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3.
Clin Mol Allergy ; 18(1): 23, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292313

RESUMO

The world is now experiencing its third major epidemic of coronavirus (CoV) infections began in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in late 2019 and named COVID-19. After an initial explosive outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology in China, the disease spread first to neighboring Asian countries and then worldwide. Patients with COVID-19 presented with a constellation of symptoms such as fever, dry cough, dyspnea, sore throat, and nasal congestion and radiological findings showed bilateral lung glassy opacities. Vitamin D has many mechanisms by which it reduces the risk of microbial infection and death, including physical barrier, cellular natural immunity, and adaptive immunity. Vitamin D supplementation has shown favorable effects in viral infections including influenza and HIV. The effects of vitamin D supplementation during covid 19 infection remain controversial. Looking ahead, clinical studies are needed to define better cut offs for vitamin D levels and, finally, which dosage is the best.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Circulating anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A IgG2 have been identified as specific signatures of LN in a cross-over approach. We sought to show whether the same antibodies identify selected population of patients with LN with potentially different clinical outcomes. METHODS: Here we report the prospective analysis over 36 months of circulating IgG2 levels in patients with newly diagnosed LN (n=91) and SLE (n=31) and in other patients with SLE recruited within 2 years from diagnosis (n=99). Anti-podocyte (ENO1), anti-nucleosome (DNA, histone 2 A, histone 3) and anti-circulating proteins (C1q, AnnexinA1-ANXA1) IgG2 antibodies were determined by home-made techniques. RESULTS: LN patients were the main focus of the study. Anti-ENO1, anti-H2A and anti-ANXA1 IgG2 decreased in parallel to proteinuria and normalized within 12 months in the majority of patients while anti-dsDNA IgG2 remained high over the 36 months. Anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A had the highest association with proteinuria (Heat Map) and identified the highest number of patients with high proteinuria (68% and 71% respectively) and/or with reduced estimated glomerula filtration rate (eGFR) (58% for both antibodies) compared with 23% and 17% of anti-dsDNA (agreement analysis). Anti-ENO1 positive LN patients had higher proteinuria than negative patients at T0 and presented the maximal decrement within 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-ENO1, anti-H2A and anti-ANXA1 antibodies were associated with high proteinuria in LN patients and Anti-ENO1 also presented the maximal reduction within 12 months that paralleled the decrease of proteinuria. Anti-dsDNA were not associated with renal outcome parameters. New IgG2 antibody signatures should be utilized as tracers of personalized therapies in LN. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Zeus study was registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov (study number: NCT02403115).

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum anti-dsDNA and anti-nucleosome IgGs have been proposed as signatures for SLE and LN in limited numbers of patients. We sought to show higher sensitivity and specificity of the same antibodies with the IgG2 isotype and included IgG2 antibodies vs specific intracellular antigens in the analysis. METHODS: A total of 1052 SLE patients with (n = 479) and without (n = 573) LN, recruited at different times from the beginning of symptoms, were included in the study. Patients with primary APS (PAPS, n = 24), RA (RA, n = 24) and UCTD (UCTD, n = 96) were analysed for comparison. Anti-nucleosome (dsDNA, Histone2A, Histone3), anti-intracellular antigens (ENO1), anti-annexin A1 and anti-C1q IgG2 were determined by non-commercial techniques. RESULTS: The presence in the serum of the IgG2 panel was highly discriminatory for SLE/LN vs healthy subjects. Serum levels of anti-dsDNA and anti-C1q IgG2 were more sensitive than those of IgGs (Farr radioimmunoassay/commercial assays) in identifying SLE patients at low-medium increments. Of more importance, serum positivity for anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A IgG2 discriminated between LN and SLE (ROC T0-12 months), and high levels at T0-1 month were detected in 63% and 67%, respectively, of LN, vs 3% and 3%, respectively, of SLE patients; serum positivity for each of these was correlated with high SLEDAI values. Minor differences existed between LN/SLE and the other rheumatologic conditions. CONCLUSION: Nephritogenic IgG2 antibodies represent a specific signature of SLE/LN, with a few overlaps with other rheumatologic conditions. High levels of anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A IgG2 correlated with SLE activity indexes and were discriminatory between SLE patients limited to the renal complication and other SLE patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Zeus study was registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02403115.

