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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intrarenal venous flow (IRVF) measured by Doppler ultrasound has gained interest as a potential surrogate marker of renal congestion and adverse outcomes in heart failure. In this work, we aimed to determine if antigen carbohydrate 125 (CA125) and plasma amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are associated with congestive IRVF patterns (i.e., biphasic and monophasic) in acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively enrolled a consecutive cohort of 70 patients hospitalized for AHF. Renal Doppler ultrasound was assessed within the first 24-h of hospital admission. The mean age of the sample was 73.5 ± 12.3 years; 47.1% were female, and 42.9% exhibited heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. The median (interquartile range) for NT-proBNP and CA125 were 6149 (3604-12 330) pg/mL and 64 (37-122) U/mL, respectively. The diagnostic performance of both exposures for identifying congestive IRVF patterns was tested using the receiving operating curve (ROC). The cut-off for CA125 of 63.5 U/mL showed a sensibility and specificity of 67% and 74% and an area under the ROC curve of 0.71. After multivariate adjustment, CA125 remained non-linearly and positively associated with congestive IRVF (P-value = 0.008) and emerged as the most important covariate explaining the variability of the model (R2: 47.5%). Under the same multivariate setting, NT-proBNP did not show to be associated with congestive IRVF patterns (P-value = 0.847). CONCLUSIONS: CA125 and not NT-proBNP is a useful marker for identifying patients with AHF and congestive IRVF patterns.

3.
Crit Care Explor ; 3(3): e0365, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786441

RESUMO

Objectives: Being a caregiver for a patient in the ICU can place emotional burden on families and engaging families in caregiving can reduce psychological distress. Our goal was to observe support methods used by families in the ICU and identify differences between race/ethnicity. Design: A secondary analysis of a multicenter before-and-after clinical trial. Setting: Three hospitals in Chicago, Providence, and Florence, Italy. Participants: Family members of patients admitted to the ICU. Interventions: In the primary study, an intervention was designed to engage families in seven domains that were based on the five physical senses (taste, touch, sight, smell, and sound), personal care, and spiritual care of the patient. During the control phase, nursing staff observed and recorded if they witnessed families participating in support methods unprompted. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We compared the use of support methods among families from different races, categorized by race as either White, Black, or other using generalized estimating equation population-averaged logistic regression analysis. A total of 133 patients and 226 family members were enrolled in the control arm of the primary study, with patients being 71.2% White, 17% Black, and 11.8% other. Compared with Whites, families who identified their race Black or other may be more likely to participate in support methods that included personal care, touch, or spiritual care. Families who identified as Black may also be more likely to incorporate audio or sound. There were no differences in the categories of sight, smell, or taste. Conclusions: Our study identifies racial differences in the use of bedside support methods in the ICU. Guiding families in a culturally congruent and open-minded manner may have the potential to decrease family distress and improve the experience for families in the ICU.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5940, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723360

RESUMO

A higher neprilysin activity has been suggested in women. In this retrospective analysis, we evaluated the association of sex and body mass index (BMI) with soluble neprilysin (sNEP) and recurrent admissions among 1021 consecutive HF outpatients. The primary and secondary endpoints were the number of HF hospitalizations and all-cause mortality, respectively. The association between sNEP with either endpoint was evaluated across sex and BMI categories (≥ 25 kg/m2 vs. < 25 kg/m2). Bivariate count regression (Poisson) was used, and risk estimates were expressed as incidence rates ratio (IRR). During a median follow-up of 6.65 years (percentile 25%-percentile 75%:2.83-10.25), 702 (68.76%) patients died, and 406 (40%) had at least 1 HF hospitalization. Median values of sNEP and BMI were 0.64 ng/mL (0.39-1.22), and 26.9 kg/m2 (24.3-30.4), respectively. Left ventricle ejection fraction was < 40% in 78.9% of patients, and 28% were women. In multivariable analysis, sNEP (main effect) was positively associated with HF hospitalizations (p = 0.001) but not with mortality (p = 0.241). The predictive value of sNEP for HF hospitalizations varied non-linearly across sex and BMI categories (p-value for interaction = 0.003), with significant and positive effect only on women with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 (p = 0.039). For instance, compared to men, women with sNEP of 1.22 ng/mL (percentile 75%) showed a significantly increased risk (IRRs: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.05-1.53). The interaction analysis for mortality did not support a differential prognostic effect for sNEP (p = 0.072). In conclusion, higher sNEP levels in overweight women better predicted an increased risk of HF hospitalization.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6110, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731747

