Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 4 de 4
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 181(3): 571-580, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378053


PURPOSE: The association between pathological complete response (pCR) in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer and Circulating Tumour Cells (CTCs) is not clear. The aim of this study was to assess whether CTC enumeration could be used to predict pathological response to NAC in breast cancer as measured by the Miller-Payne grading system. METHODS: Twenty-six patients were recruited, and blood samples were taken pre- and post-NAC. CTCs were isolated using the ScreenCell device and stained using a modified Giemsa stain. CTCs were enumerated by 2 pathologists and classified as single CTCs, doublets, clusters/microemboli and correlated with the pathological response as measured by the Miller-Payne grading system. χ2 or ANOVA was performed in SPSS 24.0 statistics software for associations. RESULTS: 89% of patients had invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and 11% invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC). At baseline 85% of patients had CTCs present, median 7 (0-161) CTCs per 3 ml of whole blood. Post-chemotherapy, 58% had an increase in CTCs. This did not correlate with the Miller-Payne grade of response. No significant association was identified between the number of CTCs and clinical characteristics; however, we did observe a correlation between pre-treatment CTC counts and body mass index, p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a complete response to NAC still had CTCs present, suggesting enumeration is not sufficient to aid surgery stratification. Additional characterisation and larger studies are needed to further characterise CTCs isolated pre- and post-chemotherapy. Long-term follow-up of these patients will determine the significance of CTCs in NAC breast cancer patients.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/mortalidade , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Lobular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Lobular/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida
Cytopathology ; 31(3): 208-214, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061105


BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a routine sampling method in the diagnostic work up of salivary gland lesions. Despite universal use, no standardised classification existed for the cytopathological reporting of such entities until recently. The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) aims to standardise the reporting of these lesions, offering risk of malignancy rates and clinical management recommendations. METHODS: We retrospectively applied MSRSGC to cases reported over a 5-year period. Salivary FNA specimens were reclassified according to the MSRSGC as (I) non-diagnostic, (II) non-neoplastic, (III) atypia of undetermined significance (AUS), (IV) benign neoplasm and salivary gland neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential, (V) suspicious for malignancy, and (VI) malignant. Cases with surgical resections were documented and risk of malignancy calculated for each group, where possible. We compared our outcomes with similar studies performed since publication of the Milan criteria. RESULTS: In total, 192 specimens were reassigned as non-diagnostic (n = 30), non-neoplastic (n = 31), AUS (n = 1), benign neoplasm (n = 97) and salivary gland neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (n = 4), suspicious for malignancy (n = 3), and malignant (n = 26). There were 73 surgical resections. Our calculated risk of malignancy was within the proposed MSRSGC rates for the non-diagnostic, benign neoplasm and malignant groups. One AUS case did not undergo surgery. Benign and malignant sensitivities and specificities for the original reporting categories were 88.24% and 95.72%, and 100% and 95.45% for the MSRSGC, respectively. CONCLUSION: Salivary gland FNA has high diagnostic accuracy and the MSRSGC offers standardised reporting and assistance in the stratification of cases. This may improve communication between pathologists and clinicians with improved outcomes for patients.

Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Técnicas Citológicas/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
Eur Thyroid J ; 6(5): 271-275, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071240


OBJECTIVE: Thyroid nodules are common within the general population. Cytological analysis of fine needle aspirates (FNAs) of these lesions allows for identification of those that require further surgery. A numerical classification system is in place to streamline reporting. The 3a category is used for lesions that are neither benign nor malignant but show atypia of undetermined significance. We reviewed our use and clinical outcomes of Thy3a over a 4-year period. METHODS: All thyroid FNAs performed at this institute from January 2012 to December 2015 were identified from our laboratory information system using SNOMED codes. Cytology was correlated with histology. RESULTS: Of the 1,259 FNAs reported at this institute, Thy3a constituted only 1.2% (n = 16) of all cases, with a malignancy rate of 7%. Five Thy3a cases had a repeat FNA that was reported as Thy2 (benign), 1 as Thy1c (cyst), 1 as Thy3f (follicular lesion), and 1 as Thy5 (malignant). Six cases without repeat FNA were follicular adenomas at resection. Two cases were lost to follow-up. Within all thyroid cytology categories in this 4-year period, we had a false-positive rate of 1.9% and a false-negative rate of 0.3%. CONCLUSIONS: The Thy3a subclassification has varied diagnostic criteria and lacks reproducibility. Despite the rare use of the Thy3a category at our centre, our diagnostic accuracy remained high. At this time, further Thy3a cohort studies are required to assess the real benefits of this category.

Int J Surg Case Rep ; 8C: 107-10, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25651538


BACKGROUND: We report an adnexal lesion, which turned out to be a metastasis to the scalp from a left sided follicular variant papillary thyroid cancer. The patient has had history of right multi-nodular goiter 10 years prior to presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year old lady presented with a cutaneous lesion about 1 year post left total thyroidectomy for FVPTC. She underwent surgical excision of the lesion and histology revealed it to be metastases from a thyroid carcinoma. DISCUSSION: Cutaneous metastases from thyroid carcinomas are relatively uncommon in clinical practice. A worldwide literature review reveals that follicular carcinoma has a greater preponderance than papillary carcinoma for cutaneous metastasis and that the majority of skin metastases from either papillary or follicular thyroid cancer are localized to the head and neck, with the scalp as the commonest site. CONCLUSION: Skin metastasis from papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma is an uncommon occurrence and these lesions should be differentiated from primary skin tumors. They are very important to recognize as early recognition can lead to accurate and prompt diagnosis leading to timely treatment. The scalp has been found to be the commonest site of cutaneous metastasis that may appear benign.