Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 472
Filtrar
1.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821472

RESUMO

How Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) occasionally occurs following chronic inflammation remains to be elucidated. The case of a 57-year-old man who developed pulmonary EBV-positive DLBCL from underlying silicosis lesions is presented. Immunohistochemical examination of the resected silicosis lesions showed predominant helper T cells and M1/M2 macrophages, with a lack of B cells, regulatory T cells, and resident memory T cells. Two years later, EBV-positive DLBCL emerged unexpectedly from the silicosis. The imbalance of the immune cells in the microenvironment, at least in part, may help explain how chronic inflammation contributes to EBV-positive DLBCL.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22290, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785712

RESUMO

Muscle mass loss and worsening physical function are crucial issues in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). However, few studies have investigated the association between temporal changes in muscle mass and physical function in a large number of HD patients. We examined 286 patients receiving HD (males, 58%; age, 66.8 ± 13.0 years) at a single center, and calculated the percent changes in psoas muscle mass index (%PMI) using computed tomography over two screenings, once per year (July 2011-June 2013). Physical function was evaluated using the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG-PS) (range 0-4). The observation period was from July 2012 to June 2021. The median %PMI was -9.5%, and those with the lowest quartile of %PMI (< -20.5%) showed a significantly poor prognosis compared with other patients (p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that these patients tended to have decreased physical function (ECOG-PS 2-4) [odds ratio (OR): 2.46, p < 0.001] and albumin levels (OR: 0.22, p = 0.007). Multiple-factor-adjusted Cox regression analyses showed that %PMI (hazard ratio: 0.99, p = 0.004) and each ECOG-PS stage (1-4 vs. 0) (p < 0.01) were associated with mortality. Augmenting physical activities in daily life and serum albumin levels should be considered to maintain muscle mass and improve the prognosis of patients receiving HD.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19534, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599245

RESUMO

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have been applied in bacterial flora analysis. However, there is no standardized protocol, and the optimal clustering threshold for estimating bacterial species in respiratory infection specimens is unknown. This study was conducted to investigate the optimal threshold for clustering 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) by comparing the results of NGS technology with those of the Sanger method, which has a higher accuracy of sequence per single read than NGS technology. This study included 45 patients with pneumonia with aspiration risks and 35 patients with lung abscess. Compared to Sanger method, the concordance rates of NGS technology (clustered at 100%, 99%, and 97% homology) with the predominant phylotype were 78.8%, 71.3%, and 65.0%, respectively. With respect to the specimens dominated by the Streptococcus mitis group, containing several important causative agents of pneumonia, Bray Curtis dissimilarity revealed that the OTUs obtained at 100% clustering threshold (versus those obtained at 99% and 97% thresholds; medians of 0.35, 0.69, and 0.71, respectively) were more similar to those obtained by the Sanger method, with statistical significance (p < 0.05). Clustering with 100% sequence identity is necessary when analyzing the microbiota of respiratory infections using NGS technology.

4.
Respir Investig ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656520

RESUMO

An internet questionnaire survey for investigating empirical antibiotic usage and bacterial superinfections in patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in Japan was conducted among the chief physicians of respiratory disease departments of 715 Japanese Respiratory Society-certified hospitals using Google Forms between January 28, 2021 and February 28, 2021. Responses to the questionnaire survey were obtained from 198 of 715 hospitals (27.6%). The survey revealed that the complication incidences of community-acquired pneumonia; hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia; and sepsis were 2.86, 5.59, and 0.99%, respectively, among patients with moderate/severe and critical COVID-19. Bacterial co-infection and secondary infection rarely affected patients with COVID-19 in Japan, and the isolated pathogens were not specific to these patients. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory effects of macrolides for COVID-19 were not observed in several studies. These results might be useful in clinical practice for COVID-19.

