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1.
Adv Ther ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852149

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreaks have led to massive admissions to intensive care units (ICUs). An ultrasound examination of the thorax is widely performed on admission in these patients. The primary objective of our study was to assess the performance of the lung ultrasound score (LUS) on ICU admission to predict the 28-day mortality rate in patients with SARS-CoV-2. The secondary objective was to asses the performance of thoracic ultrasound and biological markers of cardiac injury to predict mortality. METHODS: This multicentre, retrospective, observational study was conducted in six ICUs of four university hospitals in France from 15 March to 3 May 2020. Patients admitted to ICUs because of SARS-CoV-2-related acute respiratory failure and those who received an LUS examination at admission were included. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curve was determined for the LUS score to predict the 28-day mortality rate. The same analysis was performed for the Simplified Acute Physiology Score, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac output, brain natriuretic peptide and ultra-sensitive troponin levels at admission. RESULTS: In 57 patients, the 28-day mortality rate was 21%. The area under the ROC curve of the LUS score value on ICU admission was 0.68 [95% CI 0.54-0.82; p = 0.05]. In non-intubated patients on ICU admission (n = 40), the area under the ROC curves was 0.84 [95% CI 0.70-0.97; p = 0.005]. The best cut-off of 22 corresponded to 85% specificity and 83% sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: LUS scores on ICU admission for SARS-CoV-2 did not efficiently predict the 28-day mortality rate. Performance was better for non-intubated patients at admission. Performance of biological cardiac markers may be equivalent to the LUS score.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(7)2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808435

RESUMO

Glioblastomas are among the most aggressive tumors, and with low survival rates. They are characterized by the ability to create a highly immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Exosomes, small extracellular vesicles (EVs), mediate intercellular communication in the tumor microenvironment by transporting various biomolecules (RNA, DNA, proteins, and lipids), therefore playing a prominent role in tumor proliferation, differentiation, metastasis, and resistance to chemotherapy or radiation. Exosomes are found in all body fluids and can cross the blood-brain barrier due to their nanoscale size. Recent studies have highlighted the multiple influences of tumor-derived exosomes on immune cells. Owing to their structural and functional properties, exosomes can be an important instrument for gaining a better molecular understanding of tumors. Furthermore, they qualify not only as diagnostic and prognostic markers, but also as tools in therapies specifically targeting aggressive tumor cells, like glioblastomas.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846133

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the pharmacokinetics (PK) of micafungin in plasma and peritoneal fluid in septic patients with intra-abdominal infections.Methods: Twelve patients with secondary peritonitis in septic shock receiving 100 mg micafungin once daily were included. Total micafungin plasma and peritoneal fluid were subject to a population pharmacokinetic analysis using Pmetrics®. Monte Carlo simulations were performed considering total AUC0-24h/MIC ratios in plasma.Results: Micafungin concentrations in both plasma and peritoneal exudate were best described by a three-compartmental PK model with the fat free mass (FFM) as a covariate of clearance (CL) and volume of the central compartment (Vc). The mean parameter estimates (standard deviation, SD) were 1.18 (0.40) L/h for CL and 12.85 (4.78) L for Vc. The mean peritoneal exudate/plasma ratio (SD) of micafungin was 25% (5%) on day 1 and 40% (8%) between day 3-5. Dosing simulations supported the use of standard 100 mg daily dosing for C. albicans (FFM < 60 kg), C. glabrata (FFM < 50 kg) and C. tropicalis (FFM < 30 kg) on the second day of therapy.Conclusions: There is a moderate penetration of micafungin into peritoneal cavity (25 to 40%). For empirical treatment, a dose escalation of at least a loading dose of 150 mg depending on the FFM of patients and Candida species is suggested to be effective from the first day of therapy.

