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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017152

RESUMO

Several studies suggest the higher vulnerability of individuals with lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels to diabetes mellitus. However, the discordance between high and low baseline LDL-C levels shown by statin-induced insulin resistance is not fully understood. This study aimed to explore the relationship between baseline LDL-C levels and the risk of statin-induced insulin resistance during statin therapy. In total, 2,660 (451 with dyslipidemia and 2,209 without dyslipidemia) consecutive patients were enrolled. Their baseline clinical data were adjusted using a propensity score matching analysis, using the logistic regression model. Insulin resistance index was based on the homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and was monitored for a median of 2 years. Among the individuals who received statin therapy, those with and without dyslipidemia showed significantly decreased LDL-C levels (all p < 0.0001) and significantly increased fasting plasma insulin levels (Δ = +24.1%, p = 0.0230; Δ = +30.1%, p < 0.0001); however, their glycated haemoglobin A1c and fasting blood glucose levels did not change (all p > 0.05). Although HOMA-IR was positively associated with statin therapy in individuals with and without dyslipidemia, statistically significant difference during follow-ups was observed only in individuals without dyslipidemia (Δ = +15.6%, p = 0.1609; Δ = 24.0%; p = 0.0001). Insulin resistance was higher in statin users without baseline dyslipidemia than in those with dyslipidemia. Thus, statin therapy could increase the risk of statin-induced insulin resistance in individuals with normal baseline cholesterol levels.

2.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2019: 3824823, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885691

RESUMO

In statin therapy, the prognostic role of achieved low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in cardiovascular outcomes has not been fully elucidated. A total of 4,803 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-naïve patients who prescribed moderate intensity of statin therapy were followed up. Total and each component of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) according to LDL-C and hsCRP quartiles were compared. The incidence of 5-year total MACEs in the highest quartile group according to the followed-up hsCRP was higher than that in the lowest quartile (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.16, p < 0.001). However, there was no difference between the highest and lowest quartiles of the achieved LDL-C (HR = 0.95, p = 0.743). After adjustment of potential confounders, the incidence of total death, de novo PCI, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure in the highest quartile of followed-up hsCRP, was higher than that in the lowest quartile (all p < 0.05). However, other components except for de novo PCI in the highest quartile by achieved LDL-C was not different to that in the lowest quartile. These results suggest that followed-up hsCRP can be more useful for predicting future cardiovascular outcome than achieved LDL-C in PCI-naïve patients with statin therapy.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Regulação para Baixo , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18510, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861037

RESUMO

Statins therapy decrease both low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) with considerable individual variability. Whether the amount of LDL-C lowering is a surrogate maker of statin responsiveness to ASCVD prevention has not been fully investigated. Among 2352 eligible patients with statin prescriptions in a cardiovascular center between January 2005 and February 2014, one-third of patients (33%) on statin therapy failed to achieve effective reductions in LDL-C (LDL-C level reduction of less than 15%). By using, propensity-score matched population (480 pairs, n = 960), the 5-year cumulative incidences of total major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were evaluated. The 5-year total MACE did not differ between normal cholesterol responders and non-responders (15.4% vs 16.1%, respectively; P = .860). In the subgroup analysis, male sex, older age, percutaneous coronary intervention, and heart failure were positive predictors, and dyslipidemia at the beginning of statin therapy was the only negative predictor of MACE in the 5-year follow-up (all P value < .05). However, cholesterol responsiveness after statin therapy did not influence the incidence of MACE (P = .860). The amount of LDL-C lowering did not predict beneficial effect on clinical outcomes of ASCVD after statin therapy. This result supports that given statin therapy, total ASCVD risk reduction should be tailored, which may not dependent to adherence to degree of LDL-C lowering or LDL-C goal based treatment.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222264, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For a better heart failure outcome, it is fundamental to improve the awareness of heart failure at the general population level. We conducted this study to identify the current status of awareness of heart failure in the Korean general population. METHODS: This cross-sectional nationwide survey recruited a total of 1,032 participants aged 30 years or older, based on a stratification systematic sampling method. A 23-item questionnaire was surveyed through telephone interviews. RESULTS: Although 80% of the participants had heard of heart failure, 47% exactly defined what heart failure is. A minority of participants correctly recognized the lifetime risk of developing heart failure (21%) as well as the mortality (16%) and readmission risk (18%) of heart failure and the cost burden of heart failure admission (28%). Regarding preferred treatment options, 71% of the participants chose a treatment option that could improve the quality of life. Approximately two-thirds of the participants agreed that current medical treatment could reduce mortality and improve the quality of life. More than half of the participants (59%) thought that heart failure patients should live quietly and reduce all physical activities. Across survey items, we found a lower awareness state in the elderly groups and people at lower income and educational levels. CONCLUSIONS: The current awareness status of heart failure in the Korean general population is still low. Proactive educational efforts should be made to improve public awareness with special attention to individuals with lower disease awareness.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072790

