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1.
Med Confl Surviv ; 28(3): 247-62, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23189590

RESUMO

Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems are an essential element of functioning and accountable global health programmes. In post-conflict settings, the role of M&E systems is also critical to ensure that health services are being delivered to those populations and regions most in need. Given the inherent challenges of health service delivery in such environments, a range of both diplomatic and operational adaptations to M&E procedures are necessary. Using the '12 components' of a functioning M&E system as a conceptual and analytical framework, we observed and reviewed the key challenges to M&E systems in South Sudan as part of a broader review of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) activities supported by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. Based on additional interview-based reviews and analyses of M&E activities, a list of adaptations to standardized M&E procedures in response to post-conflict environmental challenges was developed. The study concludes that development and implementation of M&E systems in post-conflict environments requires extensive adaptations to conventional procedures. Flexible and adaptable as well as 'diplomatically sensitized' M&E systems are considered to be essential to the successful completion of M&E-related activities, and may also contribute to broader international relations, 'nation-building', and peace-keeping goals.


Assuntos
Distúrbios Civis , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Sudão
2.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 60 Suppl 3: S120-6, 2012 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22797733

RESUMO

Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is fundamental to global HIV program implementation and has been a cornerstone of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Rapid results were crucial to demonstrating feasibility and scalability of HIV care and treatment services early in PEPFAR. When national HIV M&E systems were nascent, the rapid influx of funds and the emergency expansion of HIV services contributed to the development of uncoordinated "parallel" information systems to serve donor demands for information. Close collaboration of PEPFAR with multilateral and national partners improved harmonization of indicators, standards, methods, tools, and reports. Concurrent PEPFAR investments in surveillance, surveys, program monitoring, health information systems, and human capacity development began to show signs of progress toward sustainable country-owned systems. Awareness of the need for and usefulness of data increased, far beyond discussions of indicators and reporting. Emphasis has turned toward ensuring the quality of data and using available data to improve the quality of care. Assessing progress toward an AIDS-free generation requires that the global community can measure the reduction of new HIV infections in children and adults and monitor the coverage, quality, and outcomes of highly efficacious interventions in combination. Building national M&E systems requires sustained efforts over long periods of time with effective leadership and coordination. PEPFAR, in close collaboration with its global and national partners, is well positioned to transform the successes and challenges associated with early rapid scale-up into future opportunities for sustainable, cost-effective, country-owned programs and systems.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Saúde Global , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Vigilância da População/métodos , Parcerias Público-Privadas/organização & administração , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/tendências , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Incidência , Cooperação Internacional , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/tendências , Parcerias Público-Privadas/tendências , Estados Unidos
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