4.
Ann Intensive Care ; 11(1): 49, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While aminoglycosides (AG) have been used for decades, debate remains on their optimal dosing strategy. We investigated the international practices of AG usage specifically regarding dosing and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in critically ill patients. We conducted a prospective, multicentre, observational, cohort study in 59 intensive-care units (ICUs) in 5 countries enrolling all ICU patients receiving AG therapy for septic shock. RESULTS: We enrolled 931 septic ICU patients [mean ± standard deviation, age 63 ± 15 years, female 364 (39%), median (IQR) SAPS II 51 (38-65)] receiving AG as part of empirical (761, 84%) or directed (147, 16%) therapy. The AG used was amikacin in 614 (66%), gentamicin in 303 (33%), and tobramycin in 14 (1%) patients. The median (IQR) duration of therapy was 2 (1-3) days, the number of doses was 2 (1-2), the median dose was 25 ± 6, 6 ± 2, and 6 ± 2 mg/kg for amikacin, gentamicin, and tobramycin respectively, and the median dosing interval was 26 (23.5-43.5) h. TDM of Cmax and Cmin was performed in 437 (47%) and 501 (57%) patients, respectively, after the first dose with 295 (68%) patients achieving a Cmax/MIC > 8 and 353 (71%) having concentrations above Cmin recommended thresholds. The ICU mortality rate was 27% with multivariable analysis showing no correlation between AG dosing or pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target attainment and clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: Short courses of high AG doses are mainly used in ICU patients with septic shock, although wide variability in AG usage is reported. We could show no correlation between PK/PD target attainment and clinical outcome. Efforts to optimize the first AG dose remain necessary. Trial registration Clinical Trials, NCT02850029, registered on 29th July 2016, retrospectively registered, https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

5.
Ther Drug Monit ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the present study, the authors aimed to compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) of micafungin in critically ill patients receiving continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH, 30 mL/kg/h) with those of patients receiving equidoses of hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF, 15 mL/kg/h + 15 mL/kg/h) and determine the optimal dosing regimen using the developed model. METHODS: Patients with septic shock undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and receiving a conventional dose of 100 mg micafungin once daily were eligible for inclusion. Total micafungin plasma concentrations from eight CVVH sessions and eight CVVHDF sessions were subjected to a population PK analysis using Pmetrics. Validation of the model performance was reinforced by external validation. Monte Carlo simulations were performed considering the total ratio of free drug area under the curve (AUC) over 24 h to the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (AUC0-24/MIC) in plasma. RESULTS: The median total body weight (min-max) was 94.8 (66-138) kg. Micafungin concentrations were best described by a two-compartmental PK model. No covariates, including CRRT modality (CVVH or CVVHDF), were retained in the final model. The mean parameter estimates (standard deviation) were 0.96 (0.32) L/h for clearance and 14.8 (5.3) L for the central compartment volume. External validation confirmed the performance of the developed PK model. Dosing simulations did not support the use of standard 100 mg daily dosing, except for Candida albicans on the second day of therapy. A loading dose of 150 mg followed by 100 mg daily reached the probability of target attainment for all C. albicans and C. glabrata, but not for C. krusei and C. parapsilosis. CONCLUSIONS: No difference was observed in micafungin PK between equidoses of CVVH and CVVHDF. A loading dose of 150 mg is required to achieve the PK/PD target for less susceptible Candida species from the first day of therapy.

