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1.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 258, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver organoid technology holds great promises to be used in large-scale population-based drug screening and in future regenerative medicine strategies. Recently, some studies reported robust protocols for generating isogenic liver organoids using liver parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) or using isogenic adult primary non-parenchymal cells. However, the use of whole iPS-derived cells could represent great challenges for a translational perspective. METHODS: Here, we evaluated the influence of isogenic versus heterogenic non-parenchymal cells, using iPS-derived or adult primary cell lines, in the liver organoid development. We tested four groups comprised of all different combinations of non-parenchymal cells for the liver functionality in vitro. Gene expression and protein secretion of important hepatic function markers were evaluated. Additionally, liver development-associated signaling pathways were tested. Finally, organoid label-free proteomic analysis and non-parenchymal cell secretome were performed in all groups at day 12. RESULTS: We show that liver organoids generated using primary mesenchymal stromal cells and iPS-derived endothelial cells expressed and produced significantly more albumin and showed increased expression of CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and TDO2 while presented reduced TGF-ß and Wnt signaling activity. Proteomics analysis revealed that major shifts in protein expression induced by this specific combination of non-parenchymal cells are related to integrin profile and TGF-ß/Wnt signaling activity. CONCLUSION: Aiming the translation of this technology bench-to-bedside, this work highlights the role of important developmental pathways that are modulated by non-parenchymal cells enhancing the liver organoid maturation.

2.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(5): 925-935, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982609

RESUMO

Colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) plays key roles in regulating development and function of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, including microglia and osteoclasts. Mono-allelic mutations of CSF1R are known to cause hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS), an adult-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Here, we report seven affected individuals from three unrelated families who had bi-allelic CSF1R mutations. In addition to early-onset HDLS-like neurological disorders, they had brain malformations and skeletal dysplasia compatible to dysosteosclerosis (DOS) or Pyle disease. We identified five CSF1R mutations that were homozygous or compound heterozygous in these affected individuals. Two of them were deep intronic mutations resulting in abnormal inclusion of intron sequences in the mRNA. Compared with Csf1r-null mice, the skeletal and neural phenotypes of the affected individuals appeared milder and variable, suggesting that at least one of the mutations in each affected individual is hypomorphic. Our results characterized a unique human skeletal phenotype caused by CSF1R deficiency and implied that bi-allelic CSF1R mutations cause a spectrum of neurological and skeletal disorders, probably depending on the residual CSF1R function.

3.
J Med Genet ; 2018 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30301738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary primary microcephaly (MCPH) is mainly characterised by decreased occipitofrontal circumference and variable degree of intellectual disability. MCPH with a dominant pattern of inheritance is a rare condition, so far causally linked to pathogenic variants in the ALFY, DPP6, KIF11 and DYRK1A genes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at identifying the causative variant of the autosomal dominant form of MCPH in a Brazilian family with three affected members. METHODS: Following clinical evaluation of two sibs and their mother presenting with autosomal dominant MCPH, array comparative genome hybridisation was performed using genomic DNA from peripheral blood of the family members. Gene and protein expression studies were carried out in cultured skin fibroblasts. RESULTS: A 382 kb microduplication at 10q23.31 was detected, encompassing the entire PTEN, KLLN and ATAD1 genes. PTEN haploinsufficiency has been causally associated with macrocephaly and autism spectrum disorder and, therefore, was considered the most likely candidate gene to be involved in this autosomal dominant form of MCPH. In the patients' fibroblasts, PTEN mRNA and protein were found to be overexpressed, and the phosphorylation patterns of upstream and downstream components of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathway were dysregulated. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results demonstrate that the identified submicroscopic 10q23.31 duplication in a family with MCPH leads to markedly increased expression of PTEN and reduced activity of the mTOR signalling pathway. These results suggest that the most probable pathomechanism underlying the microcephaly phenotype in this family involves downregulation of the mTOR pathway through overexpression of PTEN.

4.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 1114, 2018 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29535311

RESUMO

The original PDF version of this Article contained errors in the spelling of Luiz Carlos Caires-Júnior, Uirá Souto Melo, Bruno Henrique Silva Araujo, Alessandra Soares-Schanoski, Murilo Sena Amaral, Kayque Alves Telles-Silva, Vanessa van der Linden, Helio van der Linden, João Ricardo Mendes de Oliveira, Nivia Maria Rodrigues Arrais, Joanna Goes Castro Meira, Ana Jovina Barreto Bispo, Esper Abrão Cavalheiro, and Robert Andreata-Santos, which were incorrectly given as Luiz Carlos de Caires Jr., UiráSouto Melo, Bruno Silva Henrique Araujo, Alessandra Soares Schanoski, MuriloSena Amaral, Kayque Telles Alves Silva, Vanessa Van der Linden, Helio Van der Linden, João Mendes Ricardo de Oliveira, Nivia Rodrigues Maria Arrais, Joanna Castro Goes Meira, Ana JovinaBarreto Bispo, EsperAbrão Cavalheiro, and Robert Andreata Santos. Furthermore, in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article, the top panel of Fig. 3e was incorrectly labeled '10608-1' and should have been '10608-4', and financial support from CAPES and DECIT-MS was inadvertently omitted from the Acknowledgements section. These errors have now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

