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1.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(3): 1295-1304, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240464

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In resource-limited settings, family caregivers (FCGs) of adult cancer patients (ACPs) function in a context marred by high patient symptom burden, limited cancer care services and support and high caregiving burden. Despite this predicament, little is known about the quality of life (QoL) of FCGs in these settings. The study aimed to explore the determinants of QoL among FCGs of ACPs in Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to collect data from 284 FCGs of ACPs. The study questionnaire was composed of the Katz Index, Family Pain Questionnaire, modified Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale and the Caregiver Quality of Life-Index-Cancer. RESULTS: The mean age of FCGs was 36 ± 13.8 years. Most ACPs had stage 3 or 4 cancer (56%), severe pain (66.2%), reported moderate pain relief (51.1%) and were on chemotherapy (60.9%). The overall QoL of FCGs (70.2 ± 20.3) was moderate and 46.8% had low QoL. Most FCGs had high positive adaptation or financial concerns (55.3%) and low QoL in terms of burden (50.7%), disruptiveness (53.5%) and support (56.7%). The main determinants of overall QoL were FCGs' knowledge and self-eficacy for cancer pain management. The determinants of burden, disruptiveness, support and positive adaptations and financial concerns are reported. CONCLUSION: The key determinants of the QoL of FCGs were knowledge and self-efficacy for cancer pain management. In Uganda and similar settings, interventions to build FCGs capacity in cancer-related pain and other symptom management may help to enhance the QoL of FCGs and the ACPs.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Neoplasias/terapia , Áreas de Pobreza , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Cuidadores/economia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Recursos em Saúde/economia , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/economia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Manejo da Dor/economia , Manejo da Dor/psicologia , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Paliativos/economia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Uganda/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 6(4): 371-377, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728388

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to examine the sleep quality and prevalence of depression in post myocardial infarction patients attending cardiology outpatient clinics of selected hospitals in Oman. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to collect data from patients (n = 180) who were at least 4 weeks post myocardial infarction diagnosis and receiving follow-up care in the outpatient clinic. The Arabic version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were used to assess sleep quality and depressive symptoms, respectively. Results: The sample mean age was 62.0 ±â€¯11.3 years. Poor sleep quality affected 61.1% of the participants. The significant predictors of poor sleep quality were gender (P ≤ 0.05), body mass index (P ≤ 0.05), and self-reported regular exercise (P ≤ 0.01). The most impacted domains of sleep quality were sleep latency, sleep duration, and sleep disturbances. The prevalence of major depression was low (5%) and the rate of re-infarction was 27.2%. The prevalence of minimal to mild major depression with a potential of transitioning into major depression overtime was very high. Self-reported regular exercise (P ≤ 0.01) was the only significant predictor of depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The sleep quality of post myocardial infarction patients was poor and the prevalence of depression was low. There was no significant relationship between sleep quality or depression with re-infarction.

