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4.
Circ Heart Fail ; 13(1): e006638, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spironolactone has been demonstrated to reduce heart failure (HF) hospitalization in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction in the Americas region of the TOPCAT trial (Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure With an Aldosterone Antagonist Trial). We assessed effects of 12 months of treatment with spironolactone on biomarkers reflecting myocardial stress, myocardial injury, renal function, and systemic inflammation. METHODS: This TOPCAT biorepository substudy evaluated 247 patients (14% of the total 1767 patients in the Americas region) with symptomatic HF, ejection fraction ≥45%, and elevated natriuretic peptides or a prior HF hospitalization. Paired blood samples at baseline and after 12 months of treatment with spironolactone or placebo were available in 204 patients. RESULTS: At baseline, the median (interquartile range) concentration of BNP (B-type natriuretic peptide) was 124 (69-197) ng/L, NT-proBNP (N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) 624 (307-1312) ng/L, hs-cTnI (high sensitivity cardiac troponin I) 6.3 (3.4-13.0) ng/L, hs-CRP (high sensitivity C-reactive protein) 2.8 (1.3-6.1) mg/L, uric acid 7.2 (5.8-8.7) mg/dL, and urine protein-creatinine ratio 0.11 (0.08-0.20) mg/mg. Compared with placebo-assigned participants at 12 months, those randomized to spironolactone experienced greater reductions from baseline in levels of NT-proBNP (P=0.017) and BNP (P=0.002); these differences persisted after adjustment for demographics, comorbidities, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and enrollment strata. No between-group differences in changes in hs-cTnI, CRP, uric acid, or urine protein-creatinine ratio were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This TOPCAT biorepository substudy suggests potential effects on markers of cardiac wall stress or filling pressures during 12 months of treatment with spironolactone in patients with chronic HF with preserved ejection fraction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00094302.

5.
Clin Biochem ; 78: 10-17, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are essential in the diagnostic assessment of non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). Elevated concentrations of cTnT and cTnI predict cardiovascular events in non-acute settings, but the individual troponin isotype association with long-term mortality in patients with suspected unstable angina pectoris (UAP) is less clear. METHODS: Patients hospitalized with chest pain between June 2009 and December 2010 were included in the Akershus Cardiac Examination 3 Study and followed for median 6.6 (IQR 6.2-7.1) years. The index diagnosis was adjudicated by an independent committee as NSTE-myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), UAP or non-ACS. Blood samples were collected within 24 h of admission and analyzed with high sensitivity assays for cTnT (hs-cTnT, Roche) and cTnI (hs-cTnI, Singulex). RESULTS: Of 402 patients included, 74 (18%) were classified as NSTEMI, 88 (22%) UAP and 240 (60%) non-ACS. hs-cTnI concentrations were detectable in all patients (median 3 [IQR 1-11] ng/L), while hs-cTnT concentrations were above the level of blank in 205 (51%) (median 3 [IQR 3-16] ng/L). In patients with UAP, both log2-transformed hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI were associated with all-cause mortality in analyses that adjusted for other risk factors: HR 2.40 [95% CI 1.75-3.30], p < 0.001 and HR 1.44 [1.14-1.81], p = 0.002. There were no significant sex-dependent differences in the association between hs-cTnT or hs-cTnI and outcome. Time dependent receiver-operating characteristics area under the curve was 0.85 (95% CI 0.79-0.92) for hs-cTnT and 0.74 (0.64-0.84) for hs-cTnI, p = 0.008 for difference between values. CONCLUSIONS: Higher concentrations of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI were both associated with all-cause mortality in patients with UAP, but the association with outcome was stronger for hs-cTnT than for hs-cTnI.