RESUMO

In patients with heart failure (HF), the exhaled concentrations of hydrogen after a breath test-a non-invasive assessment of small intestinal overgrowth- has been related to HF severity and higher risk of adverse outcomes. Indeed, two intestinal bacterial metabolites-blood Trimethylamine N-Oxide (TMAO) and butyrate-have been related to a worse prognosis in HF. However, the relationship between the exhaled concentrations of hydrogen after a breath test and these two metabolites remains unknown. Thus, in this post-hoc analysis, we sought to evaluate whether these two metabolites are associated with the exhaled concentrations of hydrogen after a breath test in patients with a recent admission for HF. We included 60 patients with a recent hospitalization for HF. Cumulative hydrogen over time was integrated into a single measurement by the area under the concentration curve (AUC-H2). A linear regression multivariable analysis was used to evaluate the associations. A 2-sided p-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. The median (p25-p75) amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, AUC-H2, TMAO, and Butyrate were 4789 pg/ml (1956-11149), 1615 (700-2585), 0.68 (0.42-1.12), and 0.22 ± 13, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, TMAO and butyrate were significantly associated with AUC-H2 (p = 0.027 and p = 0.009, respectively). For TMAO, this association was positive and for butyrate, negative. Bacterial-origin metabolites TMAO and Butyrate were independently related to AUC-H2 in patients with a recent hospitalization for acute HF.

6.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745912

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) has been shown to be useful for risk stratification in patients admitted with acute heart failure (AHF). We sought to determine a CA125 cutpoint for identifying patients at low risk of 1-month death or the composite of death/HF readmission following admission for AHF. METHODS: The derivation cohort included 3231 consecutive patients with AHF. CA125 cutoff values with 90% negative predictive value (NPV) and sensitivity up to 85% were identified. The adequacy of these cutpoints and the risk of 1-month death/HF readmission was then tested using the Royston-Parmar method. The best cutpoint was selected and externally validated in a cohort of patients hospitalized from BIOSTAT-CHF (n=1583). RESULTS: In the derivation cohort, the median [IQR] CA125 was 57 [25.3-157] U/mL. The optimal cutoff value was <23 U/mL (21.5% of patients), with NPVs of 99.3% and 94.1% for death and the composite endpoint, respectively. On multivariate survival analyses, CA125 <23 U/mL was independently associated with a lower risk of death (HR, 0.20; 95%CI, 0.08-0.50; P <.001), and the combined endpoint (HR, 0.63; 95%CI, 950.45-0.90; P=.009). The ability of this cutpoint to discriminate patients at a low 1-month risk was confirmed in the validation cohort (NPVs of 98.6% and 96.6% for death and the composite endpoint). The predicted ability of this cutoff remained significant at 6 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In patients admitted with AHF, CA125 <23 U/mL identified a subgroup at low risk of short-term adverse events, a population that may not require intense postdischarge monitoring.