3.
J Cancer Educ ; 34(6): 1150-1159, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30187440

RESUMO

Cancer-related pain is prevalent and has debilitating effects on patients and their family. The effects of cancer pain can be curtailed if the family members caring for the patient receive essential support to enhance their capabilities for cancer pain management. Little has been done to study the available support to family caregivers (FCGs) towards pain management in adult cancer patients (ACPs) living in resource-limited countries where the burden of cancer is on the rise. This study evaluated the influence of an education intervention delivered in the home setting on FCGs' knowledge and self-efficacy (SE) for pain management in ACPs. One-group pre-/post-test design was used in a sample of 54 FCGs who had been caring for ACPs suffering from pain for at least 1 month. Data were collected using the Family Pain Questionnaire and Caregiver Pain Management SE Scale. The FCGs' mean knowledge score post-intervention (26.69 ± 10) was higher than the baseline (45 ± 12.9), and the difference was statistically significant (t = 10.382, p = 0.000, CI = 17.12-25.43). Additionally, the FCGs' mean SE score post-intervention (1003.30 ± 191) was higher than the baseline (648.3 ± 273.4), and the difference was statistically significant (t = - 8.52, p = 0.000, CI = - 438.6-- 271.4). The home-based education intervention significantly and positively influenced the FCGs' knowledge and SE for pain management while at home. Cancer pain management educational interventions delivered at home should be considered as one of the strategies for enhancing cancer care in resource limited settings.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer/terapia , Cuidadores/educação , Família/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Recursos em Saúde/economia , Neoplasias/complicações , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor do Câncer/etiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Feminino , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/psicologia , Áreas de Pobreza , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 4(4): 348-355, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28966965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at exploring the perceived barriers and intention to screen for prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: A survey questionnaire and a descriptive design were used to collect data from 129 Omani men above the age of 40 years. The questionnaire comprised the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), barriers, and intention to screen scales. The participants were recruited from barbershops located in two cities of Oman. RESULTS: The mean IPSS score was 8.31 ± 3.34 and the majority of participants had mild prostate cancer symptoms (60.4%). The others had moderate (28.7%) or severe symptoms (10.9%). Most men had low-to-moderate intention to screen using the method of digital rectal examination (DRE) (76%) and prostate-specific antigen test (PSA) (69.8%). The most common barriers to screening were fear of finding out something wrong (48.1%), not knowing what will be done during screening (54.3%), belief that PCa is not a serious disease (55.8%), and belief that DRE is embarrassing (56.6%). The significant determinants of intention to screen using DRE were perceived threat of the disease (P = 0.006) and past information from doctors that one has any prostate disease (P = 0.017). The determinants of intention to screen using PSA were perceived threat of the disease (P = 0.025), perceived general health (P = 0.047), and past information from doctors that one has any prostate disease (P = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: The participants had diminutive intention to undergo PCa screening. Interventions aimed at enhancing PCa disease and risk awareness may help to reduce the barriers and increase PCa screening uptake.

5.
BMC Nurs ; 16: 19, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28439207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of incivility in nursing education is increasing in most countries and it is affecting the culture of safety and the teaching-learning processes. Despite reports of increasing trends, little is known about nursing students' academic incivility in the Middle East. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of academic incivility among nursing students (NS) and nursing faculty members (NF) in a university based undergraduate nursing program in Oman. METHODS: A quantitative cross sectional survey was used to explore NS academic incivility from the perspective of NS and NF in a public university in Oman. Data was obtained from a sample of 155 NS and 40 NF using the Incivility in Nursing Education Survey. RESULTS: There was agreement between NS and NF on the majority of behaviors perceived to be disruptive. The incidence of NS academic incivility was moderate. The most common uncivil behaviors were acting bored or apathetic in class, holding conversations that distract others in class, using cell phones during class, arriving late for class, and being unprepared for class. There were significant differences between NF and NS perceived incidence of uncivil behaviors such as sleeping in class (p = 0.016); not paying attention in class (p = 0.004); refusing to answer direct questions (p = 0.013); leaving class early (p = 0.000); cutting or not coming to class (p = 0.024); and creating tension by dominating class discussions (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Student academic incivility is moderately present in nursing education in Oman, and this may have implications in terms of the future of the profession and patient care. There is need for more streamlined policies and strategies to curtail the incidence of academic incivility and to maintain safe and effective learning environments.

