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1.
Top Stroke Rehabil ; : 1-11, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180370

RESUMO

Background: Adherence to prescribed exercises is essential for home-based programs to be effective, but evidence for strategies to enhance exercise adherence in people with stroke is lacking.Objectives: To determine the effect of adherence strategies on the proportion of people with stroke who adhere to prescribed home-based exercises and their level of adherence at 6 and 12 weeks of intervention. Our secondary objective was to determine the effect of the combined intervention on mobility and quality of life post-stroke.Methods: We conducted an RCT among people with stroke (Exp = 27, Con = 25) living in semi-urban India. Both groups received standard hospital care and a home exercise program. The experimental group also received adherence strategies delivered over five sessions. Adherence was measured using the Stroke-Specific Measure of Adherence to Home-based Exercises (SS-MAHE) , mobility using Mobility Disability Scale, and quality of life using the Stroke Impact Scale.Results: The experimental group had better exercise adherence compared to the control group both at six (mean difference [MD] 45, 95% CI 40, 64, p < .001) and 12 weeks (MD 51, 95% CI 39, 63, p < .001). The experimental group also had better mobility at 12 weeks (median (IQR), experimental 42 (57), median (IQR), control 95 (50), p = .002). There was no difference in the quality of life scores between groups at six or 12 weeks.Conclusion: The adherence strategies were effective in improving exercise adherence and mobility post-stroke but did not improve quality of life.Trial registration: CTRI/2018/08/015212.

2.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 100(4): 751-768, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30452892

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on poststroke spasticity. (2) To determine the effect of different parameters (intensity, frequency, duration) of TENS on spasticity reduction in adults with stroke. (3) To determine the influence of time since stroke on the effectiveness of TENS on spasticity. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and EMBASE databases were searched from inception to March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), quasi-RCT, and non-RCT were included if (1) they evaluated the effects of TENS for the management of spasticity in participants with acute or subacute or chronic stroke using clinical and neurophysiological tools; and (2) TENS was delivered either alone or as an adjunct to other treatments. DATA EXTRACTION: Two authors independently screened and extracted data from 15 of the 829 studies retrieved through the search using a pilot tested pro forma. Disagreements were resolved through discussion with other authors. Quality of studies was assessed using Cochrane risk of bias criteria. DATA SYNTHESIS: Meta-analysis was performed using a random-effects model that showed (1) TENS along with other physical therapy treatments was more effective in reducing spasticity in the lower limbs compared to placebo TENS (SMD -0.64; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], -0.98 to -0.31; P=.0001; I2=17%); and (2) TENS, when administered along with other physical therapy treatments, was effective in reducing spasticity when compared to other physical therapy interventions alone (SMD -0.83; 95% CI, -1.51 to -0.15; P=.02; I2=27%). There were limited studies to evaluate the effectiveness of TENS for upper limb spasticity. CONCLUSION: There is strong evidence that TENS as an adjunct is effective in reducing lower limb spasticity when applied for more than 30 minutes over nerve or muscle belly in chronic stroke survivors (review protocol registered at PROSPERO: CRD42015020151).


Assuntos
Espasticidade Muscular/reabilitação , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espasticidade Muscular/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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