RESUMO

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is an effective treatment strategy for peripheral artery disease (PAD). Data are limiting regarding sex differences in patients with PAD who underwent PTA. We assessed the sex-related differences on 5-year clinical outcomes in patients with PAD who underwent PTA. We prospectively evaluated 765 patients with PAD (596 males and 169 females) who underwent PTA. We performed propensity score matching (PSM) analysis to adjust for any potential confounders. The primary endpoints were 5-year major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACE) and major adverse lower-limb events (MALE) assessed by Kaplan-Meier curved analysis and log rank test. After PSM analysis, baseline clinical characteristics were similar in male and female patients. There was a trend toward a higher rate of major hematoma in female patients (6.1% vs. 0.9%, p = 0.066) and a lower rate of below the ankle amputation (24.7% vs. 16.5%, p = 0.097). During the 5-year clinical follow-up, male and female patients had similar rates of MACE (14.9% vs. 15.8%, log rank p = 0.838) and MALE (34.8% vs. 28.2%, log rank p = 0.264) as well as the individual endpoints. In subgroup analysis adjusted by PSM, female patients had a higher risk of bleeding complications in age ≥ 65 years, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and in the non-critical limb ischemia patients. Of patients with preserved renal function, female patients had a higher risk of MALE as compared to males. In conclusion, female patients with PAD who underwent PTA showed similar 5-year MACE and MALE compared with male patients.

8.
J Clin Med ; 8(5)2019 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109123

RESUMO

The impact of sarcopenia on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of sarcopenia on coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 475 patients with CAD who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and computed tomography (CT) were enrolled. The cross-sectional area of skeletal muscle at the first lumbar (L1) vertebral level was measured, and sex-specific cut-off values of L1 skeletal muscle index (L1 SMI; male <31.00 cm2/m2, female <25.00 cm2/m2) were obtained. The primary outcome was 3-year all-cause mortality and the secondary outcome was 3-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Low L1 SMI was present in 141 (29.7%) of 475 patients. The incidence of all-cause mortality (23.7% vs. 5.9%, p < 0.001) and MACEs (39.6% vs. 11.8%, p < 0.001) was significantly higher in patients with low L1 SMI than in those with high L1 SMI. In multivariate analysis, low L1 SMI was an independent predictor of higher risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR): 4.07; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.95-8.45; p < 0.001) and MACEs (HR: 3.76; 95% CI: 2.27-6.23; p < 0.001). These findings remained consistent after propensity score-matched analysis with 91 patient pairs (C-statistic = 0.848). CT-diagnosed low skeletal muscle mass is a powerful predictor of adverse outcomes in patients with CAD undergoing PCI.

9.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30879289

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Chest pain in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (OCAD) is affected by several social factors. The gender-based differences in chest pain among Koreans have yet to be investigated. Methods: The study consecutively enrolled 1,549 patients (male/female, 514/1,035; 61 ± 11 years old) with suspected angina. The predictive factors for OCAD based on gender were evaluated. Results: Men experienced more squeezing type pain on the left side of chest, while women demonstrated more dull quality pain in the retrosternal and epigastric area. After adjustment for risk factors, pain in the retrosternal area (odds ratio [OR], 1.491; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.178 to 1.887) and aggravation by exercise (OR, 2.235; 95% CI, 1.745 to 2.861) were positively associated with OCAD. In men, shorter duration (OR, 1.581; 95% CI, 1.086 to 2.303) and dyspnea (OR, 1.610; 95% CI, 1.040 to 2.490) increased the probability for OCAD, while left-sided chest pain suggested a low probability for OCAD (OR, 0.590; 95% CI, 0.388 to 0.897). In women, aggravation by emotional stress (OR, 0.348; 95% CI, 0.162 to 0.746) and dizziness (OR, 0.457; 95% CI, 0.246 to 0.849) decreased the probability for OCAD. Conclusions: This is the first study to focus on gender differences in chest pain among Koreans with angina. Symptoms with high probability for OCAD were different between sexes. Our findings suggest that patient's medical history in pretest assessment for OCAD should be individualized considering gender.

