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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253508, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360218

RESUMO

Present research work represents antiviral and antibacterial value of body fat of Saara hardwickii commonly called as spiny tailed lizard. Oil was extracted from body fats located in the ventral region of this animal using hydrocarbons e.g., n-hexane, methanol, butanol and ethyl acetate as a solvent. The antibacterial activity of lizard oil was tested against standard as well as multi-resistant lines ofEscherichia coli, Styphalococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus vulgaris alone and with antibiotic ampicillin. For antibacterial potential, Ethyl acetate and Butanol solvent extract showed best zone of inhibition (7mm) with P. aeruginosa and S. aureus respectively. For antiviral potential, Butanol and Methanol extract showed best HA (Hemagglutination) titer of 04 with NDV and IBV viral strain respectively. It is concluded that lizard oil has antimicrobial potential against different pathogens strains (virus, bacteria).


O presente trabalho de pesquisa apresenta a importância antiviral e antibacteriana da gordura corporal de Saara hardwickii, comumente chamado de lagarto de cauda espinhosa. O óleo foi extraído de gorduras corporais localizadas na região ventral desse animal usando hidrocarbonetos, por exemplo, n-hexano, metanol, butanol e acetato de etila, como solvente. A atividade antibacteriana do óleo do lagarto foi testada em linhagens padrão e multirresistentes de Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Proteus vulgaris, de forma isolada e com antibiótico ampicilina. Para o potencial antibacteriano, acetato de etila e extrato de butanol apresentaram melhor zona de inibição (7 mm) com P. aeruginosa e S. aureus, respectivamente. Para o potencial antiviral, o extrato de butanol e o extrato de metanol apresentaram melhor título de hemaglutinação de 4 com as cepas virais NDV e IBV, respectivamente. Conclui-se que o óleo do lagarto possui potencial antimicrobiano contra diferentes cepas de patógenos (vírus e bactérias).


Assuntos
Animais , Antivirais , Tecido Adiposo , Lagartos , Antibacterianos
2.
Clin Case Rep ; 11(1): e6697, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721680

RESUMO

A 48-year-old male diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) started on all-trans-retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide, developed typical symptoms of differentiation syndrome, and improved dramatically on steroids. Hence, any APL patient started on chemotherapy, needs to be monitored closely for developing differentiation syndrome and to start steroid upon suspicion.

3.
Chem Soc Rev ; 52(2): 454-472, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594823

RESUMO

The design and development of functional materials with real-life applications are highly demanding. Understanding and controlling inter- and intra-molecular interactions provide opportunities to design new materials. A judicious manipulation of the molecular structure significantly alters such interactions and can boost selected properties and functions of the material. There is burgeoning evidence of the beneficial effects of non-covalent interactions (NCIs), showing that manipulating NCIs may generate functional materials with a wide variety of physical properties leading to applications in catalysis, drug delivery, crystal engineering, etc. This prompted us to review the implications of NCIs on the molecular packing, optical properties, and applications of functional π-conjugated materials. To this end, this tutorial review will cover different types of interactions (electrostatic, π-interactions, metallophilic, etc.) and their impact on π-conjugated materials. Attempts have also been made to delineate the effects of weak interactions on opto-electronic (O-E) applications.

4.
Int J Med Sci ; 20(1): 142-150, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36619226

RESUMO

Metformin is the most often prescribed drug for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). More than 120 million patients with T2D use metformin worldwide. However, monotherapy fails to achieve glycemic control in a third of the treated patients. Genetics contribute to some of the inter-individual variations in glycemic response to metformin. Numerous pharmacogenetic studies have demonstrated that variations in genes related to pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of metformin's encoding transporters are mainly associated with metformin response. The goal of this review is to evaluate the current state of metformin pharmacogenetics and metabolomics research, discuss the clinical and scientific issues that need to be resolved in order to increase our knowledge of patient response variability to metformin, and how to improve patient outcomes. Metformin's hydrophilic nature and absorption as well as its action mechanism and effectiveness on T2D initiation are discussed. The impacts of variations associated with various genes are analysed to identify and evaluate the effect of genetic polymorphisms on the therapeutic activity of metformin. The metabolic pattern of T2D and metformin is also indicated. This is to emphasise that studies of pharmacogenetics and metabolomics could expand our knowledge of metformin response in T2D.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Metabolômica , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Farmacogenética
5.
New Phytol ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630602