6.
Front Immunol ; 11: 579523, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33312171

RESUMO

Adjuvant treatment of operated melanoma has deeply changed in the last few years with the introduction of immune-checkpoint inhibitors and BRAF/MEK inhibitors. Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease causing non-caseous granulomatous reactions. Sarcoid-like granulomatous reactions have been reported in patients with advanced melanoma, mostly related to immunotherapy with immune-checkpoint inhibitors. We report a case of a 38-year-old woman with stage III operated melanoma treated with adjuvant BRAF plus MEK inhibitors, who developed sarcoidosis-like syndrome with systemic involvement, resolved after discontinuation of treatment. The occurrence of immune-related toxicity with the use of MAPK inhibitors supports the hypothesis that this class of drugs may also have an immunological effect, and that the long-term efficacy of adjuvant MAPK inhibitors may be due to their immunological function.

7.
Clin Mol Allergy ; 18: 16, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908455

RESUMO

Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a synthetic lysine analogue that is well known as antifibrinolytic agent. It can reduce blood loss in clinical use, especially in conditions where fibrinolysis or hyperfibrinolysis are involved, such as trauma or surgery. Moreover, TXA has been approved as second-line prophylactic therapy for hereditary angioedema and further data have been published about a possible use of TXA as maintenance treatment for nonhistaminergic angioedema and treatment for episodes of bradykinin-mediated angioedema induced by ACE inhibitors. TXA can be administered through several routes: orally, topically, or intravenously. Although, it is a drug with a very high safety profile, in few cases hypersensitivity reactions have been described occurring with different clinical manifestations. Ethamsylate can be an alternative in TXA sensitized patients. In this brief article we describe TXA adverse reactions and current protocols which have been proposed to help clinicians to diagnose TXA hypersensitivity.

8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1613, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983083

RESUMO

HLA-G is a HLA class Ib antigen that possesses immunomodulatory properties. HLA-G-expressing CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, NK cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells with immunoregulatory functions are present in small percentages of patients with physiologic conditions. Quantitative and qualitative derangements of HLA-G+ immune cells have been detected in several conditions in which the immune system plays an important role, such as infectious, neoplastic, and autoimmune diseases as well as in complications from transplants and pregnancy. These observations strongly support the hypothesis that HLA-G+ immune cells may be implicated in the complex mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of these disorders.

9.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 295, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amebiasis is a rare condition in developed countries but epidemiologically growing. Clinical manifestation may range from asymptomatic to invasive disease, amoebic liver abscess being the most common manifestation. We report a peculiar case of left hepatic amoebic liver abscess in a patient without a well-known source of infection and presenting with left portal vein thrombosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Patient, working as longshoreman, presented with complaints of remittent-intermittent fever lasting from 2 weeks. Physical examination was normal. Blood tests showed mild anemia, neutrophilic leukocytosis and elevated inflammation markers. Chest x-rays was normal. Abdominal ultrasound showed multiple hypoechoic liver masses. CT-scan of abdomen showed enlarged left liver lobe due to the presence of large abscess cavity along with thrombosis of left portal vein. The indirect hemagglutination test for the detection of antibodies to Entamoeba histolytica (Eh) was positive. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage revealed "anchovy sauce" pus. Metronidazole and a follow up imaging at 3 months showed resolution of abscess cavity. CONCLUSION: This case shows that amoebic liver abscess is possible even in first world country patients without travel history. Left sided abscess and portal vein thrombosis are rare and hence reported.

10.
Curr Mol Med ; 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787761

RESUMO

Human microbiota and immune system are strictly connected to each other. Several studies demonstrated that normal skin and/or gut floral alterations may have negative consequences upon disease pathogenesis. Indeed, a strong association between skin and gut microbiota alterations and autoimmune diseases was found. Moreover, a significant interplay between microbiome and miRNAs expression was noticed among several conditions. The aim of this review article is to shed new light on some of the commonest skin disorders such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, with special regards to epigenetic pathogenetic mechanisms such as miRNAs expression and skin and gut microbiome alterations. Indeed, evidence is still lacking regarding these two factors and their possible interactions. We believe their implications may be crucial for screening, early diagnosis and also therapeutic strategies, therefore this field could represent a promising challenge for further studies.