10.
J Cardiol ; 74(1): 74-83, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30745001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has prognostic value for future cardiovascular events. This study aimed to ascertain a valid prognostic time-period for predicting cardiovascular outcome based on baseline hs-CRP in AMI patients undergoing successful PCI on statin therapy. METHODS: Overall, 4410 AMI patients were enrolled from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institutes of Health (KAMIR-NIH) registry. Participants were divided into groups according to cut-off values of baseline hs-CRP (1.0, 3.0, and 10.0mg/L) and statin therapy intensity. The primary outcome was 36-month major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of all-cause mortality, any myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization. The secondary outcome was MACE developed 0-6, 6-12, and 12-36 months after AMI. RESULTS: The overall incidence of 36-month MACE was significantly higher as baseline hs-CRP increased (by groups: 8.8% vs. 8.6% vs. 10.7% vs. 15.4%, log-rank p<0.001). The prognostic effect of baseline hs-CRP was mostly confined to the first 6 months after AMI (0-6 months MACE by groups: 1.6% vs. 2.3% vs. 4.3% vs. 6.1%, log-rank p<0.001) and attenuated in high-intensity statin users. Six months after AMI, this prognostic effect of baseline hs-CRP was remarkably reduced (6-12 month MACE by groups: 2.4% vs. 2.1% vs. 2.8% vs. 4.0%, log-rank p=0.111, 12-36 month MACE by groups: 4.7% vs. 4.1% vs. 4.0% vs. 6.2%, log-rank p=0.218); however, high-intensity statin treatment showed a consistent improvement in outcome. The observed time-dependent prognostic effects remained consistent following multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic impact of elevated hs-CRP at baseline was most evident during the first 6 months after AMI; however, the use of high-intensity statin persistently improved the clinical outcome even after the resolution of inflammatory reactions.

11.
Eur Radiol ; 29(2): 932-940, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29955949

RESUMO

OBJECTS: The purpose was to determine whether the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) area on low-dose chest CT (LDCT) could be used to predict coronary atherosclerosis in an asymptomatic population considered for lung cancer screening. METHODS: Subjects aged 55-80 years with smoking history who underwent both LDCT and coronary CT angiography (CCTA) were retrospectively enrolled. Correlation between the EAT volume in CCTA and EAT area in LDCT was evaluated. Coronary risk factors including the body surface area (BSA) indexed EAT area were compared between coronary plaque negative and positive groups. Significant factors for predicting coronary atherosclerosis were analyzed with logistic regression analysis. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine the cutoff value. RESULTS: A total of 438 subjects were enrolled, including 299 subjects with coronary atherosclerosis. There was a good correlation between the EAT volume in CCTA and EAT area in LDCT (ρ = 0.712, p < 0.001). There were significant differences in age, systolic blood pressure, all BSA indexed EAT area, sex, and hypertension between plaque negative and positive groups. In multivariate logistic regression for the BSA indexed EAT area in LDCT at the RCA level, sex (OR: 11.168, 95% CI: 2.107-59.201, p = 0.005), systolic blood pressure (OR: 1.021, 95% CI: 1.005-1.036, p = 0.009), hypertension (OR: 1.723, 95% CI: 1.103-2.753, p = 0.017), and EAT area (OR: 1.273, 95% CI: 1.154-1.405, p < 0.001) were significant. The area under the curve of the BSA indexed EAT area in LDCT at the RCA level for coronary atherosclerosis was 0.657, and the cut-off value was 7.66 cm2/m2. CONCLUSION: The EAT area in LDCT could be used to predict coronary atherosclerosis in an asymptomatic population considered for lung cancer screening. KEY POINTS: • To quantify EAT, the EAT area in LDCT can be used instead of the EAT volume in CCTA. • The EAT area measured in LDCT can be used as a predictor of coronary artery disease. • The extensive CAD group tended to have a greater EAT area than the non-extensive CAD group.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericárdio/patologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Curva ROC , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
BMJ Open ; 8(12): e026968, 2018 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and multiparity in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Linked secondary and tertiary care records from 29 cardiac centres which participated in KoRean wOmen'S chest pain rEgistry. PARTICIPANTS: 960 women with suspected CAD who underwent invasive coronary angiography from February 2011 to May 2017. The patients were classified by parity number, as follows: low-parity, 0 to <3; multiparity, ≥3 pregnancies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction. RESULTS: There were 302 and 658 low-parity and multiparity patients, respectively. The prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction was significantly higher in the multiparity than in the low-parity group. The multiparity group had significantly lower E and e´ septal velocities and E/A ratio, and had a significantly higher E/e´ ratio and right ventricular systolic pressure, which are parameters of LV diastolic dysfunction, than the low-parity group. The prevalence of CAD was significantly higher in the multiparity than in the low-parity group. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified a parity of 2.5 as the cut-off for predicting LV diastolic dysfunction (area under the curve, 0.66; sensitivity, 74.1%; specificity, 52.0%; 95% CI 0.607 to 0.706; p<0.001). After adjustment for confounding factors, multivariate regression analysis showed that multiparity had a 1.80-fold increased risk for LV diastolic dysfunction (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.053 to 3.081, p=0.032). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction was higher in multiparity than in low-parity women with suspected CAD. Multiparity was an independent risk factor for LV diastolic dysfunction. LV diastolic dysfunction should be evaluated in multiparous women for the risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease and facilitate the initiation of appropriate treatment.