8.
BMC Geriatr ; 19(1): 376, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telomeres are non-coding sequences at the end of eukaryote chromosomes, which in complex with associated proteins serve to protect subtelomeric DNA. Telomeres shorten with each cell division, are regarded as a biomarker for aging and have also been suggested to play a role in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of the present study was to explore the associations between leukocyte telomere length and serum polyunsaturated fatty acids, diet, cardiovascular risk factors and features of myocardial infarction (MI) in elderly patients. METHODS: The material is based upon the first 299 included patients in the OMEMI trial, where patients aged 70-82 years of age are randomized to receive omega-3 supplements or corn oil (placebo) after MI. Patients were included 2-8 weeks after the index MI. DNA was extracted from whole blood, and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) was analyzed by qPCR and reported as a number relative to a reference gene. Serum long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) content was analyzed by gas chromatography. Diet was evaluated with the validated SmartDiet food frequency questionnaire. Medical records, patient interviews and clinical examination provided previous medical history and anthropometric data. Non-parametric statistical tests were used. RESULTS: Median (25, 75 percentile) LTL was 0.55 (0.42, 0.72). Patients had a median age of 75 years, 70.2% were male and 45.2% used omega-3 supplements. There was a weak, but significant correlation between LTL and linoleic acid (r = 0.139, p = 0.017), but not with other LCPUFAs. There was a trend towards longer telomeres with a healthier diet, but this did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.073). No associations were found between LTL and CVD risk factors or features of MI. CONCLUSIONS: In our population of elderly with a recent myocardial infarction LTL was associated with linoleic acid concentrations, but not with other LCPUFAs. Patients with a healthy diet tended to have longer telomeres. The limited associations may be due to age and the narrow age-span in our population. Further studies, designed to detect longitudinal changes should be performed to explore the role of telomeres in cardiovascular aging. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trials no. NCT01841944, registration date April 29, 2013.

9.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483438

RESUMO

Importance: Cardiac troponin is associated with incident heart failure and greater left ventricular (LV) mass. Its association with LV systolic and diastolic functions is unclear. Objectives: To define the association of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) with LV systolic and diastolic functions in the general population, and to evaluate the extent to which that association accounts for the correlation between hs-cTnT concentration and incident heart failure overall, heart failure with preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF; HFpEF), and heart failure with LVEF less than 50%. Design, Setting, and Participants: This analysis of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, an ongoing epidemiologic cohort study in US communities, included participants without cardiovascular disease (n = 4111). Available hs-cTnT measurements for participants who attended ARIC Study visits 2 (1990 to 1992), 4 (1996 to 1998), and 5 (2011 to 2013) were assessed cross-sectionally against echocardiographic measurements taken at visit 5 and against incident health failure after visit 5. Changes in hs-cTnT concentrations from visits 2 and 4 were also examined. Data analyses were performed from August 2017 to July 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Cardiac structure and function by echocardiography at visit 5, and incident heart failure during a median 4½ years follow-up after visit 5. Results: Of the 6538 eligible participants, 4111 (62.9%) without cardiovascular disease were included. Among these participants, 2586 (62.9%) were female, and the mean (SD) age was 75 (5) years. Median (interquartile range) hs-cTnT concentration at visit 5 was 9 (7-14) ng/L and was detectable in 3946 participants (96.0%). After adjustment for demographic and clinical covariates, higher hs-cTnT levels were associated with greater LV mass index (adjusted mean [SE] for group 1: 33.8 [0.5] vs group 5: 40.1 [0.4]; P for trend < .001) and with worse diastolic function, including lower tissue Doppler imaging e' (6.00 [0.07] vs 5.54 [0.06]; P for trend < .001), higher E/e' ratio (11.4 [0.2] vs 12.9 [0.1]; P for trend < .001), and greater left atrial volume index (23.4 [0.4] vs 26.4 [0.3]; P for trend < .001), independent of LV mass index; hs-cTnT level was not associated with measures of LV systolic function. Accounting for diastolic function attenuated the association of hs-cTnT concentration with incident HFpEF by 41% and the association with combined heart failure with midrange and reduced ejection fraction combined (LVEF <50) by 17%. Elevated hs-cTnT concentration and diastolic dysfunction were additive risk factors for incident heart failure. For any value of late-life hs-cTnT levels, longer duration of detectable hs-cTnT from midlife to late life was associated with greater LV mass in late life but not with worse LV systolic or diastolic function. Conclusions and Relevance: This study shows that higher hs-cTnT concentrations were associated with worse diastolic function, irrespective of LV mass, but not with systolic function; these findings suggest that high levels of hs-cTnT may serve as an early marker of subclinical alterations in diastolic function that may lead to a predisposition to heart failure.