6.
J Cancer Educ ; 32(3): 447-453, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26700179

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a frequently occurring cancer in Jordan. CRC risk is expected to continue rising due to dietary patterns, sedentary lifestyle, and other practices. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of dietary and lifestyle risk factors for CRC among patients attending outpatient gastroenterology clinics in Jordan. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to collect data from 713 asymptomatic participants. Data was collected using a self-report questionnaire measuring sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, physical activity, and lifestyle risk factors of CRC. The mean age of participants was 57.0 ± 8.56 years. The majority of participants were male (71.8 %) and with less than secondary school formal education (60.7 %). The commonest risk factors for CRC among the participants were overweight or obesity (76.1 %), lack of exercise (71.6 %), limited consumption of vegetables (70.8 %), smoking (60.6 %), over consumption of red meat (56.3 %), and diabetes mellitus (24.1 %). Dietary and lifestyle risk factors for CRC are prevalent in Jordan and likely to fuel an upsurge CRC if population-wide educational interventions are not implemented. There is need for greater attention and emphasis on strategies to educate the general population about healthy dietary and lifestyle habits as means of preventing CRC in Jordan.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Alimentar , Hospitais , Comportamento Sedentário , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Fumar , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 3(1): 98-107, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27981145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers (HCPs) play a critical role in reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) related morbidity and mortality. This study aimed at exploring the attitudes and knowledge of nurses and physicians working in primary care settings regarding CRC screening. METHODS: A total of 142 HCPs (57.7% nurses and 42.3% physicians) participated in a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected using a Self-administered Questionnaire. The participants were clinically experienced (mean = 9.39 years; standard deviation [SD] = 6.13), regularly taking care of adults eligible for CRC screening (62%) and had positive attitudes toward CRC screening (83.1%). Most participants (57%) had low levels of knowledge about CRC screening (mean = 3.23; SD = 1.50). The participants were most knowledgeable about the recommended age for initiating screening (62.7%) and the procedures not recommended for screening (90.8%). RESULTS: More than 55% did not know the frequency of performing specific screening procedures, the upper age limit at which screening is not recommended, and the patients at high-risk for CRC. There were no significant differences between nurses' and physicians' attitudes and knowledge. The participants' perceptions about professional training (odds ratio [OR] = 2.17, P = 0.003), colonoscopy (OR = 2.60, P = 0.014), and double-contrast barium enema (OR = 0.53, P = 0.041), were significantly associated with knowledge about CRC screening. CONCLUSIONS: The inadequate knowledge levels among nurses and physicians may be one of the barriers affecting CRC screening. Enhancing HCPs knowledge about CRC screening should be considered a primary intervention in the efforts to promote CRC screening and prevention.

8.
J Cancer Educ ; 31(1): 15-25, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25739678

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common type of cancer worldwide and it is responsible for 610,000 deaths annually, despite availability of screening tests that ensure early detection. Predictions specific to the Middle East show that this region will experience a significant increase in cancer mortality over the next 15 years. This study explored the practices and perceived barriers to CRC screening from the perspective of health care providers (HCPs) working in primary care settings in Muscat, Oman. A cross-sectional design and self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from 142 HCPs. The HCPs were nurses (57.7 %) and physicians (42.3 %) with average age and clinical experience of 32.5 and 9.5 years, respectively. The majority of the HCPs (64.8 %) rarely ordered, referred, health educated, or recommended CRC screening to eligible patients. The only major patient-related barrier to CRC screening reported by HCPs was lack of awareness about CRC tests (63.7 %). There were significant differences between nurses' and physicians' rating of patient-related barriers such as fear of cancer diagnosis (p = 0.037), belief that screening is not effective (p = 0.036), embarrassment or anxiety about screening tests (p = 0.022), and culture (p = 0.001). The major system barriers to CRC screening were lack of hospital policy or protocols, lack of trained HCPs, lack of CRC screening services, and timely appointments to get CRC screening. The findings indicate a need for interventions to enhance patient awareness, HCPs CRC screening practices, and strategies to ameliorate patient and system barriers to CRC screening.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Padrões de Prática Médica , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Percepção , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Jpn J Nurs Sci ; 13(2): 205-19, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26543010

RESUMO

AIM: Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in the world and every year it is responsible for 610,000 deaths worldwide. The aim of this review was to examine the effectiveness of patient navigator interventions towards enhancing uptake of colorectal cancer screening in primary care settings. METHODS: Electronic databases such as PubMed, CINHAL, Google Scholar and SCOPUS were searched to retrieve articles reporting on primary studies applying any patient navigator intervention to promote uptake of colorectal cancer screening in eligible patients. The search yielded 292 articles and 15 met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: All 15 studies were conducted in urban settings located in the USA. The findings of the review show that patient navigator interventions can increase colorectal cancer screening rates in diverse primary care settings. Patient navigator interventions were most effective in patients who belong to minority groups and enhanced uptake of colorectal cancer screening with rates ranging 11-91%. CONCLUSION: There is a need for further studies to examine the effectiveness of patient navigator interventions in rural populations and other countries. Such studies will help us to clearly characterize the effectiveness of patient navigator interventions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Navegação de Pacientes , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Recursos Humanos
10.
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs ; 42(5): 531-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26336049

