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1.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549751

RESUMO

Polydactyly is one of the most frequent inherited defects of the limbs characterized by supernumerary digits and high-genetic heterogeneity. Among the many genes involved, either in isolated or syndromic forms, eight have been implicated in postaxial polydactyly (PAP). Among those, IQCE has been recently identified in a single consanguineous family. Using whole-exome sequencing in patients with uncharacterized ciliopathies, including PAP, we identified three families with biallelic pathogenic variations in IQCE. Interestingly, the c.895_904del (p.Val301Serfs*8) was found in all families without sharing a common haplotype, suggesting a recurrent mechanism. Moreover, in two families, the systemic phenotype could be explained by additional pathogenic variants in known genes (TULP1, ATP6V1B1). RNA expression analysis on patients' fibroblasts confirms that the dysfunction of IQCE leads to the dysregulation of genes associated with the hedgehog-signaling pathway, and zebrafish experiments demonstrate a full spectrum of phenotypes linked to defective cilia: Body curvature, kidney cysts, left-right asymmetry, misdirected cilia in the pronephric duct, and retinal defects. In conclusion, we identified three additional families confirming IQCE as a nonsyndromic PAP gene. Our data emphasize the importance of taking into account the complete set of variations of each individual, as each clinical presentation could finally be explained by multiple genes.

2.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(3): 509-525, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422817

RESUMO

The human RNA helicase DDX6 is an essential component of membrane-less organelles called processing bodies (PBs). PBs are involved in mRNA metabolic processes including translational repression via coordinated storage of mRNAs. Previous studies in human cell lines have implicated altered DDX6 in molecular and cellular dysfunction, but clinical consequences and pathogenesis in humans have yet to be described. Here, we report the identification of five rare de novo missense variants in DDX6 in probands presenting with intellectual disability, developmental delay, and similar dysmorphic features including telecanthus, epicanthus, arched eyebrows, and low-set ears. All five missense variants (p.His372Arg, p.Arg373Gln, p.Cys390Arg, p.Thr391Ile, and p.Thr391Pro) are located in two conserved motifs of the RecA-2 domain of DDX6 involved in RNA binding, helicase activity, and protein-partner binding. We use functional studies to demonstrate that the first variants identified (p.Arg373Gln and p.Cys390Arg) cause significant defects in PB assembly in primary fibroblast and model human cell lines. These variants' interactions with several protein partners were also disrupted in immunoprecipitation assays. Further investigation via complementation assays included the additional variants p.Thr391Ile and p.Thr391Pro, both of which, similarly to p.Arg373Gln and p.Cys390Arg, demonstrated significant defects in P-body assembly. Complementing these molecular findings, modeling of the variants on solved protein structures showed distinct spatial clustering near known protein binding regions. Collectively, our clinical and molecular data describe a neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with pathogenic missense variants in DDX6. Additionally, we suggest DDX6 join the DExD/H-box genes DDX3X and DHX30 in an emerging class of neurodevelopmental disorders involving RNA helicases.

3.
Structure ; 27(9): 1384-1394.e4, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303482

RESUMO

The unique membrane composition of cilia is maintained by a diffusion barrier at the transition zone that is breached when the BBSome escorts signaling receptors out of cilia. Understanding how the BBSome removes proteins from cilia has been hampered by a lack of structural information. Here, we present a nearly complete Cα model of BBSome purified from cow retina. The model is based on a single-particle cryo-electron microscopy density map at 4.9-Å resolution that was interpreted with the help of comprehensive Rosetta-based structural modeling constrained by crosslinking mass spectrometry data. We find that BBSome subunits have a very high degree of interconnectivity, explaining the obligate nature of the complex. Furthermore, like other coat adaptors, the BBSome exists in an autoinhibited state in solution and must thus undergo a conformational change upon recruitment to membranes by the small GTPase ARL6/BBS3. Our model provides the first detailed view of the machinery enabling ciliary exit.