RESUMO

A warming climate coupled with reductions in water availability and rising salinity are increasingly affecting rice (Oryza sativa) yields. Elevated temperatures combined with vapour pressure deficit (VPD) rises are causing stomatal closure, further reducing plant productivity and cooling. It is unclear what stomatal size (SS) and stomatal density (SD) will best suit all these environmental extremes. To understand how stomatal differences contribute to rice abiotic stress resilience, we screened the stomatal characteristics of 72 traditionally bred varieties. We found significant variation in SS, SD and calculated anatomical maximal stomatal conductance (gsmax ) but did not identify any varieties with SD and gsmax as low as transgenic OsEPF1oe plants. Traditionally bred varieties with high SD and small SS (resulting in higher gsmax ) typically had lower biomasses, and these plants were more resilient to drought than low SD and large SS plants, which were physically larger. None of the varieties assessed were as resilient to drought or salinity as low SD OsEPF1oe transgenic plants. High SD and small SS rice displayed faster stomatal closure during increasing temperature and VPD, but photosynthesis and plant cooling were reduced. Compromises will be required when choosing rice SS and SD to tackle multiple future environmental stresses.

6.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615584

RESUMO

The separation of oil/water emulsions has attracted considerable attention for decades due to the negative environmental impacts brought by wastewater. Among the various membranes investigated for separation, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes have shown significant advantages of ease of fabrication, high selectivity, and fair pore distribution. However, PVDF membranes are hydrophobic and suffer from severe fouling resulting in substantial flux decline. Meanwhile, the incorporation of wettable substrates during fabrication has significantly impacted the membrane performance by lowering the fouling propensity. Herein, we report the fabrication of an iron-containing porphyrin (hemin)-modified multi-walled carbon nanotube incorporated PVDF membrane (HA-MWCNT) to enhance fouling resistance and the effective separation of oil-in-water emulsions. The fabricated membrane was thoroughly investigated using the FTIR, SEM, EDX, AFM, and contact angle (CA) analysis. The HA-MWCNT membrane exhibited a water CA of 62° ± 0.5 and excellent pure water permeance of 300.5 L/m2h at 3.0 bar (400% increment), in contrast to the pristine PVDF, which recorded a CA of 82° ± 0.8 and water permeance of 59.9 L/m2h. The hydrophilic HA-MWCNT membrane further showed an excellent oil rejection of >99% in the transmembrane pressure range of 0.5-2.5 bar and a superb flux recovery ratio (FRR) of 82%. Meanwhile, the classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations revealed that the HA-MWCNT membrane had greater solvent-accessible pores, which enhanced water permeance while blocking the hydrocarbons. The incorporation of the hemin-modified MWCNT is thus an excellent strategy and could be adopted in the design of advanced membranes for oil/water separation.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Purificação da Água , Emulsões , Hemina , Membranas Artificiais , Purificação da Água/métodos
7.
Autoimmun Rev ; 22(3): 103268, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621535

RESUMO

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease with the pathological hallmark of lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of exocrine glands - more specifically salivary and lacrimal glands - resulting in a diminished production of tears and saliva (sicca syndrome). The pathophysiology underscoring the mechanisms of the sicca symptoms in SS has still yet to be unraveled but recent advances have identified a cardinal role of aquaporin-5 (AQP5) as a key player in saliva secretion as well as salivary gland epithelial cell dysregulation. AQP5 expression and localization are significantly altered in salivary glands from patients and mice models of the disease, shedding light on a putative mechanism accounting for diminished salivary flow. Furthermore, aberrant expression and localization of AQP5 protein partners, such as prolactin-inducible protein and ezrin, may account for altered AQP5 localization in salivary glands from patients suffering from SS and are considered as new players in SS development. This review provides an overview of the role of AQP5 in SS salivary gland epithelial cell dysregulation, focusing on its trafficking and protein-protein interactions.