5.
Med Mol Morphol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622315

RESUMO

Peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis, attributable to inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochonic acid-5 (MA-5), an indole-3-acetic acid derivative, improves mitochondrial dysfunction and has therapeutic potential against various diseases including kidney diseases. However, whether MA-5 is effective against peritoneal fibrosis remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effect of MA-5 using a peritoneal fibrosis mouse model. Peritoneal fibrosis was induced in C57BL/6 mice via intraperitoneal injection of chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) every other day for 3 weeks. MA-5 was administered daily by oral gavage. The mice were divided into control, MA-5, CG, and CG + MA-5 groups. Following treatment, immunohistochemical analyses were performed. Fibrotic thickening of the parietal peritoneum induced by CG was substantially attenuated by MA-5. The number of α-smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts, transforming growth factor ß-positive cells, F4/80-positive macrophages, monocyte chemotactic protein 1-positive cells, and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-positive cells was considerably decreased. In addition, reduced ATP5a1-positive and uncoupling protein 2-positive cells in the CG group were notably increased by MA-5. MA-5 may ameliorate peritoneal fibrosis by suppressing macrophage infiltration and oxidative stress, thus restoring mitochondrial function. Overall, MA-5 has therapeutic potential against peritoneal fibrosis.

6.
J Infect Chemother ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598877

RESUMO

Lemierre's syndrome is a serious disease that typically causes oropharyngeal infection with internal jugular vein thrombosis, followed by distant infection focus, such as septic pulmonary embolism. The main causative organisms are anaerobic bacteria in the oral cavity, namely Fusobacterium necrophorum. We encountered an extremely rare case of Lemierre's syndrome, where double vision was found to be the first symptom. The patient's blood culture results showed the presence of F. nucleatum, which spread from the sphenoid sinus to the skull base because of chronic sinusitis; the patient presented with longus colli abscess, clivus osteomyelitis, venous thrombosis, and hematogenous infection. Antibiotic treatment with sulbactam/ampicillin was continued for 14 weeks, and no recurrence has been observed so far. Lemierre's syndrome can be complicated with atypical symptoms such as double vision if the cranial nerves are involved. It might be important to consider this disease in the differential diagnosis in the presence of cranial nerve symptoms of unknown origin with fever or inflammatory findings.

7.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 34: 101523, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692398

RESUMO

A 60-year-old Japanese man with a history of heavy smoking came to our hospital for a detailed examination, suspecting interstitial pneumonia because of gradually increasing dyspnea on exertion over a period of one year. Chest high-resolution computed tomography revealed ground-glass shadows with emphysematous changes. Pathological analysis of samples obtained using transbronchial lung cryobiopsy revealed an accumulation of alveolar macrophages with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm in the alveolar space. Following a multidisciplinary discussion, the patient was diagnosed with desquamative interstitial pneumonia. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed report of desquamative interstitial pneumonia diagnosed using transbronchial lung cryobiopsy.

8.
ERJ Open Res ; 7(4)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703830

RESUMO

An online nationwide questionnaire survey in Japan revealed that the incidence rate of #COVID19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis in critical COVID-19 cases was extremely low (0.54%) compared with those previously reported in the USA and Europe https://bit.ly/2WdFtPj.

9.
J Clin Med ; 10(19)2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640403

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the factors associated with the development of aortic stenosis (AS) in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD), and to elucidate the prognosis of HD patients with AS. Patients on HD that had also undergone echocardiography at Nagasaki Renal Center between July 2011 and June 2012 were included. Patients with AS at the time of inclusion were excluded. The diagnosis of AS was based on an annual routine or additional echocardiography. The patients were followed up until June 2021. The association between patient background and AS was also evaluated. Of the 302 patients (mean age, 67.4 ± 13.3 years; male, 58%; median dialysis history, 4.7 years), 60 developed AS and 10 underwent aortic valve replacement. A Cox proportional hazards model revealed that age (hazard ratio (HR), 1.07; 95% confidential interval (CI), 1.04-1.10; p < 0.001) and serum phosphate levels (HR, 1.40; 95%CI, 1.16-1.67, p < 0.001) were independent risk factors for developing AS. Incidentally, there was no significant mortality difference between patients with AS and those without (p = 0.53). Serum phosphate levels are a risk factor for developing AS and should be controlled. Annual echocardiography may contribute to the early detection of AS and improves the prognosis of patients undergoing HD.