Assuntos
Paridade , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Estudos Transversais , Diástole , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
13.
PLoS One ; 13(11): e0198571, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30422994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Successful management of chronic total occlusion (CTO)by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is known to be associated with better clinical outcomes than failed PCI. However, whether angiographic and clinical outcomes following PCI for long CTO lesions differ from those following PCI for short CTO lesions in the drug eluting stent (DES) era remains unknown. We therefore investigated whether CTO lesion length can significantly influence6-month angiographic and 2-year clinical outcomes following successful CTO PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 235 consecutive patients who underwent successful CTO intervention were allocated into either the long or short CTO group according to CTO lesion length. Six-month angiographic and 2-year clinical outcomes were then compared between the 2groups. We found that baseline clinical characteristics were generally similar between the 2 groups. Exceptions were prior PCI, which was more frequent in the long CTO group, and bifurcation lesions, which were more frequent in the short CTO group. Apart from intimal dissection, which was more frequent in the long than short CTO group, in-hospital complications were also similarly frequent between the 2groups. Furthermore, both groups had similar angiographic outcomes at 6 months and clinical outcomes at 2 years. However, the incidence of repeat PCI(predominantly target vessel revascularization),was higher in the long than short CTO group, with our multivariate analysis identifying long CTO as an important predictor of repeat PCI (odds ratio, 4.26;95% confidence interval, 1.53-11.9; p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: The safety profile, 6-month angiographic, and 2-year clinical outcomes of CTO PCI were similar between patients with long and short CTO. However, there was a higher incidence of repeat PCI in long CTO patients despite successful PCI with DESs.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Idoso , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 15(8): 523-533, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30344532

RESUMO

Background: There were limited data comparing the major clinical outcomes between first-generation (1G)-drug eluting stents (DES) and second-generation (2G)-DES in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during very long follow-up periods. We thought to investigate the comparative efficacy and safety of 2G-DES compared with 1G-DES in AMI patients during 5-year follow-up periods. Method: A total of 1016 eligible AMI patients who underwent PCI with 1G-DES [paclitaxel-, sirolimus-, 1G-zotarolimus-eluting stent (endeavor® or endeavor sprint®), n = 554] or 2G-DES [2G-zotarolimus (endeavor resolute®)- or everolimus-eluting stent, n = 462] were enrolled. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as total death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), non-target vessel revascularization (Non-TVR) and the secondary endpoint was stent thrombosis (ST) at 5 years. Results: Two propensity score-matched (PSM) groups (232 pairs, n = 464, C-statistic = 0.802) were generated. During the 5-year follow-up period, the cumulative incidence of TLR [hazard ratio (HR): 3.133; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.539-6.376; P = 0.002], TVR (HR: 3.144; 95% CI: 1.596-6.192; P = 0.001) and total revascularization rate (HR: 1.874; 95% CI: 1.086-3.140; P = 0.023) were significantly higher in 1G-DES compared with 2G-DES after PSM. However, the incidence of total death, non-fatal MI and ST were similar between the two groups. Conclusion: In this single-center and all-comers registry, 2G-DES's superiorities for TLR, TVR and total revascularization in AMI patients suggested during 5-year clinical follow-up periods.