10.
12.
Clin Biochem ; 71: 17-23, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secretoneurin (SN) concentrations provide important prognostic information in patients with myocardial dysfunction. Whether preoperative SN concentrations improve risk assessment in patients with moderate to severe aortic stenosis (AS) is unknown. METHODS: We included 57 patients with moderate to severe AS referred for presurgical evaluation. All patients were examined with comprehensive echocardiography, electrocardiogram (ECG), and biochemical measurements and compared to 10 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. RESULTS: Median (quartile 1-3) SN concentrations were 141 (121-163) pmol/L in AS patients and 132 (106-148) pmol/L in control subjects (p = .17). Lower estimated creatinine clearance and use of diuretics, but not standard ECG or echocardiographic indices and cardiac biomarkers, were associated with increasing SN concentrations. Fifteen patients (26%) died during 3.5 years median follow-up. SN concentrations were higher in non-survivors than survivors: 156 (133-209) vs. 140 (116-155) pmol/L, p = .007. Higher SN concentrations were associated with increased risk of mortality also after adjustment for established risk indices, biomarkers, and status regarding valvular surgery: hazard ratio per lnSN 15.13 (95% CI 1.05-219.00); p = .046. Receiver operating characteristics area under the curve for SN to predict mortality was 0.74 (95% CI 0.60-0.88) compared to 0.73 (0.59-0.87) for high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and 0.67 (0.51-0.82) for N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. The previously identified cut-off of SN >204 pmol/L in cardiac surgical patients predicted mortality also in this cohort. CONCLUSIONS: SN concentrations improve risk assessment in patients with moderate to severe AS by providing additional prognostic information to established risk indices such as echocardiography, ECG, and established cardiac biomarkers.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/sangue , Neuropeptídeos/sangue , Secretogranina II/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 12(4): e007045, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30943765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating SN (secretoneurin) concentrations are increased in patients with myocardial dysfunction and predict poor outcome. Because SN inhibits CaMKIIδ (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIδ) activity, we hypothesized that upregulation of SN in patients protects against cardiomyocyte mechanisms of arrhythmia. METHODS: Circulating levels of SN and other biomarkers were assessed in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT; n=8) and in resuscitated patients after ventricular arrhythmia-induced cardiac arrest (n=155). In vivo effects of SN were investigated in CPVT mice (RyR2 [ryanodine receptor 2]-R2474S) using adeno-associated virus-9-induced overexpression. Interactions between SN and CaMKIIδ were mapped using pull-down experiments, mutagenesis, ELISA, and structural homology modeling. Ex vivo actions were tested in Langendorff hearts and effects on Ca2+ homeostasis examined by fluorescence (fluo-4) and patch-clamp recordings in isolated cardiomyocytes. RESULTS: SN levels were elevated in patients with CPVT and following ventricular arrhythmia-induced cardiac arrest. In contrast to NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) and hs-TnT (high-sensitivity troponin T), circulating SN levels declined after resuscitation, as the risk of a new arrhythmia waned. Myocardial pro-SN expression was also increased in CPVT mice, and further adeno-associated virus-9-induced overexpression of SN attenuated arrhythmic induction during stress testing with isoproterenol. Mechanistic studies mapped SN binding to the substrate binding site in the catalytic region of CaMKIIδ. Accordingly, SN attenuated isoproterenol induced autophosphorylation of Thr287-CaMKIIδ in Langendorff hearts and inhibited CaMKIIδ-dependent RyR phosphorylation. In line with CaMKIIδ and RyR inhibition, SN treatment decreased Ca2+ spark frequency and dimensions in cardiomyocytes during isoproterenol challenge, and reduced the incidence of Ca2+ waves, delayed afterdepolarizations, and spontaneous action potentials. SN treatment also lowered the incidence of early afterdepolarizations during isoproterenol; an effect paralleled by reduced magnitude of L-type Ca2+ current. CONCLUSIONS: SN production is upregulated in conditions with cardiomyocyte Ca2+ dysregulation and offers compensatory protection against cardiomyocyte mechanisms of arrhythmia, which may underlie its putative use as a biomarker in at-risk patients.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca/metabolismo , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Secretogranina II/metabolismo , Taquicardia Ventricular/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Sinalização do Cálcio , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Parada Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/metabolismo , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina/metabolismo , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Troponina T/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
14.
Crit Care Med ; 47(5): e412-e419, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30730440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Secretoneurin is associated with cardiomyocyte Ca handling and improves risk prediction in patients with acute myocardial dysfunction. Whether secretoneurin improves risk assessment on top of established cardiac biomarkers and European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II in patients undergoing cardiac surgery is not known. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, single-center sub-study of a multicenter study. SETTING: Prospective observational study of survival in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. PATIENTS: A total of 619 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients underwent either isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery, single noncoronary artery bypass graft surgery, two procedures, or three or more procedures. Procedures other than coronary artery bypass graft were valve surgery, surgery on thoracic aorta, and other cardiac surgery. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We measured preoperative and postoperative secretoneurin concentrations and adjusted for European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, and cardiac troponin T concentrations in multivariate analyses. During 961 days of follow-up, 59 patients died (9.5%). Secretoneurin concentrations were higher among nonsurvivors compared with survivors, both before (168 pmol/L [quartile 1-3, 147-206 pmol/L] vs 160 pmol/L [131-193 pmol/L]; p = 0.039) and after cardiac surgery (173 pmol/L [129-217 pmol/L] vs 143 pmol/L [111-173 pmol/L]; p < 0.001). Secretoneurin concentrations decreased from preoperative to postoperative measurements in survivors, whereas we observed no significant decrease in secretoneurin concentrations among nonsurvivors. Secretoneurin concentrations were weakly correlated with established risk indices. Patients with the highest postoperative secretoneurin concentrations had worse outcome compared with patients with lower secretoneurin concentrations (p < 0.001 by the log-rank test) and postoperative secretoneurin concentrations were associated with time to death in multivariate Cox regression analysis: hazard ratio lnsecretoneurin 2.96 (95% CI, 1.46-5.99; p = 0.003). Adding postoperative secretoneurin concentrations to European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II improved patient risk stratification, as assessed by the integrated discrimination index: 0.023 (95% CI, 0.0043-0.041; p = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating postoperative secretoneurin concentrations provide incremental prognostic information to established risk indices in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Neuropeptídeos/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Secretogranina II/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Estado Terminal , Finlândia , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(1): 25-32, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30606484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between baseline renal function and the net benefit of spironolactone in patients with heart failure (HF) with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend consideration of spironolactone to reduce HF hospitalization in HFpEF. However, spironolactone may increase risk for hyperkalemia and worsening renal function, particularly in patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This investigation analyzed data from patients enrolled in the TOPCAT (Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure With an Aldosterone Antagonist Trial) Americas study (N = 1,767) to examine the association between the baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death, HF hospitalization, or aborted cardiac arrest, as well as safety outcomes, including hyperkalemia, worsening renal function, and permanent drug discontinuation for adverse events (AEs). Variations in the efficacy and safety of spironolactone according to eGFR were examined in Cox models using interaction terms. RESULTS: The incidence of both the primary outcome and drug-related AEs increased with declining eGFR. Compared with placebo, across all eGFR categories, spironolactone was associated with lower relative risk for the primary efficacy outcome and for hypokalemia, but higher relative risk for hyperkalemia, worsening renal function, and drug discontinuation. During 4-year follow-up, the absolute risk for AEs that prompted drug discontinuation was amplified in the lower eGFR categories, which suggested heightened risk for drug intolerance with declining renal function. CONCLUSIONS: Although consistent efficacy of spironolactone was observed across the range of eGFR, the risk of AEs was amplified in the lower eGFR categories. These data supported use of spironolactone to treat HFpEF patients with advanced chronic kidney disease only when close laboratory surveillance is possible.

