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1.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881223

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The closure of the appendiceal stump is a crucial part of a laparoscopic appendectomy, and an endoloop or endostapler is generally used. The endoloop can be more cost effective than the endostapler. However, reports have shown that the endoloop has a higher postoperative abdominal abscess rate than the endostapler in complicated appendicitis. At our institution, we perform a purse-string suture after ligating by endoloop to reduce postoperative abdominal abscess risk. This study aimed to clarify whether this method could reduce the incidence of postoperative abdominal abscess compared with the endostapler. METHODS: Patients with acute appendicitis were classified into the purse-string suture group (n = 149) and the endostapler group (n = 82). Postoperative outcomes were compared after propensity score matching (n = 47). RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of the patient characteristics and postoperative complications, including abdominal abscess. However, the purse-string suture group had more drain placement and a shorter hospital stay than the endostapler group (P = .04 and P = .02, respectively). In patients with complicated appendicitis, there was less drain placement and a shorter hospital stay in the purse-string suture group than in the endostapler group (P < .01 and P < .01, respectively). This might have reflected the difficulty of the operation. All postoperative abdominal abscesses occurred in complicated appendicitis cases. CONCLUSIONS: Endoloop with additional purse-string suture had a lower incidence of abscess than previous reports of using endoloop alone. Moreover, the postoperative abdominal abscess rate is similar between the two closure methods.

2.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-25, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk factors of surgical site infection (SSI), delayed wound healing, and death after orthopedic surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We identified articles indexed in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina Web published from 2013 to 2019 and other articles. Articles fulfilling the predefined inclusion criteria were reviewed systematically and their quality was appraised according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system with some modifications. RESULTS: After inclusion and exclusion by full-text review, 29 articles were analyzed. Use of biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs was a risk factor of SSI (risk ratio 1.66, 95% confidence interval 1.25 to 2.19), but not of delayed wound healing. RA itself was a risk factor of SSI, and oral glucocorticoid use was a risk factor of SSI in three of the four studies analyzed and of postoperative death. Age, male sex, comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, surgical factors such as foot/ankle and spine surgery and longer operative time were risk factors of those postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Patients with those factors should be dealt with appropriate cautions to strike a risk-benefit balance of orthopedic surgeries.

3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 116, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This multi-center, retrospective study aimed to clarify retention rates and reasons for discontinuation of either tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) or interleukin-6 inhibitors (IL-6i) in patients with elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA). METHODS: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in a Japanese multicenter observational registry between 2011 and 2020 were included. EORA was defined as RA with onset at 60 or over. To adjust confounding by indication for treatment with TNFi or IL-6i, a propensity score based on multiple baseline characteristics variables was used to compare the drug retention and causes for discontinuation between TNFi and IL-6i. Adjusted cumulative incidence of drug discontinuation for each reason was compared between the two groups using the Fine-Gray model. RESULTS: Among a total of 9,550 patients in the registry, 674 TNFi and 297 IL-6i initiators with EORA were identified. Age, the proportion of females, disease duration, and baseline disease activity at the time of TNFi or IL-6i initiation were similar between the two groups. After adjusting for differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups, overall drug discontinuation was significantly lower in the IL-6i as compared to the TNFi (HR = 0.71, 95%CI = 0.59-0.86, p < 0.001). The adjusted cumulative incidence of discontinuation due to lack of effectiveness was lower with the IL-6i (HR = 0.46, 95%CI = 0.33-0.63, p < 0.001) while those due to adverse events (HR = 0.82, 95%CI = 0.56-1.18, p = 0.28) or achievement of clinical remission (HR = 1.09, 95%CI = 0.62-1.91, p = 0.76) were similar between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In EORA patients initiating a TNFi or IL-6i, significantly higher drug retention was observed with IL-6i. Discontinuation due to lack of effectiveness was significantly less frequent in IL-6i while discontinuations due to adverse event or achievement of clinical remission were similar between the two groups.