10.
Mycoses ; 64(12): 1498-1507, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several severity indexes have been reported for critically ill patients. The Pitt bacteremia score (PBS) is commonly used to predict the risk of mortality in patients with bacteraemia. OBJECTIVES: To develop a scoring system for predicting mortality in candidaemia patients. METHODS: Medical records at five Japanese tertiary hospitals were reviewed. Factors associated with mortality were analysed using logistic regression modelling. The discriminatory power of scoring models was evaluated by assessing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). RESULTS: In total, 422 candidaemia patients were included. Higher PBS, dialysis and retainment of central venous catheter were independent risk factors for all-cause 30-day mortality. However, among the five PBS components, fever was not associated with mortality; therefore, we developed a modified version of the PBS (mPBS) by replacing fever with dialysis. AUC for PBS and mPBS were 0.74 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-0.80) and 0.76 (95% CI: 0.71-0.82), respectively. The increase in predictive ability of mPBS for 30-day mortality was statistically significant as assessed by NRI (0.24, 95% CI: 0.01-0.46, p = .04) and IRI (0.04, 95% CI: 0.02-0.06, p = .0008). When patients were stratified by mPBS into low (scores 0-3), moderate (4-7) and high risk (≥8), there were significant differences among the survival curves (p < .0001, log-rank test), and 30-day mortality rates were 13.8% (40/290), 36.8% (28/76) and 69.4% (34/49), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: mPBS can be a useful tool for predicting mortality in candidaemia patients.

11.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e933386, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Calcification in arteries is sometimes observed in patients undergoing hemodialysis; however, ectopic calcification in other organs is uncommon. In particular, diffuse liver calcification is very rare. We report a case of rapidly developing diffuse liver calcification in a patient undergoing hemodialysis. CASE REPORT An 82-year-old woman started hemodialysis because of diabetic nephropathy, and her renal function worsened due to acute coronary syndrome. Percutaneous coronary intervention was conducted, and she was referred to our hospital. However, she subsequently contracted various infections, including a urinary tract infection and pneumonia. On day 43 of hospitalization, she developed septic shock and liver dysfunction due to catheter-induced infection. Although she did not have any medical history of liver disease, hypoperfusion of the liver resulted in liver dysfunction, and a computed tomography scan conducted 3 months later showed diffuse calcification in her liver. Despite recovering from septic shock, she ultimately died of multiple organ failure 21 months after admission to our hospital. CONCLUSIONS Diffuse liver calcification is extremely rare; however, it can be observed in patients undergoing hemodialysis who experience liver hypoperfusion. The precise mechanisms underlying this disorder remain unknown, but a critically ill status and specific characteristics of hemodialysis patients may play important roles in liver calcification.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Hepatopatias , Choque Séptico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Choque Séptico/etiologia
13.
Intern Med ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565774

RESUMO

Objective The quality of life and activities of daily living (ADL) are generally poor among dialysis patients after intracerebral hemorrhaging, and their precise clinical course remains unclear. In addition, the association between the severity of cerebral hemorrhaging and the long-term prognosis in these patients has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the subsequent prognosis of hemodialysis patients who survived the acute phase of intracerebral hemorrhaging. Methods We included hemodialysis patients who were admitted to Nagasaki University Hospital between 2007 and 2015 for intracerebral hemorrhaging treatment. After excluding cases of in-hospital death, survivors were classified using the 5-point modified Rankin Scale (mRS), which specifically measures the ADL in patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The patients were followed up at the medical facilities to which they were transferred in the same medical zone until 2017. Results Out of 91 patients with cerebral hemorrhaging (65±11 years old, 66% men, hemodialysis duration 108±91 months), 62 survived until discharge. Twenty-one patients died during observation, largely due to infectious diseases, such as sepsis and pneumonia (n=16, 76%). Compared to patients with mRS 0-4 (n=31), those with mRS 5 (n=31) showed a significantly poorer prognosis. The hazard ratio adjusted for age and antiplatelets was 13.7 (95% confidence interval: 3.88-63.7, p<0.001). Conclusion Hemodialysis patients with intracerebral hemorrhaging who were bedridden showed poor outcomes. The major causes of death were infections. Therefore, these patients should be carefully monitored for infections in order to improve their prognosis.

14.
Respir Investig ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to clarify the involvement of anaerobes in aspiration pneumonia by measuring volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs), which are metabolites of anaerobic bacteria in the mouth. METHODS: This study included 84 older adult patients (mean age, 82.5 ± 7.34 years) who had dementia and were hospitalized for more than 6 months. We measured the VSCs in the patient's mouth with Oral Chroma and obtained the data of pneumonia development in the past 6 months. We also evaluated the association or correlation of VSCs and some factors which might be the risk factors of aspiration pneumonia. RESULTS: The development of pneumonia had no significant association with the VSCs in the patient's mouth. CONCLUSION: The present pilot study suggests that anaerobes might not be the main causative pathogens of aspiration pneumonia in older adult patients.