8.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656160

RESUMO

Aims: Bacterial contamination may occur in feces during collection and processing of semen. Bacteria not only compete for nutrients with spermatozoa but also produce toxic metabolites and endotoxins and affect sperm quality. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of antibiotic supplementation on the sperm quality of Indian red jungle fowl, estimation and isolation of bacterial species and their antibiotic sensitivity. Materials and Methods: Semen was collected and initially evaluated, diluted, and divided into six experimental extenders containing gentamicin (2.5 µg/mL), kanamycin (31.2 µg/mL), neomycin (62.5 mg/mL), penicillin (200 U/mL), and streptomycin (250 µg/mL), and a control having no antibiotics were cryopreserved and semen quality was evaluated at post-dilution, post-cooling, post-equilibration, and post-thawing stages (Experiment 1). A total aerobic bacterial count was carried out after culturing bacteria (Experiment 2) and subcultured for antibiotic sensitivity (Experiment 3). Results: It was shown that penicillin-containing extender improved semen quality (sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity, viability, and acrosomal integrity) compared with the control and other extenders having antibiotics. The bacteria isolated from semen were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus spp., and Bacillus spp. Antibiotic sensitivity results revealed that E. coli shows high sensitivity toward neomycin, kanamycin, and penicillin. Staphylococcus spp. shows high sensitivity toward streptomycin, neomycin, and penicillin. Bacillus spp. shows high sensitivity toward kanamycin and penicillin. Conclusions: It was concluded that antibiotics added to semen extender did not cause any toxicity and maintained semen quality as that of untreated control samples, and penicillin was identified as most effective antibiotic. It is recommended that penicillin can be added to the semen extender for control of bacterial contamination without affecting the semen quality of Indian red jungle fowl.

9.
Med J Malaysia ; 78(1): 39-45, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715190

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several risk factors found to be associated with postoperative complications and cancer surgery, which carry a significant morbidity risk to cancer patients. Therefore, prehabilitation is necessary to improve the functional capability and nutritional status of a patient prior to surgery, so that the patient can withstand any postoperative activity and associated deterioration. Thus, this study aims to assess the effectiveness of prehabilitation interventions on the functional status of patients with gastric and oesophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy and gastrectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An interventional study was carried out among oesophageal and gastric cancer patients who had undergone surgery at the National Cancer Institute of Malaysia. The prehabilitation process took a maximum of two weeks, depending on the patient's optimisation before surgery. The prehabilitation is based on functional capacity (ECOG performance status), muscle function (handgrip strength), cardio-respiratory function (peak flow meter) and nutritional status (calorie and protein). Postoperative outcomes are measured based on the length of hospital stay, complications, and Clavien-Dindo Classification. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were recruited to undergo a prehabilitation intervention prior to gastrectomy (n=21) and esophagectomy (n=10). Demographically, most of the cancer patients were males (67.7%) with an ideal mean of BMI (23.5±6.0). Physically, the majority of them had physical class (ASA grade) Grade 2 (67.7%), ECOG performance status of 1 (61.3%) and SGA grade B (51.6%). The functional capacity and nutritional status showed a significant improvement after one week of prehabilitation interventions: peak expiratory flow meter (p<0.001), handgrip (p<0.001), ECOG performance (p<0.001), walking distance (p<0.001), incentive spirometry (p<0.001), total body calorie (p<0.001) and total body protein (p=0.004). However, those patients who required two weeks of prehabilitation for optimization showed only significant improvement in peak expiratory flow meter (p<0.001), handgrip (p<0.001), and incentive spirometry (p<0.001). Prehabilitation is significantly associated postoperatively with the length of hospital stay (p=0.028), complications (p=0.011) and Clavien-Dindo Classification (p=0.029). CONCLUSION: Prehabilitation interventions significantly increase the functional capacity and nutritional status of cancer patients preoperatively; concurrently reducing hospital stays and complications postoperatively. However, certain cancer patients might require over two weeks of prehabilitation to improve the patient's functional capacity and reduce complications postoperatively.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Exercício Pré-Operatório , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Força da Mão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/cirurgia
10.
Nutr Neurosci ; : 1-14, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634108

