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1.
Semin Dial ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536040

RESUMO

Vancomycin is one of the drugs used in the peritonitis treatment regimen of peritoneal dialysis patients. Intraperitoneal route is generally preferred to provide rapid elimination of infective agents. Systemic toxicities of certain drugs after intraperitoneal administration are not very clear. The same also applies to vancomycin, although it has a considerable amount of systemic absorption after intraperitoneal administration. We herein report a case of severe thrombocytopenia, which was seen during the treatment of a peritonitis attack in a peritoneal dialysis patient. Culture studies revealed methicillin resistant staphylococci as the causative agent and the patient received intraperitoneal vancomycin per sensitivity analysis. Thrombocyte levels dropped abruptly to 3,900/µl after 10 days of vancomycin treatment. Clinical criteria pointed out to vancomycin-related immune thrombocytopenia. Platelet levels did not recover with initial dexamethasone treatment and platelet transfusions. In the meantime, the clinical course was also complicated with intracranial bleeding. Intravenous immunoglobulin treatment was applied and dexamethasone was switched to high-dose methylprednisolone. This latter treatment generated a response and platelet levels gradually increased to normal levels. The patient could be discharged without any sequelae. There have been two previous intraperitoneal vancomycin-related immune thrombocytopenia cases in the literature. Previous cases were reviewed, and the present case was given in comparison with the previous cases.

2.
Mikrobiyol Bul ; 55(3): 342-356, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416801

RESUMO

Limited data exists to date on the predictors for the development of pneumonia in patients with mild and moderate coronavirus (COVID-19). In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the demographic characteristics and clinical findings of mild and moderate COVID-19 and to determine the risk factors for the development of COVID-19 pneumonia in patients admitted to the pandemic outpatient clinic of a university hospital. A total of 414 patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 were included. Of these, 220 (53.1%) were male, the mean age was 38.3 ± 12.7. Median duration of hospital admission from the onset of symptoms was three days (0-11). Of the confirmed COVID-19 cases, 154 (37.2%) had a history of family contact and the most common symptoms were weakness (68.4%), myalgia (61.8%), headache (56.5%), loss of smell (45.2%), loss of taste (43.2%) and anorexia (42.8%). Among females, weakness (p= 0.016), headache (p= 0.008), sore throat (p= 0.032), nausea (p= 0.003), anorexia (p= 0.045), loss of taste (p= 0.005) and loss of smell (p<0.001) were more common. Loss of taste (47.6% vs. 25%, p<0.001) and loss of smell (50% vs. 26.3%, p<0.001) were more common in patients with under the age of 50 and cough (43.4% vs. 29.3%, p= 0.003) was more common in patients with above the age of 40. Among 46 (11.1%) patients with asymptomatic COVID-19, there was no significant difference (p= 0.500) between the genders. Pneumonia was detected in 150 (43.8%) of 339 patients who underwent thorax computed tomography. In the univariate analysis; advanced age (p<0.001, odds ratio (OR)= 1.44), obesity (p<0.001 OR= 2.5), not being actively smoking (p<0.001, OR= 6.19), fever at first admission (p= 0.002, OR= 2.02), cough (p<0.001, OR= 3.26), shortness of breath (p<0.001, OR= 23.37), weakness (p= 0.042, OR= 1.63), anorexia (p= 0.009, OR= 1.79) and elevation of D-dimer (p= 0.014, OR= 1.92) were associated with the development of pneumonia. In multivariate analysis, obesity (p= 0.005, OR= 2.69), not being actively smoking (p<0.001, OR= 5.43), cough at first admission p= 0.017, OR= 2.16) and shortness of breath (p= 0.008, OR= 16.22) was determined as an independent risk factor for the development of pneumonia. CRP (p<0.001), D-dimer (p<0.001), ferritin (p<0.001) values among 108 (26.1%) patients with a body-mass index(BMI) >30 were high, and 60.9% of the patients had pneumonia (p<0.001) . CRP (p<0.001), D-dimer (p= 0.010) values were low, lymphocyte count (p= 0.001) was high among 106 (25.6%) active smokers, and 15.6% of the patients had pneumonia (p<0.001). Of the patients reported with persistent symptoms, 25.9% had loss of smell, 25% had weakness, and 23.1% had loss of taste on the seventh day; 21.1% had loss of smell, 21.1% had myalgia, and 19.7% had loss of taste on the 14th day. During their follow-up, the COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was studied in 286 patients for control purposes. The median time of being negative for COVID-19 PCR test was eight days (3-56). In conclusion, symptoms may last longer than 14 days in 20- 30% of patients presenting with mild-moderate clinical findings. In addition, obesity should be considered as an important risk factor for COVID-19 pneumonia.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pneumonia , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
3.
J Vasc Access ; : 11297298211021253, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While COVID-19 in chronic hemodialysis patients has high mortality and the pandemic will not end in the near future, effective follow up strategies should be implemented for these patients. Surgeries have been triaged according to their level of urgencies and arteriovenous fistula (AVF) operations were among elective surgeries. This study aimed to analyze the effect of vascular access on the outcomes of hemodialysis patients who had COVID-19. METHODS: One hundred four hemodialysis patients who had COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed. Seventy-two of them had AVF as the vascular access while 32 of them had tunneled catheters. Inflammatory markers and outcomes of patients with AVFs and catheters were compared. A logistic regression analysis was performed in order to define factors that contribute to better outcomes in hemodialysis patients. RESULTS: COVID-19 had high mortality rate in hemodialysis patients (36.5%). Patients with catheters have higher peak ferritin levels (p = 0.02) and longer hospital stay (p = 0.00). Having AVF as the vascular access (OR = 3.36; 95% CI: 1.05-10.72; p = 0.041) and using medium cut-off dialyzers (OR = 7.99; 95% CI: 1.53-41.65; p = 0.014) were related to higher survival of the patients. COVID severity was inversely proportional to the survival (p = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS: AVFs contribute to higher survival of hemodialysis patients with COVID-19. Even in the pandemic era, end stage renal disease patients should be given the opportunity to have their vascular access properly created.

