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1.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1399, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social diversity can affect healthcare outcomes in situations when access to healthcare is limited for specific groups. Although the principle of equality is one of the central topics on the agenda of the European Union (EU), its scope in the field of healthcare, however, is relatively unexplored. The aim of this study is to identify and systematically analyze primary and secondary legislation of the EU Institutions that concern the issue of access to healthcare for various minority groups. In our research, we have concentrated on three features of diversity: a) gender identity and sexual orientation, b) race and ethnicity, and c) religion or belief. METHOD AND MATERIALS: For the purpose of this analysis, we conducted a search of database Eur-Lex, the official website of European Union law and other public documents of the European Union, based on specific keywords accompanied by review of secondary literature. Relevant documents were examined with regard to the research topic. Our search covered documents that were in force between 13 December 2007 and 31 July 2019. RESULTS: Generally, the EU legal system prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion or belief, racial or ethnic origin, sex, and sexual orientation. However, with regard to the issue of non-discrimination in access to healthcare EU secondary law provides protection against discrimination only on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin and sex. The issue of discrimination in healthcare on the grounds of religion or belief, gender identity and sexual orientation is not specifically addressed under EU secondary law. DISCUSSION: The absence of regulations regarding non-discrimination in the EU secondary law in the area of healthcare may result from the division of competences between the European Union and the Member States. Reluctance of the Member States to adopt comprehensive antidiscrimination regulations leads to a situation, in which protection in access to healthcare primarily depends on national regulations. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that EU antidiscriminatory law with regard to access to healthcare is fragmentary. Prohibition of discrimination of the level of European binding law does not fully encompass all aspects of social diversity.

2.
Acta Clin Croat ; 59(1): 135-140, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724284

RESUMO

Organ transplantation is one of the most important medical achievements of the 20th century. Kidney transplantation is the most efficient method of renal replacement therapy. The first successful kidney transplantation in human was performed in 1954 in Boston, USA. In former Yugoslavia, the first kidney transplantation was performed on April 16, 1970 in Ljubljana, Slovenia, and second one on January 30, 1971 in Rijeka, Croatia. In both cases, the mother donated kidney to the son. In the article, we describe the prerequisite conditions for this operation, the characteristics of first patients, and the impact of transplantation program on the development of the hospitals and medical schools.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Croácia/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Rim , Transplante de Rim/história , Eslovênia/epidemiologia
3.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 129-148, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638604

RESUMO

The health of officers (as well as the entire army) is exposed to additional risks due to the performance of various life-threatening tasks for the needs of the state. Therefore, it is not unusual for the state to take care of the health of its officers (as well as the army) through a system of Vojvodina medical care or specialised society through the construction of military or officer health resorts [Militärkurhaus / Offizierskurhaus] with the provision of medical/ health services. The subject of this paper is the relationship between architecture and the provision of military-medical services of officer/military health resorts built by the Society of the White Cross [Gesellschaft vom Weißen Kreuze] in Kvarner at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. The research is based on data collected from Austrian architectural, medical and tourist magazines and yearbooks of Austrian Society of the White Cross. The results of the research contribute to a better understanding of the improvement of the health of officers, the development of the architecture of health buildings [Kurhaus] and the entire history of medicine and health tourism in the Croatian Adriatic.


Assuntos
Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde/história , Estâncias para Tratamento de Saúde/história , Medicina Militar/história , Militares/história , Áustria-Hungria , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Militar/história
4.
J Relig Health ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430876

RESUMO

The migrations of modern times have exposed psychiatrists and other medical experts to elements from other cultures which have to be recognised and discerned from pathology. In the present paper, we offer an overview of both historical and modern witnessings of various kinds of "possession", with shedding light on the whole process of diagnostics-taking into account all aspects that make a person as an individual: with particular emphasis on origin, lifestyle, moral values, and ethical norms what is sometimes easily associable with culture-bound phenomena, and sometimes overstepping the border of clinical disturbance, to maximise the possibility of recovery.

5.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 17(2): 285-294, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390446

RESUMO

Zvonimir Maretic was the pioneer of the study of venomous animals and plants, toxicology, and tourism medicine. His achievements have been recognized, but insufficiently researched. His work covers a broad range of biomedical sciences: from public health, ecology, and environmental protection, to epidemiology and infectology. Maretic was one of the founding members of the International Society on Toxinology and the Toxicon journal's first Editorial Board. He was the first in Europe to prepare the antilatrodectic serum and to successfully apply the weever and scorpionfish antiserum on humans. This brief note tries to commemorate the achievements of Maretic, up to now poorly recognized and insufficiently researched.