16.
Circ Heart Fail ; 11(11): e005312, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Levels of cTn (cardiac troponin) are frequently elevated in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction (EF) and correlate with the risk for mortality. However, factors associated with high cTn concentrations and the association with cardiovascular events in patients with HF and preserved EF are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 1767 subjects with symptomatic HF with preserved EF from the Americas part of the TOPCAT trial (Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure With an Aldosterone Antagonist Trial), 236 underwent baseline measurements of high-sensitivity (hs) cTnI using the Abbott Architect STAT assay. Baseline factors correlated with hs-cTnI levels were assessed in stepwise linear regression models and the association between hs-cTnI and adjudicated study outcomes was examined in Cox models. The median hs-cTnI concentration at baseline was 6.3 ng/L (interquartile range, 3.4-12.9 ng/L) with levels detectable in 99.2% of patients. Higher hs-cTnI concentrations were associated with male sex, black race, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate and higher NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) levels. After multivariable adjustment, higher concentrations of hs-cTnI were associated with greater risk for the composite of cardiovascular death or HF hospitalization (69 events during mean follow-up 2.6±1.5 years): hazard ratio 1.42 (95% CI, 1.20-1.69), P<0.001 per doubling of hs-cTnI. Compared with those in the lowest quartile of hs-cTnI, patients in the highest quartile demonstrated a nearly 5-fold higher risk of cardiovascular death and HF hospitalization (hazard ratio 4.85 [1.99-11.83], P=0.001). There was no interaction between hs-cTnI and spironolactone treatment with regard to the primary composite end point (interaction P=0.94). CONCLUSIONS: In ambulatory patients with HF with preserved EF, levels of hs-cTnI are higher in male patients with black race, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, and higher NT-proBNP. As in those with HF and reduced EF, higher hs-cTnI levels are independently associated with risk for cardiovascular death and HF hospitalization. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT00094302.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Troponina I/metabolismo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Espironolactona/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico
17.
Clin Chem ; 64(9): 1370-1379, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29959147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin T concentrations measured with high-sensitivity assays (hs-cTnT) provide important prognostic information for patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). However, whether hs-cTnT concentrations mainly reflect left ventricular (LV) remodeling or recurrent myocardial ischemia in this population is not known. METHODS: We measured hs-cTnT concentrations in 619 subjects with suspected stable CAD in a prospectively designed multicenter study. We identified associations with indices of LV remodeling, as assessed by cardiac MRI and echocardiography, and evidence of myocardial ischemia diagnosed by single positron emission computed tomography. RESULTS: Median hs-cTnT concentration was 7.8 ng/L (interquartile range, 4.8-11.6 ng/L), and 111 patients (18%) had hs-cTnT concentrations above the upper reference limit (>14 ng/L). Patients with hs-cTnT >14 ng/L had increased LV mass (144 ± 40 g vs 116 ± 34 g; P < 0.001) and volume (179 ± 80 mL vs 158 ± 44 mL; P = 0.006), lower LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (59 ± 14 vs 62 ± 11; P = 0.006) and global longitudinal strain (14.1 ± 3.4% vs 16.9 ± 3.2%; P < 0.001), and more reversible perfusion defects (P = 0.001) and reversible wall motion abnormalities (P = 0.008). Age (P = 0.009), estimated glomerular filtration rate (P = 0.01), LV mass (P = 0.003), LVEF (P = 0.03), and evidence of reversible myocardial ischemia (P = 0.004 for perfusion defects and P = 0.02 for LV wall motion) were all associated with increasing hs-cTnT concentrations in multivariate analysis. We found analogous results when using the revised US upper reference limit of 19 ng/L. CONCLUSIONS: hs-cTnT concentrations reflect both LV mass and reversible myocardial ischemia in patients with suspected stable CAD.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Troponina T/sangue , Remodelação Ventricular , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Biomarkers ; 23(7): 654-663, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29733687