5.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 475, 2018 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29396410

RESUMO

Congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) causes early brain development impairment by affecting neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Here, we analyze NPCs from three pairs of dizygotic twins discordant for CZS. We compare by RNA-Seq the NPCs derived from CZS-affected and CZS-unaffected twins. Prior to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection the NPCs from CZS babies show a significantly different gene expression signature of mTOR and Wnt pathway regulators, key to a neurodevelopmental program. Following ZIKV in vitro infection, cells from affected individuals have significantly higher ZIKV replication and reduced cell growth. Whole-exome analysis in 18 affected CZS babies as compared to 5 unaffected twins and 609 controls excludes a monogenic model to explain resistance or increased susceptibility to CZS development. Overall, our results indicate that CZS is not a stochastic event and depends on NPC intrinsic susceptibility, possibly related to oligogenic and/or epigenetic mechanisms.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/embriologia , Expressão Gênica , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/virologia , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Células-Tronco Neurais/virologia , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Infecção por Zika virus/genética , Infecção por Zika virus/virologia
6.
Nat. Commun. ; 9: 475, 2018.
Artigo | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: but-ib14938

RESUMO

Congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) causes early brain development impairment by affecting neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Here, we analyze NPCs from three pairs of dizygotic twins discordant for CZS. We compare by RNA-Seq the NPCs derived from CZS-affected and CZS-unaffected twins. Prior to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection the NPCs from CZS babies show a significantly different gene expression signature of mTOR and Wnt pathway regulators, key to a neurodevelopmental program. Following ZIKV in vitro infection, cells from affected individuals have significantly higher ZIKV replication and reduced cell growth. Whole-exome analysis in 18 affected CZS babies as compared to 5 unaffected twins and 609 controls excludes a monogenic model to explain resistance or increased susceptibility to CZS development. Overall, our results indicate that CZS is not a stochastic event and depends on NPC intrinsic susceptibility, possibly related to oligogenic and/or epigenetic mechanisms.

7.
Nutr Neurosci ; 20(3): 153-160, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25683673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a metabolic and hormonal disorder with serious social and psychological impacts. There is a close relationship among obesity, neuroendocrine homeostasis and behavioral patterns. However, few data are available in the literature regarding this subject. This study assessed behavior and memory of adult obese rats by monosodium l-glutamate (MSG) neonatal treatment or highly palatable dietary treatment. METHODS: MSG obesity was induced by subcutaneous injections of MSG (4 mg/g) during the first 5 days of life (Ob-MSG); control group (C-MSG), received saline solution equimolar. Both groups were fed with commercial chow. To induce dietary obesity, 21-day-old rats were assigned to two experimental diets: highly palatable diet (Ob-Diet) and control diet (C-Diet) composed of commercial chow. Ninety-day-old animals were submitted to behavioral assessment by the open-field test and short- and long-term memory by the object recognition test. Biometric variables were obtained, the Lee index was calculated and mass of retroperitoneal and perigonadal fat pads was measured. Furthermore, an altered behavioral profile was investigated by quantification of plasmatic corticosterone, expression, and activity of hypothalamic extracellular signal-regulated kinase protein (ERK) 1 and 2. RESULTS: Increased Lee index and fat pads were observed in Ob-MSG and Ob-Diet groups. Ob-MSG presented a higher level of anxiety and impaired long-term memory compared to C-MSG, while there was no difference between Ob-Diet and C-Diet. The Ob-MSG group presented a higher level of plasmatic corticosterone and increased phosphorylation of hypothalamic ERK1 and 2. DISCUSSION: Both treatments induced obesity but only Ob-MSG showed altered behavioral parameters, which is related to increased concentration of corticosterone and hypothalamic ERK1 and 2 activation.


Assuntos
Corticosterona/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Consolidação da Memória , Neurônios/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Corticosterona/agonistas , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipotálamo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipotálamo/enzimologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Consolidação da Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Memória de Longo Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Memória de Curto Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/agonistas , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/enzimologia , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/induzido quimicamente , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Glutamato de Sódio/toxicidade
8.
Neurol Res ; 36(9): 800-3, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24620965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of communication systems has brought great social and economic benefits to society. As mobile phone use has become widespread, concerns have emerged regarding the potential adverse effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) used by these devices. OBJECTIVE: To verify potential effects of mobile phone radiation on the central nervous system (CNS) in an animal model. METHODS: Male Wistar rats (60 days old) were exposed to RF-EMR from a Global System for Mobile (GSM) cell phone (1·8 GHz) for 3 days. At the end of the exposure, the following behavioral tests were performed: open field and object recognition. RESULTS: Our results showed that exposed animals did not present anxiety patterns or working memory impairment, but stress behavior actions were observed. CONCLUSION: Given the results of the present study, we speculate that RF-EMR does not promote CNS impairment, but suggest that it may lead to stressful behavioral patterns.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Radiação Eletromagnética , Memória de Curto Prazo/efeitos da radiação , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Animais , Ansiedade , Comportamento Exploratório/efeitos da radiação , Masculino , Testes Psicológicos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Recognição (Psicologia)/efeitos da radiação
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