RESUMO

The hypothalamus controls food intake by integrating nutrient signals, of which one of the most important is glucose. Consequently, impairments in hypothalamic glucose-sensing mechanisms are associated with hyperphagia and obesity. Environmental enrichment (EE) is an animal housing protocol that provides complex sensory, motor, and social stimulations and has been proven to reduce adiposity in laboratory mice. However, the mechanism by which EE promotes adiposity-suppressing effect remains incompletely understood. Neurotrophic factors play an important role in the development and maintenance of the nervous system, but they are also involved in the hypothalamic regulation of feeding. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) are expressed in the hypothalamus and their expression is stimulated by glucose. EE is associated with increased expression of Bdnf mRNA in the hypothalamus. Therefore, we hypothesized that EE potentiates the anorectic action of glucose by altering the expression of neurotrophic factor genes in the hypothalamus. Male C57BL/6 mice were maintained under standard or EE conditions to investigate the feeding response to glucose and the associated expression of feeding-related neurotrophic factor genes in the hypothalamus. Intraperitoneal glucose injection reduced food intake in both control and EE mice with a significantly greater reduction in the EE group compared to the control group. EE caused a significantly enhanced response of Gdnf mRNA expression to glucose without altering basal Gdnf mRNA expression and Bdnf mRNA response to glucose. These findings suggest that EE enhances glucose-induced feeding suppression, at least partly, by enhancing hypothalamic glucose-sensing ability that involves GDNF.

11.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 32(3): 106989, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prediction of malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI) could identify patients for early intervention. We trained and internally validated a ML model that predicts MMI following mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for ACLVO. METHODS: All patients who underwent MT for ACLVO between 2015 - 2021 at a single institution were reviewed. Data was divided into 80% training and 20% test sets. 10 models were evaluated on the training set. The top 3 models underwent hyperparameter tuning using grid search with nested 5-fold CV to optimize the area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC). Tuned models were evaluated on the test set and compared to logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 381 patients met the inclusion criteria. There were 50 (13.1%) patients who developed MMI. Out of the 10 ML models screened on the training set, the top 3 performing were neural network (median AUROC 0.78, IQR 0.72 - 0.83), support vector machine ([SVM] median AUROC 0.77, IQR 0.72 - 0.83), and random forest (median AUROC 0.75, IQR 0.68 - 0.81). On the test set, random forest (median AUROC 0.78, IQR 0.73 - 0.83) and neural network (median AUROC 0.78, IQR 0.73 - 0.83) were the top performing models, followed by SVM (median AUROC 0.77, IQR 0.70 - 0.83). These scores were significantly better than those for logistic regression (AUROC 0.72, IQR 0.66 - 0.78), individual risk factors, and the Malignant Brain Edema score (p < 0.001 for all). CONCLUSION: ML models predicted MMI with good discriminative ability. They outperformed standard statistical techniques and individual risk factors.

12.
Case Rep Rheumatol ; 2023: 3686772, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686202

RESUMO

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is described as the collection of blood in alveolar spaces caused by damaged pulmonary vasculature. It often presents as a life-threatening medical emergency that requires urgent medical intervention along with timely diagnosis and management of the underlying cause. We hereby report a 19-year-old female who presented with clinical and radiological characteristics consistent with DAH. Laboratory workup studies revealed a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as well as Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection. This report describes an extremely unusual case of undiagnosed SLE and coexistent tuberculosis presenting as DAH. This leads to an interesting possibility of risks in patients with immune-mediated vasculitis towards developing severe pulmonary disease in the setting of pulmonary mycobacterial infection.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682989

RESUMO

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare outcomes of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) maintenance therapy with or without allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in first remission (CR1). A literature search was performed on PubMed, Cochrane, and Clinical trials.gov. After screening 1720 articles, 12 studies were included. Proportions and odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed. I2 provides an estimate of the percentage of variability in results across studies that is due to real differences and not due to chance. Of 1039 patients, 635 (61%) had TKI alone and 404 (39%) patients had HSCT followed by TKI. At 3 years, a trend towards poor overall survival (OS; OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.39-1.15, I2 = 68%), (disease-free survival; OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.26-1.29, I2 = 76%), and higher relapse rate (RR; OR = 2.52, 95% CI = 1.66-3.83, I2 = 26%) was seen with TKI alone compared to HSCT-TKI. Although HSCT followed by TKI maintenance in Ph+ ALL has long been considered standard of care, the introduction of potent third-generation TKIs and bispecific T-cell engagers such as Blinatumomab has significantly improved outcomes while sparing the need for HSCT in newly diagnosed patients.

