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1.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999431

RESUMO

The electronic properties of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) can be precisely tuned by chemical doping. Here we demonstrate that amino (NH2) functional groups attached at the edges of chiral GNRs (chGNRs) can efficiently gate the chGNRs and lead to the valence band (VB) depopulation on a metallic surface. The NH2-doped chGNRs are grown by on-surface synthesis on Au(111) using functionalized bianthracene precursors. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy resolves that the NH2 groups significantly upshift the bands of chGNRs, causing the Fermi level crossing of the VB onset of chGNRs. Through density functional theory simulations we confirm that the hole-doping behavior is due to an upward shift of the bands induced by the edge NH2 groups.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(8): 3515-3523, 2019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30646682

RESUMO

Increasing the stability of perovskites is essential for their integration in commercial photovoltaic devices. Halide mixing is suggested as a powerful strategy toward stable perovskite materials. However, the stabilizing effect of the halides critically depends on their distribution in the mixed compound, a topic that is currently under intense debate. Here we successfully determine the exact location of the I and Cl anions in the  CH3NH3PbBr3- yI y and CH3NH3PbBr3- zCl z mixed halide perovskite lattices and correlate it with the enhanced stability we find for the latter. By combining scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory, we predict that, for low ratios, iodine and chlorine incorporation have different effects on the electronic properties and stability of the CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite material. In addition, we determine the optimal Cl incorporation ratio for stability increase without detrimental band gap modification, providing an important direction for the fabrication of stable perovskite devices. The increased material stability induced by chlorine incorporation is verified by performing photoelectron spectroscopy on a half-cell device architecture. Our findings provide an answer to the current debate on halide incorporation and demonstrate their direct influence on device stability.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(68): 9402-9405, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30087965

RESUMO

We report the on-surface synthesis of graphene nanoribbon superlattice arrays directed by the herringbone reconstruction of the Au(111) surface. The uniaxial anisotropy of the zigzag pattern of the reconstruction defines a one dimensional grid for directing the Ullmann polymerization and inducing periodic arrays of parallel ultra-long nanoribbons (>100 nm), where the periodicity is varied with coverage at discrete values following a hierarchical templating behavior.

4.
Science ; 360(6385): 199-203, 2018 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29650671

RESUMO

Nanosize pores can turn semimetallic graphene into a semiconductor and, from being impermeable, into the most efficient molecular-sieve membrane. However, scaling the pores down to the nanometer, while fulfilling the tight structural constraints imposed by applications, represents an enormous challenge for present top-down strategies. Here we report a bottom-up method to synthesize nanoporous graphene comprising an ordered array of pores separated by ribbons, which can be tuned down to the 1-nanometer range. The size, density, morphology, and chemical composition of the pores are defined with atomic precision by the design of the molecular precursors. Our electronic characterization further reveals a highly anisotropic electronic structure, where orthogonal one-dimensional electronic bands with an energy gap of ∼1 electron volt coexist with confined pore states, making the nanoporous graphene a highly versatile semiconductor for simultaneous sieving and electrical sensing of molecular species.

5.
Nano Lett ; 16(6): 3409-14, 2016 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27010705

RESUMO

Topological insulators are a promising class of materials for applications in the field of spintronics. New perspectives in this field can arise from interfacing metal-organic molecules with the topological insulator spin-momentum locked surface states, which can be perturbed enhancing or suppressing spintronics-relevant properties such as spin coherence. Here we show results from an angle-resolved photemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) study of the prototypical cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc)/Bi2Se3 interface. We demonstrate that that the hybrid interface can act on the topological protection of the surface and bury the Dirac cone below the first quintuple layer.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 136(14): 5451-9, 2014 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24635343

