Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 238
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Nat Genet ; 51(9): 1304-1305, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427790
2.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320746

RESUMO

Variants in DONSON were recently identified as the cause of microcephaly, short stature, and limb abnormalities syndrome (MISSLA). The clinical spectra of MISSLA and Fanconi anaemia (FA) strongly overlap. For that reason, some MISSLA patients have been clinically diagnosed with FA. Here, we present the clinical data of siblings with MISSLA featuring a novel DONSON variant and summarize the current literature on MISSLA. Additionally, we perform computer-aided image analysis using the DeepGestalt technology to test how distinct the facial features of MISSLA and FA patients are. We show that MISSLA has a specific facial gestalt. Notably, we find that also FA patients feature facial characteristics recognizable by computer-aided image analysis. We conclude that computer-assisted image analysis improves diagnostic precision in both MISSLA and FA.

3.
Nat Genet ; 51(8): 1263-1271, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358994

RESUMO

The genome is organized in three-dimensional units called topologically associating domains (TADs), through a process dependent on the cooperative action of cohesin and the DNA-binding factor CTCF. Genomic rearrangements of TADs have been shown to cause gene misexpression and disease, but genome-wide depletion of CTCF has no drastic effects on transcription. Here, we investigate TAD function in vivo in mouse limb buds at the Sox9-Kcnj2 locus. We show that the removal of all major CTCF sites at the boundary and within the TAD resulted in a fusion of neighboring TADs, without major effects on gene expression. Gene misexpression and disease phenotypes, however, were achieved by redirecting regulatory activity through inversions and/or the repositioning of boundaries. Thus, TAD structures provide robustness and precision but are not essential for developmental gene regulation. Aberrant disease-related gene activation is not induced by a mere loss of insulation but requires CTCF-dependent redirection of enhancer-promoter contacts.

4.
Mol Cell ; 74(6): 1110-1122, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226276

RESUMO

During embryogenesis, precise gene transcription in space and time requires that distal enhancers and promoters communicate by physical proximity within gene regulatory landscapes. To achieve this, regulatory landscapes fold in nuclear space, creating complex 3D structures that influence enhancer-promoter communication and gene expression and that, when disrupted, can cause disease. Here, we provide an overview of how enhancers and promoters construct regulatory landscapes and how multiple scales of 3D chromatin structure sculpt their communication. We focus on emerging views of what enhancer-promoter contacts and chromatin domains physically represent and how two antagonistic fundamental forces-loop extrusion and homotypic attraction-likely form them. We also examine how these same forces spatially separate regulatory landscapes by functional state, thereby creating higher-order compartments that reconfigure during development to enable proper enhancer-promoter communication.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(25): 12390-12399, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147463

RESUMO

Long-range gene regulation involves physical proximity between enhancers and promoters to generate precise patterns of gene expression in space and time. However, in some cases, proximity coincides with gene activation, whereas, in others, preformed topologies already exist before activation. In this study, we investigate the preformed configuration underlying the regulation of the Shh gene by its unique limb enhancer, the ZRS, in vivo during mouse development. Abrogating the constitutive transcription covering the ZRS region led to a shift within the Shh-ZRS contacts and a moderate reduction in Shh transcription. Deletion of the CTCF binding sites around the ZRS resulted in the loss of the Shh-ZRS preformed interaction and a 50% decrease in Shh expression but no phenotype, suggesting an additional, CTCF-independent mechanism of promoter-enhancer communication. This residual activity, however, was diminished by combining the loss of CTCF binding with a hypomorphic ZRS allele, resulting in severe Shh loss of function and digit agenesis. Our results indicate that the preformed chromatin structure of the Shh locus is sustained by multiple components and acts to reinforce enhancer-promoter communication for robust transcription.

6.
J Hum Genet ; 64(7): 609-616, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015584

RESUMO

Individuals affected with autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 2B and 3 usually show translucent skin with visible veins and abnormal elastic fibers, intrauterine and/or postnatal growth restriction and a typical triangular facial gestalt. Here we describe three unrelated individuals in whom such a cutis laxa syndrome was suspected, especially after electron microscopy revealed immature and less dense dermal elastic fibers in one of them. However, one of these children also displayed optic atrophy and two hypogammaglobulinemia. All had elevated liver enzymes and acute liver failure during febrile episodes leading to early demise in two of them. The only surviving patient had been treated with immunoglobulins. Through exome sequencing we identified mutations in NBAS, coding for a protein involved in Golgi-to-ER transport. NBAS deficiency causes several rare conditions ranging from isolated recurrent acute liver failure to a multisystem disorder mainly characterized by short stature, optic nerve atrophy and Pelger-Huët anomaly (SOPH). Since we subsequently verified Pelger-Huët anomaly in two of the patients the diagnosis SOPH syndrome was unequivocally proven. Our data show that SOPH syndrome can be regarded as a differential diagnosis for the progeroid forms of cutis laxa in early infancy and that possibly treatment of the hypogammaglobulinemia can be of high relevance for the prognosis.