14.
Clin Cardiol ; 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594165

RESUMO

Myocarditis and pericarditis have been reported after COVID-19 vaccine administration in children and adolescents, raising the concern about their possible association with these vaccines. The objective was to explore the incidence, clinical presentation, and association of myocarditis and pericarditis with COVID-19 vaccines in children and adolescents. We conducted a systematic literature search on three databases, that is, Cochrane, MEDLINE/PubMed, and EMBASE from inception till March 2022. A total of three case reports, four case series, and six observational studies were included in the review. For case reports and case series, the mean age of the patients was 17.4 years, with 96.9% being male. Chest pain (n = 31, 93.9%), fever (n = 18, 54.5%), myalgias (n = 15, 45.4%) and headache (n = 9, 27.2%) were the most common presentations. Out of 33 patients, 32 (96.9%) of patients received Pfizer-BioNTech whereas only one (3.03%) received Moderna (mRNA 1273). Clinical investigations revealed ST elevation (n = 32, 97%), and elevated CRP (n = 9, 27.2%) and cardiac troponin (n = 29, 87.8%). The pooled incidence of myocarditis and pericarditis from observational studies was (0.00063%) and (0.000074%) %, respectively. Myocarditis and pericarditis in children and adolescents after the COVID-19 vaccines were more prevalent among males and more commonly observed after the second dose of Pfizer. Though the overall incidence was low, however, the clinicians should consider myocarditis and pericarditis as probable diagnosis when encountering young patients, with a history of vaccine administration, presenting with suggestive findings.

15.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247604, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339370

RESUMO

Abstract In the current report, we studied the possible inhibitors of COVID-19 from bioactive constituents of Centaurea jacea using a threefold approach consisting of quantum chemical, molecular docking and molecular dynamic techniques. Centaurea jacea is a perennial herb often used in folk medicines of dermatological complaints and fever. Moreover, anticancer, antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral properties of its bioactive compounds are also reported. The Mpro (Main proteases) was docked with different compounds of Centaurea jacea through molecular docking. All the studied compounds including apigenin, axillarin, Centaureidin, Cirsiliol, Eupatorin and Isokaempferide, show suitable binding affinities to the binding site of SARS-CoV-2 main protease with their binding energies -6.7 kcal/mol, -7.4 kcal/mol, -7.0 kcal/mol, -5.8 kcal/mol, -6.2 kcal/mol and -6.8 kcal/mol, respectively. Among all studied compounds, axillarin was found to have maximum inhibitor efficiency followed by Centaureidin, Isokaempferide, Apigenin, Eupatorin and Cirsiliol. Our results suggested that axillarin binds with the most crucial catalytic residues CYS145 and HIS41 of the Mpro, moreover axillarin shows 5 hydrogen bond interactions and 5 hydrophobic interactions with various residues of Mpro. Furthermore, the molecular dynamic calculations over 60 ns (6×106 femtosecond) time scale also shown significant insights into the binding effects of axillarin with Mpro of SARS-CoV-2 by imitating protein like aqueous environment. From molecular dynamic calculations, the RMSD and RMSF computations indicate the stability and dynamics of the best docked complex in aqueous environment. The ADME properties and toxicity prediction analysis of axillarin also recommended it as safe drug candidate. Further, in vivo and in vitro investigations are essential to ensure the anti SARS-CoV-2 activity of all bioactive compounds particularly axillarin to encourage preventive use of Centaurea jacea against COVID-19 infections.


