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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26880, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397904

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Poor oral hygiene can be potentially life-threatening in inpatients. However, no basic protocol on oral hygiene customized for inpatients exists, and lack of oral care related knowledge, attitude, and skills among caregivers could be detrimental to the general health of patients. This study sought to identify the oral care practices and oral health status of inpatients with varying physical activity limitations in a rehabilitation ward.Sixty-one inpatients in a rehabilitation ward were evaluated for their medical and physical conditions and oral health status. These were assessed using the bedside oral exam, decayed, missing, filled teeth index, plaque index, gingival index, and caries activity test.In total, 40 men and 21 women (mean age, 56.6 years) were included in this study. Among them, 50.8% of the patients could brush their teeth unassisted, whereas 49.2% required assistance from an assistant for oral care. The proportion of patients receiving nasogastric tube feeding was higher in the group that could not provide oral self-care; 36.7% and 33.3% of these patients showed moderate and severe dysfunction, respectively, based on bedside oral exam. Scores for the swallowing, tongue, and total domains of bedside oral exam were poorer for patients who could not provide oral self-care (P < .01). The caries activity test indicated a moderate risk for both groups.Our findings suggest that an oral care protocol that considers the physical activity limitations in inpatients in rehabilitation wards is necessary to minimize negative influences on the systemic health of these patients.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal/normas , Higiene Bucal , Autocuidado , Cuidadores/educação , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Higiene Bucal/educação , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Índice Periodontal , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Centros de Reabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Autocuidado/métodos , Autocuidado/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 748, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Professional oral care in the intensive care unit may reduce the incidence of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia, which increases the patient's mortality rate. This study aimed to develop a competency for professional oral hygiene care of endotracheally-intubated intensive-care patients. METHODS: First, we developed a competency draft by reviewing the literature on oral hygiene care of patients in the intensive care unit. Next, we developed expert validity test questionnaires using this draft and conducted expert validity tests twice on 18 experts. We determined competency as a content validity index of 0.8 or more and received expert additive opinions about competency through an open-questionnaire expert validity test paper in this methodology study. RESULTS: The content validity index ranged from 0.8 ~ 1.0 for all items. The competency of 'professionalism' comprised 2 sub-competencies with 7 behavioral indicators. 'POHC preparation' comprised 3 sub-competencies with 10 behavioral indicators. 'POHC implementation' comprised 3 sub-competencies with 6 behavioral indicators. 'POHC evaluation' comprised 2 sub-competencies with 8 behavioral indicators. Lastly 'Cooperation among experts' comprised 3 sub-competencies with 7 behavioral indicatiors. CONCLUSIONS: To provide patients with high quality oral hygiene care, these competencies should be implemented, and oral hygiene care professionals and related medical personnel should form a cooperative system.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Higiene Bucal , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Profissionalismo , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 19(3): 340-349, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and assess a tool for measuring violence experienced by clinical dental hygienists in the workplace. METHODS: The basic questionnaire used in this study was created by referring to previous studies, the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R) and the Workplace Bullying in Nursing-Type Inventory (WPBN-TI). The content feasibility was verified by ten experts in the field, and irrelevant questions were deleted, based on a content validity index value of 0.8. This study surveyed 205 clinical dental hygienists to test the tool's validity and reliability. Frequency analysis was conducted on items related to general characteristics and workplace violence. RESULTS: The questionnaire set was 31 questions, which, comprised five domains, were finalized through reliability verification. These domains were verbal attacks and alienation (9 questions), inappropriate work experiences (6 questions), physical threats (4 questions), workplace sexual harassment (6 questions) and verbal violence (6 questions) from patients and their family members. Among the study participants, 47.3% said they received rude signals from others, 17.9% said they were subjected to sexual evaluations regarding their appearance, and 29.4% said their abilities were ignored by patients and family members of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical dental hygienists have been exposed to various types of violence in their workplaces, such as sexual and verbal harassment, by patients and their family members. This tool can be used in the dental setting to conduct surveys on workplace violence and establish a monitoring and support system.


Assuntos
Bullying , Violência no Trabalho , Higienistas Dentários , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 233, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between sleep habits and oral disease symptoms in adolescents. METHODS: Among 62,276 adolescents who participated in the 13th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2017), we selected a total of 54,766 adolescents (age, 12-18 years; male, 49.9%) for the final analysis, after excluding those who did not report their sleep duration. The 13th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey data were obtained from a stratified, multistage, clustered sample. Independent variables included general characteristics, oral health behavior, sleep types, sleep duration, and sleep quality; dependent variables comprised oral disease symptoms. Sleep was categorized according to bedtime astype A (bedtime < 1 a.m.) and type B (bedtime ≥ 1 a.m.). Data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: After adjusting for all covariates, adolescents with type A sleep had a higher risk of toothache on chewing (OR = 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.15) than adolescents with type B. Adolescents who slept for 6 h or less each night had a higher risk of pain in the tongue and buccal mucosa (OR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.18-1.54), gingival pain, and bleeding (OR = 1.31, 95% CI 1.19-1.45) than those who slept for more than 8 h. Adolescents with low quality of sleep had a higher risk of toothache or throbbing (OR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.60-1.81), toothache on chewing (OR = 1.73, 95% CI 1.65-1.82), and halitosis (OR = 1.51, 95% CI 1.41-1.59) than those with high quality of sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that some oral symptoms are related to sleep duration and quality. It is essential to inculcate good sleeping habits in adolescents by emphasizing the effects of inadequate sleep duration and quality.