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic and prognostic value of mid-regional pro-ANP (MR-proANP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with acute dyspnea. METHODS: MR-proANP and NT-proBNP were measured with commercial immunoassays at hospital admission (n = 313), on day 2 (n = 234), and before discharge (n = 91) and compared for diagnosing acute heart failure (HF; n = 143) and to predict mortality among patients with acute HF and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD; n = 84) separately. RESULTS: The correlation coefficient between MR-proANP and NT-proBNP was 0.89 (p < 0.001) and the receiver-operating area under the curve (AUC) was 0.85 (95% CI 0.81-0.89) for MR-proANP and 0.86 (0.82-0.90) for NT-proBNP to diagnose acute HF. During a median follow-up of 816 days, mortality rates were 46% in acute HF patients and 42% in AECOPD patients. After adjustment for other risk variables by multivariate Cox regression analysis, MR-proANP and NT-proBNP concentrations were associated with mortality in patients with acute HF, but only MR-proANP were associated with mortality among patients with AECOPD: hazard ratio (lnMR-proANP) 1.98 (95% CI 1.17-3.34). CONCLUSION: MR-proANP and NT-proBNP concentrations provide similar diagnostic and prognostic information in patients with acute HF. In contrast to NT-proBNP, MR-proANP measurements also provided independent prognostic information in AECOPD patients.