Resumo No presente relatório, estudamos os possíveis inibidores de Covid-19 de constituintes bioativos de Centaurea jacea usando uma abordagem tripla que consiste em técnicas de química quântica, docking molecular e dinâmica molecular. Centaurea jacea é uma erva perene frequentemente usada em remédios populares de doenças dermatológicas e febre. Além disso, as propriedades anticâncer, antioxidante, antibacteriana e antiviral de seus compostos bioativos também são relatadas. A Mpro (proteases principais) foi acoplada a diferentes compostos de Centaurea jacea por meio de docking molecular. Todos os compostos estudados, incluindo apigenina, axilarina, Centaureidina, Cirsiliol, Eupatorina e Isokaempferide, mostram afinidades de ligação adequadas ao sítio de ligação da protease principal SARS-CoV-2 com suas energias de ligação -6,7 kcal / mol, -7,4 kcal / mol, - 7,0 kcal / mol, -5,8 kcal / mol, -6,2 kcal / mol e -6,8 kcal / mol, respectivamente. Dentre todos os compostos estudados, a axilarina apresentou eficiência máxima de inibidor, seguida pela Centaureidina, Isokaempferida, Apigenina, Eupatorina e Cirsiliol. Nossos resultados sugeriram que a axilarina se liga aos resíduos catalíticos mais cruciais CYS145 e HIS41 do Mpro, além disso a axilarina mostra 5 interações de ligações de hidrogênio e 5 interações hidrofóbicas com vários resíduos de Mpro. Além disso, os cálculos de dinâmica molecular em uma escala de tempo de 60 ns (6 × 106 femtossegundos) também mostraram percepções significativas sobre os efeitos de ligação da axilarina com Mpro de SARS-CoV-2 por imitação de proteínas como o ambiente aquoso. A partir de cálculos de dinâmica molecular, os cálculos RMSD e RMSF indicam a estabilidade e dinâmica do melhor complexo ancorado em ambiente aquoso. As propriedades ADME e a análise de previsão de toxicidade da axilarina também a recomendaram como um candidato a medicamento seguro. Além disso, as investigações in vivo e in vitro são essenciais para garantir a atividade anti-SARS-CoV-2 de todos os compostos bioativos, particularmente a axilarina, para encorajar o uso preventivo de Centaurea jacea contra infecções por Covid-19.


Assuntos
Humanos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Centaurea , COVID-19 , Inibidores de Proteases , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246002, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285612

RESUMO

Abstract Economic valuation of ecosystem services is a new concept in forest management. Economic valuation provides basis for payment for ecosystem services (PES). Therefore, objective of this study was to evaluate eco-tourism and carbon stock services of the Maindam valley, District Swat, Pakistan. For the carbon stock calculation, a sample size of 155 plots of 0.1 hectare (Ha) was taken using preliminary survey at 95% confidence interval and 10% allowable error. The data for tourism services was collected from owners of all the hotels, 100 tourists and key informants of the area at 10% sampling intensity on pretested questionnaire for twenty years period (1997-2017). Results showed that Miandam valley has carbon stock worth US$ 16,306,000 while the value of eco-tourism was US$ 1,578,458 on annual basis. The results also showed that trend of tourism has drastically declined after the 9/11 incident for foreigners and locals and the situation was further deteriorated during the era of Talibanization or militancy from 2008-2011. This study recommends implementation of PES strategy at the rate of 5%, thus a total of US$ 78,922 can be earned from eco-tourism and carbon crediting in the study area annually, which could play important role in sustainable forest management.