4.
Hum Mutat ; 40(10): 1826-1840, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116475

RESUMO

Mutations in genes encoding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases have been reported in several neurological disorders. KARS is a dual localized lysyl-tRNA synthetase and its cytosolic isoform belongs to the multiple aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex (MSC). Biallelic mutations in the KARS gene were described in a wide phenotypic spectrum ranging from nonsyndromic deafness to complex impairments. Here, we report on a patient with severe neurological and neurosensory disease investigated by whole-exome sequencing and found to carry biallelic mutations c.683C>T (p.Pro228Leu) and c.871T>G (p.Phe291Val), the second one being novel, in the KARS gene. The patient presented with an atypical clinical presentation with an optic neuropathy not previously reported. At the cellular level, we show that cytoplasmic KARS was expressed at a lower level in patient cells and displayed decreased interaction with MSC. In vitro, these two KARS variants have a decreased aminoacylation activity compared with wild-type KARS, the p.Pro228Leu being the most affected. Our data suggest that dysfunction of cytoplasmic KARS resulted in a decreased level of translation of the nuclear-encoded lysine-rich proteins belonging to the respiratory chain complex, thus impairing mitochondria functions.

5.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1922: 407-452, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30838594

RESUMO

Rare genetic disorders are often challenging to diagnose. Anomalies of tooth number, shape, size, mineralized tissue structure, eruption, and resorption may exist as isolated symptoms or diseases but are often part of the clinical synopsis of numerous syndromes (Bloch-Zupan A, Sedano H, Scully C. Dento/oro/craniofacial anomalies and genetics, 1st edn. Elsevier, Boston, MA, 2012). Concerning amelogenesis imperfecta (AI), for example, mutations in a number of genes have been reported to cause isolated AI, including AMELX, ENAM, KLK4, MMP20, FAM83H, WDR72, C4orf26, SLC24A4, and LAMB3. In addition, many other genes such as DLX3, CNNM4, ROGDI, FAM20A, STIM1, ORAI1, and LTBP3 have been shown to be involved in developmental syndromes with enamel defects. The clinical presentation of the enamel phenotype (hypoplastic, hypomineralized, hypomature, or a combination of severities) alone does not allow a reliable prediction of possible causative genetic mutations. Understanding the potential genetic cause(s) of rare diseases is critical for overall health management of affected patient. One effective strategy to reach a genetic diagnosis is to sequence a selected gene panel chosen for a determined range of phenotypes. Here we describe a laboratory protocol to set up a specific gene panel for orodental diseases.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Variação Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Doenças Raras/genética , Anormalidades Dentárias/genética , Amelogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico , Amelogênese Imperfeita/genética , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/diagnóstico , DNA/genética , Desenho de Equipamento , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/instrumentação , Humanos , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Dentárias/diagnóstico
6.
Clin Genet ; 95(3): 384-397, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614526

RESUMO

Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an emblematic ciliopathy associated with retinal dystrophy, obesity, postaxial polydactyly, learning disabilities, hypogonadism and renal dysfunction. Before birth, enlarged/cystic kidneys as well as polydactyly are the hallmark signs of BBS to consider in absence of familial history. However, these findings are not specific to BBS, raising the problem of differential diagnoses and prognosis. Molecular diagnosis during pregnancies remains a timely challenge for this heterogeneous disease (22 known genes). We report here the largest cohort of BBS fetuses to better characterize the antenatal presentation. Prenatal ultrasound (US) and/or autopsy data from 74 fetuses with putative BBS diagnosis were collected out of which molecular diagnosis was established in 51 cases, mainly in BBS genes (45 cases) following the classical gene distribution, but also in other ciliopathy genes (6 cases). Based on this, an updated diagnostic decision tree is proposed. No genotype/phenotype correlation could be established but postaxial polydactyly (82%) and renal cysts (78%) were the most prevalent symptoms. However, autopsy revealed polydactyly that was missed by prenatal US in 55% of the cases. Polydactyly must be carefully looked for in pregnancies with apparently isolated renal anomalies in fetuses.