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess community-dwelling women's knowledge about urinary incontinence (UI) and the effectiveness of a Video Assisted Teaching Program for Kegel's Exercises (VATPKE) in increasing their knowledge. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to collect data from 598 community-dwelling women. A pre-/posttest design was then used to assess the effectiveness of the VATPKE in improving knowledge about UI in women with self-reported UI (202) and without UI (396). Data were analyzed using independent and paired t tests. RESULTS: Of the 598 participants, 33.8% self-reported having UI. The majority of women with UI (90%) and without UI (90%) had inadequate knowledge. The mean post-VATPKE knowledge levels of women with and without UI were higher than pre-VATPKE mean scores. Differences in knowledge levels in women with and without UI were statistically significant (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Most of the women at risk or already affected with UI have inadequate knowledge about the condition. In a resource-poor setting with limited health care human resources to provide one-on-one health education, interventions such as the VATPKE may help improve knowledge about UI among the large numbers of affected and at-risk women.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Incontinência Urinária/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Conhecimento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gravação de Videoteipe
11.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 16(10): 4229-35, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26028078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC is increasingly becoming a major cause of cancer morbidity and mortality in Jordan. However the population's level of awareness about CRC, CRC screening test preferences and willingness to embrace screening are not known. The aim of this study was to assess the level of CRC awareness and screening preferences among Jordanian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey assessing the CRC knowledge levels was distributed among patients attending outpatient gastroenterology clinics in public hospitals throughout Jordan. A total of 800 surveys were distributed and of these 713 (89.1%) were returned. RESULTS: Only 22% of the participants correctly judged CRC among the choices provided as the commonest cause of cancer related deaths. The majority of participants (68.3%) underestimated their risk for CRC. Only 26.8% correctly judged their life time risk while 5% overestimated their risk. Two thirds of participants (66%) were willing to pay 500 Jordanian Dinars (equivalent to 706 US$) in order to get a prompt colonoscopy if recommended by their physician, while 25.5% reported that they would rather wait for 6 months in order to get a free colonoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: Although the participants tended to underestimate their risk for CRC, they were mostly aware of CRC as a major cause of mortality and were willing to embrace the concept of CRC screening and bear the related financial costs. These findings about CRC awareness and propensity for screening provide a good foundation as the Jordanian health system moves forward with initiatives to promote CRC screening and prevention.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Preferência do Paciente , Idoso , Colonoscopia/economia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Cancer Educ ; 30(1): 53-61, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24882440

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and early detection can effectively decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Health care providers (HCPs) working in primary care settings as the first contact with the health care system can play a pivotal role in cancer prevention and screening for early detection. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge, experiences, and perceived barriers to CRC screening among HCPs working in primary care settings. A cross-sectional design and a self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) was used to collect data from 236 HCPs working in health centers in Jordan. The 236 HCPs were nurses (45.8%), physicians (45.3%), and others (7.2%). A third of the HCPs (30%) knew the recommended age to begin CRC screening for patients with average risk. Overall physicians scored higher than nurses on questions assessing CRC screening knowledge. The majority of HCPs were not knowledgeable about CRC screening recommendations but believed that CRC is preventable (75.8%). The main perceived barriers to CRC screening were patient's fear of finding out that they have cancer and lack of awareness about CRC screening tests, shortage of trained HCPs to conduct invasive screening procedures, and lack of policy/protocol on CRC screening. HCPs working in primary care settings in Jordan do not have adequate knowledge about CRC screening. There is a need for tailored continuing educational programs and other interventions to improve HCPs' knowledge, as this can increase CRC screening in primary care settings and compliance with current screening guidelines.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Adulto , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs ; 41(4): 335-9; quiz E1-2, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24988511

RESUMO

Skin grafts are commonly used to promote healing of shallow wounds and burns, and wound care nurses play an important role in management of wounds treated with grafting. The purpose of this article was to review recent findings regarding strategies to promote healing of split-thickness skin grafts including topical phenytoin or platelet-rich plasma prior to graft application, fibrin sealant, or negative pressure wound therapy to stabilize a graft and to promote close adherence of the graft to the underlying wound bed and adjunctive therapies such as laser.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pele/enfermagem , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Bandagens , Deambulação Precoce , Humanos
14.
Adolesc Health Med Ther ; 5: 89-99, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24966709

