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J Pak Med Assoc ; 72(2): 253-259, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320172


OBJECTIVE: To quantify the depiction of violence and vulgarity in television programmes for children, and to assess the perception and practices of parents and children about television programmes meant for children. METHODS: We conducted this mixed-methods cross-sectional study in Karachi, Pakistan in the months of August-September 2018, after approval from the ethics review board of Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi. First, a content analysis of over 102 hours of various television programmes meant for children was performed in the light of the guidelines set out by the World Health Organisation, the United States Federal Communication Commission and the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority. Seven trained researchers sampled the children prime time throughout a week, including the weekends, using a structured tally sheet. Subsequently, interviews were conducted with dyad of parent-children from the employees' list of a public-sector university. A questionnaire was also administered to assess the practices and perceptions of the parents-children dyad about the programmes. Data was analysed using SPSS 24. RESULTS: Of the 173 subjects, 84(48.6%) were parents and 89(51.4%) were children. The mean age of the children was 9.8±3.7 years. Content analysis comprised 6130 minutes, of which 5442(88.8%) had depictions of violence and vulgarity. Depiction of violence and vulgarity was prevalent on television channels that were watched the most, but there was no significant difference in this regard (p=0.238). Of the parents, 68(81%) expressed concern over the effect of screen time and content on the mental health of their children. CONCLUSIONS: Television programmes meant for children were found to be inappropriate with seriously high proportion of violence and vulgarity in their contents.

Pais , Televisão , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Violência
Acta Biomed ; 92(2): e2021021, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988162


The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) dominantly infects the lungs, causing interstitial pneumonitis and severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) however the cardiovascular implications of the infection are particularly significant, especially in their contribution to disease morbidity and mortality. SARS-CoV-2 enters the cardiovascular system by binding to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. The pathogenic cardiovascular mechanism of the virus involves systemic inflammation via a cytokine storm and direct myocardial injury. The most frequently reported cardiovascular complications of COVID-19 include acute myocardial injury, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, and venous thromboembolic events. Also, pre-existing cardiovascular disease in COVID-19 patients is a prime marker for attaining severe disease and is associated with high mortality rates.  Lastly, the medications under investigation for COVID-19 may have their individual cardiovascular adverse effects. We hereby present a concise literature review that summarizes recent peer-reviewed and pre-print articles published on the cardiovascular implications of COVID-19. The information on the subject is being updated frequently therefore latest literature needs to be added in newly published reports for a better understanding of the topic.

COVID-19 , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Infarto do Miocárdio , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Humanos , Inflamação , SARS-CoV-2
Cureus ; 11(12): e6490, 2019 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025412


The presentation of atherosclerosis with concomitant hyperthyroidism is not uncommon. Hyperthyroidism predisposes to worse cardiovascular pathologies like systolic hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and hypercoagulability. Drug-eluting stents, on the other hand, have emerged as a miracle treatment choice for patients having atherogenic conditions. They have the highest success rates when it comes to minimizing in-stent restenosis (ISR) during short-term follow-up. There is scarce literature that assesses the correlation of multinodular goiter (MNG) to ISR, especially in Pakistan, and thus any probable association between the two is left untouched. We report a case of a 57-year-old female who is a known hyperthyroid with a massive MNG, presenting with worsening chest pain. She had undergone sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in left anterior descending artery (LAD) six months back. Cardiac catheterization confirmed restenosis of the SES in the LAD, along with the occlusion of left circumflex and right coronary artery, accompanied by grade I diastolic dysfunction and mild aortic regurgitation on echocardiography.