6.
Biomaterials ; 268: 120594, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387754

RESUMO

Blood perfusion of grafted tissue constructs is a hindrance to the success of stem cell-based therapies by limiting cell survival and tissue regeneration. Implantation of a pre-vascularized network engineered in vitro has thus emerged as a promising strategy for promoting blood supply deep into the construct, relying on inosculation with the host vasculature. We aimed to fabricate in vitro tissue constructs with mature microvascular networks, displaying perivascular recruitment and basement membrane, taking advantage of the angiogenic properties of dental pulp stem cells and self-assembly of endothelial cells into capillaries. Using digital scanned light-sheet microscopy, we characterized the generation of dense microvascular networks in collagen hydrogels and established parameters for quantification of perivascular recruitment. We also performed original time-lapse analysis of stem cell recruitment. These experiments demonstrated that perivascular recruitment of dental pulp stem cells is driven by PDGF-BB. Recruited stem cells participated in deposition of vascular basement membrane and vessel maturation. Mature microvascular networks thus generated were then compared to those lacking perivascular coverage generated using stem cell conditioned medium. Implantation in athymic nude mice demonstrated that in vitro maturation of microvascular networks improved blood perfusion and cell survival within the construct. Taken together, these data demonstrate the strong potential of in vitro production of mature microvasculature for improving cell-based therapies.

7.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216237

RESUMO

Our main objective was to describe the course of GLS during the first days of septic shock and to assess the agreement between GLS values and longitudinal strain measured in apical four chambers. A prospective observational single centre study was conducted at the Nimes University Hospital's ICU. All patients admitted for a diagnosis of septic shock without pre-existing heart disease were eligible. Echocardiography (LVEF and GLS) was performed on the first day, and repeated once between day 3 and day 5 then once between day 6 and day 8. We enrolled 40 consecutive patients. Four patients were excluded. In overall population, GLS at T1 was impaired (- 11.0%, IQR(interquartile range) [- 15; - 10]). On T2 exams, a significant improvement of the GLS (- 11% vs - 16% p = 0.02) was observed whereas LVEF remained stable over time. A good agreement between GLS and longitudinal strain measured on a four chambers view was found. Based on the Bland and Altman method, the mean of differences for T1 exams was 0.1 (95% CI [- 0.6; 0.8]) with limits of agreement ranging from - 4 to 4. Myocardial strain is depressed at the early phase of septic shock and improves over time. A single measurement of LS4C view appears sufficient at bedside.

8.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 9(11)2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182613

RESUMO

The present study assessed the proportion of intensive care unit (ICU) patients who had a vancomycin serum concentration between 20 and 25 mg/L after 24-48 h of intravenous vancomycin administration. From 2016 to 2018, adult ICU patients with vancomycin continuous infusion (CI) for any indication were included. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with a first-available vancomycin serum concentration between 20-25 mg/L at 24 h (D2) or 48 h (D3). Of 3894 admitted ICU patients, 179 were included. A median loading dose of 15.6 (interquartile range (IQR) = (12.5-20.8) mg/kg) was given in 151/179 patients (84%). The median daily doses of vancomycin infusion for D1 and D2 were 2000 [(IQR (1600-2000)) and 2000 (IQR (2000-2500)) mg/d], respectively. The median duration of treatment was 4 (2-7) days. At D2 or D3, the median value of first serum vancomycin concentration was 19.8 (IQR (16.0-25.1)) with serum vancomycin concentration between 20-25 mg/L reported in 43 patients (24%). Time spent in the ICU before vancomycin initiation was the only risk factor of non-therapeutic concentration at D2 or D3. Acute kidney injury occurred significantly more when vancomycin concentration was supra therapeutic at D2 or D3. At D28, 44 (26%) patients had died. These results emphasize the need of appropriate loading dose and regular monitoring to improve vancomycin efficacy and avoid renal toxicity.