7.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with heart failure (HF), iron deficiency (ID) is a common therapeutic target. However, little is known about the utility of transferrin saturation (TSAT) or serum ferritin for risk stratification in decompensated HF (DHF) or the European Society of Cardiology's (ESC) current definition of ID (ferritin < 100 µg/L or TSAT < 20% if ferritin is 100-299 µg/L). We evaluated the association between these potential markers of ID and the risk of 30-day readmission for HF or death in patients with DHF. METHODS: We retrospectively included 1701 patients from a multicenter registry of DHF. Serum ferritin and TSAT were evaluated 24-72 h after hospital admission, and multivariable Cox regression was used to assess their association with the composite endpoint. RESULTS: Participants' median (quartiles) age was 76 (68-82) years, 43.8% were women, and 51.7% had a left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%. Medians for NT-proBNP, TSAT, and ferritin were 4067 pg/mL (1900-8764), 14.1% (9.0-20.3), and 103 ug/L (54-202), respectively. According to the current ESC definition, 1,246 (73.3%) patients had ID. By day 30, there were 177 (10.4%) events (95 deaths and 85 HF readmission). After multivariable adjustment, lower TSAT was associated with outcome (p = 0.009) but serum ferritin was not (HR 1.00; 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.00, p = 0.347). CONCLUSIONS: Lower TSAT, but not ferritin, was associated with a higher risk of short-term events in patients with DHF. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and the utility of serum ferritin as a marker of ID in DHF.

8.
Chest ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies show uneven access to Medicare-approved lung cancer screening (LCS) programs across the United States. The Veterans Health Administration (VA), the largest national US integrated health system, is potentially well positioned to coordinate LCS services across regional units to ensure that access matches distribution of need nationally. RESEARCH QUESTION: To what extent does LCS access (considering both VA and partner sites) and use match the distribution of eligible Veterans at state and regional levels? METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we identified LCS examinations in VA facilities between 2013 and 2019 from the VA Corporate Data Warehouse and plotted VA facilities with LCS geographically. We compared estimated LCS rates (unique Veterans screened per LCS-eligible population) across states and VA regional units. Finally, we assessed whether the VA's new partnership with the GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer (which includes more than 750 LCS centers) closes geographic gaps in LCS access. RESULTS: We identified 71,898 LCS examinations in 96 of 139 (69.1%) VA facilities in 44 states between 2013 and 2019, with substantial variation across states (0-8 VA LCS facilities per state). Screening rates among eligible Veterans in the population varied more than 30-fold across regional networks (rate ratio, 33.6; 95% CI, 30.8-36.7 for VA New England vs Veterans Integrated Service Network 4), with weak correlation between eligible populations and LCS rates (coefficient, -0.30). Partnering with the GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer expands capacity and access (eg, all states now have ≥ 1 VA or partner LCS site), but 9 of the 12 states with the highest proportions of rural Veterans still have ≤ 3 total LCS facilities. INTERPRETATION: Disparities in LCS access exist based on where Veterans live, particularly for rural Veterans, even after partnering with the GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer. The nationally integrated VA system has an opportunity to leverage regional resources to distribute and coordinate LCS services better to ensure equitable access.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia is a common condition in patients with comorbidities such as chronic kidney disease (CKD) or congestive heart failure. Moreover, severe hyperkalemia is a potentially life-threatening condition that is associated with a higher risk of adverse clinical events such as ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Currently, data regarding the prognostic implications of chronic hyperkalemia are available; however, the information about the long-term clinical consequences after an episode of severe hyperkalemia remains scarce. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between the trajectory of potassium measurements in patients with acute hyperkalemia and long-term all-cause mortality. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study that included patients with acute severe hyperkalemia (K > 6 mEq/L) without hemolysis in the emergency room of Dr. Peset University Hospital in Valencia, Spain searching the lab database from January 2016 to March 2017. The multivariable-adjusted association of serum potassium with mortality was assessed by using comprehensive state-of-the-art regression methods that can accommodate time-dependent exposure modelling. RESULTS: We found 172 episodes of acute hyperkalemia in 160 patients in the emergency room. The mean age of the sample was 77 ± 12 years and 60.5% were males. The most frequent comorbidities were CKD (71.2%), heart failure (35%) and diabetes mellitus (56.9%). Only 11.9% of the patients were on chronic dialysis. A quarter of the patients did not have previous CKD making hyperkalemia as an unpredictable life-threatening complication. During the acute episode, mean potassium and eGFR were 6.6 ± 0.6 (range: 6,1-9,2), and eGFR: 23 ± 16 (r : 2-84). After a median follow-up of 17.3 (IQR: 2.2-23.7) months, 68 patients died (42.5%). Recurrences of hyperkalemia (K > 5.5 mEq/L) were detected in 39.5%% of the patients who were monitored during follow-up. We found that previous potassium levels during an acute severe hyperkalemia episode were not predictors of mortality. Conversely, the post-discharge longitudinal trajectories of potassium were able to predict all-cause mortality (overall p-value = 0.0015). The effect of transitioning from hyperkalemia to normokalaemia (K > 5.5 to K ≤ 5.5 after the acute episode was significant and inversely associated with the risk of mortality. CONCLUSION: The potassium levels prior to a severe hyperkalemic event do not predict mortality. Conversely, following an episode of acute severe hyperkalemia, serial kinetic of potassium trajectories predicts the risk of death. Further evidence is needed to confirm these findings and clarify the optimal long-term management of these patients.