7.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(5): 914-924, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982611

RESUMO

Glypicans are a family of cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans that regulate growth-factor signaling during development and are thought to play a role in the regulation of morphogenesis. Whole-exome sequencing of the Australian family that defined Keipert syndrome (nasodigitoacoustic syndrome) identified a hemizygous truncating variant in the gene encoding glypican 4 (GPC4). This variant, located in the final exon of GPC4, results in premature termination of the protein 51 amino acid residues prior to the stop codon, and in concomitant loss of functionally important N-linked glycosylation (Asn514) and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor (Ser529) sites. We subsequently identified seven affected males from five additional kindreds with novel and predicted pathogenic variants in GPC4. Segregation analysis and X-inactivation studies in carrier females provided supportive evidence that the GPC4 variants caused the condition. Furthermore, functional studies of recombinant protein suggested that the truncated proteins p.Gln506∗ and p.Glu496∗ were less stable than the wild type. Clinical features of Keipert syndrome included a prominent forehead, a flat midface, hypertelorism, a broad nose, downturned corners of mouth, and digital abnormalities, whereas cognitive impairment and deafness were variable features. Studies of Gpc4 knockout mice showed evidence of the two primary features of Keipert syndrome: craniofacial abnormalities and digital abnormalities. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that GPC4 is most closely related to GPC6, which is associated with a bone dysplasia that has a phenotypic overlap with Keipert syndrome. Overall, we have shown that pathogenic variants in GPC4 cause a loss of function that results in Keipert syndrome, making GPC4 the third human glypican to be linked to a genetic syndrome.

8.
J Med Genet ; 56(4): 246-251, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Structural variants (SVs) affecting non-coding cis-regulatory elements are a common cause of congenital limb malformation. Yet, the functional interpretation of these non-coding variants remains challenging. The human Liebenberg syndrome is characterised by a partial transformation of the arms into legs and has been shown to be caused by SVs at the PITX1 locus leading to its misregulation in the forelimb by its native enhancer element Pen. This study aims to elucidate the genetic cause of an unsolved family with a mild form of Liebenberg syndrome and investigate the role of promoters in long-range gene regulation. METHODS: Here, we identify SVs by whole genome sequencing (WGS) and use CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing in transgenic mice to assign pathogenicity to the SVs. RESULTS: In this study, we used WGS in a family with three mildly affected individuals with Liebenberg syndrome and identified the smallest deletion described so far including the first non-coding exon of H2AFY. To functionally characterise the variant, we re-engineered the 8.5 kb deletion using CRISPR-Cas9 technology in the mouse and showed that the promoter of the housekeeping gene H2afy insulates the Pen enhancer from Pitx1 in forelimbs; its loss leads to misexpression of Pitx1 by the pan-limb activity of the Pen enhancer causing Liebenberg syndrome. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that housekeeping promoters may titrate promiscuous enhancer activity to ensure normal morphogenesis. The deletion of the H2AFY promoter as a cause of Liebenberg syndrome highlights this new mutational mechanism and its role in congenital disease.

9.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(3): 305-310, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742094

RESUMO

Balanced chromosomal rearrangements such as inversions and translocations can cause congenital disease or cancer by inappropriately rewiring promoter-enhancer contacts1,2. To study the potentially pathogenic consequences of balanced chromosomal rearrangements, we generated a series of genomic inversions by placing an active limb enhancer cluster from the Epha4 regulatory domain at different positions within a neighbouring gene-dense region and investigated their effects on gene regulation in vivo in mice. Expression studies and high-throughput chromosome conformation capture from embryonic limb buds showed that the enhancer cluster activated several genes downstream that are located within asymmetric regions of contact, the so-called architectural stripes3. The ectopic activation of genes led to a limb phenotype that could be rescued by deleting the CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) anchor of the stripe. Architectural stripes appear to be driven by enhancer activity, because they do not form in mouse embryonic stem cells. Furthermore, we show that architectural stripes are a frequent feature of developmental three-dimensional genome architecture often associated with active enhancers. Therefore, balanced chromosomal rearrangements can induce ectopic gene expression and the formation of asymmetric chromatin contact patterns that are dependent on CTCF anchors and enhancer activity.