7.
Int J Epidemiol ; 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30428050

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the relative contributions of prenatal complications, perinatal characteristics, neonatal morbidities and socio-economic conditions on the occurrence of motor, sensory, cognitive, language and psychological disorders in a large longitudinal preterm infant population during the first 7 years after birth. Methods: The study population comprised 4122 infants born at <35 weeks of gestation who were followed for an average of 74.0 months after birth. Developmental disorders, including motor, sensory, cognitive, language and psychological, were assessed at each follow-up visit from 18 months to 7 years of age. The investigated determinants included prenatal complications (prolonged rupture of membranes >24 hours, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm labour and maternal hypertension), perinatal characteristics (gender, multiple pregnancies, gestational age, birth weight, APGAR score and intubation or ventilation in the delivery room), neonatal complications (low weight gain during hospitalization, respiratory assistance, severe neurological anomalies, nosocomial infections) and socio-economic characteristics (socio-economic level, parental separation, urbanicity). Based on hazard ratios determined using a propensity score matching approach, population-attributable fractions (PAF) were calculated for each of the four types of determinants and for each developmental disorder. Results: The percentages of motor, sensory, cognitive, language and psychological disorders were 17.0, 13.4, 29.1, 25.9 and 26.1%, respectively. The PAF for the perinatal characteristics were the highest and they were similar for the different developmental disorders considered (around 60%). For the neonatal and socio-economic determinants, the PAF varied according to the disorder, with contributions of up to 17% for motor and 27% for language disorders, respectively. Finally, prenatal complications had the lowest contributions (between 6 and 13%). Conclusions: This study illustrates the heterogeneity of risk factors on the risk of developmental disorder in preterm infants. These results suggest the importance of considering both medical and psycho-social follow-ups of preterm infants and their families.

8.
Front Physiol ; 9: 1329, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319441

RESUMO

In this study, we report a unique dominantly inherited disorganized supernumerary cusp and single root phenotype presented by 11 affected individuals belonging to 5 north-eastern Thai families. Using whole exome sequencing (WES) we identified a common single missense mutation that segregates with the phenotype in exon 6 of CACNA1S (Cav1.1) (NM_000069.2: c.[865A > G];[=] p.[Ile289Val];[=]), the Calcium Channel, Voltage-Dependent, L Type, Alpha-1s Subunit, OMIM ∗ 114208), affecting a highly conserved amino-acid isoleucine residue within the pore forming subdomain of CACNA1S protein. This is a strong genetic evidence that a voltage-dependent calcium ion channel is likely to play a role in influencing tooth morphogenesis and patterning.

9.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 35(11): 1939-1951, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30259277

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This review provides an update on the genetics of male infertility with emphasis on the current state of research, the genetic disorders that can lead to non-syndromic male infertility, and the genetic tests available for patients. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the scientific literature referenced in PubMed was conducted using keywords related to male infertility and genetics. The search included articles with English abstracts appearing online after 2000. RESULTS: Mutations in 31 distinct genes have been identified as a cause of non-syndromic human male infertility, and the number is increasing constantly. Screening gene panels by high-throughput sequencing can be offered to patients in order to identify genes involved in various forms of human non-syndromic infertility. We propose a workflow for genetic tests which takes into account semen alterations. CONCLUSIONS: The identification and characterization of the genetic basis of male infertility have broad implications not only for understanding the cause of infertility but also in determining the prognosis, selection of treatment options, and management of couples. Genetic diagnosis is essential for the success of ART techniques and for preserving future fertility as well as the prognosis for testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and adopted therapeutics.

