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1.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 244-253, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814406

RESUMO

A flexible bidentate cyclic phosphine, namely, 1,5-bis(p-tolyl)-3,7-bis(pyridin-2-yl)-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane (PNNP), was used as a template to construct a family of binuclear heteroleptic phosphine alkynyl complexes [PNNP(AuC2R)2], with R = Ph, C6H10OH, C5H8OH, (CH3)2COH, Ph2COH. All complexes obtained were characterized by CHN elemental analysis, NMR spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray analysis. It was found that the gold(I) complexes demonstrate a different organization of the crystal structure depending on the nature of the cocrystallized solvent (dichloromethane, acetone, and acetonitrile) because of formation of the supramolecular complexes through hydrogen bonding. These weak interactions appear to determine the conformation, packing, and spatial cooperation of flexible complex molecules that are reflected in the photophysical properties, which were carefully investigated in solution and in the solid state. The complexes demonstrate weak emission in solution at room temperature, and freezing results in blue shifting of the emission, which is accompanied by a significant increase in the luminescence intensity. Being isolated from dichloromethane, all gold(I) complexes exhibit green phosphorescence in the solid state, and the complexes with R = Ph and Ph2COH display substantial variation of their emission color after recrystallization from acetone and acetonitrile, respectively, which manifests itself as a significant bathochromic shift of up to 120 nm. The structural nonrigidity of the gold(I) complexes obtained and its impact on the properties of low-energy excited states were investigated in detail by density functional theory calculations, which indicate the significant role of the structural flexibility of the PNNP ligand in the formation of the low-energy excited states and confirm the impact of rotation of the functional groups in the coordination sphere on the emission properties of complexes.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 49(2): 482-491, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833494

RESUMO

In this work, we present the synthesis, structural and photophysical characterization, and theoretical study of tetranuclear copper(i) cubane-type Cu4I4 clusters 6-10 with different 10-(aryl)phenoxarsine ligands - 10-(p-fluorophenyl)phenoxarsine (1), 10-(p-ethoxyphenyl)phenoxarsine (2), 10-(phenyl)phenoxarsine (3), 10-(m-fluorophenyl)phenoxarsine (4), and 10-(o-methoxyphenyl)phenoxarsine (5), respectively. The structures of 1-5 were confirmed by NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis and for complexes 6, 7, and 10 by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The UV/Vis absorption and emission properties were studied and rationalized by DFT and time-dependent DFT calculations. In the solid state, under UV irradiation, all complexes exhibit an intense green emission, which was attributed to a cluster-centered triplet state.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 58(12): 7698-7704, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144500

RESUMO

A series of novel charged disilver(I) complexes with pyridyl-containing phospholanes was synthesized. These complexes were characterized using a range of spectroscopic techniques and single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The complexes demonstrate solid-state near-infrared (NIR) luminescence (765-902 nm) that is unique for dinuclear AgI complexes. Combined spectroscopic/quantum chemical analysis suggests that the NIR luminescence of complexes 4-6 in the solid state is mainly due to crystal packing effects.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(2): 1048-1057, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601648

RESUMO

The unique L2Cu6I6 complexes containing two Cu3I3 units have been obtained via reaction of 1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctanes bearing ethylpyridyl substituents at phosphorus atoms with an excess of copper iodide. The structure of one of the complexes was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. It was shown that the complexes can exist in two crystalline phases with different parameters of the unit cell, which were detected by the PXRD data analyses. The solvent-free crystalline phases of the complexes display rare solid-state white emission at room temperature, which is observed due to the presence of two broad bands in the emission spectra with maxima at 464 and 610 nm. Quantum chemical computations show that the high-energy band has 3(M+X)LCT origin, whereas the low-energy band is interpreted as 3CC. The quantum yields of white luminescence of complexes reach 15-20%.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 57(5): 2942-2952, 2018 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29443529