10.
Cardiol J ; 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no well-established predictors of recurrent ischemic coronary events after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Higher levels of homocysteine have been reported to be associated with an increased atherosclerotic burden. The primary endpoint was to assess the relationship between homocysteine at discharge and very long-term recurrent myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: 1306 consecutive patients with ACS were evaluated (862 with non-ST-segment elevation ACS [NSTEACS] and 444 with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI]) discharged from October 2000 to June 2003 in a single teaching-center. The relationship between homocysteine at discharge and recurrent MI was evaluated through bivariate negative binomial regression accounting for mortality as a competitive event. RESULTS: The mean age was 66.8 ± 12.4 years, 69.1% were men, and 32.2% showed prior diabetes mellitus. Most of the patients were admitted for an NSTEACS (66.0%). The median (interquartile range) GRACE risk score, Charlson comorbidity index, and homocysteine were 144 (122-175) points, 1 (1-2) points, and 11.9 (9.3-15.6) µmol/L, respectively. In-hospital revascularization was performed in 26.3% of patients. At a median follow-up of 9.7 (4.5-15.1) years, 709 (54.3%) deaths were registered and 779 recurrent MI in 478 (36.6%) patients. The rates of recurrent MI were higher in patients in the upper homocysteine quartiles (p < 0.001). After a multivariate adjustment, homocysteine along its continuum remained almost linearly associated with a higher risk of recurrent MI (p = 0.001) and all-cause mortality (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS, higher homocysteine levels identified those at a higher risk of recurrent MI at very long-term follow-up.

11.
Chest ; 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease, and much of our understanding stems from single-center studies, which are limited by sample size and generalizability. Administrative data offer an appealing opportunity to inform clinical, research, and quality improvement efforts for PAH. Yet, currently no standardized, validated method exists to distinguish PAH from other subgroups of pulmonary hypertension (PH) within this data source. RESEARCH QUESTION: Can a collection of algorithms be developed and validated to detect PAH in administrative data in two diverse settings: all Veterans Health Administration (VA) hospitals and Boston Medical Center (BMC), a PAH referral center. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In each setting, we identified all adult patients with incident PH from 2006 through 2017 using International Classification of Diseases PH diagnosis codes. From this baseline cohort of all PH subgroups, we sequentially applied the following criteria: diagnosis codes for PAH-associated conditions, procedure codes for right heart catheterizations (RHCs), and pharmacy claims for PAH-specific therapy. We then validated each algorithm using a gold standard review of primary clinical data and calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPVs), and negative predictive values. RESULTS: From our baseline cohort, we identified 12,012 PH patients in all VA hospitals and 503 patients in BMC. Sole use of PH diagnosis codes performed poorly in identifying PAH (PPV, 16.0% in VA hospitals and 36.0% in BMC). The addition of PAH-associated conditions to the algorithm modestly improved PPV. The best performing algorithm required ICD diagnosis codes, RHC codes, and PAH-specific therapy (VA hospitals: specificity, 97.1%; PPV, 70.0%; BMC: specificity, 95.0%; PPV, 86.0%). INTERPRETATION: This set of validated algorithms to identify PAH in administrative data can be used by the PAH scientific and clinical community to enhance the reliability and value of research findings, to inform quality improvement initiatives, and ultimately to improve health for PAH patients.