5.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247865, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657142

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a global threat with an increasing number of infections. Research on IgG seroprevalence among health care workers (HCWs) is needed to re-evaluate health policies. This study was performed in three pandemic hospitals in Istanbul and Kocaeli. Different clusters of HCWs were screened for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Seropositivity rate among participants was evaluated by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay. We recruited 813 non-infected and 119 PCR-confirmed infected HCWs. Of the previously undiagnosed HCWs, 22 (2.7%) were seropositive. Seropositivity rates were highest for cleaning staff (6%), physicians (4%), nurses (2.2%) and radiology technicians (1%). Non-pandemic clinic (6.4%) and ICU (4.3%) had the highest prevalence. HCWs in "high risk" group had similar seropositivity rate with "no risk" group (2.9 vs 3.5 p = 0.7). These findings might lead to the re-evaluation of infection control and transmission dynamics in hospitals.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/tendências , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Hospitais/tendências , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/tendências , Pandemias , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Turquia/epidemiologia
7.
Blood Purif ; 50(6): 921-924, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445173

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 may lead to high levels of expression of inflammatory cytokines. Medium cut-off (MCO) membranes may make greater clearances for large-middle molecules (including cytokines) than low-flux (LF) membranes. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of MCO membranes on outcome of COVID-19 patients on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: Sixty COVID-19 HD patients were included in this study. The patients were categorized into 2 groups regarding type of HD membranes. Clinical data were taken from medical records. RESULTS: Initial crp and ferritin levels, which are surragates of cytokine storm and severity of disease in COVID-19, were significantly higher in MCO membrane group compared to LF group (p = 0.037 and 0.000, respectively). Although there were more patients with severe disease in MCO group, there were no significant differences regarding need for intensive care unit and death. CONCLUSION: It may be an option to use MCO membranes in HD patients with COVID-19 in order to reduce cytokine levels and prevent cytokine storm.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Membranas Artificiais , Diálise Renal/instrumentação , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/terapia , Citocinas/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Blood Purif ; 50(3): 402-404, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032282