Assuntos
Antivenenos/história , Viúva Negra , Picaduras de Aranhas/história , Venenos de Aranha/história , Toxicologia/história , Animais , Antivenenos/uso terapêutico , Europa (Continente) , Venenos de Peixe/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Perciformes , Picaduras de Aranhas/terapia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30463348

RESUMO

In the second half of the 20th century, the town of Bakar (Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, Croatia), where a coking plant was operational 1978⁻1994, experienced intensive industrialisation. The town of Mali Losinj (Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, Croatia) in this period based its economy on non-industrial sectors. The study goal was comparing mortality characteristics of these populations in the northern Mediterranean for 1960⁻2012. An ecological study design was used. Data were analysed for 1960⁻2012 for the deceased with recorded place of residence in the study area. Data on the deceased for 1960⁻1993 were taken from death reports, for 1994⁻2012 from digital archives of the Teaching Institute of Public Health, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County. Data on causes of death for 1960⁻1994 were recoded to the three-digit code of underlying cause of death according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD⁻10). Among studied populations significant difference was found among the causes of deaths coded within ICD⁻10 chapters: neoplasms (particularly stomach carcinoma), mental and behavioural disorders and diseases of the respiratory system (particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, (COPD)). Increase in mortality from neoplasms, increase in respiratory diseases for the area exposed to industrial pollution, also stomach carcinoma and COPD particularly in the town Bakar require further research.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenvolvimento Industrial/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Croácia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29 Suppl 1: 79-81, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28468025

RESUMO

Science is expected to be objective: however, since practiced and produced by humans, it has to reflect human flows - prejudices, stubbornness, malice, and the tendency to be misused. No wonder an excellent scientist like John Eccles proclaimed science to be among the most personal activities he had known. By analysing a few examples from the history of science (in particular the intellectual development of Van Rensselaer Potter, the American onco-biochemist and bioethics pioneer), as well as the current trend of the evidence-based approach, the present paper will try to demonstrate that denying, distrusting, and opposing science for the sake of religion, as seen so many times in human history, has significant similarities to the overestimation of science we more often encounter in our times.


Assuntos
Bioética/história , Cristianismo/história , Racionalização , Religião e Ciência , Religião/história , Valores Sociais/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Estados Unidos
8.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 15(Suppl1): 119-128, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29309176

RESUMO

AIM: To explore personal biography of Vinko Franciskovic (1919-1984), to improve the understanding of the beginnings of Croatian cardiothoracic and transplantation surgery. METHODS: Comparative critical analysis of written published materials, archival materials and information collected through oral history interviews. RESULTS: Vinko Serafin Franciskovic was born in Praputnjak, a settlement of the eastern surroundings of Rijeka, Croatia. He was raised up in the Italian language and culture by hisaunt, a mother's sister and her husband. He went to the Royal Classical Grammar School Giovanni Prati in Trento. On July 15, 1943, he defended his thesis, titled A contribution to the surgical therapy of fractures of the femoral neck at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Padua. CONCLUSION: The represented data about Vinko Franciskovic's life, especially those concerning his secondary and higher education, explain some of his crucial personal traits and his later professional pathway.


Assuntos
Médicos/história , Cirurgia Torácica/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/história , Transplante/história , Croácia , História do Século XX
9.
Coll Antropol ; 39(4): 957-63, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26987167

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the relation between charisma and healing and how the concept of charisma evolved within medical profession over time. The development of medical profession from shamans to modern medical doctors, the gradual transition from ritual to physical healing, the relation between the physician and common people, and the transition from personal to professional charisma are presented in a medico-historical context. The article concludes that there is an indisputable link between the phenomenon of charisma and healing. Healers have often been considered among the most significant charismatic figures in their societies. With time physicians have lost their personal charisma and replaced it by a stable professional charisma. Today, the growing involvement of patients in healing and demystification of the medical profession is diminishing the charisma of the physicians, although medical profession still retains qualities found in classic charismatics and with it also some authority over patients.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/história , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Personalidade , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , História Antiga , História Medieval , Humanos
10.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 13 Suppl 1: 131-5, 2015 11.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27639048

RESUMO

The "infectious" ardour of Andrija Stampar's doctrine is well known, not only through the accounts of his contemporaries but also from domestic and foreign literature. After all, this ardour has become ingrained in people and institutions, who have carried it on for decades. This article follows the life of prominent bearers of Stampar's ardour in Rijeka's history of medicine - the obstetrician and inventor Viktor Finderle (1902-1964), the epidemiologist Ante Svalba (1903-1989), the long-time director of the People's Health Centre Kajetan Blecic (1917-2005), and the former director of the Public Health Institute Vjekoslav Bakasun (b. 1929).


Assuntos
Medicina Social/história , História do Século XX
12.
Coll Antropol ; 37(1): 23-7, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23697246

RESUMO

The aim of the present paper has been to explore the medieval evidence on miraculous healings of paralysis and to confront it with modern medical knowledge. Paralysis has been selected as a model for such a study and St. Bernardino of Siena (1380-1444) as a model of a saintly healer. Analyzed were the primary sources and modern literature. Paralysis was found to be among the most frequent diseases in medieval miracle reports, including the healings by St. Bernardino. According to the hypothesis offered in the paper, the majority of medieval cases of "miraculously healed paralysis" was of conversive origin.