12.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964683

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety profile in terms of changes in renal function after co-treatment with sacubitril/valsartan and empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre observational analysis included 108 patients with T2D and HFrEF treated with both agents: baseline sacubitril/valsartan (Group A; n = 43), baseline empagliflozin (Group B; n = 42), or both agents initiated simultaneously (Group C; n = 23). The primary endpoint was estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) dynamics across treatment groups. A binary characterization of worsening renal function (WRF)/improved renal function (IRF) was included in the primary endpoint. WRF and IRF were defined as an increase/decrease in serum creatinine ≥ 0.3 mg/dL or GFR ≥ 20%. Changes in quantitative variables were evaluated using joint modelling of survival and longitudinal data (JM). Rates and their treatment differences were determined by Poisson regression. The mean left ventricle ejection fraction and eGFR were 32 ± 6% and 70 ± 28 mL/min/1.73 m2 , respectively. At a median follow-up of 1.01 years (inter-quartile range 0.71-1.50), 377 outpatient visits were recorded. Although there were differences in GFR trajectories over time within each treatment, they did not achieve statistical significance (omnibus P = 0.154). However, when these differences were contrasted among groups, there was a significant decrease in GFR in Group A as compared with Group B (P = 0.002). The contrast between Groups C and B was not significant (P = 0.430). These differences were also reflected when the rates for WRF and IRF were contrasted among treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The co-administration of sacubitril/valsartan and empagliflozin in patients with HFrEF and concomitant T2D appears to be safe in terms of renal function.

13.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778402

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the interaction between comorbidity burden and the benefits of in-hospital revascularization in elderly patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). METHODS: This retrospective study included 7211 patients aged ≥ 70 years from 11 Spanish NSTEACS registries. Six comorbidities were evaluated: diabetes, peripheral artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, chronic pulmonary disease, renal failure, and anemia. A propensity score was estimated to enable an adjusted comparison of in-hospital revascularization and conservative management. The end point was 1-year all-cause mortality. RESULTS: In total, 1090 patients (15%) died. The in-hospital revascularization rate was 60%. Revascularization was associated with lower 1-year mortality; the strength of the association was unchanged by the addition of comorbidities to the model (HR, 0.61; 95%CI, 0.53-0.69; P=.0001). However, the effects of revascularization were attenuated in patients with renal failure, peripheral artery disease, and chronic pulmonary disease (P for interaction=.004, .007, and .03, respectively) but were not modified by diabetes, anemia, and previous stroke (P=.74, .51, and .28, respectively). Revascularization benefits gradually decreased as the number of comorbidities increased (from a HR of 0.48 [95%CI, 0.39-0.61] with 0 comorbidities to 0.83 [95%CI, 0.62-1.12] with ≥ 5 comorbidities; omnibus P=.016). The results were similar for the propensity score model. The same findings were obtained when invasive management was considered the exposure variable. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital revascularization improves 1-year mortality regardless of comorbidities in elderly patients with NSTEACS. However, the revascularization benefit is progressively reduced with an increased comorbidity burden. Renal failure, peripheral artery disease, and chronic lung disease were the comorbidities with the most detrimental effects on revascularization benefits.