11.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(11): 3195-3204, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852623

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Covid-19 infection poses a serious challenge for immune-compromised patients with inflammatory autoimmune systemic diseases. We investigated the clinical-epidemiological findings of 1641 autoimmune systemic disease Italian patients during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHOD: This observational multicenter study included 1641 unselected patients with autoimmune systemic diseases from three Italian geographical areas with different prevalence of Covid-19 [high in north (Emilia Romagna), medium in central (Tuscany), and low in south (Calabria)] by means of telephone 6-week survey. Covid-19 was classified as (1) definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease: presence of symptomatic Covid-19 infection, confirmed by positive oral/nasopharyngeal swabs; (2) highly suspected Covid-19 disease: presence of highly suggestive symptoms, in absence of a swab test. RESULTS: A significantly higher prevalence of patients with definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, or with highly suspected Covid-19 disease, or both the conditions together, was observed in the whole autoimmune systemic disease series, compared to "Italian general population" (p = .030, p = .001, p = .000, respectively); and for definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases of the three regions (p = .000, for all comparisons with the respective regional general population). Moreover, significantly higher prevalence of definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease was found either in patients with various "connective tissue diseases" compared to "inflammatory arthritis group" (p < .000), or in patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs treatments (p = .011). CONCLUSIONS: The finding of a higher prevalence of Covid-19 in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases is particularly important, suggesting the need to develop valuable prevention/management strategies, and stimulates in-depth investigations to verify the possible interactions between Covid-19 infection and impaired immune-system of autoimmune systemic diseases. Key Points • Significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19 is observed in a large series of patients with autoimmune systemic diseases compared to the Italian general population, mainly due to patients' increased susceptibility to infections and favored by the high exposure to the virus at medical facilities before the restriction measures on individual movement. • The actual prevalence of Covid-19 in autoimmune systemic diseases may be underestimated, possibly due to the wide clinical overlapping between the two conditions, the generally mild Covid-19 disease manifestations, and the limited availability of virological testing. • Patients with "connective tissue diseases" show a significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19, possibly due to deeper immune-system impairment, with respect to "inflammatory arthritis group". • Covid-19 is more frequent in the subgroup of autoimmune systemic diseases patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, mainly hydroxyl-chloroquine and methotrexate, which might play some protective role against the most harmful manifestations of Covid-19.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/epidemiologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/fisiopatologia
12.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 100(15): adv00246, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725259

RESUMO

is missing (Quiz).

13.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 8(2)2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354027

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is the connective tissue disease with the highest mortality and patients with chronic inflammatory immune-mediated diseases are at high risk of acquiring infections as they are often treated with immunosuppressive or biological drugs. This study, conducted among the patients followed by our clinical immunology, part of the Internal Medicine Department in the Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, northwest Italy, has set itself the primary objective of analyzing the vaccine uptake and the vaccination coverage against both seasonal influenza and S. pneumoniae in a cohort of patients with SSc. We evaluated the influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rate among various subgroups of patients and the source of the recommendation for vaccination. We evaluated the vaccination rate changes between the two years considered in our study. We also calculated a binomial logistic regression between vaccination acceptance and clinical and demographics characteristics of the patients to evaluate the adjusted odds ratio (OR) of each factor on vaccination. The vaccination coverage that resulted was significantly higher than in other similar studies. Age over 65 years old, interstitial lung disease, and ongoing immunosuppressive therapy were significantly related with acceptance to both vaccinations using univariate analyses, but the multivariate logistic regression found a significant correlation only with the age and therapy factors.