Assuntos
Paralisia/terapia , Religião e Medicina , Transtorno Conversivo/terapia , História Medieval , Humanos , Histeria/terapia , Religião
14.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 10(1): 151-62, 2012.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23094847

RESUMO

If it is possible to speak about the goals of an essay at all, this essay aims at reminding of a life story of a very prolific scientist and professor of Rijeka Faculty of Medicine, the gynecologist-obstetrician Lovro Mirosevic, born in 1927 in Blato (the island of Korcula) and died in 2009 in Opatija. The author of the present essay had the privilege of knowing dr. Mirosevic very well: the portrait thus is devoid of the pretension of objectivity.


Assuntos
Ginecologia/história , Obstetrícia/história , Croácia , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI
15.
Coll Antropol ; 36(2): 685-7, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22856265

RESUMO

Between two World Wars the city of Rijeka was a port and industrial town whose infrastructure failed to provide adequate living conditions for numerous workers and their families. Insufficient organization of the health care system, poor living conditions-especially among the poor, low hygienic standards combined with a large number of transitory citizens made city and its citizens vulnerable to tuberculosis. Between 1924-1945 Rijeka was a part of the Kingdom of Italy. Therefore, the fight against tuberculosis was organised according to Italian public health plan and laws. In 1925, Antituberculosis consortium was founded in order to organise and coordinate antituberculosis activities in the city region. Despite its ambitious administrative measures it was unsuccessful in the field: Rijeka had a high mortality and morbidity rate due to tuberculosis. This article is based on unpublished archival material.


Assuntos
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/história , Saúde Pública/história , Tuberculose Pulmonar/história , Croácia , História do Século XX , Humanos , Itália
16.
Coll Antropol ; 36(1): 293-5, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22816234

RESUMO

Tuberculosis was a major public health concern in the beginning of the 20th century. Since medications were not available at the time, therapy in general was based on health education, healing effects of climate, nutrition and rest. The Marine Colony was founded in 1924 in Rijeka, a city with turbulent political history, by the Antitubercular Consortium which was part of a planned program for the fight against tuberculosis on a national level in the whole of Italy. The Colony in Rijeka, Croatia specialised in care of children with clinical tuberculosis or under greater risk of developing disease. This article gives an overview of the medical treatment provided for children in Colony, as well as pointing out the political-agenda at that period.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/história , Instalações de Saúde/história , Política , Saúde Pública/história , Tuberculose Pulmonar/história , Criança , Croácia , História do Século XX , Humanos , Itália
17.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 10(2): 327-30, 2012.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23560759

RESUMO

This article seeks to elucidate the beginnings of pharmaceutical practice in Rijeka. The first problem is to date the opening of the first pharmacy. According to the majority of relevant sources, history of pharmacy in Rijeka has been documented since the beginning of the 18th century, while the mentions of pharmacies in the middle of the 15th century are uncertain and less probable. The article also brings an overview of how pharmaceutical practice developed until the end of the 20th century and singles out the foundation of Jadran Galenski Laboratorij as the largest pharmaceutical company in the area.


Assuntos
História da Farmácia , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
19.
Perspect Biol Med ; 54(4): 550-6, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22019539

RESUMO

Since the discovery of his work in 1997, Fritz Jahr (1895-1953) has slowly become recognized as the author of the term and concept of bioethics. Jahr's ideas on bioethics were partly different from those shaped by Van Rensselaer Potter in the 1970s and, therefore, might be helpful for the further reform and broadening of modern bioethics. In this article, the authors elucidate ideas from lesser-known works by Jahr, especially those considering animal protection and teaching.


Assuntos
Bioética/história , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX
20.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 9(2): 293-306, 2011.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22292548

RESUMO

Departing from the definition of the stigmata as the wounds which, temporarely or permanently, manifest in some cases of extasy following a selected model of suffering (Jesus, Mohammed etc.), the present paper analyzes the phenomenology of stigmatization on several most famous historical and actual examples: Francis of Assisi, as the first stigmatized at all; Catherine of Siena, the only one beside Francis whose stigmata have been recognized by the Church as supernatural; Rita of Cascia (14th c.); Marie de Mörl (1812-1868) from Tirol; the Belgian Louise Lateau (1850-1883); Izabele Hendricks (1844-1874), who died from bleeding; Gemma Galgani (1878-1903), who presented stigmata and the traces of flagellation; the Bavarian Therese Neumann (1898-1962), of whom probabely the most has been written; the popular mendicant father Pio from Pietrelcina (1887-1968); Giulio Massa (b. 1970) from Montecorvino near Salerno, already known as the "Father Pio of the 21st century," who speeks out in Aramaic during extasy; and the first Croatian stigmatized, Zlatko Sudac (b. 1971). Considering some older and more recent interpretations of the stigmata, a more precise definition of that phenomenon is suggested. Acording to it, the stigmata might be considered spontaneous, isolated cases of the localized deautonomization of influence upon superficial blood vessels, mediated by altered consciousness. Pointed out are the potential enormous benefits which medicine might provide by finding out the regularity and methods by which that phenomenon would be initiated in a controlled way, at full consciousness, without external help and at any place on the body.


Assuntos
Cristianismo/história , Religião e Medicina , Santos/história , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História Medieval
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