4.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-28, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to clarify the clinical implication of ultrasound (US)-detected foot joint inflammation in tightly controlled patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We evaluated bilateral foot joints (second to fifth metatarsophalangeal joints of forefoot; tarsometatarsal, cuneonavicular and midtarsal joints of midfoot) of 430 RA patients for synovitis using Power Doppler (PD) imaging by US. We made a cross-sectional and a 3-year longitudinal analysis about the associations of US-detected synovitis with clinical, laboratory and radiographic data as well as foot-specific outcomes using a self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q). RESULTS: The US-detected foot synovitis was seen in 28% of patients. The US-detected synovitis was closely related to 28 joint-disease activity score (DAS28) more in the forefoot than in the midfoot, while related to joint destruction in both. Multiple regression analyses showed significant associations between midfoot PD positivity and SAFE-Q in the remission group. SAFE-Q was worsened after the 3-year interval, but PD positivity at baseline did not contribute to the changes. On the other hand, destruction of the joints with US-detected synovitis significantly progressed in 3 years than with not. CONCLUSIONS: US-detected synovitis on foot joints were related to systemic inflammation, clinical symptoms, and future joint destruction with region specificity.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5757, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707605

RESUMO

Emotion sensing using physiological signals in real-life situations can be practically valuable. Previous studies have developed wearable devices that record autonomic nervous system activity, which reflects emotional arousal. However, no study determined whether emotional valence can be assessed using wearable devices. To this end, we developed a wearable device to record facial electromyography (EMG) from the corrugator supercilii (CS) and zygomatic major (ZM) muscles. To validate the device, in Experiment 1, we used a traditional wired device and our wearable device, to record participants' facial EMG while they were viewing emotional films. Participants viewed the films again and continuously rated their recalled subjective valence during the first viewing. The facial EMG signals recorded using both wired and wearable devices showed that CS and ZM activities were, respectively, negatively and positively correlated with continuous valence ratings. In Experiment 2, we used the wearable device to record participants' facial EMG while they were playing Wii Bowling games and assessed their cued-recall continuous valence ratings. CS and ZM activities were correlated negatively and positively, respectively, with continuous valence ratings. These data suggest the possibility that facial EMG signals recorded by a wearable device can be used to assess subjective emotional valence in future naturalistic studies.

6.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although pedicle screw sizes may affect the rate of bone union after lumbar fusion surgery, there is currently no supportive clinical evidence. METHODS: Eighty-five patients older than 50 years who underwent single-level L4/5 transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with posterior pedicle screw (PS) fixation were analyzed. Patients with factors that potentially inhibit bone fusion, such as Parkinson disease, were excluded. Bone union was assessed using computed tomography and dynamic radiographs 1 year after surgery. Explanatory factors considered included sex, age, smoking, bone density, material of the cage, PS diameter (PSD), relative PS length, theoretical maximum PSD (PSDmax), which was defined as the maximum diameter of the screw that may be inserted without breaking cortical bone around the pedicle, and the filling index, which was defined as the difference between the cross-sectional area of maximum PS and actual PS (PSDmaxˆ 2 - PSD ˆ 2). Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores before and 1 year after surgery were evaluated as a clinical outcome. RESULTS: Nineteen levels were diagnosed as pseudoarthrosis. A multivariate logistic regression analysis identified a larger filling index (P = 0.016) and older age (P = 0.047) as risk factors for pseudoarthrosis. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association score 1 year after surgery and its recovery rate were significantly worse in patients with pseudoarthrosis than in those with fusion. CONCLUSIONS: The selection of an appropriately sized screw is important for achieving rigid fusion after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Preoperative planning using multiplanar reconstruction computed tomography is an important approach for ensuring good clinical results.