Assuntos
Fator Natriurético Atrial/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Idoso , Dispneia/sangue , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade
19.
Clin Chem ; 62(10): 1380-9, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27540029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined whether secretoneurin (SN), a biomarker associated with cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) handling, provides prognostic information in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). METHODS: We included 490 patients with ARF, defined as ventilatory support >6 h, with blood samples available on admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). SN concentrations were measured by RIA. RESULTS: A total of 209 patients (43%) were hospitalized with cardiovascular (CV)-related ARF, and 90-day mortality rates were comparable between CV- and non-CV-related ARF (n = 281): 31% vs 24%, P = 0.11. Admission SN concentrations were higher in nonsurvivors than in survivors in both CV-related (median 148 [quartile 1-3, 117-203] vs 108 [87-143] pmol/L, P < 0.001) and non-CV-related ARF (139 [115-184] vs 113 [91-139] pmol/L, P < 0.001). In patients with CV-related ARF, SN concentrations on ICU admission were associated with 90-day mortality [odds ratio (OR) 1.97 (95% CI, 1.04-3.73, P = 0.04)] after adjusting for established risk indices, including N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations. SN also improved patient classification in CV-related ARF as assessed by the net reclassification index: 0.32 (95% CI, 0.04-0.59), P = 0.03. The area under the curve (AUC) of SN to predict mortality in patients with CV-related ARF was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.65-0.79), and the AUC of NT-proBNP was 0.64 (0.56-0.73). In contrast, SN concentrations on ICU admission did not provide incremental prognostic value to established risk indices in patients with non-CV-related ARF, and the AUC was 0.67 (0.60-0.75). CONCLUSIONS: SN concentrations measured on ICU admission provided incremental prognostic information to established risk indices in patients with CV-related ARF, but not in patients with non-CV-related ARF.


Assuntos
Neuropeptídeos/sangue , Insuficiência Respiratória/sangue , Insuficiência Respiratória/diagnóstico , Secretogranina II/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
20.
Resuscitation ; 104: 12-8, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27109503

RESUMO

AIM: To assess whether the established cardiovascular biomarker N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) provides prognostic information in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (OHCA-VT/VF). METHODS: We measured NT-proBNP levels in 155 patients with OHCA-VT/VF enrolled into a prospective multicenter observational study in 21 ICUs in Finland. Blood samples were drawn <6h of OHCA-VT/VF and later after 24h, 48h, and 96h. The end-points were mortality and neurological outcome classified according to Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) after one year. NT-proBNP levels were compared to high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) levels and established risk scores. RESULTS: NT-proBNP levels were higher in non-survivors compared to survivors on study inclusion (median 1003 [quartile (Q) 1-3 502-2457] vs. 527 [179-1284]ng/L, p=0.001) and after 24h (1913 [1012-4573] vs. 1080 [519-2210]ng/L, p<0.001). NT-proBNP levels increased from baseline to 96h after ICU admission (p<0.001). NT-proBNP levels were significantly correlated to hs-TnT levels after 24h (rho=0.27, p=0.001), but not to hs-TnT levels on study inclusion (rho=0.05, p=0.67). NT-proBNP levels at all time points were associated with clinical outcome, but only NT-proBNP levels after 24h predicted mortality and poor neurological outcome, defined as CPC 3-5, in models that adjusted for SAPS II and SOFA scores. hs-TnT levels did not add prognostic information to NT-proBNP measurements alone. CONCLUSION: NT-proBNP levels at 24h improved risk assessment for poor outcome after one year on top of established risk indices, while hs-TnT measurements did not further add to risk prediction.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Escala Psicológica Aguda Simplificada , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Troponina T/sangue
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