15.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470963

RESUMO

Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) are globally distributed and cause a range of respiratory symptoms. Reports of the clinical features of HCoV infection are limited, especially in adults because of mild upper respiratory tract disease and no specific therapy available. Here we aim to evaluate the features of HCoV infection in clinical settings. Adult patients with respiratory symptoms from October 2014 to September 2019 at Nagasaki Genbaku Isahaya Hospital were enrolled. The multiplex reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed for 15 viruses including HCoVs and 8 bacterial species on their respiratory specimens. A total of 121 cases were recruited with HKU1, OC43, 229E and NL63 strains in 80, 21, 12 and 11 cases, respectively. The percent of HCoV-infected patients peaked (47.5%) in winter. Symptoms of fever (69.4%) and cough (47.9%), and comorbidities of asthma/cough variant asthma (34.7%) were frequently observed. Lymphocytopenia and increased C-reactive protein were observed on the laboratory test. Co-infection with other viruses was identified in 38.8% of cases. In the repeat-positive cases, 42% cases were repeat positive within 100 days. HCoV-infected patients showed winter seasonality with a high frequency of comorbidity with asthma, and co-infection. Re-infection within an early period was suspected but required further consideration.

16.
J Clin Med ; 10(18)2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single-agent amrubicin chemotherapy is a key regimen, especially for small cell lung cancer (SCLC); however, it can cause severe myelosuppression. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the real-world incidence of febrile neutropenia (FN) among patients treated with single-agent amrubicin chemotherapy for thoracic malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients with thoracic malignancies, including SCLC and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), who were treated with single-agent amrubicin chemotherapy in cycle 1 between January 2010 and March 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-six patients from four institutions were enrolled. Their characteristics were as follows: median age (range): 68 (32-86); male/female: 126/30; performance status (0/1/2): 9/108/39; SCLC/NSCLC/others: 111/30/15; and prior treatment (0/1/2/3-): 1/96/31/28. One hundred and thirty-four (86%) and 97 (62%) patients experienced grade 3/4 and grade 4 neutropenia, respectively. One hundred and twelve patients (72%) required therapeutic G-CSF treatment, and 47 (30%) developed FN. Prophylactic PEG-G-CSF was not used in cycle 1 in any case. The median overall survival of the patients with FN was significantly shorter than that of the patients without FN (7.2 vs. 10.0 months, p = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: The real-world incidence rate of FN among patients with thoracic malignancies that were treated with single-agent amrubicin chemotherapy was 30%. It is suggested that prophylactic G-CSF should be administered during the practical use of single-agent amrubicin chemotherapy for patients who have already received chemotherapy.

17.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e053325, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548368

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged worldwide. Although several medications have been approved for treating moderate-to-severe COVID-19, very few treatment strategy has been established for patients with mild COVID-19 who do not require oxygen administration. Clarithromycin is a macrolide antimicrobial agent that has been widely used for bacterial respiratory infectious diseases. Clarithromycin also acts an immunomodulating drug and suppresses cytokine storms in viral respiratory diseases, including influenza. In this study, we aim to evaluate the efficacy of clarithromycin in patients with mild COVID-19. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is an exploratory, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial. This study was initiated in May 2021 and will end in July 2022. Patients with mild COVID-19 pneumonia who do not require oxygen administration will be enrolled and randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to group A (administration of clarithromycin 800 mg/day), group B (administration of clarithromycin 400 mg/day) or group C (standard treatment without clarithromycin). The planned number of enrolled patients is 60 (20 patients × three groups). The primary endpoint is the number of days required to improve the clinical symptoms as measured by the severity score. Secondary endpoints include days for recovery of the body temperature, proportion of patients with oxygen administration, inflammatory cytokines, viral load, serum immunoglobulins, peripheral blood lymphocytes, blood biomarkers and pneumonia infiltrations. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol was approved by the Clinical Research Review Board of Nagasaki University in accordance with the Clinical Trials Act in Japan. The study will be conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, the Clinical Trials Act and other current legal regulations in Japan. Written informed consent will be obtained from all the participants. The results of this study will be reported as journal publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: jRCTs071210011.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Claritromicina , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Oxigênio , Pandemias , Porfirinas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257452, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A few studies on antibody testing have focused on asymptomatic or mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with low initial anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibody responses. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody-testing performance was evaluated using blood samples from asymptomatic or mild COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 143 COVID-19 patients during an outbreak on a cruise ship 3 weeks after diagnosis. Simultaneously, a follow-up SARS-CoV-2 genetic test was performed. Samples stored before the COVID-19 pandemic were also used to evaluate the lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFA) and electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA). Titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG antibodies against the nucleocapsid and spike proteins were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to confirm which antibodies were influenced on LFA- and ECLIA- false-negative result in crew-member samples. RESULTS: Sensitivity, specificity, positive-predictive, and negative-predictive values of LFA-detected IgM antibodies were 0.231, 1.000, 1.000, and 0.613, respectively; those of LFA-detected IgG antibodies were 0.483, 0.989, 0.972, and 0.601, respectively; and those of ECLIA-detected total antibodies were 0.783, 1.000, 1.000, and 0.848, respectively. All antibody titers measured using ELISA were significantly lower in blood samples with negative results than in those with positive results in both LFA and ECLIA. In the patients with negative results from the follow-up genetic testing, IgM-, IgG-, and total-antibody positivity rates were 22.9%, 47.6%, and 72.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing has lower performance in asymptomatic or mild COVID-19 patients than required in the guidelines.