7.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 96, 2021 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive salt intake is thought to exacerbate both development of hypertension and autoimmune diseases in animal models, but the clinical impact of excessive salt in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is still unknown. We performed a cross-sectional study to clarify the associations between salt load index (urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio (Na/K ratio)), current disease activity, and hypertension in an RA population. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-six participants from our cohort database (KURAMA) were enrolled. We used the spot urine Na/K ratio as a simplified index of salt loading and used the 28-Joint RA Disease Activity Score (DAS28-ESR) as an indicator of current RA disease activity. Using these indicators, we evaluated statistical associations between urinary Na/K ratio, DAS28-ESR, and prevalence of hypertension. RESULTS: Urinary Na/K ratio was positively associated with measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure and also with prevalence of hypertension even after covariate adjustment (OR 1.34, p <  0.001). In addition, increased urinary Na/K ratio was significantly and positively correlated with DAS28-ESR in multiple regression analysis (estimate 0.12, p <  0.001), as was also the case in gender-separated and prednisolone-separated sub-analyses. CONCLUSION: Urinary Na/K ratio was independently associated with current disease activity as well as with prevalence of hypertension in RA patients. Thus, dietary modifications such as salt restriction and potassium supplementation should be investigated as a potential candidate for attenuating both disease activity and hypertension in RA patients.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5104, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658620

RESUMO

Frailty is a geriatric syndrome characterized by anabolic-catabolic imbalance and multisystem dysregulation resulting in increased adverse health outcomes, and is closely related with dietary habits in the general population. Although chronic inflammatory diseases are thought to accelerate development of frailty, correlations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA), frailty and dietary habits have not been examined. We performed a cross-sectional study using our cohort database (KURAMA cohort), and classified 306 participants into three groups (robust, prefrail and frail) according to the Study of Osteoporotic Fracture (SOF) criteria. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that the presence of frailty/prefrailty was significantly correlated with the disease activity score (DAS28-ESR) (OR 1.70 (1.30-2.22), p < 0.0001). Additional analyses of frailty and food intake showed that 5 foods (fish, meat, milk, vegetables and fruits) of 20 groups on the questionnaire were inversely associated with the prevalence of frail/prefrail categories. In multivariate analysis with the five nutrients, fish intake (> two times a week) was an independent covariate negatively correlated with frailty/prefrailty (OR 0.35 (0.19-0.63), p = 0.00060). In conclusion, habitual fish intake may play a key role in nutritional intervention to prevent progression of frailty and RA.

9.
Malar J ; 20(1): 136, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Captive populations of penguins outside of their natural distributions are often maintained in outdoor facilities, such as zoos and aquariums. Consequently, such penguins in captivity are constantly exposed to mosquito vectors and risk of avian malarial infection during their active period from spring to autumn, which can be lethal to these naïve birds. Previous studies have investigated parasite prevalence in mosquitoes or penguins, but simultaneous investigations, which would be crucial to monitor the transmission dynamics and cycle within a facility, have not been done. To identify dominant lineages and trends, multiple-year surveys are recommended. METHODS: Avian malaria parasites (Plasmodium spp.) and related haemosporidia were tested in penguins and mosquitoes at an aquarium in Japan through multiple years from 2011 to 2018. Prevalence and dynamics were confirmed, and molecular analyses targeting the protozoal cytb gene were used to reveal the transmission cycle. Blood meals of mosquitoes were also identified using molecular methods. RESULTS: Parasite detection in penguins tended to fluctuate within an individual. Two Plasmodium lineages were consistently detected in mosquitoes that had fed on penguins and wild birds observed around the aquarium. Plasmodium lineage CXPIP09 was detected from both mosquitoes and penguins, suggesting active transmission at this facility. However, Plasmodium cathemerium PADOM02 was only detected in mosquitoes, which may be due to host, vector or parasite-related factors, or detection methods and their limits. Additionally, Haemoproteus larae SPMAG12 was detected from penguins, suggesting active transmission via biting midges. CONCLUSIONS: The mismatch in parasite composition between penguins and mosquitoes shows that multiple aspects such as captive birds, wild birds and vector insects should be monitored in order to better understand and control avian malarial infection within ex-situ conservation facilities. Furthermore, morphological analyses would be needed to confirm competency and infection dynamics of avian malaria parasites.