10.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0202080, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30192749

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to quantify the possible decrease in school performance at five years of age in preterm children associated with parental separation or divorce, and to test whether this effect varies according to the child's age at the time of the separation. This study included 3,308 infants delivered at < 35 weeks of gestation born between 2003 and 2011 who were enrolled in the population-based LIFT cohort and who had an optimal neurodevelopmental outcome at two years of age. These infants were evaluated by their teachers to assess their abilities and behavior when they had reached five years of age, using the Global School Adaptation (GSA) questionnaire. The mean GSA score was 50.8 points. Parental separations (assessed as parents either living together or living separately) were associated with a decrease in school performance at five years of age, although this was only the case for children who exhibited difficulties at school (3.7 points, p < 0.01). A decrease in school performance only occurred when parental separations took place between 3 and 5 years after the child's birth. Parental separation was associated with a decrease in these children's levels of motivation, autonomy, and manual dexterity. This study indicates that preterm infants of parents who had separated are particularly at risk of a lower scholar performance.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 18(7)2018 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29973538

RESUMO

Photogrammetric processing is available in various software solutions and can easily deliver 3D pointclouds as accurate as 1 pixel. Certain applications, e.g., very accurate shape reconstruction in industrial metrology or change detection for deformation studies in geosciences, require results of enhanced accuracy. The tie-point extraction step is the opening in the photogrammetric processing chain and therefore plays a key role in the quality of the subsequent image orientation, camera calibration and 3D reconstruction. Improving its precision will have an impact on the obtained 3D. In this research work we describe a method which aims at enhancing the accuracy of image orientation by adding a second iteration photogrammetric processing. The result from the classical processing is used as a priori information to guide the extraction of refined tie-points of better photogrammetric quality. Evaluated on indoor and UAV acquisitions, the proposed methodology shows a significant improvement on the obtained 3D point accuracy.

12.
Arch Dis Child ; 2018 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29960997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QoL) of school-aged children who were born <28+0 weeks of gestation and who have no resultant major disabilities. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: A cross-sectional multicentre study of extremely preterm (EPT) infants born <28+0 weeks, discharged alive and free from severe impairments (cerebral palsy, autism, major cognitive disabilities). Two generic, self-evaluation and hetero-evaluation (by parent) QoL measurement questionnaires (Kidscreen 10/VSP-A) were used and then compared with French population reference. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical examination, an assessment of cognitive functions and QoL between 7 and 10 years of age. RESULTS: 40 (7.5%) severely disabled children were excluded. Among those 471 eligible, the lost to follow-up group (169 (36%)) paralleled those 302 (64%) included in the study. The mean gestational age was 26.2 (±0.8), birth weight was 879 (±181) g and the mean age was 8.4 (±0.87) years. 48% of participants had minor or moderate cognitive disabilities based on their Full-Scale Index Quotient. Working memory, attention and mental flexibility scored as low-average. Except for family relationships, the EPT QoL VSP-A and Kidscreen 10 assessment were significantly lower based on the children's and parent's perspectives. Children reported the most significant QoL decline as (1) friends' relationships, (2) self-esteem and (3) leisure, while parents indicated (1) psychological well-being, (2) schoolwork and (3) vitality. CONCLUSION: The QoL of a school-age EPT child without severe impairment was lower relative to a reference population from both the parents' and child's points of view. This evaluation should help to better understand the long-term outcomes and to provide better support for them and their families. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01675726, pre-results.