Assuntos
Teste Sorológico para COVID-19/métodos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/imunologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Teste Sorológico para COVID-19/tendências , Teste para COVID-19/métodos , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Navios
19.
Respir Med ; 188: 106612, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560351

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pneumonia is a major cause of respiratory-related hospitalization and an important prognostic factor in patients with chronic interstitial lung disease (ILD). However, the relationship between the incidence of pneumonia and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) serotype has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to determine if there is a relationship between HLA serotype and the incidence of pneumonia in Japanese patients with ILD. METHODS: The medical records of patients with ILD treated at any of three centers in Japan were reviewed to determine their HLA-A and HLA-B serotypes. The characteristics of patients with and without pneumonia were compared. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for pneumonia and death in these patients. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-four patients with ILD (pneumonia group, n = 27; non-pneumonia group, n = 117) and complete HLA serology data available were included. HLA-B54 positivity was significantly more common in the pneumonia group than in the non-pneumonia group (37.0% vs. 15.4%, p = 0.010). HLA-B54 positivity was also a significant risk factor for pneumonia (hazard ratio [HR] 4.166, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.862-9.320, p = 0.001) and death (HR 4.050, 95% CI 1.581-10.374, p = 0.004) in patients with ILD. Furthermore, HLA-B54 positivity was a significant risk factor for pneumonia (HR 3.964, 95% CI 1.392-11.090, p = 0.010) and death (HR 8.131, 95% CI 1.763-37.494, p = 0.007) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. CONCLUSION: HLA-B54 positivity was a significant risk factor for pneumonia and death in patients with ILD, including those with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

20.
Anaerobe ; 72: 102448, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To perform surveillance of cfiA-positive Bacteroides fragilis using new subtyping software module, MALDI Biotyper Subtyping Module (MBT Subtyping Module), on MALDI-TOF MS system, and to evaluate the detection ability of the module. METHODS: cfiA-positive strains were presumed using the module against B. fragilis isolated between 2006 and 2019. The cfiA gene was confirmed using PCR. In cfiA-positive B. fragilis, the insertion sequence (IS) elements were examined and the MBT STAR-BL assay was performed to examine meropenem hydrolysis activity. RESULTS: Of the 396 B. fragilis strains included, the MBT Subtyping Module detected 33 presumptive cfiA-positive strains (8.3%), of which 32 harbored the cfiA gene. The sensitivity and specificity of the MBT Subtyping Module for detecting cfiA-positive B. fragilis were 100.0% and 99.7%, respectively. Of the 32 strains harboring the cfiA gene, seven strains possessed IS elements, which were thought to induce high cfiA expression. Meropenem hydrolysis was detected in all seven strains that were positive for both cfiA and IS elements, and they exhibited resistance to meropenem and imipenem. The overall non-susceptibility rates to meropenem and imipenem were 84.8% and 36.4%, respectively, in the 33 presumptive cfiA-positive strains. CONCLUSION: The MBT Subtyping Module can detect cfiA-positive B. fragilis rapidly and accurately, supporting its use for surveillance of cfiA-positive B. fragilis in clinical settings.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...