14.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790113

RESUMO

AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is common in patients with heart failure (HF) and is related with worse outcomes. Insulin treatment is associated with sodium and water retention, weight gain, and hypoglycaemia-all pathophysiological mechanisms related to HF decompensation. This study aimed to evaluate the association between insulin treatment and the risk of 1 year readmission for HF in patients discharged for acute HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively included 2895 consecutive patients discharged after an episode of acute HF in a single tertiary hospital. Multivariable Cox regression, adapted for competing events, was used to assess the association between insulin treatment and 1 year readmission for HF in patients discharged after acute HF. Participants' mean age was 73.4 ± 11.2 years, 50.8% were women, 44.7% had T2DM [including 527 (18.2%) on insulin therapy], and 52.7% had preserved ejection fraction. At 1 year follow-up, 518 (17.9%) patients had died and 693 (23.9%) were readmitted for HF. The crude risk of readmission for HF was higher in patients on insulin, with no differences in 1 year mortality. After multivariable adjustment, patients on insulin were at significantly higher risk of 1 year readmission for HF than patients with diabetes who were not on insulin (hazard ratio 1.28; 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.59, P = 0.022) and patients without diabetes (hazard ratio 1.26; 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.55, P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: Following acute HF, patients with T2DM on insulin therapy are at increased risk of readmission for HF. Further studies unravelling the mechanisms behind this association are warranted.

15.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624444

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Urinary sodium (UNa+) has emerged as a useful biomarker of poor clinical outcomes in acute heart failure (AHF). Here, we sought to evaluate: a) the usefulness of a single early determination of UNa+ for predicting adverse outcomes in patients with AHF and renal dysfunction, and b) whether the change in UNa+ at 24hours (ΔUNa24h) adds any additional prognostic information over baseline values. METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of a multicenter, open-label, randomized clinical trial (IMPROVE-HF) (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02643147) that randomized 160 patients with AHF and renal dysfunction on admission to a) the standard diuretic strategy, or b) a carbohydrate antigen 125-guided diuretic strategy. The primary end point was all-cause mortality and total all-cause readmissions. RESULTS: The mean age was 78±8 years, and the mean glomerular filtration rate was 34.0±8.5mL/min/1.73 m2. The median UNa+ was 90 (65-111) mmol/L. At a median follow-up of 1.73 years [interquartile range, 0.48-2.35], 83 deaths (51.9%) were registered, as well as 263 all-cause readmissions in 110 patients. UNa+ was independently associated with mortality (HR, 0.75; 95%CI, 0.65-0.87; P <.001) and all-cause readmissions (HR, 0.92; 95%CI, 0.88-0.96; P <.001). The prognostic usefulness of the ΔUNa24h varied according to UNa+ at admission (P for interaction <.05). The ΔUNa24h was inversely associated with both end points only in the group with UNa+ ≤ 50 mmol/L. Conversely, no effect was found in the group with UNa+> 50 mmol/L. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and renal dysfunction, a single early determination of UNa+ ≤ 50 mmol/L identifies patients with a higher risk of all-cause mortality and readmission. The ΔUNa24h adds prognostic information over baseline values only when UNa+ at admission is ≤ 50 mmol/L.