RESUMO

Hydroxychloroquine (HQ) has been used for the treatment of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) even though there is no clear evidence for its effectiveness yet. In contrary, HQ has major side effects like QTc prolongation and subsequent development of ventricular arrhythmias. Such side effects may possess additional risks on end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who have higher cardiovascular risks than general population. We herein present 2 cases of sudden cardiac death in 2 ESRD patients with COVID-19 for whom a treatment regimen including HQ was preferred. Both patients were clinically stable at the time of arrest. Death could not be attributed to worsening of the COVID-19 since the patients' clinical picture and laboratory values were improving. The cardiac events coincided with the end of routine haemodialysis sessions of both patients. Electrocardiography controls upon admission and on the 24 and 48 h of treatment showed normal QTc intervals. Potential risks contributing to sudden cardiac death during HQ treatment of ESRD patients are discussed.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238680, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent data have suggested the presence of a reciprocal relationship between COVID-19 and kidney function. To date, most studies have focused on the effect of COVID-19 on kidney function, whereas data regarding kidney function on the COVID-19 prognosis is scarce. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the association between eGFR on admission and the mortality rate of COVID-19. METHODS: We recruited 336 adult consecutive patients (male: 57.1%, mean age: 55.0±16.0 years) that were hospitalized with the diagnosis of COVID-19 in a tertiary care university hospital. Data were collected from the electronic health records of the hospital. On admission, eGFR was calculated using the CKD-EPI formula. Acute kidney injury was defined according to the KDIGO criteria. Binary logistic regression and Cox regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between eGFR on admission and in-hospital mortality of COVID-19. RESULTS: Baseline eGFR was under 60 mL/min/1.73m2 in 61 patients (18.2%). Acute kidney injury occurred in 29.2% of the patients. In-hospital mortality rate was calculated as 12.8%. Age-adjusted and multivariate logistic regression analysis (p: 0.005, odds ratio: 0.974, CI: 0.956-0.992) showed that baseline eGFR was independently associated with mortality. Additionally, age-adjusted Cox regression analysis revealed a higher mortality rate in patients with an eGFR under 60 mL/min/1.73m2. CONCLUSIONS: On admission eGFR seems to be a prognostic marker for mortality in patients with COVID-19. We recommend that eGFR be measured in all patients on admission and used as an additional tool for risk stratification. Close follow-up should be warranted in patients with a reduced eGFR.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19 , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prognóstico
11.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2671-2677, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737632

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a risk factor for viral hepatitis reactivations because it affects lymphocyte number and functions. Latent hepatitis B virus (HBV) may stay in dormant form in hepatocytes and may be reactivated in prolonged immunosuppression. This study analyzes the incidence of reactivation of HBV infections in HSCT patients in a middle endemic country like Turkey. Five hundred and sixty-one HSCT patients from 1994 to 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. Sixty-six patients had a serologic feature of HBV infection. Fifteen patients were hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive patients (3 allogeneic and 12 autologous) while 51 of them were anti-hepatitis B core IgG (anti-HBc IgG)-positive patients (22 allogeneic and 29 autologous). Although under lamivudine prophylaxis, reactivation was seen in three of 12 (25%) chronic HBV (HBsAg positive) patients who received autologous HSCT and in two of the three HBsAg-positive patients who received allogeneic HSCT. Rate of reactivation in the whole HBsAg-positive group was 33%. Reactivation occurred on median 270th day (range: 60-730). Reverse seroconversion incidence was 10% on 133th day for HBsAg negative, but anti-HBc IgG-positive patients, which increased to 17% on 360th and to 23% on 1500th day. Cumulative incidence increased to 41% on 2280th day for isolated anti-HBc IgG-positive patients. Hepatitis B surface antibodies (anti-HBs) were found to be protective as reactivation did not exceed 11% on 5050th day when anti-HBs was positive. When anti-HBc IgG-positive cases were analyzed according to their transplantation types, allogeneic HSCT was found to have higher cumulative incidence (45% on 3258th day) for HBV reactivation than autologous HSCT (7% on 5050th day). Besides, HBV reactivation in anti-HBc IgG-positive patients who received allogeneic transplantation was related to mortality. Findings of this study suggest that HBV prophylaxis extending over 1 year should be prescribed for HBsAg-positive patients independent of the transplantation type. Prophylaxis should also be given to anti-HBc IgG-positive patients if an allogeneic HSCT is to be performed.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Ativação Viral , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Autoenxertos , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
14.
World J Urol ; 38(11): 2669-2679, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925549

