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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1463-1466, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Radiotherapy for soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the hand is thought to be associated with poor function. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term functional outcome in patients with and without radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At long-term follow-up (mean 10±5 years), 33 (13 males, 20 female) patients, were alive for review. The mean patient age at surgery was 33±17 years and 13 (39%) patients received radiotherapy (mean dose 55±6 Gy). RESULTS: Postoperatively, the mean QuickDASH and MSTS93 were 7±8 and 92±8%, respectively. Comparing patients with and without radiotherapy, there was no difference (p>0.05) between the mean QuickDASH (5±5 vs. 8±9) or MSTS93 (93±9% vs. 91±8%). Surgical complication occurred more commonly in patients with radiotherapy (46% vs. 15%, p=0.10). CONCLUSION: The use of radiotherapy was associated with a higher rate of complications, however, was not associated with a worse long-term functional outcome in patients with hand STS.

2.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol ; 44(10): 1036-1040, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550978

RESUMO

Ninety-six wrists (56 right and 40 left) in 96 patients (36 males and 60 females, mean age 38, range 15-77 years) underwent repair of ulnotriquetral ligament split tears between 2007 and 2016. Mayo wrist scores, visual analogue scale pain scores, and objective measures including grip strength and range of motion were obtained. Patients were assessed after a mean follow-up of 21 months (range 6-112 months). Ulnotriquetral split tear repair resulted in substantial improvements in pain and function. The mean Mayo wrist score improved from 57 preoperatively to 81 postoperatively, with 84% of patients achieving a good or excellent outcome. Pain scores decreased from 5.8 to 1.2. Grip improved from 25 kg to 29 kg. There was no significant change in range of motion of the wrist. Complications were noted in eight patients, with three experiencing continued pain, four with dysaesthesia of the dorsal sensory ulnar nerve, and one superficial infection. Arthroscopic ulnotriquetral split tear repair significantly reduced pain and improved Mayo wrist scores. Level of evidence: IV.

3.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol ; 44(9): 957-962, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117865

RESUMO

Our study aimed to report the short-term outcomes of patients who underwent partial ulnar head replacement and distal radial ulnar joint interposition arthroplasty. From 2012 to 2016, nine patients underwent this procedure with mean follow-up of 27 months (range 12-55). Seven of the nine patients had previously undergone surgical intervention on the ipsilateral wrist. The procedure resulted in substantial improvements in pain and function. Mayo Wrist Score improved from 37 preoperatively to 73 postoperatively, and six patients achieved a good or excellent outcome. Visual analogue pain scores decreased from 7 preoperatively to 1 postoperatively. Grip improved from 20 kg preoperatively to 30 kg postoperatively. There was no significant change in wrist range of motion. Two patients underwent revision surgery to improve wrist motion. We conclude that over short-term follow-up the procedure provides a feasible option for distal radial ulnar joint arthritis. Level of evidence: IV.

4.
JAMA Facial Plast Surg ; 17(4): 270-3, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26021837

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Nasal defects commonly are a result of removal of skin lesions, and reconstruction presents a cosmetic challenge to surgeons. Conventional thought and study results have held that cosmetic outcomes of local flap reconstructions may be superior to those of skin grafts. However, local flap reconstructions require more adjunctive procedures. We propose that in select cases, skin grafts can provide aesthetic outcomes equal to those of local flaps with fewer adjunctive procedures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cosmetic outcomes of skin grafts vs local flaps in the reconstruction of nasal defects. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This is a retrospective review of medical records for 103 patients who underwent nasal reconstruction with either skin graft (n=39) or local flap (n=64) between 2005 and 2013. All patients were treated by a single surgeon at an academic medical institution. Patients who had defects larger than 30 × 35 mm or a history of adjacent reconstruction that would detract from the cosmetic outcome of the procedure under analysis were excluded. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Cosmetic outcome was graded using a visual analog scale (VAS) score based on an ordinal 5-point Likert scale (1, excellent; 5, poor) by 4 independent raters blinded to reconstruction technique. Information was collected regarding patient demographics, defect size, pathology, type of reconstruction, and any postoperative procedures performed. RESULTS: The mean VAS score for the skin graft group was 2.18, while the mean score for the flap group was 2.12 (P = .43). The 39 patients with graft reconstruction had a total of 11 triamcinolone acetonide injections and 8 dermabrasion sessions postoperatively. The 64 patients with local flap reconstruction had a total of 259 triamcinolone acetonide injections and 13 dermabrasion sessions postoperatively plus 39 additional staged surgical procedures. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Skin grafts are a valuable reconstructive option that provide aesthetic outcomes comparable to those of local flap procedures and with less need for additional postoperative interventions in properly selected nasal defects. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Rinoplastia/métodos , Transplante de Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Facial Plast Surg ; 29(2): 106-15, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23564242

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) imaging is a relatively new method of objectively evaluating surgical results, allowing the surgeon to accurately measure postsurgical changes with little inconvenience to the patient. Its accuracy and reliability has been consistently demonstrated in the literature. This article describes updated methods that we use with 3D imaging software to assess rhinoplasty results at our institution. The measurements described include the assessment of symmetry, tip projection, rotation, volume, width, and topographic width. We also apply these techniques to assess the surgical changes of patients with unilateral clefts who underwent secondary rhinoplasty performed by the senior author.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina/patologia , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Rinoplastia , Adulto , Fissura Palatina/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional/instrumentação , Masculino , Nariz/anormalidades , Nariz/anatomia & histologia , Nariz/cirurgia , Fotogrametria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Software
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