14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 125(3): 40-47, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32301427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe multiple-organ disease characterised by unpredictable clinical course, inadequate response to treatment, and poor prognosis. National SSc registries may provide large and representative patients cohorts required for descriptive and prognostic studies. Therefore, the Italian Society for Rheumatology promoted the registry SPRING (Systemic sclerosis Progression INvestiGation). METHODS: The SPRING is a multi-centre rheumatological cohort study encompassing the wide scleroderma spectrum, namely the primary Raynaud's phenomenon (pRP), suspected secondary RP, Very Early Diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis (VEDOSS), and definite SSc. Here we describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of a population of 2,028 Italian patients at the initial phase of enrolment, mainly focusing on the cohort of 1,538 patients with definite SSc. RESULTS: Definite SSc showed a significantly higher prevalence of digital ulcers, capillaroscopic 'late' pattern, oesophageal and cardio-pulmonary involvement compared to VEDOSS, as expected on the basis of the followed classification criteria. The in-depth analysis of definite SSc revealed that male gender, diffuse cutaneous subset, and anti-Scl70 seropositivity were significantly associated with increased prevalence of the most harmful disease manifestations. Similarly, patients with very short RP duration (≤1 year) at SSc diagnosis showed a statistically increased prevalence of unfavourable clinico-serological features. CONCLUSIONS: Nationwide registries with suitable subsetting of patients and follow-up studies since the prodromal phase of the disease may give us valuable insights into the SSc natural history and main prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Doença de Raynaud , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Sistema de Registros
15.
Intern Emerg Med ; 15(7): 1219-1229, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172459

RESUMO

The majority of patients hospitalized for heart failure (HF) are admitted to internal medicine (IM) rather than to cardiology (CA) units, but to date few studies have analyzed the characteristics of these two populations. In this snapshot survey, we compared consecutive patients admitted for HF in six IM units vs. one non-intensive CA unit. During the 6-month survey period, 467 patients were enrolled (127 in CA, 27.2% vs. 340 in IM, 72.8%). IM patients were almost 10 years older (CA 75 ± 10, IM 82 ± 8 years; p < 0.001), more frequently female (CA 39%, IM 55%; p = 0.002) and living at home alone (CA 12%, IM 21%; p = 0.017). The leading cause of hospitalization in both groups was acute worsening of HF (CA 42%, IM 53%; p = 0.031), followed by atrial fibrillation (CA 29%, IM 12%; p < 0.001) and infections (CA 24%, IM 27%; p = 0.563). Ischemic (CA 43%, IM 30%; p = 0.008) and dilated cardiomyopathy patients (CA 21%, IM 12%; p < 0.001) were primarily admitted to CA unit, whereas those with hypertensive heart disease to IM (CA 3%, IM 39%; p < 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was available in 96% of CA patients, but only in 60% of IM patients (p = 0.001). Among patients with LVEF measured, those with LVEF < 40% were predominantly admitted to CA (CA 60%, IM 14%; p < 0.001), whereas those with LVEF ≥ 50% were admitted to IM (CA 21%, IM 33%; p = 0.019); 26% of IM patients were discharged without a known LVEF. Medical treatments also significantly differed, according to patients' clinical and instrumental characteristics in each unit. This study demonstrates important differences between HF patients hospitalized in CA vs. IM, and the need for a greater interaction between these two medical specialties for a better care of HF patients.

16.
Radiol Case Rep ; 15(4): 435-436, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32099588

RESUMO

Diagnosis of idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis was done by exclusion in a 54-year-old woman with dyspnoea, chest pain, cough and fatigue showing positivity of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography total body imaging which turned out to normal after six and eighteen months of prednisone and pirfernidone treatment.

17.
Hum Immunol ; 81(4): 162-167, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848026

RESUMO

Human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) is a nonclassical class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule characterized by complex immunoregulatory and tolerogenic functions. Membrane-bound HLA-G is expressed on the surface of different cell populations in both physiological and pathological conditions. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by widespread tissue fibrosis, vascular lesions and immunological alterations. Systemic lupus erythematosus is the prototypic systemic autoimmune disease affecting virtually any organ system, such as skin, joints, central nervous system, or kidneys. In SSc and SLE patients, the membrane expression of HLA-G on monocytes (0.88 ± 1.54 and 0.43 ± 0.75, respectively), CD4+ (0.42 ± 0.78 and 0.63 ± 0.48, respectively), CD8+ (2.65 ± 3.47 and 1.29 ± 1.34, respectively) and CD4+ CD8+ double-positive cells (13.87 ± 15.97 and 3.79 ± 3.11, respectively) was significantly higher than in healthy controls (0.12 ± 0.07; 0.01 ± 0.01; 0.14 ± 0.20 and 0.32 ± 0.38, respectively) (p < 0.0001). Our results show that in SSc and SLE the membrane expression of HLA-G by different subpopulations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is increased, suggesting a potential role of HLA-G molecules in the complex immunological pathogenesis of these two autoimmune disorders.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(23)2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766607