9.
Am J Emerg Med ; 38(10): 2081-2087, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142179

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound is a feasible and reproducible method for measuring right diaphragmatic excursion (RDE) in ED patients with acute dyspnea (AD). In AD patients, the correlation between the RDE value and the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) is not known. MATERIALS: This was a bicentric, observational prospective study. The RDE measurement was done at admission. The need for MV was defined by the use of MV within 4 h of AD management. An optimal threshold for RDE was determined as the value that minimized the incorrect predictions of the use of MV in the first 4 h as the highest Youden index. RESULTS: We analyzed 102 patients (79 [70; 86] years), 38 (37%) of whom had been ventilated. The RDE value was 1.7 cm [1.4; 2.0] and 2.2 cm [1.8; 2.6] in the ventilated and non-ventilated groups, respectively (p = 0.06). The AUC was 0.68 95% CI [0.57; 0.80]. With a threshold of 2 cm, the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV) were 76% [60%; 89%], 59% [46%; 71%], 81% [67%; 91%], and 53% [39%; 66%], respectively. In the non-COPD patients, the RDE values were 1.5 cm [1.2; 1.9] and 2.2 cm [1.8; 2.6] (p < 0.01) in the ventilated and not-ventilated groups, respectively. The AUC was 0.77 95% CI [0.64; 0.90]. With a threshold of 2.18 cm, the sensitivity, specificity, NPV, and PPV were 91% [71%; 99%], 51% [36%; 66%], 92% [75%; 99%], and 54% [38%; 69%], respectively. CONCLUSION: The RDE values at ED admission were unable to define a prognostic threshold value associated with subsequent MV need in the AD patients. In non-COPD patients, the NPV was 92%.

10.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196110

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound-guidance of radial artery catheter insertion improves the first attempt success and reduces the occurrence of hematomas. Needle-tracking devices optimize needle-ultrasound beam alignment by displaying in real-time the needle tip position. We compared the median time need by experienced physicians to achieve radial artery puncture using either a conventional ultrasonography device (CUD) or a magnetic needle-tracking ultrasound device (MUD) in a simulation training arm model. METHODS: Fifty experienced residents and physicians performed two punctures in randomized order with the CUD and the MUD. The primary outcome was puncture duration; the secondary outcomes were puncture success, rate of accidental vein puncture, and practitioner's comfort (subjective scale 0-10). RESULTS: The median [lower-upper quartile] puncture time was 10 [6-14] seconds when using CUD and 4 [3-7] seconds when using MUD (P < .01). In the multivariate analysis, MUD use was associated with decreased puncture duration whatever the puncture order (OR 1.13 [1.07-1.20], P < .01). The participants performed 99 (99%) successful punctures: 50 with the MUD (100%) and 49 with the CUD (98%). There was no accidental venous puncture. The practitioner's comfort level was 6.5 [6, 7] with the CUD and 8 [7-9] with the MUD (P < .01). CONCLUSION: MUD reduced radial artery puncture time and improved physician comfort in a simulation training arm model.

11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 594903, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224956

RESUMO

In vitro 3D culture systems provide promising tools for screening novel therapies and understanding drug resistance mechanisms in cancer because they are adapted for high throughput analysis. One of the main current challenges is to reproducibly culture patient samples containing cancer and stromal cells to faithfully recapitulate tumor microenvironment and move toward efficient personalized medicine. Tumors are composed of heterogeneous cell populations and characterized by chaotic vascularization in a remodeled microenvironment. Indeed, tumor angiogenesis occurs in a complex stroma containing immune cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts that secrete important amounts of cytokines, growth factors, extracellular vesicles, and extracellular matrix (ECM). This process leads to the formation of inflated, tortuous, and permeable capillaries that display deficient basement membrane (BM) and perivascular coverage. These abnormal capillaries affect responses to anti-cancer therapies such as anti-angiogenic, radio-, and immunotherapies. Current pre-clinical models are limited for investigating interactions between tumor cells and vascularization during tumor progression as well as mechanisms that lead to drug resistance. In vitro approaches developed for vascularization are either the result of engineered cell lining or based on physiological processes including vasculogenesis and sprouting angiogenesis. They allow investigation of paracrine and direct interactions between endothelial and tumor and/or stromal cells, as well as impact of biochemical and biophysical cues of the microenvironment, using either natural matrix components or functionalized synthetic hydrogels. In addition, microfluidic devices provide access to modeling the impact of shear stress and interstitial flow and growth factor gradients. In this review, we will describe the state of the art co-culture models of vascularized micro-tumors in order to study tumor progression and metastatic dissemination including intravasation and/or extravasation processes.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whereas 5415 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) beds were initially available, 7148 COVID-19 patients were hospitalised in the ICU at the peak of the outbreak. The present study reports how the French Health Care system created temporary ICU beds to avoid being overwhelmed. METHODS: All French ICUs were contacted for answering a questionnaire focusing on the available beds and health care providers before and during the outbreak. RESULTS: Among 336 institutions with ICUs before the outbreak, 315 (94%) participated, covering 5054/5531 (91%) ICU beds. During the outbreak, 4806 new ICU beds (+95% increase) were created from Acute Care Unit (ACU, 2283), Post Anaesthetic Care Unit and Operating Theatre (PACU & OT, 1522), other units (374) or real build-up of new ICU beds (627), respectively. At the peak of the outbreak, 9860, 1982 and 3089 ICU, ACU and PACU beds were made available. Before the outbreak, 3548 physicians (2224 critical care anaesthesiologists, 898 intensivists and 275 from other specialties, 151 paediatrics), 1785 residents, 11,023 nurses and 6763 nursing auxiliaries worked in established ICUs. During the outbreak, 2524 physicians, 715 residents, 7722 nurses and 3043 nursing auxiliaries supplemented the usual staff in all ICUs. A total number of 3212 new ventilators were added to the 5997 initially available in ICU. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 outbreak, the French Health Care system created 4806 ICU beds (+95% increase from baseline), essentially by transforming beds from ACUs and PACUs. Collaboration between intensivists, critical care anaesthesiologists, emergency physicians as well as the mobilisation of nursing staff were primordial in this context.

14.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 15(26): 2625-2641, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094653

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released especially by cancer cells. They modulate the tumor microenvironment by interacting with immune cells while carrying immunosuppressive or immunostimulatory molecules. In this review, we will explore some conflicting reports regarding the immunological outcomes of EVs in cancer progression, in which they might initiate an antitumor immune response or an immunosuppressive response. Concerning immunosuppression, the role of tumor-derived EVs' in the adenosinergic system is underexplored. The enhancement of adenosine (ADO) levels in the tumor microenvironment impairs T-cell function and cytokine release. However, some tumor-derived EVs may deliver immunostimulatory factors, promoting immunogenic activity, even with ADO production. The modulatory role of ADO over the tumor progression represents a piece in an intricate microenvironment with anti and pro tumoral seesaw-like mechanisms.

15.
Nutrients ; 12(9)2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961760

RESUMO

The relative impacts on food purchases of many alternative front-of-pack nutritional labelling systems were tested, with various methods-from opinion pool to nationwide experiments. Clearly, some systems induce better purchasing responses, having better nutritional impacts on food baskets. Nonetheless, we still ignore what the ingredients of an efficient label are. Here, we propose guidance for label designers. To do so, we first propose a typology that breaks down established labelling systems into four elementary components: Directiveness, Scope and Gradation, Set of Reference and Sign. On this basis, we then build seven alternative generic labelling systems that we test in a framed-field experiment enabling us to measure the effect of each component on food purchases in isolation. Our results show that an effective front-of-pack labelling system should be Food-Directive (instead of Diet-Directive) and be displayed on both healthy and unhealthy food. The reference set, which is across categories or within categories, produces the same average nutrition score but generates contrasting behavioural responses.

17.
Turk J Emerg Med ; 20(3): 97-104, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32832728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) appears sensitive and reproducible to identify left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The main objective was to analyze the GLS changes in an anesthetized-piglet model of controlled hemorrhagic shock (HS). The secondary objective was to evaluate if GLS changes was different depending on the expansion fluid treatment with or without norepinephrine. METHODS: Eighteen anesthetized and ventilated piglets were bled until the mean arterial pressure reached 40 mmHg. Controlled hemorrhage was maintained for 30 min before randomizing the piglets to three resuscitation groups: control group, LR group (resuscitated with lactated ringer), and NA group (resuscitated with lactated ringer and norepinephrine). RESULTS: There was no difference in the baseline hemodynamic, biological, and ultrasound data among the three groups. During the hemorrhagic phase, the GLS increased significantly from 25 mL/kg of depletion. During the resuscitation phase, the GLS decreased significantly from 20 mL/kg of fluid administration. There was no difference in GLS variation among the groups during the hemorrhagic, maintenance, and resuscitation phases. CONCLUSION: In our HS model, GLS increased with hemorrhage and decreased during resuscitation, showing its preload dependence.

