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1.
J Surg Case Rep ; 2020(9): rjaa291, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939241

RESUMO

We report a case of the first branchial cleft anomaly, clinically typical but occult in images and pathology. An 8-year-old female who had an induration below her right mandibular angle was referred to our department with a diagnosis of an infectious epidermal cyst. CT and MRI had shown no evidence of fistula or cyst. At the initial operation, a string structure was observed, but pathologically no epithelial structure was observed. However, the infection at the same site repeated and the symptoms became more severe than before. Considering a high probability of the first branchial anomaly, partial parotidectomy was performed as radical surgery. A cord structure attached to subcutaneous tissue at the intertragal notch was found. Although no epithelial component in the pathology was detected, this string structure was clinically considered as the rudimentary form of the first branchial anomaly.

2.
JA Clin Rep ; 3(1): 10, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29492449

RESUMO

Background: Subglottic stenosis can lead to life-threatening difficult tracheal intubation during general anesthesia. We report a case of difficult tracheal intubation in an 11-month-old female who had unrecognized subglottic stenosis. Case presentation: The patient was scheduled for elective correction of a right accessory auricle. She was suspected of having first and second branchial arch syndrome. Preoperative physical examination was normal. Anesthesia was induced uneventfully using sevoflurane. It was not possible to pass size 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 cuffed endotracheal tubes due to an advanced subglottic lesion. Subsequent successful intubation was achieved using a 3.0 uncuffed tube. Stridor was audible after extubation, and the patient required several days' treatment with dexamethasone to address respiratory distress. Conclusions: We encountered unrecognized subglottic stenosis that led to difficult tracheal intubation and post-extubation airway stenosis.

3.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 42(7): 851-4, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26197748

RESUMO

We report a case of Stage IV breast cancer in a 62-year-old woman who responded well to alternate-day S-1/letrozole combination therapy. She was admitted to our hospital because of appetite loss and vomiting, and was diagnosed with invasive lobular carcinoma (ER+/HER2-) with gastric metastasis. After gastrointestinal stenting was performed, we initiated oral administration of S-1 (100 mg/body) and letrozole (2.5 mg) as systemic therapy. To reduce adverse effects, we administered S-1 on alternate days. Computed tomography and endoscopic examination revealed that the patient has been showing partial response since 1 year after initiating treatment. Therefore, we conclude that alternate-day S-1/letrozole combination therapy could be an effective and sustainable treatment for advanced ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Lobular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/secundário , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Letrozol , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitrilas/administração & dosagem , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/secundário , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Triazóis/administração & dosagem
4.
J Exp Neurosci ; 9: 27-35, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25987850

RESUMO

In the present study, the effects of morphine were examined on tests of spatial memory, object exploration, locomotion, and anxiety in male ICR mice. Administration of morphine (15 or 30 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)) induced a significant decrease in Y-maze alternations compared to saline vehicle-treated mice. The reduced Y-maze alternations induced by morphine were completely blocked by naloxone (15 mg/kg) or ß-funaltrexamine (5 mg/kg) but not by norbinaltorphimine (5 mg/kg) or naltrindole (5 mg/kg), suggesting that the morphine-induced spatial memory impairment was mediated predominantly by µ-opioid receptors (MOPs). Significant spatial memory retrieval impairments were observed in the Morris water maze (MWM) in mice treated with morphine (15 mg/kg) or scopolamine (1 mg/kg), but not with naloxone or morphine plus naloxone. Reduced exploratory time was observed in mice after administration of morphine (15 mg/kg), in a novel-object exploration test, without any changes in locomotor activity. No anxiolytic-like behavior was observed in morphine-treated mice in the elevated plus maze. A significant reduction in buried marbles was observed in morphine-treated mice measured in the marble-burying test, which was blocked by naloxone. These observations suggest that morphine induces impairments in spatial short-term memory and retrieval, and reduces exploratory behavior, but that these effects are not because of overall changes in locomotion or anxiety.

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