RESUMO

Several allergic and immunologic diseases including asthma, food allergy (FA), chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), atopic dermatitis (AD), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and Behçet's disease (BD) are characterized by the involvement of Th2 immunity. Several mediators lead to immunoglobulin (Ig)E production, thus including key cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Among them, IL-31 and IL-33 have been recently studied as novel biomarkers and future therapeutic targets for allergic and immunological disorders. IL-31 is a proinflammatory cytokine-it regulates cell proliferation and is involved in tissue remodeling. IL-33, acting through its receptor suppression of tumorigenity (ST2L), is an alarmin cytokine from the IL-1 family, whose expression is mediated by tissue damage. The latter has a pleiotropic effect, as it may modulate specific and innate immune cells functions. To date, several researchers have investigated the involvement of IL-31 and IL-33 in several allergic and immune-mediated diseases. Further studies are needed to understand the future applications of these molecules as novel therapeutic agents. This paper aims to give the readers a complete and updated review of IL-31 and IL-33 involvement among the most common autoimmune and allergic disorders.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Interleucina-33/imunologia , Interleucinas/imunologia , Animais , Humanos
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(16)2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412612

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: MiRNAs have been shown to play a crucial role among lung cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, tuberculosis (TBC) infection, and bronchial hypersensitivity, thus including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. The oncogenic effect of several miRNAs has been recently ruled out. In order to act on miRNAs turnover, antagomiRs have been developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The systematic review was conducted under the PRISMA guidelines (registration number is: CRD42019134173). The PubMed database was searched between 1 January 2000 and 30 April 2019 under the following search strategy: (((antagomiR) OR (mirna antagonists) OR (mirna antagonist)) AND ((lung[MeSH Terms]) OR ("lung diseases"[MeSH Terms]))). We included original articles, published in English, whereas exclusion criteria included reviews, meta-analyses, single case reports, and studies published in a language other than English. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A total of 68 articles matching the inclusion criteria were retrieved. Overall, the use of antagomiR was seen to be efficient in downregulating the specific miRNA they are conceived for. The usefulness of antagomiRs was demonstrated in humans, animal models, and cell lines. To our best knowledge, this is the first article to encompass evidence regarding miRNAs and their respective antagomiRs in the lung, in order to provide readers a comprehensive review upon major lung disorders.


Assuntos
Antagomirs/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Pneumopatias/genética , Interferência de RNA , Animais , Antagomirs/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/metabolismo , Pneumopatias/terapia , MicroRNAs/genética , Modelos Animais
20.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(9): 102350, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323357

RESUMO

Vitamin D plays a key role in in calcium homeostasis and, thus, provides an important support in bone growth by aiding in the mineralization of the collagen matrix. However, vitamin D performs various immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-fibrotic actions. Autoimmune diseases result from an aberrant activation of the immune system, whereby the immune response is directed against harmless self-antigens. Does vitamin D play a role in the pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases? And, if so, what is its role? In the last decade, researchers' interest in vitamin D and its correlations with autoimmune diseases has considerably increased. We conducted a literature review, covering the period January 1, 2009 through March 30, 2019, in PubMed. We analyzed more than 130 studies in order to find a correlation between vitamin D levels and its effect upon several autoimmune diseases. The analysis demonstrated an inverse association between vitamin D and the development of several autoimmune diseases, such as SLE, thyrotoxicosis, type 1 DM, MS, iridocyclitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, psoriasis vulgaris, seropositive RA, polymyalgia rheumatica. International multicenter study could allow us to confirm the data already present in the literature in the single clinical studies and to evaluate when to effectively supplement vitamin D in patients who do not take corticosteroids.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/etiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/terapia , Vitamina D/fisiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Suplementos Nutricionais , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/tendências , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/tratamento farmacológico , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/imunologia
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