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most frequent infections in clinical practice worldwide. Their frequency and burden must be higher than available data suggest because they are not among mandatory diseases to be notified. CLASSIFICATION OF URINARY INFECTIONS: Although there are many different proposals for classifying UTIs, classifications based on acquisition settings and complication status are more widely used. These include community- acquired UTIs (CAUTIs) or healthcare-associated UTIs (HAUTIs) and uncomplicated or complicated UTIs. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF UROLOGICAL INFECTIONS AND GLOBAL BURDEN: As the most frequently seen infectious disease, CAUTIs affect more than 150 million people annually. Complicated UTIs in particular constitute a huge burden on healthcare systems as a frequent reason for hospitalization. The prevalence of HAUTIs ranges between 1.4% and 5.1%, and the majority of them are catheter-related UTIs. Community-onset HAUTIs have gained importance in recent years. CONCLUSION: As frequent infectious diseases, UTIs create clinical and economic burdens on healthcare systems, and they also affect quality of life determinants.


Assuntos
Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Saúde Global , Humanos , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia
15.
Hemodial Int ; 24(2): E20-E22, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943661

RESUMO

We report a case of temporary right vocal cord paralysis manifesting as hoarseness after hemodialysis, beginning several hours after placement of a non-cuffed hemodialysis catheter into the right internal jugular vein using prilocaine local anesthesia. Diagnosis of right vocal cord paralysis was confirmed by laryngoscopy. Hoarseness completely resolved that same day, and subsequent laryngoscopy showed normal vocal cord movement, suggesting that the most likely cause of the initial vocal cord paralysis was diffusion of the local anesthetic agent injected during catheter insertion.


Assuntos
Cateterismo/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/etiologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/diagnóstico
17.
Med Teach ; 36(4): 314-21, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24593658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: European Higher Education institutions are expected to adopt a three-cycle system of Bachelor, Master and Doctor degrees as part of the Bologna Process. Tuning methodology was previously used by the MEDINE Thematic Network to gain consensus on core learning outcomes (LO) for primary medical degrees (Master of Medicine) across Europe. AIMS: The current study, undertaken by the MEDINE2 Thematic Network, sought to explore stakeholder opinions on core LO for Bachelor of Medicine degrees. METHOD: Key stakeholders were invited to indicate, on a Likert scale, to what extent they thought students should have achieved each of the Master of Medicine LO upon successful completion of the first three years of university education in medicine (Bachelor of Medicine). RESULTS: There were 560 responses to the online survey, representing medical students, academics, graduates, employers, patients, and virtually all EU countries. There was broad consensus between respondents that all LO previously defined for primary medical degrees should be achieved to some extent by the end of the first three years. CONCLUSIONS: The findings promote integration of undergraduate medical curricula, and also offer a common framework and terminology for discussing what a European Bachelor of Medicine graduate can and cannot do, promoting mobility, graduate employability and patient safety.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Comunicação , Educação Médica/organização & administração , Educação Médica/normas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação
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