RESUMO

There is minimal research that has been conducted among young adults to understand the determinants of the utilization of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) health services in this population. The purpose of this study was to explore the levels and determinants of HIV transition clinic (HTC) services utilization by young adults living with HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (YALHA). The study used a cross-sectional design and quantitative methods to collect data from a sample of 379 YALHA between the ages of 15-24 years who were registered clients of an HTC in Uganda. During data analysis, utilization was categorized into two levels: regular (kept all appointment visits) and irregular (missed one or more appointment visits) utilization. Univariable, bivariable, and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine the determinants associated with HTC utilization. The HTC services that were most utilized by the YALHA were those based at the clinic and provided by professional health care providers and these were: clinical examination (96%); laboratory services (87.1%); and counseling (69.7%). The services that were least utilized were home visiting (5.8%) and peer support services (19.8%). Of the 379 YALHA, only 32.4% regularly utilized the HTC. Multivariable analysis showed that the main determinants of HTC utilization were CD4 count category of ≥251/µL (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] =0.36-0.95); not being on antiretroviral therapy (AOR =0.27, 95% CI =0.15-0.47); and not receiving counseling services (AOR =0.47, 95% CI =0.27-0.83). Regular utilization of the HTC by YALHA was low and utilization seems to be influenced by HIV infection stage and HIV counseling services, but not sociodemographic factors or community factors.

15.
BMC Womens Health ; 13: 16, 2013 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23565758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) continues to affect millions of women worldwide and those living in resource poor settings seem to be more affected. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of UI and factors associated with UI symptom severity (UISS) among women in a selected district in India. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to collect data from a sample of 598 community dwelling women in the age range of 20 to 60 years. Data was collected using a questionnaire survey of participants who were found in their homes. RESULTS: The prevalence of UI was 33.8% and the majority of women had negative attitudes about the condition. For instance most women were in agreement with statements such as: UI cannot be prevented or cured (98%); women with UI are cursed (97%); women are not supposed to tell anyone about the problem (90%) and others. Of the 202 women with self-reported UI, the majority reported having moderate UISS (78%) and others rated the symptoms as mild (22%). The woman's age at first birth (p<.01) was negatively associated with UISS, while the number of pregnancies (p<.01) and weight of the largest baby ever delivered (p<.01), were positively associated with UISS. The weight of the largest baby delivered had the strongest impact on predicting UISS. CONCLUSIONS: Many community dwelling women are suffering from UI at proportions which warrant significant public health consideration. Therefore public health programs to prevent UI or worsening of symptoms are required and should emphasize health education, because of the pervasive negative attitudes among affected and unaffected women. The predictors reported here can be used to priotize care for affected women and to encourage early uptake of health actions and behaviors that promote pelvic floor strengthening in at risk women who may be reluctant to disclose UI.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/psicologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omã/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Autorrelato , Percepção Social , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Incontinência Urinária/prevenção & controle , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto Jovem
16.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 27(1): 45-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23211388

RESUMO

Therapeutic touch (TT) is a valid nursing intervention but some patients feel uncomfortable with it because of personal beliefs. This commentary presents observations and experiences of the use of TT during care of Muslim patients in the Sultanate of Oman. There is need to teach nursing students deliberate steps when considering its use in Muslim patients because they increase acceptability and implementation in a culturally sensitive manner.


Assuntos
Competência Cultural , Islamismo/psicologia , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Toque Terapêutico/enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omã , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
17.
J Community Health ; 37(5): 1006-14, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22323100