Resumo A valoração econômica dos serviços ecossistêmicos é um novo conceito no manejo florestal. A avaliação econômica fornece base para o pagamento por serviços ecossistêmicos (PES). Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o ecoturismo e os serviços de estoque de carbono do vale de Miandam, distrito Swat, Paquistão. Para o cálculo do estoque de carbono, um tamanho de amostra de 155 parcelas de 0,1 hectare (ha) foi tirado, usando pesquisa preliminar com intervalo de confiança de 95% e erro admissível de 10%. Os dados para serviços de turismo foram coletados de proprietários de todos os hotéis, 100 turistas e informantes-chave da área em 10% de intensidade de amostragem em questionário pré-testado para um período de 20 anos (1997-2017). Os resultados mostraram que o vale de Miandam tem estoque de carbono no valor de US$ 16.306.000, enquanto o valor do ecoturismo foi de US$ 1.578.458 anualmente. Os resultados também mostraram que a tendência do turismo diminuiu drasticamente para estrangeiros e locais após o incidente de 11 de Setembro, e a situação se agravou ainda mais durante a era da talibanização ou militância de 2008-2011. Este estudo recomenda a implementação da estratégia de PES na taxa de 5%, portanto um total de US$ 78.922 pode ser ganho com ecoturismo e crédito de carbono na área de estudo anualmente, o que pode desempenhar um papel importante no manejo florestal sustentável.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Paquistão , Carbono/análise , Florestas
17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 101(1): 87-96, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36490230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in radiation exposure between transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA) for coronary procedures. BACKGROUND: TRA is associated with increased radiation exposure as compared to TFA. We compared radiation exposure between the two access sites. METHODS: Databases were searched from June 2014 to August 2021 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting coprimary outcomes of fluoroscopy time (FT) and/or dose area product (DAP) comparing TRA with TFA. Meta-regression was performed to assess the behavior of weighted mean difference (WMD) in FT from 1995 to 2021. Observational study data was used for corroborative evidence. RESULTS: Data from 8 RCTs (11,611 patients) showed the WMD of FT was 0.62 min (37 s) (95% confidence interval [CI]: [0.08-1.17], p = 0.023) in favor of TFA, WMD in DAP (9169 patients) was 1.94 Gy.cm2 (95% CI: [-2.1 to 5.9], p = 0.35) showing no significant difference. Pooled data from OBS and RCTs (83,990 patients) showed a similar trend. Studies from outside US between 1995 and 2021 showed WMD of FT between TRA and TFA of 0.88 min (52 s) (95% CI: [0.67-1.09], p = 0.005) versus 2.1 min (126 s) (95% CI: [1.38-2.8], p = 0.005) for US in favor of TFA. Meta-regression showed a declining WMD of FT between TRA and TFA from 1.6 min (96 s) in 1996 to 0.5 min (30 s) in 2020 with the lower limit of CI crossing the zero line in 2019. CONCLUSION: Radiation exposure between TRA and TFA continues to decrease overtime and is becoming clinically nonsignificant.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Exposição à Radiação , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Artéria Radial , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
19.
J Bacteriol ; : e0033322, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472436

RESUMO

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is an enteric pathogen associated with foodborne disease. Salmonella invades the intestinal epithelium using a type three secretion system encoded on Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1). SPI-1 genes are tightly regulated by a complex feed-forward loop to ensure proper spatial and temporal expression. Most regulatory input is integrated at HilD, through control of hilD mRNA translation or HilD protein activity. The hilD mRNA possesses a 310-nucleotide 3' untranslated region (UTR) that influences HilD and SPI-1 expression, and this regulation is dependent on Hfq and RNase E, cofactors known to mediate small RNA (sRNA) activities. Thus, we hypothesized that the hilD mRNA 3' UTR is a target for sRNAs. Here, we show that two sRNAs, SdsR and Spot 42, regulate SPI-1 by targeting different regions of the hilD mRNA 3' UTR. Regulatory activities of these sRNAs depended on Hfq and RNase E, in agreement with previous roles found for both at the hilD 3' UTR. Salmonella mutants lacking SdsR and Spot 42 had decreased virulence in a mouse model of infection. Collectively, this work suggests that these sRNAs targeting the hilD mRNA 3' UTR increase hilD mRNA levels by interfering with RNase E-dependent mRNA degradation and that this regulatory effect is required for Salmonella invasiveness. Our work provides novel insights into mechanisms of sRNA regulation at bacterial mRNA 3' UTRs and adds to our knowledge of post-transcriptional regulation of the SPI-1 complex feed-forward loop. IMPORTANCE Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a prominent foodborne pathogen, infecting millions of people a year. To express virulence genes at the correct time and place in the host, Salmonella uses a complex regulatory network that senses environmental conditions. Known for their role in allowing quick responses to stress and virulence conditions, we investigated the role of small RNAs in facilitating precise expression of virulence genes. We found that the 3' untranslated region of the hilD mRNA, encoding a key virulence regulator, is a target for small RNAs and RNase E. The small RNAs stabilize hilD mRNA to allow proper expression of Salmonella virulence genes in the host.

20.
Cureus ; 14(11): e31004, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475150

RESUMO

Colonoscopy is a safe and routinely performed procedure worldwide. However, complications such as bleeding and perforation can occur. Splenic injury after a colonoscopy is a rare complication. We present the case of a 71-year-old woman who presented to the ED due to abdominal pain after undergoing a screening colonoscopy. An abdominal CT scan showed a grade III splenic injury with a subcapsular hematoma. She was successfully managed conservatively. Splenic injuries after colonoscopy are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A low threshold of suspicion and timely diagnosis can improve outcomes.

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