10.
Spine J ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Previous studies have shown that oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) can improve neurological symptoms via "indirect decompression." However, data are lacking in terms of its benefits when compared with conventional transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and/or posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) approach, especially in patients with severe central canal stenosis. PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical outcome of OLIF without posterior decompression versus conventional TLIF and/or PLIF in severe lumbar stenosis diagnosed on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Fifty-one patients who underwent OLIF and 41 patients who underwent conventional TLIF and/or PLIF. OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical outcome score by Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and radiographic outcomes (disc height and fusion rate on computed tomography scan). MATERIALS/METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 51 patients who underwent OLIF with supplemental percutaneous pedicle screws (55 levels; OLIF group) and 41 patients who underwent conventional TLIF and/or PLIF (47 levels; TPLIF group). The cross-sectional area of the thecal sac was measured preoperatively in OLIF and TPLIF groups, but postoperatively only in the OLIF group. All patients were diagnosed with severe stenosis based on Schizas classification (Grade C or D) on magnetic resonance imaging. We compared radiographic and clinical outcome scores (JOA score) between the 2 groups at 1 year of follow-up. The radiographic evaluation included the fusion status and disc height on computed tomography scan. Surgical data and perioperative complications were also investigated. RESULTS: The baseline demographic data of the 2 groups were equivalent in preoperative diagnosis, JOA score, and disc height and/or angle. The cross-sectional area significantly increased postoperatively, which confirmed indirect decompressive effect in the OLIF group. The JOA score improved in both groups at the 1-year follow up (76.6% vs. 73.5% improvement rate in the OLIF and TPLIF groups, respectively). The fusion rate at the 1-year follow-up was higher in the OLIF group than in the TPLIF group (87.2% vs. 57.4%). The disc height restoration was also better in the OLIF group. The operative data demonstrated less estimated blood loss and operative time in the OLIF group. CONCLUSIONS: OLIF and conventional TLIF and/or PLIF demonstrated comparable short-term clinical outcomes in the treatment of severe degenerative lumbar stenosis. However, the surgical and radiographic outcomes were better in the OLIF group. Surgeons should choose an appropriate approach on a case by case basis, recognizing the perioperative complications specific to each fusion procedure.

11.
Zoonoses Public Health ; 68(3): 239-246, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576190

RESUMO

In January 2019, four cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) kept at a Japanese zoo intermittently showed respiratory signs following the incidence of seasonal influenza in animal caregivers. Respiratory materials (saliva, sputum and food tray swabs) were non-invasively collected from the four cheetahs. Although we were unable to isolate the virus, the NP gene of influenza A virus was detected in three of the cheetahs but not in the fourth cheetah that had nearly recovered. From a food tray swab which tested weakly positive by a commercial influenza detection kit, we were able to obtain the whole-genome sequence of the influenza A virus. Analysis of the genome, A/cheetah/Kanagawa/2/2019(H1N1), revealed that the virus was closely related to influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses isolated from humans in Japan in the 2018-2019 winter. Production of haemagglutinin inhibition (HI) antibodies (64-128 HI) against an A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in plasma samples confirmed infection of all four cheetahs. The animals continued to produce antibodies for at least 314 days after disease onset. These findings strongly suggest that reverse zoonotic transmission of A(H1N1)pdm09 virus occurred from human to cheetah and subsequently from cheetah to cheetah in the zoo. We also show that specimens can be safely and non-invasively collected from non-domesticated animals and used to investigate respiratory infectious diseases.