RESUMO

In Uganda malaria causes more morbidity and mortality than any other disease and children below 5 years contribute the biggest percentage of malaria related mortality. Insecticide treated nets (ITNs) are currently one of the most cost effective option for reducing malaria-related morbidity and mortality, however the factors affecting their utilization in Uganda are still not well understood. This study examined the prevalence and factors associated with ITN utilization among children of age 0-12 years seeking health care from a Ugandan hospital using caregiver's reports. A cross sectional design was used to collect data using a semi-structured questionnaire from 418 participants. Binary logistic regression was employed to determine predictors of ITN utilization. Results show that the prevalence of ITN utilization among children seeking health care was 34.2%. ITN utilization was higher among children of age <5 years [37.0, 95% CI 31.81-42.21] as compared to children aged ≥5 years [22.9, 95% CI 13.77-32.01]. Source of mosquito net (OR = 13.53, 95% CI = 6.47-28.27), formal employment by head of household (OR = 6.00, 95% CI = 1.95-18.48), sharing a bed with parent (s) (OR = 2.61, 95% CI = 1.21-5.63) and number of children below 12 years in a household (OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.65-0.99), were significant predictors of utilization. ITN utilization among children was below the set national target. The predictors identified by this study reveal opportunities that can be taken advantage of by malaria control programs to achieve the desired rates of utilization and subsequently malaria prevention in children.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Mosquiteiros Tratados com Inseticida/estatística & dados numéricos , Malária/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Adulto , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Uganda , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care ; 23(5): 431-41, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22265671

RESUMO

Developing capacity for HIV research and clinical practice is critically needed in resource-limited countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a research capacity-building program for community-based participants in the preparation and conduct of mobile phone-based technology interventions. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used. Participants completed self-report surveys at three time points. Thirty-three participated in the situational analysis, and all (100%) felt that the research training was needed. For the interim evaluation, more than 96.8% (n = 30) reported increased knowledge and confidence and attributed this to the training. Fourteen participants completed the final evaluation. Dedicated time away from work was an important factor to facilitate recruitment and data collection, followed by financial incentives to commute to data collection sites. Expertise through supervision and mentorship for participants and sustained funding for research projects are critical to the innovation needed to improve HIV prevention and care outcomes.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço , Liderança , Uganda
19.
Midwifery ; 28(3): 374-9, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21601966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: across Africa the prevalence of postpartum depression is a major health problem affecting mothers, their infants and families. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors associated with postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS) among women living in a rural Ugandan district. DESIGN: descriptive correlation design. SETTING: Young-Child's Clinic of a public hospital, providing postpartum care services to approximately 450 women and their babies per month in a rural district of Uganda. PARTICIPANTS: 202 postpartum women who have lived in the rural district both during pregnancy and postpartum period following birth of the current infant of age ≤12 weeks. MEASUREMENTS: PDS were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). FINDINGS: participants' mean age and number of children were 24±4.33 years and 2.85±1.26 children, respectively. Majority of participants were married (61%), delivered the current infant by normal vaginal delivery (91%) at a health facility (86%) and experienced no complications (80%). The mean EPDS score for the sample was 9.5±0.18 and 43% of the participants were found to have PDS (scores ≥10). Statistically significant relationships were found between PDS and factors such as number of female sexual partners the husband has (r=0. 28, p≤0.01); current problems in marriage (r=0.22, p≤0.01), participant's parity (r=-0.24, p≤0.05), infant's ability to breast feed (r=0.28, p≤0.05) and husband support during the postpartum period (r=0. 20, p≤0.05). CONCLUSION: male partners of postpartum women are a major source of factors associated with PDS in rural areas. IMPLICATION FOR PRACTICE: midwifery practitioners in rural settings should emphasise psychosocial assessment and male involvement in postpartum care to increase opportunities of identifying mothers at risk of PDS and implementation of interventions targeting men.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/diagnóstico , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Tocologia/métodos , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Área Programática de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães/psicologia , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Avaliação em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Uganda/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 43(2): 90-6, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21985072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of nursing care in developing countries is poor, and attempts to improve it through continuing education programs are under way. Nurses' orientation toward lifelong learning has not been explored, despite its potential effect on the success of such programs. METHODS: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Lifelong Learning (JSPLL) was used to measure orientation toward lifelong learning among 200 nurses at Uganda's national hospital. RESULTS: Most participants had fair orientation (52%) toward lifelong learning (JSPLL mean score = 36.8 [SD = 7.2]) and rated their skills in self-directed learning as good or excellent (44%). Reported barriers to lifelong learning included patient workload, lack of mentors, lack of library resources, and lack of computer skills. Nurses' orientation toward lifelong learning was significantly associated with professional experience (p ≤ .05), age (p ≤ .05), and education level (p ≤ .01). CONCLUSION: In Uganda, nurses' orientation toward lifelong learning remains low, and this has implications for successful implementation of continuing education programs for nurses.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Uganda
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