chem ; 55(21): 9208-23, 2012 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23030502

RESUMO

This report describes the discovery and optimization of a BACE-1 inhibitor series containing an unusual acyl guanidine chemotype that was originally synthesized as part of a 6041-membered solid-phase library. The synthesis of multiple follow-up solid- and solution-phase libraries facilitated the optimization of the original micromolar hit into a single-digit nanomolar BACE-1 inhibitor in both radioligand binding and cell-based functional assay formats. The X-ray structure of representative inhibitors bound to BACE-1 revealed a number of key ligand:protein interactions, including a hydrogen bond between the side chain amide of flap residue Gln73 and the acyl guanidine carbonyl group, and a cation-π interaction between Arg235 and the isothiazole 4-methoxyphenyl substituent. Following subcutaneous administration in rats, an acyl guanidine inhibitor with single-digit nanomolar activity in cells afforded good plasma exposures and a dose-dependent reduction in plasma Aß levels, but poor brain exposure was observed (likely due to Pgp-mediated efflux), and significant reductions in brain Aß levels were not obtained.


Assuntos
Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Guanidinas/síntese química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/química , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Guanidinas/farmacocinética , Guanidinas/farmacologia , Humanos , Isoxazóis/síntese química , Isoxazóis/farmacocinética , Isoxazóis/farmacologia , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Mutação , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Ensaio Radioligante , Ratos , Técnicas de Síntese em Fase Sólida , Soluções , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(22): 6909-15, 2011 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21974952
9.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(22): 6916-24, 2011 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21782431

RESUMO

The synthesis, evaluation, and structure-activity relationships of a class of γ-lactam 1,3-diaminopropan-2-ol transition-state isostere inhibitors of BACE are discussed. Two strategies for optimizing lead compound 1a are presented. Reducing the overall size of the inhibitors resulted in the identification of γ-lactam 1i, whereas the introduction of conformational constraint on the prime-side of the inhibitor generated compounds such as the 3-hydroxypyrrolidine inhibitor 28n. The full in vivo profile of 1i in rats and 28n in Tg 2576 mice is presented.


Assuntos
Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Lactamas/química , Lactamas/farmacologia , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/enzimologia , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacocinética , Lactamas/síntese química , Lactamas/farmacocinética , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(1): 537-41, 2011 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21078556

RESUMO

Heterocyclic replacement of the isophthalamide phenyl ring in hydroxyethylamine (HEA) BACE-1 inhibitors was explored. A variety of indole-1,3-dicarboxamide HEAs exhibited potent BACE-1 enzyme inhibition, but displayed poor cellular activity. Improvements in cellular activity and aspartic protease selectivity were observed for 7-azaindole-1,3-dicarboxamide HEAs. A methylprolinol-bearing derivative (10n) demonstrated robust reductions in rat plasma Aß levels, but did not lower rat brain Aß due to poor central exposure. The same analog exhibited a high efflux ratio in a bidirectional Caco-2 assay and was likely a substrate of the efflux transporter P-glycoprotein. X-ray crystal structures are reported for two indole HEAs in complex with BACE-1.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Indóis/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Piridinas/síntese química , Aminas/síntese química , Aminas/farmacologia , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/sangue , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Indóis/química , Indóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(9): 2933-7, 2010 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20356736

RESUMO

The synthesis and follow-up SAR studies of our development candidate 1 by incorporating 2-aryl-4-oxazolylmethoxy and 2-aryl-4-thiazolylmethoxy moieties into the oxybenzylglycine framework of the PPARalpha/gamma dual agonist muraglitazar is described. SAR studies indicate that different substituents on the aryloxazole/thiazole moieties as well as the choice of carbamate substituent on the glycine moiety can significantly modulate the selectivity of PPARalpha versus PPARgamma. Potent, highly selective PPARalpha activators 2a and 2l, as well as PPARalpha activators with significant PPARgamma activity, such as 2s, were identified. The in vivo pharmacology of these compounds in preclinical animal models as well as their ADME profiles are discussed.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/síntese química , Glicina/análogos & derivados , PPAR alfa/agonistas , PPAR gama/agonistas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Sítios de Ligação , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Glicina/síntese química , Glicina/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
J Med Chem ; 53(7): 2854-64, 2010 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20218621

RESUMO

An 1,3-oxybenzylglycine based compound 2 (BMS-687453) was discovered to be a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, with an EC(50) of 10 nM for human PPARalpha and approximately 410-fold selectivity vs human PPARgamma in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Similar potencies and selectivity were also observed in the full length receptor co-transfection assays. Compound 2 has negligible cross-reactivity against a panel of human nuclear hormone receptors including PPARdelta. Compound 2 demonstrated an excellent pharmacological and safety profile in preclinical studies and thus was chosen as a development candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia. The X-ray cocrystal structures of the early lead compound 12 and compound 2 in complex with PPARalpha ligand binding domain (LBD) were determined. The role of the crystal structure of compound 12 with PPARalpha in the development of the SAR that ultimately resulted in the discovery of compound 2 is discussed.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Oxazóis/química , Oxazóis/farmacologia , PPAR alfa/agonistas , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Glicina/síntese química , Glicina/química , Glicina/farmacologia , Glicina/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Oxazóis/síntese química , Oxazóis/toxicidade , PPAR alfa/química , PPAR alfa/genética , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Especificidade por Substrato , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
14.
J Med Chem ; 45(24): 5233-48, 2002 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12431051

RESUMO

The identification of indeno[1,2-c]pyrazol-4-ones as inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) has led to the discovery of a series of novel and potent compounds. Herein, we report the effects of substitutions at C3 of the indeno[1,2-c]pyrazol-4-one core with alkyls, heterocycles, and substituted phenyls. Substitutions at the para position of the phenyl ring at C3 were generally well-tolerated; however, larger groups were generally inactive. For alkyls directly attached to C3, longer chain substituents were not tolerated; however, shorter alkyl groups and cyclic alkyls were acceptable. In general, the heterocycles at C3 gave the most potent analogues. One such heterocycle, 24j, was examined in detail and was determined to have a biological profile consistent with CDK inhibition. An X-ray crystal structure of one of the alkyl compounds, 13q, complexed with CDK2 was determined and showed the inhibitor residing in the adenosine 5'-triphosphate pocket of the enzyme.


Assuntos
CDC2-CDC28 Quinases , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas , Pirazóis/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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