13.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29861295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GARFIELD-AF is a non-interventional worldwide study of adults with atrial fibrillation. AIMS: To analyse the characteristics of the 1399 patients recruited in France from August 2010 to July 2015, their 1-year outcomes and healthcare resource utilization. METHOD: Patients aged ≥18 years with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (≤6 weeks' duration) and ≥1 stroke risk factor were eligible. Patient demographics, medical history and antithrombotic treatment were recorded at baseline. The incidences of stroke/systemic embolism, major bleeding, all-cause mortality, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality, new acute coronary syndrome and congestive heart failure were recorded during a 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: The median age was 76.0 years; 44.5% of patients were female. The median CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores were 4.0 and 2.0, respectively. At diagnosis, 78.9% of patients received anticoagulant therapy±antiplatelet therapy; more patients received vitamin K antagonists (VKAs; 46.0%) than direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs; 32.9%). The median proportion of time in the therapeutic range for VKAs was 65.6%. Between 2010 and 2015, anticoagulant prescription increased, driven by the growing use of DOACs±antiplatelet therapy (1.1% to 50.0%), whereas prescription of VKAs±antiplatelet therapy decreased (74.4% to 32.3%). All-cause mortality was the most frequent event (6.75 per 100 person-years). Risk-adjusted event rates for France showed that stroke/systemic embolism and all-cause mortality occurred more frequently than in GARFIELD-AF overall, whereas the rates of major bleeding were similar. In terms of healthcare resource utilization, the highest cost was associated with inpatients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients enrolled in France had higher rates of mortality and stroke/systemic embolism than in GARFIELD-AF overall. Conversely, the risk of major bleeding was not higher.

14.
Mol Metab ; 13: 1-9, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29784605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The molecular diagnosis of extreme forms of obesity, in which accurate detection of both copy number variations (CNVs) and point mutations, is crucial for an optimal care of the patients and genetic counseling for their families. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) has benefited considerably this molecular diagnosis, but its poor ability to detect CNVs remains a major limitation. We aimed to develop a method (CoDE-seq) enabling the accurate detection of both CNVs and point mutations in one step. METHODS: CoDE-seq is based on an augmented WES method, using probes distributed uniformly throughout the genome. CoDE-seq was validated in 40 patients for whom chromosomal DNA microarray was available. CNVs and mutations were assessed in 82 children/young adults with suspected Mendelian obesity and/or intellectual disability and in their parents when available (ntotal = 145). RESULTS: CoDE-seq not only detected all of the 97 CNVs identified by chromosomal DNA microarrays but also found 84 additional CNVs, due to a better resolution. When compared to CoDE-seq and chromosomal DNA microarrays, WES failed to detect 37% and 14% of CNVs, respectively. In the 82 patients, a likely molecular diagnosis was achieved in >30% of the patients. Half of the genetic diagnoses were explained by CNVs while the other half by mutations. CONCLUSIONS: CoDE-seq has proven cost-efficient and highly effective as it avoids the sequential genetic screening approaches currently used in clinical practice for the accurate detection of CNVs and point mutations.

15.
Hum Mutat ; 39(7): 983-992, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688594

RESUMO

Ciliopathies represent a wide spectrum of rare diseases with overlapping phenotypes and a high genetic heterogeneity. Among those, IFT140 is implicated in a variety of phenotypes ranging from isolated retinis pigmentosa to more syndromic cases. Using whole-genome sequencing in patients with uncharacterized ciliopathies, we identified a novel recurrent tandem duplication of exon 27-30 (6.7 kb) in IFT140, c.3454-488_4182+2588dup p.(Tyr1152_Thr1394dup), missed by whole-exome sequencing. Pathogenicity of the mutation was assessed on the patients' skin fibroblasts. Several hundreds of patients with a ciliopathy phenotype were screened and biallelic mutations were identified in 11 families representing 12 pathogenic variants of which seven are novel. Among those unrelated families especially with a Mainzer-Saldino syndrome, eight carried the same tandem duplication (two at the homozygous state and six at the heterozygous state). In conclusion, we demonstrated the implication of structural variations in IFT140-related diseases expanding its mutation spectrum. We also provide evidences for a unique genomic event mediated by an Alu-Alu recombination occurring on a shared haplotype. We confirm that whole-genome sequencing can be instrumental in the ability to detect structural variants for genomic disorders.