RESUMO

The spin state of organic-based magnets at interfaces is to a great extent determined by the organic environment and the nature of the spin-carrying metal center, which is further subject to modifications by the adsorbate-substrate coupling. Direct chemical doping offers an additional route for tailoring the electronic and magnetic characteristics of molecular magnets. Here we present a systematic investigation of the effects of alkali metal doping on the charge state and crystal field of 3d metal ions in Cu, Ni, Fe, and Mn phthalocyanine (Pc) monolayers adsorbed on Ag. Combined X-ray absorption spectroscopy and ligand field multiplet calculations show that Cu(II), Ni(II), and Fe(II) ions reduce to Cu(I), Ni(I), and Fe(I) upon alkali metal adsorption, whereas Mn maintains its formal oxidation state. The strength of the crystal field at the Ni, Fe, and Mn sites is strongly reduced upon doping. The combined effect of these changes is that the magnetic moment of high- and low-spin ions such as Cu and Ni can be entirely turned off or on, respectively, whereas the magnetic configuration of MnPc can be changed from intermediate (3/2) to high (5/2) spin. In the case of FePc a 10-fold increase of the orbital magnetic moment accompanies charge transfer and a transition to a high-spin state.


Assuntos
Elétrons , Indóis/química , Metais Alcalinos/química , Metais Pesados/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Microscopia de Tunelamento , Espectroscopia por Absorção de Raios X
7.
Nat Mater ; 12(4): 337-43, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23334000

RESUMO

Chemical doping offers promise as a means of tailoring the electrical characteristics of organic molecular compounds. However, unlike for inorganic semiconductors used in electronics applications, controlling the influence of dopants in molecular complexes is complicated by the presence of multiple doping sites, electron acceptor levels, and intramolecular correlation effects. Here we use scanning tunnelling microscopy to analyse the position of individual Li dopants within Cu- and Ni-phthalocyanine molecules in contact with a metal substrate, and probe the charge transfer process with unprecedented spatial resolution. We show that individual phthalocyanine molecules can host at least three distinct stable doping sites and up to six dopant atoms, and that the ligand and metal orbitals can be selectively charged by modifying the configuration of the Li complexes. Li manipulation reveals that charge transfer is determined solely by dopants embedded in the molecules, whereas the magnitude of the conductance gap is sensitive to the molecule-dopant separation. As a result of the strong spin-charge correlation in confined molecular orbitals, alkali atoms provide an effective way for tuning the molecular spin without resorting to magnetic dopants.

8.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 24(39): 395006, 2012 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22941915

RESUMO

The photoemission cross-section of the Shockley surface state of Au(111) is studied over a wide range of photon energies both experimentally and theoretically. The measurements are fully understood based on the theoretical analysis within a one-step ab initio theory of photoemission. The constant initial state spectrum is shown to be very sensitive to the structure of the topmost atomic layer. A maximum in the constant initial spectrum at 60 eV is identified as a fingerprint of the Au(111) surface reconstruction.

9.
Nat Commun ; 2: 490, 2011 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21971505

RESUMO

Advances in molecular electronics depend on the ability to control the charge and spin of single molecules at the interface with a metal. Here we show that bonding of metal-organic complexes to a metallic substrate induces the formation of coupled metal-ligand spin states, increasing the spin degeneracy of the molecules and opening multiple spin relaxation channels. Scanning tunnelling spectroscopy reveals the sign and magnitude of intramolecular exchange coupling as well as the orbital character of the spin-polarized molecular states. We observe coexisting Kondo, spin, and vibrational inelastic channels in a single molecule, which lead to pronounced intramolecular variations of the conductance and spin dynamics. The spin degeneracy of the molecules can be controlled by artificially fabricating molecular clusters of different size and shape. By comparing data for vibronic and spin-exchange excitations, we provide a positive test of the universal scaling properties of inelastic Kondo processes having different physical origin.

10.
J Chem Phys ; 129(24): 244103, 2008 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19123491

RESUMO

The interaction between carbon and hydrogen atoms on a Ru(0001) surface was studied using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), density functional theory (DFT) and STM image calculations. Formation of CH species by reaction between adsorbed H and C was observed to occur readily at 100 K. When the coverage of H increased new complexes of the form of CH+nH (n=1, 2, and 3) were observed. These complexes, never observed before, might be precursors for further hydrogenation reactions. DFT analysis reveals that a considerable energy barrier exists for the CH+H-->CH(2) reaction.

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