12.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this multicenter, retrospective study was to clarify the retention rates of sarilumab (SAR), baricitinib (BAR), and tofacitinib (TOF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients treated with either SAR (n = 62), BAR (n = 166), or TOF (n = 185) (females, 80.9%; age, 61.0 years; disease duration, 11.1 years; rheumatoid factor positivity, 84.4%; Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 4.3; concomitant prednisolone dose, 5.3 mg/day [47.0%] and methotrexate dose, 8.8 mg/week [58.4%]; biologics- or Janus kinase inhibitors-switched cases 78.4%) were included. The reasons for drug discontinuation were classified into 4 major categories (lack of effectiveness, toxic adverse events, non-toxic reasons, and remission) by each attending physician. The drug retention rate was estimated at 18 months using the Kaplan-Meier method and adjusted for potential confounders by Cox proportional hazards modeling. RESULTS: The discontinuation rates of SAR, BAR, and TOF for the corresponding reasons were as follows, respectively: lack of effectiveness (15.7%, 15.6%, and 21.5%; P = 0.84), toxic adverse events (15.8%, 12.1%, and 12.3%; P = 0.35), non-toxic reasons (10.9%, 7.7%, and 6.8%; P = 0.35), and remission (0.0%, 2.8%, and 0.0%; P = 1.0). The overall retention rates excluding non-toxic reasons and remission were as follows: 68.8% for SAR, 72.5% for BAR, and 66.7% for TOF (P = 0.54). CONCLUSIONS: After adjustment by potent confounders, SAR, BAR, and TOF showed similar discontinuation rates due to lack of effectiveness and toxic adverse events. Key Points • This is the first retrospective multicenter study that aimed to clarify the retention rates and reasons for discontinuation of SAR, BAR, and TOF in patients with RA.

14.
J Orthop Res ; 39(2): 449-457, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325059

RESUMO

Treatment of implant-associated orthopedic infections remains challenging, partly because antimicrobial treatment is ineffective after a mature biofilm covers the implant surface. Currently, the relative efficacy of systemic mono- and combination standard-of-care (SOC) antibiotic therapies over the course of mature biofilm formation is unknown. Thus, we assessed the effects of cefazoline (CEZ), gentamicin (GM), and vancomycin, with or without rifampin (RFP), on Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation during the establishment of implant-associated osteomyelitis in a murine tibia model. Quantitative scanning electron microscopy of the implants harvested on Days 0, 3, and 7 revealed that all treatments except CEZ monotherapy significantly reduced biofilm formation when antibiotics started at Day 0 (0.46- to 0.25-fold; p < 0.05). When antibiotics commenced 3 days after the infection, only GM monotherapy significantly inhibited biofilm growth (0.63-fold; p < 0.05), while all antibiotics inhibited biofilm formation in combination with RFP (0.56- to 0.44-fold; p < 0.05). However, no treatment was effective when antibiotics commenced on Day 7. To confirm these findings, we assessed bacterial load via colony-forming unit and histology. The results showed that GM monotherapy and all combination therapies reduced the colony-forming unit in the implant (0.41- to 0.23-fold; p < 0.05); all treatments except CEZ monotherapy reduced the colony-forming unit and staphylococcus abscess communities in the tibiae (0.40- to 0.10-fold; p < 0.05). Collectively, these findings demonstrate that systemic SOC antibiotics can inhibit biofilm formation within 3 days but not after 7 days of infection. The efficacy of SOC monotherapies, CEZ particularly, is very limited. Thus, combination treatment with RFP may be necessary to inhibit implant-associated osteomyelitis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cefazolina/uso terapêutico , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteomielite/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/ultraestrutura , Cefazolina/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Osteomielite/microbiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus , Falha de Tratamento
15.
Neurospine ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285060