16.
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol ; 59(4): 428-436, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668297

RESUMO

The lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are characterized by an exaggerated inflammation driven by secretion of IL-8 from bronchial epithelial cells and worsened by Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. To identify novel antiinflammatory molecular targets, we previously performed a genetic study of 135 genes of the immune response, which identified the c.2534C>T (p.S845L) variant of phospholipase C-ß3 (PLCB3) as being significantly associated with mild progression of pulmonary disease. Silencing PLCB3 revealed that it potentiates the Toll-like receptor's inflammatory signaling cascade originating from CF bronchial epithelial cells. In the present study, we investigated the role of the PLCB3-S845L variant together with two synthetic mutants paradigmatic of impaired catalytic activity or lacking functional activation in CF bronchial epithelial cells. In experiments in which cells were exposed to P. aeruginosa, the supernatant of mucopurulent material from the airways of patients with CF or different agonists revealed that PLCB3-S845L has defects of 1) agonist-induced Ca2+ release from endoplasmic reticulum and rise of Ca2+ concentration, 2) activation of conventional protein kinase C isoform ß, and 3) induction of IL-8 release. These results, besides identifying S845L as a loss-of-function variant, strengthen the importance of targeting PLCB3 to mitigate the CF inflammatory response in bronchial epithelial cells without blunting the immune response.

17.
Bioinformatics ; 34(20): 3572-3574, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29669011

RESUMO

Summary: Structural Variations (SV) are a major source of variability in the human genome that shaped its actual structure during evolution. Moreover, many human diseases are caused by SV, highlighting the need to accurately detect those genomic events but also to annotate them and assist their biological interpretation. Therefore, we developed AnnotSV that compiles functionally, regulatory and clinically relevant information and aims at providing annotations useful to (i) interpret SV potential pathogenicity and (ii) filter out SV potential false positive. In particular, AnnotSV reports heterozygous and homozygous counts of single nucleotide variations (SNVs) and small insertions/deletions called within each SV for the analyzed patients, this genomic information being extremely useful to support or question the existence of an SV. We also report the computed allelic frequency relative to overlapping variants from DGV (MacDonald et al., 2014), that is especially powerful to filter out common SV. To delineate the strength of AnnotSV, we annotated the 4751 SV from one sample of the 1000 Genomes Project, integrating the sample information of four million of SNV/indel, in less than 60 s. Availability and implementation: AnnotSV is implemented in Tcl and runs in command line on all platforms. The source code is available under the GNU GPL license. Source code, README and Supplementary data are available at http://lbgi.fr/AnnotSV/. Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(10): 6970-6979, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29465129

RESUMO

In this work, we theoretically elucidated the mechanism and predicted the major products of the photolysis of α-hydroperoxycarbonyls, known to be products of the atmospheric oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) and components of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in rural and remote areas. Using 2-hydroperoxypropanal OCHCH(OOH)CH3 as a model compound, we show that the likely major photolysis mechanism is a fast 1,5 H-shift in the initially excited singlet S1 state followed by spontaneous elimination of singlet oxygen to yield an enol HOCH[double bond, length as m-dash]CHCH3, while intersystem crossing (ISC) to the triplet T1 state and C-C scission into HC˙O + HOOC˙HCH3 followed by expulsion of a hydroxyl radical from the unstable HOOC˙HCH3 is another product channel. The direct S1 reaction was found to occur at such a high rate that the quantum yield in atmospheric conditions is expected to approach unity. In the atmosphere, the enol should generally react with OH radicals or tautomerize into the more stable carbonyl O[double bond, length as m-dash]CH-CH2CH3. Vinylalcohol is shown to be a major end product of the photolysis of hydroperoxyacetaldehyde, an isoprene oxidation product. Taking into account also the important enhancement of the absorption cross sections over those of the constituent monofunctional compounds as observed for the analogous ß-ketohydroperoxides, (F. Jorand et al., J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 2000, 134, 119-125) the atmospheric photolysis rate of α-hydroperoxycarbonyls was estimated to be in the range of (1 to 5) × 10-4 s-1, generally faster than the rate of their OH reactions.

