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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of anti-drug antibody (ADA) occurrences and ADA-related risk factors under adalimumab and infliximab treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: The study combined retrospective cohorts from the ABIRISK project totaling 366 RA patients treated with adalimumab (n = 240) or infliximab (n = 126), 92.4% of them anti-TNF naive (n = 328/355) and 96.6% of them co-treated with methotrexate (n = 341/353) with up to 18 months follow-up. ADA positivity was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The cumulative incidence of ADA was estimated, and potential bio-clinical factors were investigated using a Cox regression model on interval-censored data. RESULTS: ADAs were detected within 18 months in 19.2% (n = 46) of the adalimumab-treated patients and 29.4% (n = 37) of the infliximab-treated patients. The cumulative incidence of ADA increased over time. In the adalimumab and infliximab groups, respectively, the incidence was 15.4% (5.2-20.2) and 0% (0-5.9) at 3 months, 17.6% (11.4-26.4) and 0% (0-25.9) at 6 months, 17.7% (12.6-37.5) and 34.1% (11.4-46.3) at 12 months, 50.0% (25.9-87.5) and 37.5% (25.9-77.4) at 15 months and 50.0% (25.9-87.5) and 66.7% (37.7-100) at 18 months. Factors associated with a higher risk of ADA development were: longer disease duration (1-3 vs. < 1 year; adalimumab: HR 3.0, 95% CI 1.0-8.7; infliximab: HR 2.7, 95% CI 1.1-6.8), moderate disease activity (DAS28 3.2-5.1 vs. < 3.2; adalimumab: HR 6.6, 95% CI 1.3-33.7) and lifetime smoking (infliximab: HR 2.7, 95% CI 1.2-6.3). CONCLUSIONS: The current study focusing on patients co-treated with methotrexate for more than 95% of them found a late occurrence of ADAs not previously observed, whereby the risk continued to increase over 18 months. Disease duration, DAS28 and lifetime smoking are clinical predictors of ADA development.

2.
J Immunol ; 201(2): 417-422, 2018 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29891556

RESUMO

Genetic and immunological evidence clearly points to a role for T cells in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Selective targeting of such disease-associated T cell clones might be highly effective while having few side effects. However, such selective targeting may only be feasible if the same T cell clones dominate the immune response at different sites of inflammation. We leveraged high-throughput technology to quantitatively assess whether different T cell clones dominate the inflammatory infiltrate at various sites of inflammation in this prototypic autoimmune disease. In 13 RA patients, we performed quantitative next-generation sequencing-based human TCRß repertoire analysis in simultaneously obtained samples from inflamed synovial tissue (ST) from distinct locations within one joint, from multiple joints, and from synovial fluid (SF) and peripheral blood (PB). Identical TCRß clones dominate inflammatory responses in ST samples taken from different locations within a single joint and when sampled in different joints. Although overall ST-SF overlap was comparable to higher ST-ST values, the overlap in dominant TCRß clones in ST-SF comparisons was much lower than ST-ST and comparable to the low ST-PB overlap. In individual RA patients, a limited number of TCRß clones dominate the immune response in the inflamed ST regardless of the location within a joint and which joint undergoes biopsy; in contrast, there is limited overlap of ST with SF or PB TCR repertoires. This limited breadth of the T cell response in ST of the individual RA patient indicates that development of immunotherapies that selectively modulate dominant T cell responses might be feasible.

4.
Front Immunol ; 6: 625, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26697019

RESUMO

Biologics have revolutionized the field of clinical immunology and proven to be both effective and safe in common immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases, and various hematological disorders. However, in patients with rare, severe IMIDs failing on standard therapies, it is virtually impossible to conduct randomized controlled trials. Therefore, biologics are usually prescribed off-label in these often severely ill patients. Unfortunately, off-label prescription is sometimes hampered in these diseases due to a lack of reimbursement that is often based on a presumed lack of evidence for effectiveness. In the present article, we will discuss that off-label prescription of biologics can be a good way to discover new treatments for rare diseases. This will be illustrated using a case of multicentric Castleman's disease, an immune-mediated lymphoproliferative disorder, in which off-label tocilizumab (humanized anti-IL-6 receptor blocking antibody) treatment resulted in remarkable clinical improvement. Furthermore, we will give recommendations for monitoring efficacy and safety of biologic treatment in rare IMIDs, including the use of registries. In conclusion, we put forward that innovative treatments for rare IMIDs can be discovered via off-label prescription of biologicals, provided that this is based on rational arguments including knowledge of the pathophysiology of the disease.

5.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20152015 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26516243

RESUMO

Hyper-IgD syndrome (HIDS) is a rare, severe hereditary autoinflammatory disease characterised by periodic fevers, elevated serum IgD levels and a wide range of symptoms. Although a few randomised controlled trials have been performed in this disorder, there are no straightforward treatment protocols and none of the potential therapies are registered for this indication. We report a case of a young woman with severe HIDS who failed numerous therapies. Eventually, rational treatment with a monoclonal anti-interleukin 6 receptor antibody was initiated. This therapy resulted in an impressive clinical improvement and reduction in the number of hospital admissions per year. This case report underlines the difficulty of finding a suitable treatment for rare, severe inflammatory diseases. Furthermore, we show that treating patients with targeted therapies may result in clinical benefit for the patient, as well as simultaneously teach us more about the pathophysiology of these rare, relatively understudied diseases.


Assuntos
Hipergamaglobulinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoglobulina D , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Uso Off-Label , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 157(49): A6419, 2013.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24299626

RESUMO

Patients with severe therapy-refractory immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) are increasingly treated with biologics. Since official practice guidelines for these rare diseases are lacking, these drugs are often prescribed off-label. However, treating physicians encounter difficulties and risks when prescribing drugs off-label. Access to these biologics for off-label indications is currently not well organized, which may result in suboptimal care. This also blocks innovation in patient care. In this article we introduce the recently initiated RUBRIC (Rational Use of Biologics in Refractory Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases Consortium) register. This national register documents the efficacy and safety of off-label biologic treatment in combination with the development of treatment protocols and practice guidelines. We believe that the results from this register will ultimately lead to a more evidence-based use of biologics in patients with rare IMIDs, which may also result in better access to these drugs. Ultimately, both the individual patient and the group as a whole will benefit.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/tratamento farmacológico , Uso Off-Label , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos Clínicos , Tratamento Farmacológico/tendências , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medicamentos sob Prescrição
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