Assuntos
Inversão Cromossômica , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Botões de Extremidades/metabolismo , Animais , Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/genética , Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/metabolismo , Cromossomos de Mamíferos/genética , Genômica/métodos , Botões de Extremidades/embriologia , Camundongos , Receptor EphA4/genética , Receptor EphA4/metabolismo
10.
Nature ; 566(7745): 496-502, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787437

RESUMO

Mammalian organogenesis is a remarkable process. Within a short timeframe, the cells of the three germ layers transform into an embryo that includes most of the major internal and external organs. Here we investigate the transcriptional dynamics of mouse organogenesis at single-cell resolution. Using single-cell combinatorial indexing, we profiled the transcriptomes of around 2 million cells derived from 61 embryos staged between 9.5 and 13.5 days of gestation, in a single experiment. The resulting 'mouse organogenesis cell atlas' (MOCA) provides a global view of developmental processes during this critical window. We use Monocle 3 to identify hundreds of cell types and 56 trajectories, many of which are detected only because of the depth of cellular coverage, and collectively define thousands of corresponding marker genes. We explore the dynamics of gene expression within cell types and trajectories over time, including focused analyses of the apical ectodermal ridge, limb mesenchyme and skeletal muscle.


Assuntos
Embrião de Mamíferos/citologia , Embrião de Mamíferos/embriologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Organogênese/genética , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Transcriptoma , Animais , Ectoderma/citologia , Ectoderma/embriologia , Ectoderma/metabolismo , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Masculino , Mesoderma/citologia , Mesoderma/embriologia , Mesoderma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Músculo Esquelético/citologia , Músculo Esquelético/embriologia , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Acta Biomater ; 86: 429-440, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605771

RESUMO

At birth, mouse vertebrae have a reticular fine spongy morphology, yet in the adult animal they exhibit elaborate trabecular architectures. Here, we characterize the physiological microstructural transformations in growing young female mice of the widely used C57BL/6 strain. Extensive architectural changes lead to the establishment of mature cancellous bone in the spine. Vertebrae were mapped in 3D by high resolution microcomputed tomography (µCT), backed by conventional histology. Three different phases are observed in the natural bony biomaterial: In a prenatal templating phase, early vertebrae are composed of foamy, loosely-packed mineralized spicules. During a consolidation phase in the first 7 days after birth, bone material condenses into struts and forms primitive trabeculae accompanied by a significant (>50%) reduction in bone volume/tissue volume ratio (BV/TV). After day 7, the trabeculae expand, reorient and increase in mineral density. Swift growth ensues such that by day 14 the young lumbar spine exhibits all morphological features observed in the mature animal. The greatly varied micro-morphologies of normal trabecular bone observed in 3D within a short timespan are typical for rodent and presumably for other mammalian forming spines. This suggests that fully structured cancellous bone emerges through rapid post-natal restructuring of a foamy mineralized scaffold. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Cancellous bone develops in stages that are not well documented. Using a mouse model, we provide an observer-independent quantification of normal bone formation in the spine. We find that within 14 days, the cancellous bone transforms in 3 phases from a scaffold of spicules into well organized, fully mineralized trabeculae in a functional spine. Detailed knowledge of the physiological restructuring of mineralized material may help to better understand bone formation and may serve as a blueprint for studies of pharmaceuticals effects, tissue healing and regeneration.

12.
Cell ; 176(4): 816-830.e18, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30595451

RESUMO

The temporal order of DNA replication (replication timing [RT]) is highly coupled with genome architecture, but cis-elements regulating either remain elusive. We created a series of CRISPR-mediated deletions and inversions of a pluripotency-associated topologically associating domain (TAD) in mouse ESCs. CTCF-associated domain boundaries were dispensable for RT. CTCF protein depletion weakened most TAD boundaries but had no effect on RT or A/B compartmentalization genome-wide. By contrast, deletion of three intra-TAD CTCF-independent 3D contact sites caused a domain-wide early-to-late RT shift, an A-to-B compartment switch, weakening of TAD architecture, and loss of transcription. The dispensability of TAD boundaries and the necessity of these "early replication control elements" (ERCEs) was validated by deletions and inversions at additional domains. Our results demonstrate that discrete cis-regulatory elements orchestrate domain-wide RT, A/B compartmentalization, TAD architecture, and transcription, revealing fundamental principles linking genome structure and function.