19.
Transfus Med Rev ; 32(1): 16-27, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28864336

RESUMO

Using the French Hemovigilance Network database from 2007 to 2013, we provide information on demographics, incidence, and risk factors of reported transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and possible TRALI, analyze TRALI mitigation efforts for fresh frozen plasma and platelet concentrates, and consider the impact of platelet additive solutions on TRALI incidence. We applied the Toronto consensus conference definitions for TRALI and possible TRALI. Two TRALI subgroups were considered: "antibody positive" when a donor has human leukocyte antigen (class I or II) and/or human neutrophil antigen antibodies and the recipient has cognate antigen, and "antibody negative" when immunological investigation is negative or not done. The analysis targeted 378 cases, divided into antibody-positive TRALI (n=75), antibody-negative TRALI (n=100), and possible TRALI (n=203). TRALI patients were younger and received more blood components than the general population of transfused patients. Moreover, we identified the following clinical conditions where patients seemed to be at higher risk to develop TRALI: postpartum hemorrhage, acute myeloid leukemia, liver transplantation, allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cells transplantation, polytrauma, and thrombotic microangiopathy. Policy measures intended to reduce antibody-positive TRALI were found effective for apheresis platelet concentrates and fresh frozen plasma but not for whole blood-derived platelet concentrates. The use of platelet additive solutions was associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of TRALI following transfusion of buffy coat-derived platelet concentrates but not following transfusion of apheresis platelets. Our data reinforce the concept that possible TRALI and TRALI, as defined in the Canadian consensus conference, share many characteristics. No specific policy measures are currently directed at mitigation of possible TRALI despite its impact on transfusion safety. Despite TRALI mitigation measures, the overall incidence of TRALI cases reported to the French Hemovigilance system was not significantly reduced. Therefore, additional research is needed to reduce, if not eradicate, all TRALI categories.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/epidemiologia , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Reação Transfusional/epidemiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda Relacionada à Transfusão/epidemiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Segurança do Sangue/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Redes Comunitárias , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco , Reação Transfusional/complicações
20.
PLoS One ; 12(12): e0188942, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29216238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The principal aim was to investigate the feasibility of assessing mother-infant interactions at discharge and at 6 months infant corrected age in singletons born before 32 weeks of gestation. The secondary aims were to describe these interactions and their disorders, explore the association between maternal emotional state and the interactions, and assess the relationship between disordered interactions and infant social withdrawal behaviour. METHODS: OLIMPE is an ancillary study of the population-based study EPIPAGE 2, which recruited preterm neonates in France in 2011. 163 dyads participated at discharge and 148 at 6 months. Interactions were observed with the Attachment During Stress (ADS) scale, which includes two behavioural subscales, for the mother (m-ADS) and her infant (i-ADS). Two professionals independently completed the ADS scales for one third of the observations. Maternal emotional state was assessed using self-administered questionnaires of depression, anxiety, and stress. Infant's social withdrawal behaviour at 6 months was measured by the Alarm Distress Baby scale. RESULTS: At discharge, 15.3% of the m-ADS scales and 43.3% of the i-ADS scales had at least one unobserved component. At 6 months, all items on both scales were noticeable in >90% of the dyads. Reliability, estimated by the kappa coefficient, ranged between 0.39 and 0.76 at discharge, and between 0.21 and 0.69 at 6 months. Disordered interactions were indicated on 48.6% of the m-ADS scales and 36.5% of the i-ADS scales at discharge. At 6 months, these rates were 32.6% and 26.0%. Disordered interactions at 6 months were associated with identified disorder at discharge. Insecure infant attachment was not influenced by maternal mental health but was strongly associated with infant social withdrawal behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: The ADS scale can be used to screen for early interaction disorders after premature birth and may help to target dyads that would most benefit from early intervention.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Família , Feminino , França , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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