17.
Eur J Intern Med ; 81: 78-82, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553586

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is scarce information about the clinical profile and prognosis of acute heart failure (AHF) at the extreme ranges of age. We aimed to evaluate the 1-year death (all-cause mortality and HF-death) and HF-rehospitalizations of patients ≥85 years admitted for AHF. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated a cohort of 3054 patients admitted with AHF from 2007 to 2018 in a third-level center. Age was categorized per 10-year categories (<65 years; 65-74 years, 75-84 years, and ≥85 years). The risk of mortality and HF-rehospitalizations across age categories was evaluated with Cox regression analysis and Cox regression adapted for competing events as appropriate. RESULTS: The mean age was 73.6 ± 11.2 years, 48.9% were female, and 52.8% had preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF). A total of 414 (13.6%) patients were ≥85 years. Among this group of age, female sex and HFpEF phenotype were more frequent. At 1-year follow-up 667 all-cause deaths (22,1%), 311 HF-deaths (10.1%) and 693 HF-hospitalizations (22,7%) were recorded. After multivariable adjustment, and compared to patients <65 years, a stepwise increased risk of all-cause mortality and HF-death was found for each decade increase in age, especially for patients ≥85 years (HR=3.47; 95% CI: 2.49 - 4.84, p<0.001, HR=3.31; 95% CI: 1.95 - 5.63; p<0.001, respectively). This subgroup of patients also showed an increased risk of HF-rehospitalization (HR=1.58; 95% CI: 1.16 - 2.16, p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Super elderly patients admitted with AHF showed a dramatically increased risk of 1-year death. This subset of patients also shown an increased risk of 1-year HF-readmission.

18.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(6): 463-470, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197621

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) es una comorbilidad común en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) con fracción de eyección conservada (ICFEP). Estudios anteriores han demostrado que las mujeres diabéticas tienen mayor riesgo de desarrollar insuficiencia cardiaca que los hombres. Sin embargo, el pronóstico a largo plazo de los pacientes diabéticos con insuficiencia cardiaca en función del sexo no se ha explorado ampliamente. En este estudio, nuestro objetivo fue evaluar el impacto diferencial de la DM2 en la mortalidad por todas las causas en hombres frente a mujeres con ICFEP tras un ingreso por IC aguda. MÉTODOS: Se incluyeron prospectivamente 1.019 pacientes consecutivos con ICFEP dados de alta tras un episodio de IC aguda en hospital terciario. Se empleó un análisis de regresión de Cox multivariante para evaluar la interacción entre el sexo y la DM2 con respecto al riesgo de mortalidad total a largo plazo. Las estimaciones de riesgo se expresaron como razones de riesgo (HR). RESULTADOS: La edad media de la cohorte fue de 75,6±9,5 años y 609 (59,8%) eran mujeres. La proporción de DM2 fue similar entre ambos sexos (45,1 frente al 49,1%; p = 0,211). Tras una mediana de seguimiento (intervalo intercuartílico) de 3,6 (1-4-6,8) años, 646 (63,4%) pacientes murieron. Tras ajustar por factores de riesgo, comorbilidades, biomarcadores, parámetros ecográficos y tratamiento al alta, el análisis multivariate mostró un efecto pronóstico diferencial de DM2 (valor de p para la interacción=0,007). La DM2 se asoció con un mayor riesgo de mortalidad por todas las causas en mujeres (HR=1,77; IC95%, 1,41-2,21; p < 0,001) pero no en varones (HR=1,23; IC95%, 0,94-1,61; p = 0,127). CONCLUSIONES: Tras un episodio de IC aguda en pacientes con ICFEF, la DM2 confiere un mayor riesgo de mortalidad en las mujeres. Se requieren más estudios que evalúen el impacto de la DM2 en mujeres con ICFEP


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a common comorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Previous studies have shown that diabetic women are at higher risk of developing HF than men. However, the long-term prognosis of diabetic HFpEF patients by sex has not been extensively explored. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the differential impact of DM2 on all-cause mortality in men vs women with HFpEF after admission for acute HF. METHODS: We prospectively included 1019 consecutive HFpEF patients discharged after admission for acute HF in a single tertiary referral hospital. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the interaction between sex and DM2 regarding the risk of long-term all-cause mortality. Risk estimates were calculated as hazard ratios (HR). RESULTS: The mean age of the cohort was 75.6±9.5 years and 609 (59.8%) were women. The proportion of DM2 was similar between sexes (45.1% vs 49.1%, P=.211). At a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 3.6 (1-4-6.8) years, 646 (63.4%) patients died. After adjustment for risk factors, comorbidities, biomarkers, echo parameters and treatment at discharge, multivariate analysis showed a differential prognostic effect of DM2 (P value for interaction=.007). DM2 was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality in women (HR, 1.77; 95%CI, 1.41-2.21; P<.001) but not in men (HR, 1.23; 95%CI, 0.94-1.61; P=.127). CONCLUSIONS: After an episode of acute HF in HFpEF patients, DM2 confers a higher risk of mortality in women. Further studies evaluating the impact of DM2 in women with HFpEF are warranted