13.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 40, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Target enrichment combined with chromosome conformation capturing methodologies such as capture Hi-C (CHC) can be used to investigate spatial layouts of genomic regions with high resolution and at scalable costs. A common application of CHC is the investigation of regulatory elements that are in contact with promoters, but CHC can be used for a range of other applications. Therefore, probe design for CHC needs to be adapted to experimental needs, but no flexible tool is currently available for this purpose. RESULTS: We present a Java desktop application called GOPHER (Generator Of Probes for capture Hi-C Experiments at high Resolution) that implements three strategies for CHC probe design. GOPHER's simple approach is similar to the probe design of previous approaches that employ CHC to investigate all promoters, with one probe being placed at each margin of a single digest that overlaps the transcription start site (TSS) of each promoter. GOPHER's simple-patched approach extends this methodology with a heuristic that improves coverage of viewpoints in which the TSS is located near to one of the boundaries of the digest. GOPHER's extended approach is intended mainly for focused investigations of smaller gene sets. GOPHER can also be used to design probes for regions other than TSS such as GWAS hits or large blocks of genomic sequence. GOPHER additionally provides a number of features that allow users to visualize and edit viewpoints, and outputs a range of files useful for documentation, ordering probes, and downstream analysis. CONCLUSION: GOPHER is an easy-to-use and robust desktop application for CHC probe design. Source code and a precompiled executable can be downloaded from the GOPHER GitHub page at https://github.com/TheJacksonLaboratory/Gopher .


Assuntos
Sondas de DNA/genética , Software , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico , Sítio de Iniciação de Transcrição
14.
Sci Transl Med ; 10(466)2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30404864

RESUMO

WNT1 mutations in humans are associated with a new form of osteogenesis imperfecta and with early-onset osteoporosis, suggesting a key role of WNT1 in bone mass regulation. However, the general mode of action and the therapeutic potential of Wnt1 in clinically relevant situations such as aging remain to be established. Here, we report the high prevalence of heterozygous WNT1 mutations in patients with early-onset osteoporosis. We show that inactivation of Wnt1 in osteoblasts causes severe osteoporosis and spontaneous bone fractures in mice. In contrast, conditional Wnt1 expression in osteoblasts promoted rapid bone mass increase in developing young, adult, and aged mice by rapidly increasing osteoblast numbers and function. Contrary to current mechanistic models, loss of Lrp5, the co-receptor thought to transmit extracellular WNT signals during bone mass regulation, did not reduce the bone-anabolic effect of Wnt1, providing direct evidence that Wnt1 function does not require the LRP5 co-receptor. The identification of Wnt1 as a regulator of bone formation and remodeling provides the basis for development of Wnt1-targeting drugs for the treatment of osteoporosis.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30487221

RESUMO

The respiratory rhythm is generated by the preBötzinger complex in the medulla oblongata, and is modulated by neurons in the retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN), which are essential for accelerating respiration in response to high CO2 Here we identify a LBX1 frameshift (LBX1 FS ) mutation in patients with congenital central hypoventilation. The mutation alters the C-terminal but not the DNA-binding domain of LBX1 Mice with the analogous mutation recapitulate the breathing deficits found in humans. Furthermore, the mutation only interferes with a small subset of Lbx1 functions, and in particular with development of RTN neurons that coexpress Lbx1 and Phox2b. Genome-wide analyses in a cell culture model show that Lbx1FS and wild-type Lbx1 proteins are mostly bound to similar sites, but that Lbx1FS is unable to cooperate with Phox2b. Thus, our analyses on Lbx1FS (dys)function reveals an unusual pathomechanism; that is, a mutation that selectively interferes with the ability of Lbx1 to cooperate with Phox2b, and thus impairs the development of a small subpopulation of neurons essential for respiratory control.

16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 14611, 2018 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30279461

RESUMO

A genome-wide evaluation of the effects of ionizing radiation on mutation induction in the mouse germline has identified multisite de novo mutations (MSDNs) as marker for previous exposure. Here we present the results of a small pilot study of whole genome sequencing in offspring of soldiers who served in radar units on weapon systems that were emitting high-frequency radiation. We found cases of exceptionally high MSDN rates as well as an increased mean in our cohort: While a MSDN mutation is detected in average in 1 out of 5 offspring of unexposed controls, we observed 12 MSDNs in altogether 18 offspring, including a family with 6 MSDNs in 3 offspring. Moreover, we found two translocations, also resulting from neighboring mutations. Our findings indicate that MSDNs might be suited in principle for the assessment of DNA damage from ionizing radiation also in humans. However, as exact person-related dose values in risk groups are usually not available, the interpretation of MSDNs in single families would benefit from larger molecular epidemiologic studies on this new biomarker.