18.
Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med ; 39(4): 513-517, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659456

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Blood lactate is a strong predictor of mortality in critically ill patients. Its monitoring implies repeated measurements. The EIRUS™ system (Maquet Critical Care AB, 17154, Solna, Sweden) is a new device allowing continuous lactate monitoring by intravascular micro dialysis. The present study aimed at assessing the accuracy of the EIRUS™ system in critically ill patients with circulatory failure. METHODS: An observational cohort study was conducted in Nîmes University Hospital. Eligible patients were those with circulatory failure in which a specific central venous access was put in place by the physician in charge, allowing continuous lactate measurement by the EIRUS™ system. Lactate measurements obtained by the system were compared to lactate from arterial blood samples at H4 and H8 from the calibration, during the first 48hours of shock. RESULTS: In all, 28 patients were included providing 244 pairs of measures. The Bland-Altman analysis showed a bootstrapped mean bias at H4 of 0.05 and 95% limits of agreement of -0.9 to 1.0mmol/L. At H8 the mean bias was 0.06 and 95% limits of agreement -1.1 to 1.2mmol/L. The global trend agreement [95% CI] for a pre-specified arbitrary threshold of 1mmol/L, defining clinically significant variations, between H0 and H4 and H4 and H8 was 91.6% [85.1; 95.9] and 89.5% [82.3; 94.4], respectively. CONCLUSION: The EIRUS™ device provided an overall accurate measurement of lactate in critically ill patients with circulatory failure. Detection of lactate variations over time is less precise and technical issues may limit its clinical use.

19.
Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med ; 39(3): 395-415, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The world is currently facing an unprecedented healthcare crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective of these guidelines is to produce a framework to facilitate the partial and gradual resumption of intervention activity in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The group has endeavoured to produce a minimum number of recommendations to highlight the strengths to be retained in the 7 predefined areas: (1) protection of staff and patients; (2) benefit/risk and patient information; (3) preoperative assessment and decision on intervention; (4) modalities of the preanaesthesia consultation; (5) specificity of anaesthesia and analgesia; (6) dedicated circuits and (7) containment exit type of interventions. RESULTS: The SFAR Guideline panel provides 51 statements on anaesthesia management in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. After one round of discussion and various amendments, a strong agreement was reached for 100% of the recommendations and algorithms. CONCLUSION: We present suggestions for how the risk of transmission by and to anaesthetists can be minimised and how personal protective equipment policies relate to COVID-19 pandemic context.


Assuntos
Analgesia/normas , Anestesia/normas , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Analgesia/efeitos adversos , Analgesia/métodos , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Anestesia/métodos , Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Procedimentos Clínicos , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Infecção Hospitalar/transmissão , Desinfecção , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Contaminação de Equipamentos/prevenção & controle , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Isolamento de Pacientes , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Comitê de Profissionais , Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas , Precauções Universais
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(12)2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32570802

RESUMO

Exosomes are nanovesicles part of a recently described intercellular communication system. Their properties seem promising as a biomarker in cancer research, where more sensitive monitoring and therapeutic applications are desperately needed. In the case of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), overall survival often remains poor, although huge technological advancements in the treatment of this disease have been made. In the following review, diagnostic and therapeutic properties are highlighted and summarised. Impressive first results have been obtained but more research is needed to implement these innovative techniques into daily clinical routines.

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