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Distribuição por Sexo , Prognóstico , Doença Aguda/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 9(5): 437-447, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and antigen carbohydrate 125 levels are positively associated with a higher risk of adverse clinical outcomes in acute heart failure. As a proxy of congestion, antigen carbohydrate 125 has also been proposed as a right-sided heart failure marker. Thus, we aimed to determine in this population the main factors - including echocardiographic right-sided heart failure parameters - associated with antigen carbohydrate 125 and amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively included 2949 patients admitted with acute heart failure. Amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and antigen carbohydrate 125 were used as dependent variables in a multivariable linear regression analysis. The mean age of the sample was 73.9±11.1 years; 48.9% were female, 35.8% showed ischaemic aetiology, and 51.6% exhibited heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. The median (interquartile range) for amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and antigen carbohydrate 125 were 4840 (2111-9204) pg/ml and 58 (26-129) U/ml, respectively. In a multivariable setting, and ranked in order of importance (R2), estimated glomerular filtration rate (43.7%), left ventricle ejection fraction (15.1%), age (12.4%) and high-sensitivity troponin T (10.9%) emerged as the most important factors associated with amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. The five main factors associated with antigen carbohydrate 125 were, in order of importance: the presence of pleural effusion (36.8%), tricuspid regurgitation severity (25.1%), age (11.9%), amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (6.5%) and peripheral oedema (4.3%). CONCLUSION: In patients with acute heart failure the main factors associated with amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide were renal dysfunction, left ventricle ejection fraction and age. For antigen carbohydrate 125, clinical parameters of congestion and the severity of tricuspid regurgitation were the most important predictors. These results endorse the value of antigen carbohydrate 125 as a useful marker of right-sided heart failure.

20.
Int J Cardiol ; 308: 54-59, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In acute heart failure (AHF) with right ventricular dysfunction, the roles of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) are poorly understood, and functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) severity is thought to indicate a poor prognosis. We examined the prognostic abilities of NT-proBNP and CA125 according to TR status among patients with AHF. METHODS: TR severity was assessed during index hospitalization (108 ± 24 h after admission) and classified as none/trivial, mild, moderate, or severe. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was performed to assess how pre-discharge CA125 and NT-proBNP were associated with long-term all-cause mortality relative to TR severity. RESULTS: We prospectively included 2961 patients discharged following hospitalization for AHF (mean age 74 ± 11 years; 49.0% women; 51.8% with left ventricular ejection fraction >50%). Median NT-proBNP was 4823 ng/L (IQR: 2086-9183) and CA125 was 58.1 U/mL (IQR: 25-129). Severe TR was present in 300 patients (10.1%), and 1821 patients (61.5%) died (mean follow-up, 3.3 ± 3.2 years). Multivariate analysis revealed a differential prognostic effect across TR status for both biomarkers (p-value for both interactions<0.05). NT-proBNP was significantly linearly associated with mortality in non-severe TR (p < 0.001), but not in severe TR (p = 0.308). Higher CA125 values were significantly associated with mortality risk in all patients (HR: 1.09; 95% CI:1.03-1.14; p = 0.001), with a greater effect in those with severe TR (HR: 1.28; 98% CI:1.11-1.48; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and severe TR, CA125 outperforms NT-proBNP in predicting long-term mortality. In AHF with right ventricular involvement, CA125 may be the preferred biomarker for risk stratification.

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