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J Ethn Subst Abuse ; : 1-12, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190625


This is the first study to develop research priorities in tobacco use and substance abuse in Saudi Arabia. Health personnel and community volunteers participated in a national internet survey using the Delphi method. In Round 1, 75 experts identified 33 research priorities. In Round 2, 47 experts divided those research priorities into five primary research categories. The panelists then scored both the categories and priorities. Preventive services received the highest priority in research categories. Smoking relapse and its determinants were ranked the top research priorities. Future research should focus on cigarette smoking relapse and factors associated with long-term smoking cessation.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295009


OBJECTIVES: In August 2019, Saudi Arabia started implementing plain packaging for cigarettes. Three months later, an opposing campaign on twitter using an Arabic hashtag "the new smoke" gained momentum amongst smokers. The purpose of this study is to document this opposing campaign's timeline and describe consumers, government, and tobacco industry rhetoric. METHODS: We created a timeline of the campaign events then performed online social listening of Arabic twitter hashtags related to the campaign. RESULTS: Campaigners mainly complained of an unfavorable new taste in cigarette packs with plain packaging. The messaging developed to accusations to government entities and neighboring countries, and then after threats to boycott tobacco companies. The campaign received a significant amount of media coverage and elicited an official response from a number of Saudi government bodies, such as the Saudi Food and Drug Authority and Ministry of Commerce and Investment. CONCLUSION: This case points at a need for risk communication training, possible tobacco industry manipulation, and a need to gain consumer trust with evidence-based messaging techniques. The case of cigarette plain packaging adoption in Saudi Arabia serves as an example to other countries of potential consumer interaction, tobacco industry interference, and state official counter-reactions.

Indústria do Tabaco , Produtos do Tabaco , Embalagem de Produtos , Arábia Saudita , Tabaco
Saudi Dent J ; 29(4): 149-155, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29033524


AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically, extraction socket healing using autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four subjects needing single tooth simple extractions were selected. Twenty-four extraction sockets were divided into test group (PRF, n = 12) and control group (blood clot, n = 12). PRF was prepared with blood drawn from individuals after extraction using standard technique. PRF was placed in test group sockets followed by pressure application and figure 8 sutures. Sockets in control group were allowed to heal in the presence of blood clot and received a figure 8 suture. Ridge width was assessed using cast analysis with the help of acrylic stent and a pair of calipers. Radiographic analysis of socket surface area was performed using computer graphic software program. The clinical follow up assessments were performed at 1, 4 and 8 weeks. Collected data was assessed using ANOVA and multiple comparisons test. RESULTS: Subjects were aged between 25 and 50 (mean 37.8) years, including 15 females. The mean horizontal ridge width for sockets in the test group were 11.70 ± 2.37 mm, 11.33 ± 2.30 mm and 10.97 ± 2.33 mm at 1, 4 and 8 weeks respectively. Ridge width proportions were significantly higher among test group as compared to control group between baseline to 4 and 8 weeks respectively. The mean radiographic bone fill (RBF) percentage in the test group, was 74.05 ± 1.66%, 81.54 ± 3.33% and 88.81 ± 1.53% at 1, 4 and 8 weeks respectively. The mean RBF was significantly higher in the test group than control group at all time intervals. CONCLUSION: The study outcomes demonstrate that the use of PRF accelerate socket wound healing after tooth extraction as noticed by increased bone fill and reduced alveolar bone width resorption using clinical and radiographic methods.

J Craniofac Surg ; 23(1): 304-8, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22337431


Solid freeform fabrication techniques such as direct write technology can be used to fabricate tissue-engineering scaffolds in 3 dimensions with high levels of reproducibility and precision. These can comprise complex structures made of osteoconductive, remodelable lattices to conduct bone ingrowth and solid barriers to prevent soft tissue invasion. As such, they act as a combination of bone graft and barrier membrane. Results from animal studies have shown that these structures fill rapidly with healing bone and can conduct bone across critical-size defects to fill large defects in rabbit skull. Results indicate that this technology can be used to produce both off-the-shelf and custom-fabricated bone graft substitutes. These may initially be used to restore alveolar ridge defects, but could also be used, in the future, to repair or replace complex craniofacial bone defects such as cleft palate defects. In the more distant future, these technologies could be combined with controlled-release bioactive substances such as growth factors and pharmaceuticals to regenerate complex structures comprising multiple tissue types.

Substitutos Ósseos/química , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Ossos Faciais/cirurgia , Crânio/cirurgia , Tecidos Suporte/química , Implantes Absorvíveis , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Doenças Ósseas/cirurgia , Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia , Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Coloides/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Durapatita/química , Módulo de Elasticidade , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/uso terapêutico , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Osso Parietal/patologia , Porosidade , Desenho de Prótese , Coelhos , Engenharia Tecidual/instrumentação , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Viscosidade