RESUMO

A series of amido Ca and Yb(II) complexes LM[N(SiMe3)2](THF) (1Yb, 1-4Ca) coordinated by amidine-amidopyridinate ligands L1-4 were synthesized via a transamination reaction between proligands L1-4H and bisamido complexes M[N(SiMe3)2]2(THF)2 (M = Yb, Ca). The reactions of Yb[N(SiMe3)2]2(THF)2 with proligands L2H-L4H containing CF3 and C6H4F fragments do not allow for preparing the target Yb(II) complexes, while the Ca analogues were synthesized in good yields. Complexes 1Yb and 1-4Ca were evaluated as precatalysts for hydrophosphination of styrene, p-substituted styrenes, α-Me-styrene, and 2,3-dimethylbutadiene with various primary and secondary phosphines (PhPH2, 2,4,6-Me3C6H2PH2, 2-C5NH4PH2, Ph2PH, Cy2PH). Complexes 1Yb, 1-4Ca performed high catalytic activities in styrene hydrophosphination with PhPH2 and Ph2PH and demonstrated high regioselectivity affording exclusively the anti-Markovnikov addition products. For primary PhPH2 the reactions (1:1 molar ratio of substrates) catalyzed by 1Yb, 1Ca, and 2Ca proved to be highly chemoselective affording the secondary phosphine Ph(PhCH2CH2)PH; however, complexes 3Ca and 4Ca led to the formation of both secondary and tertiary phosphines in 80:20 and 86:14 ratios. Styrene hydrophosphinations with 2,4,6-Me3C6H2PH2 and 2-pyridylphosphine for all complexes 1Yb and 1-4Ca proceeded much more slowly compared to PhPH2. Addition of 2-C5NH4PH2 to styrene catalyzed by complex 1Yb turned out to be non-regioselective and led to the formation of a mixture of Markovnikov and anti-Markovnikov addition products, while all Ca complexes enabled regioselective anti-Markovnikov addition. Complexes 1Ca and 1Yb containing catalytic centers featuring similar ionic radii performed different catalytic activity: the ytterbium analogue proved to be a more active catalyst for intermolecular hydrophosphination of styrene with Cy2PH, 2-C5NH4PH2, and PhPH2, but less active with sterically demanding 2,4,6-Me3C6H2PH2. Styrenes containing in p-position electron-donating groups (Me, tBu, OMe) performed with noticeably lower rates in the reactions with PhPH2 compared to styrene. Complexes 1Yb, 1Ca, 2Ca, 3Ca, and 4Ca enabled addition of PhPH2 toward the double C═C bond of α-Me-styrene, and the reaction rate for this substrate is noticeably lower; however quantitative conversions were reached in ∼40 h. Complexes 1Ca and 2Ca promoted 1,2-addition of PhPH2 to 2,3-dimethyl butadiene with excellent regio- and chemoselectivity to afford linear secondary phosphines. Hydrophosphination of inert 1-nonene with Ph2PH with 40% conversion becomes possible due to the application of complex 2Ca (40 h, 70 °C). The rate law for the hydrophosphination of styrene with Ph2PH catalyzed by 1Ca was found to agree with the idealized equation: v = k[styrene]1[1Ca]1.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 44(30): 13565-72, 2015 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26135988

RESUMO

A novel type of 14-membered cyclic polyphosphine, namely 1,8-diaza-3,6,10,13-tetraphosphacyclotetradecanes 2a­4ahas been synthesized by the condensation of 1,2-bis(phenylphosphino)ethane, formaldehyde and alkylamines (isopropylamine, ethylamine and cyclohexylamine) as a RRRR/SSSS-stereoisomer. The structure of macrocycle 2a was investigated by NMR-spectroscopy and X-ray crystal structure analysis. The unique reversible processes of macrocycles 2a­4a splitting onto the corresponding rac- (2b­4b) and meso- (2c­4c) stereoisomers of 1-aza-3,6-diphosphacycloheptanes were discovered.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Cicloeptanos/química , Compostos Macrocíclicos/química , Fosfinas/química , Aminas/síntese química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ciclização , Compostos Macrocíclicos/síntese química , Metilação , Modelos Moleculares , Fosfinas/síntese química , Estereoisomerismo
7.
Dalton Trans ; 43(33): 12784-9, 2014 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25017488

RESUMO

Novel 18- and 20-membered P,N-macrocycles have been obtained stereoselectively by covalent self-assembly of α,ω-bisphosphines, formaldehyde and benzylamine. Alternating SSSS/RRRR or RSSR diastereomers were formed in the row of the 14-, 16-, 18- and 20-membered macrocyclic aminomethylphosphines. For the first time it was demonstrated that the stereochemical result of the reaction depends on the even or odd number of the methylene groups between the two chiral phosphorus atoms in the initial α,ω-bisphosphines.

8.
Chemistry ; 20(11): 3169-82, 2014 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24523072

RESUMO

Eight-membered cyclic functional bisphosphines, namely 1,5-di-aryl-3,7-di(2-pyridyl)-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctanes (aryl=2-pyridyl, m-tolyl, p-tolyl, diphenylmethyl, benzyl, (R)-(+)-(α-methyl)benzyl), with 2-pyridyl substituents on the phosphorus atoms have been synthesized by condensation of 2-pyridylphosphine, formaldehyde, and the corresponding primary amine. The structures of some of these bisphosphines have been investigated by X-ray crystallography. The bisphosphines readily form neutral P,P-chelate complexes [(κ(2)-P,P-L)MCl2], cationic bis-P,P-chelate complexes [(κ(2)-P,P-L)2 M](2+), or a five-coordinate complex [(κ(2)-P,P-L)2 NiBr]Br. The electrochemical behavior of two of the nickel complexes, and their catalytic activities in electrochemical hydrogen evolution and hydrogen oxidation, including the fuel-cell test, have been studied.

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