17.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(9): 2028-2033, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194892

RESUMO

Cadherins are cell-adhesion molecules that control morphogenesis, cell migration, and cell shape changes during multiple developmental processes. Until now four distinct cadherins have been implicated in human Mendelian disorders, mainly featuring skin, retinal and hearing manifestations. Branchio-skeleto-genital (or Elsahy-Waters) syndrome (BSGS) is an ultra-rare condition featuring a characteristic face, premature loss of teeth, vertebral and genital anomalies, and intellectual disability. We have studied two sibs with BSGS originally described by Castori et al. in 2010. Exome sequencing led to the identification of a novel homozygous nonsense variant in the first exon of the cadherin-11 gene (CDH11), which results in a prematurely truncated form of the protein. Recessive variants in CDH11 have been recently demonstrated in two other sporadic patients and a pair of sisters affected by BSGS. Although the function of this cadherin (also termed Osteoblast-Cadherin) is not completely understood, its prevalent expression in osteoblastic cell lines and up-regulation during differentiation suggest a specific function in bone formation and development. This study identifies a novel loss-of-function variant in CDH11 as a cause of BSGS and supports the role of cadherin-11 as a key player in axial and craniofacial malformations.

18.
Nat Genet ; 50(10): 1463-1473, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30262816

RESUMO

The regulatory specificity of enhancers and their interaction with gene promoters is thought to be controlled by their sequence and the binding of transcription factors. By studying Pitx1, a regulator of hindlimb development, we show that dynamic changes in chromatin conformation can restrict the activity of enhancers. Inconsistent with its hindlimb-restricted expression, Pitx1 is controlled by an enhancer (Pen) that shows activity in forelimbs and hindlimbs. By Capture Hi-C and three-dimensional modeling of the locus, we demonstrate that forelimbs and hindlimbs have fundamentally different chromatin configurations, whereby Pen and Pitx1 interact in hindlimbs and are physically separated in forelimbs. Structural variants can convert the inactive into the active conformation, thereby inducing Pitx1 misexpression in forelimbs, causing partial arm-to-leg transformation in mice and humans. Thus, tissue-specific three-dimensional chromatin conformation can contribute to enhancer activity and specificity in vivo and its disturbance can result in gene misexpression and disease.

19.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0198510, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879182

RESUMO

Gfi1 is a key molecule in hematopoietic lineage development and mutations in GFI1 cause severe congenital neutropenia (SCN). Neutropenia is associated with low bone mass, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly characterized. Using Gfi1 knock-out mice (Gfi1-ko/ko) as SCN model, we studied the relationship between neutropenia and bone mass upon different pathogen load conditions. Our analysis reveals that Gfi1-ko/ko mice kept under strict specific pathogen free (SPF) conditions demonstrate normal bone mass and survival. However, Gfi1-ko/ko mice with early (nonSPF) or late (SPF+nonSPF) pathogen exposure develop low bone mass. Gfi1-ko/ko mice demonstrate a striking rise of systemic inflammatory markers according to elevated pathogen exposure and reduced bone mass. Elevated inflammatory cytokines include for instance Il-1b, Il-6, and Tnf-alpha that regulate osteoclast development. We conclude that low bone mass, due to low neutrophil counts, is caused by the degree of systemic inflammation promoting osteoclastogenesis.

20.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 103(5): 512-521, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29946973

RESUMO

Diagnosis and management of adult individuals with low bone mass and increased bone fragility before the age of 50 can be challenging. A number of these patients are diagnosed with mild osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) through detection of COL1A1 or COL1A2 mutations; however, a clinical differentiation from early-onset osteoporosis (EOOP) may be difficult. The purpose of this study was to determine the bone microstructural differences between mild OI and EOOP patients. 29 patients showed mutations in COL1A1 or COL1A2 and were classified as OI. Skeletal assessment included dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT), and bone turnover serum analyses. Bone microstructure of 21/29 OI patients was assessed and compared to 23 age- and sex-matched patients clinically classified EOOP but without mutations in the known disease genes as well as to 20 healthy controls. In the OI patients, we did not observe an age-dependent decrease in DXA Z-scores. HR-pQCT revealed a significant reduction in volumetric BMD and microstructural parameters in the distal radius and tibia in both the OI and EOOP cohorts compared to the healthy controls. When comparing the bone microstructure of OI patients with the EOOP cohort, significant differences were found in terms of bone geometry in the radius, while no significant changes were detected in all other HR-pQCT parameters at the radius and tibia. Taken together, adult mild OI patients demonstrate a predominantly high bone turnover trabecular bone loss syndrome that shows minor microstructural differences compared to EOOP without mutation detection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA