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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113139, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726679

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Inflammatory skin diseases presents high prevalence and lack of alternatives that can be used for self-care by the population. Casearia sylvestris is a plant used topically in different communities in Brazil, to treat wounds or promote cutaneous healing. To evaluate the topical anti-inflammatory activity for the crude hydroalcoholic extract of Casearia sylvestris (HCE-CS) in the models of single or multiple administration of chroton oil to induce ear edema in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental study using male Swiss mice (25-35g) kept under constant conditions in the Laboratory of Experimental Neuroscience (LaNEx)-UNISUL. Edema was induced in both models, respectively, by the single or multiple application of croton oil (CO, 2.5%, in 20 µl) on the external surface of the ear. The different groups of animals (n = 8) received different treatments: vehicle, dexamethasone (DEXA) or different doses of HCE-CS. Edema was evaluated macroscopically for 6 h (early edema) or 8 days (late edema) after the first application of the CO and immediately after the animals were submitted to euthanasia for the collection of the samples (treated ears). For early edema, the tissue was biochemically evaluated for myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) and levels of nitrite/nitrate. In the late edema model, the ears were histologically evaluated for general morphometry, degranulated and non-degranulated mast cells, as well as acanthosis. RESULTS: Topic treatment with HCE-CS significantly reduced the early and late edema, as well as MPO activity and tissue levels of nitrite/nitrate. Finally, in the late edema model there was a lower density of degranulated mast cells in relation to the vehicle treated group and decreased thickness of the epidermis (acanthosis). CONCLUSION: These results suggest a possible benefit of topical treatment with HCE-CS in inflammatory conditions of the skin.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 37(2): 399-403, 2005 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15708685

RESUMO

The leaves of Passiflora alata Curtis (an official species in the Brazilian Pharmacopoeia) are used to treat anxiety, as antispasmodics and sedatives. The development of new analytical methods for analysing flavonoids in Passiflora species is needed in order to improve the quality assurance of the plant and derived extracts and phytomedicines. A survey on the profile of flavonoids and content of isovitexin in the leaves and fluidextract of P. alata through LC was carried out, comparing its chromatographic profiles with a commercial P. incarnata fluidextract. Also, the concentration of the total flavonoids of extracts and leaves according to phamarcopoeial photometrical methods was determined and discussed. The fluidextract of P. alata was produced in accordance with the Pharmacopoeia Helvetica method; the presence of isovitexin in both species (which have distinct chromatographic profiles) was evidenced, this being the major flavonoid compound in the P. incarnata (1.198 g%), but not in P. alata (0.018 g%) fluidextract. Only traces of vitexin could be observed in the P. alata, as well as the absence of the other tested flavonoids: orientin and swertisin (P. incarnata markers), hyperoside, rutin, hesperidin and clorogenic acid. The LC developed method was shown to be appropriated for the qualitative and quantitative analyses and for differentiate species, suitable to be applied to commercial sample analysis. The spectrophotometrical results of three different methods described for P. incarnata were not comparable, the best performance being the British Pharmacopoeia method.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Passiflora/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Plantas Medicinais , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
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