RESUMO

Objective: Spinal meningioma is mostly benign, but they can exhibit neurological deficit. The relationship between neurological impairment and its radiographic findings, including intra-tumor MRI gadolinium enhancement and calcification in CT scan, has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of preoperative image findings with neurological status in spinal meningioma. Methods: Patients histologically diagnosed with spinal meningioma (n=24), with an average age of 65.4 years, were included. The patients were classified into two groups, the homogeneous and heterogeneous groups, based on the contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRI findings. Further, baseline demographics (age, gender, presence of preoperative paralysis [MMT 3 or worse neurological deficit in upper and/or lower limbs], tumor level, tumor length, and tumor occupation ratio), histological findings (Ki-67 index and histological subtypes), and CT findings (presence of intra-tumor calcification and Hounsfield Unit [HU] value) were examined. Results: Preoperative paralysis was observed in 33.3% (8/24) of the patients. These patients exhibited frequent heterogeneous contrast-enhanced MRI findings than those without preoperative paralysis (57.1% vs. 14.3%, p=0.040). Further, preoperative paralysis did not associate with tumor level, tumor length, tumor-occupied ratio, Ki-67 index, and histological subtypes. The heterogeneous group showed 100% intra-tumor calcification and higher maximum HU than the homogeneous group (1109.8 vs 379.2, p=0.001). Conclusion: The heterogeneous contrast-induced MRI findings in the spinal meningioma were significantly associated with preoperative neurological impairment. Moreover, the intra-tumor contrast-deficient region in the heterogeneously enhanced tumors reflected marked calcification. The tumor hardness due to calcification may be related to preoperative neurological deficit.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20787, 2020 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247195

RESUMO

Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is a major cause which hinders patients from the recovery after intra-articular injuries or surgeries. Currently, no effective treatment is available. In this study, we showed that inhibition of the acute stage chondrocyte death is a promising strategy to mitigate the development of PTOA. Namely, we examined efficacies of Kyoto University Substance (KUS) 121, a valosin-containing protein modulator, for PTOA as well as its therapeutic mechanisms. In vivo, in a rat PTOA model by cyclic compressive loading, intra-articular treatments of KUS121 significantly improved the modified Mankin scores and reduced damaged-cartilage volumes, as compared to vehicle treatment. Moreover, KUS121 markedly reduced the numbers of TUNEL-, CHOP-, MMP-13-, and ADAMTS-5-positive chondrocytes in the damaged knees. In vitro, KUS121 rescued human articular chondrocytes from tunicamycin-induced cell death, in both monolayer culture and cartilage explants. It also significantly downregulated the protein or gene expression of ER stress markers, proinflammatory cytokines, and extracellular-matrix-degrading enzymes induced by tunicamycin or IL-1ß. Collectively, these results demonstrated that KUS121 protected chondrocytes from cell death through the inhibition of excessive ER stress. Therefore, KUS121 would be a new, promising therapeutic agent with a protective effect on the progression of PTOA.

17.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 268, 2020 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The positivity of anti-citrullinated protein/peptide antibodies (ACPAs) is a clinically useful diagnostic and prognostic marker in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the significance of ACPA titer and its fluctuation remain unclear. This study aimed to assess the role of ACPA titer and its fluctuation on disease activity and the prognosis of RA. METHODS: Data obtained from the Kyoto University Rheumatoid Arthritis Management Alliance (KURAMA) cohort was analyzed. Patients whose ACPA was measured at least twice between 2011 and 2019 and whose ACPA was positive at least once were included in this study. The association between the clinical variable and ACPA titer or its change was investigated. RESULTS: ACPA titer was measured in a total of 3286 patients, 1806 of whom were ACPA-positive at least once. Among them, the ACPA titer level was measured more than once in 1355 patients. Very weak correlation was observed between the ACPA titer level and disease activity. Additionally, there was no trend in the fluctuation of ACPA titer level in each patient; ACPA titer level fluctuated in some patients, but not in others. Patients with high variable levels of ACPA titer were more likely to relapse from remission. In the analysis of two consecutive ACPA measurements, the titer changes predicted the relapse from remission within a year of the second measurement. CONCLUSIONS: The ACPA titer level fluctuated in some patients. Very weak correlation was observed between the ACPA titer level and disease activity. Fluctuation in ACPA titer level predicted relapse from remission in patients with RA.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065696