Assuntos
Assunção de Riscos , Sono , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 17(4): 336-342, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate registered nurses' awareness and implementation of oral health care in patients who are hospitalized in general wards or intensive care units (ICUs) in South Korea. METHODS: This research was performed as a descriptive survey of 149 nurses working in nine general hospitals with at least 100 beds in major Korean cities. RESULTS: Approximately half (40.9%) of the survey respondents reported providing oral health care for hospitalized patients but that relevant protocols were not available at most hospitals or wards (89.5%). Nurses working in an ICU were significantly more likely to provide oral health care than those working in general wards (83.9% vs 15.1%; P < .001). Most respondents (83.2%) were aware of the importance of providing oral health care for hospitalized patients; however, the proportion considering that such care should be provided by dental hygienists was greater than that considering it should be provided by nurses (36.4% vs 26.0%; P < .001). Agreement that oral health care should be provided for hospitalized patients by dental hygienists was highest in nurses working in ICUs (53.3%; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: According to this survey, oral healthcare provision is generally low in hospitalized patients and differs between ICUs and general wards. Most respondents considered that dental hygienists should provide oral health care for hospitalized patients. There is an opportunity for nurses and dental hygienists to work collaboratively towards development of an evidence-based protocol for oral health care in hospitalized patients.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários , Saúde Bucal , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 299, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient safety culture is a core factor in increasing patient safety, is related to the quality of medical service, and can lower the risk of patient safety accidents. However, in dentistry, research has previously focused mostly on reporting of patient safety accidents. Dental professionals' patient safety culture must therefore first be assessed, and related factors analyzed to improve patient safety. METHODS: This cross-sectional study completed a survey on 377 dental hygienists working in dental settings. To assess patient safety culture, we used a survey with proven validity and reliability by translating the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) developed by Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) into Korean. Response options on all of the items were on 5-point Likert-type scales. SPSS v21 was used for statistical analysis. The relationships between workplace factors and patient safety culture were examined using t-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests(p < 0.05). RESULTS: The work environment of dental hygienists has a close relationship with patient safety. Dental hygienists working ≥40 h/week in Korea had a significantly lower for patient safety grade than those working < 40 h/week. When the number of patients per day was less than 8, the safety level of patients was significantly higher. And significant differences were found depending on institution type, institution size. CONCLUSIONS: In order to establish high-quality care and patient safety system practical policies must be enacted. In particular, assurance in the quality of work environment such as sufficient staffing, appropriate work hours, and enough rest must first be realized before patient safety culture can easily be formed.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários , Segurança do Paciente , Gestão da Segurança , Local de Trabalho , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Administradores de Instituições de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 17(2): 177-182, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30485645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to analyse the effects of working posture, physical balance and work accumulation on shifts in plantar pressure in dental hygienists, by measuring REBA, which evaluates working posture, and plantar pressure, which evaluates physical balance. METHODS: This study was conducted on 24 dental hygienists currently working in dental clinics. The ergonomic assessment method of the Rapid Entire Body Assessment was used to evaluate working posture in the dental hygienists, and a Gait Analyzer was used to measure plantar pressure. RESULTS: The subjects' mean REBA score was 4.96 ± 1.04 points, and 87.5% of the subjects showed poor working posture, with a REBA score of at least four points. Among subjects with a REBA score of four points or more, seven of the eight parts of the sole of the foot showed significant differences in plantar pressure between the right and left feet (P < 0.05). When we examined changes in plantar pressure over a week, pressure increased on the left side, and in particular, for subjects with a REBA score of four points or higher, pressure increased in the left foot and in the anterior right foot. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the dental hygienists in this study showed poor posture during working. Subjects with poor posture at a level requiring intervention showed differences in plantar pressure between the right and left feet. Inappropriate posture can cause musculoskeletal disorders. Therefore, it will be necessary to prepare internal and external measures to maintain proper working posture in dental hygienists, including education, exercise, improvement of the working environment and improvement of ergonomic equipment and devices.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários , Ergonomia/métodos , Pé/fisiologia , Pressão , Trabalho/fisiologia , Adulto , Meio Ambiente , Ergonomia/instrumentação , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Equilíbrio Postural , Postura , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Adulto Jovem
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