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series OBJECTIVE.: . To investigate the long-term radiographic outcome of patients who underwent occipitocervical fixation (OCF) using a modern screw/rod system. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Few studies have reported fusion rates and radiographic alignment changes in unfused subaxial segments after OCF at a long-term follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 22 patients who underwent OCF with a modern screw-based construct. The patients satisfied the minimum 2-year radiographic follow-up. Baseline demographics and the following pre- and postoperative sagittal alignment parameters were investigated. McGregor slope, O-C2 angle (OC2A), and C2-7 Cobb angle (CL). We grouped patients into those whose OC2A increased postoperatively (OC2A-increase group) and those whose OC2A decreased postoperatively (OC2A-decrease group). The postoperative sagittal alignment change was compared between the two groups at the final follow-up. The perioperative complications as well as fusion status based on computed tomography (CT) were investigated. RESULTS: The average follow-up period was 89.7 months. The lowest instrumented vertebra was at C2 (63.6%), C3 (18.1%), or C4 (18.1%). The fusion rate at the final follow-up was 77.2%. Postoperative dysphasia occurred in 2 patients (16.6%) in the OC2A-decrease group, whereas distal junctional kyphosis was observed in 2 patients (20.0%) in the OC2A-increase group. The OC2A-increase group demonstrated a mean 4.8° decrease in CL as a compensation for the 5.1° increase in OC2A. In contrast, the OC2A-decrease group showed a mean 9.2° increase in CL as a compensation for the 6.3° decrease in OC2A. CONCLUSIONS: The CT-confirmed fusion rate of OCF was 77.2% over an average 89.7-month follow-up. Compensatory sagittal alignment change can occur in the unfused subaxial segments in conjunction with the alignment change in the instrumented OC segments, while the horizontal gaze was maintained. Strong consideration for the intraoperative measurement of the OC2A should be given during OCF to minimize both early and long-term complications. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

19.
Eur Spine J ; 29(12): 3245-3246, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052440

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dislocation is one of the remaining challenges after total hip arthroplasty. The spinopelvic mobility is considered to be the key to solve this problem and is of interest both to arthroplasty and spine surgeons. The purpose of this letter is to discuss the spinopelvic mobility and spinal stiffness described in the paper titled "Impact of spinal alignment and stiffness on impingement after total hip arthroplasty: a radiographic study of pre­ and post­operative spinopelvic alignment." by Hagiwara S, et al. METHODS: Examining the consistency between this paper and previously published papers on spinopelvic mobility. RESULTS: In this article, radiographic clearance of anterior impingement was defined as adding of femoral shaft angle and sacral slope (SS), and that of posterior impingement as adding SS and femoral shaft angle subtracting 90º in the sitting position. The impingement itself and other factors for dislocation including implant design, implant orientation, extra-prosthetic impingement and their mobilities are not considered in this parameter, and it is better if the validity of this parameter is shown. The term "rigid spine" and "spinal stiffness" are used in the manuscript. When THA candidates are evaluated, they are categorized according to the flexibility and/or sagittal balance. It would be better if the definition was described in the text and the clearance for impingement was shown to be affected by spinal stiffness. CONCLUSION: The conclusions and titles are overstated from the results, but this paper is highly valuable in reminding spinal surgeons of the importance of spinopelvic alignment and mobility in THA.

20.
J Vet Med Sci ; 82(10): 1558-1561, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938832

RESUMO

We investigated the prevalence of Salmonellaenterica and its antimicrobial resistance from 79 green anoles, the invasive alien species inhabits Haha-jima of the Ogasawara archipelago. Samples were collected during the period between 2009 and 2010. The resistance of S. enterica of these samples against 12 common antimicrobial agents was also determined. Salmonella strains, including serovar Oranienburg and Aberdeen, were detected from the large intestines of 30.4% of 79 green anole samples. And 37.5% of which were resistant to Oxytetracycline. This study suggests that green anoles may play an important role of the infection of S. enterica on this island. Attention is needed from the aspect of public and ecological health.

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