15.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(6): 922-928, 2018 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217375

RESUMO

Although statin use in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is mandatory, it has been suggested to be associated with new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM). In real world practice, moderate-intensity statin therapy is more commonly used than high-intensity statin therapy. In this study, we investigated the impact of moderate-intensity pitavastatin (2 to 4 mg) compared with moderate-intensity atorvastatin (10 to 20 mg) and rosuvastatin (5 to 10 mg) on the development of NODM during a follow-up period of up to 3years. Between November 2011 and May 2015, 2001 patients with AMI who did not have diabetes mellitus were investigated. The cumulative incidence of NODM was evaluated in all groups. To adjust for potential confounders, multinomial propensity scores were used. Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the hazard ratio of NODM in the atorvastatin and rosuvastatin groups compared with pitavastatin group. The cumulative incidence of NODM was significantly lower in pitavastatin group compared with the atorvastatin and rosuvastatin groups (3.0% vs 8.4% vs 10.4%, respectively; Log-rank p value = 0.001). After weighting the baseline characteristics of the 3 statin groups by multinomial propensity scores, atorvastatin (hazard ratio: 2.615, 95% confidence interval: 1.163 to 5.879) and rosuvastatin (hazard ratio: 3.906, 95% confidence interval: 1.756 to 8.688) were found to be associated with a higher incidence of NODM compared with pitavastatin therapy on multivariable analysis. Moderate-intensity pitavastatin therapy is associated with a lower incidence of NODM in patients with AMI andhas similar clinical outcomes to moderate-intensity atorvastatin and rosuvastatin therapy.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(35): e12067, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170421

RESUMO

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with increased risk for vascular events and mortality. This study investigated 8-year clinical outcomes of hypertensive patients with LVH who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) compared with hypertensive patients without LVH.A total of 1704 consecutive hypertensive patients who underwent PCI from 2004 to 2014 were enrolled. We classified them into either the LVH group (n = 406) or the control group (without LVH, n = 1298). LVH was defined by LV mass index > 115 g/m in men and > 95 g/m in women. After propensity score matched (PSM) analysis, 2 PSM groups (366 pairs, n = 732, c-statistic = 0.629) were generated.For up to 8 years, the LVH group showed a higher incidence of cardiac death (4.4% vs 1.2%, log-rank P = .023, hazard ratio: 3.371, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-10.25; P = .032) compared with the control group. However, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the incidence of total death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, and major adverse cardiac events up to 8 years.LVH in hypertensive patients who underwent successful PCI with DES was associated with higher incidence of cardiac death up to 8 years of follow-up. More careful managements and clinical follow-up are needed and treatment strategies should specifically focus to target prevention and reversal of LVH in hypertensive patients.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/cirurgia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar/epidemiologia
17.
Yonsei Med J ; 59(5): 602-610, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869458

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Many recent studies have reported that successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) has more beneficial effects than failed CTO-PCI; however, there are only limited data available from comparisons of successful CTO-PCI with medical therapy (MT) in the Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 840 consecutive CTO patients who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography, receiving either PCI with DESs or MT, were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to the treatment assigned. To adjust for potential confounders, propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed using logistic regression. Individual major clinical outcomes and major adverse cardiac events, a composite of total death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and revascularization, were compared between the two groups up to 5 years. RESULTS: After PSM, two propensity-matched groups (265 pairs, n=530) were generated, and the baseline characteristics were balanced. Although the PCI group showed a higher incidence of target lesion and vessel revascularization on CTO, the incidence of MI tended to be lower [hazard ratio (HR): 0.339, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.110 to 1.043, p=0.059] and the composite of total death or MI was lower (HR: 0.454, 95% CI: 0.224 to 0.919, p=0.028), compared with the MT group up to 5 years. CONCLUSION: In this study, successful CTO PCI with DESs was associated with a higher risk of repeat PCI for the target vessel, but showed a reduced incidence of death or MI.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Coron Artery Dis ; 29(6): 516-525, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease. However, there are limited data regarding the impact of Lp(a) levels on the incidence and severity of endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotor response. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2416 patients without significant coronary artery lesion (<50% stenosis) by coronary angiography and underwent acetylcholine (ACh) provocation test were enrolled and categorized according to their serum Lp(a) level into four quartile groups: less than 6.70, 6.70-13.30, 13.30-26.27, and more than 26.27 mg/dl. The aim of this study is to estimate the incidence and severity of endothelium-dependent positive ACh provocation test in each group; moreover, to access the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events, the composite of total death, myocardial infarction, and de novo percutaneous coronary intervention were compared between the four groups up to 5 years. RESULTS: The group with higher Lp(a) had a higher incidence of coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, and peripheral arterial disease history. However, there was no difference among the four groups as regards the incidence of positive ACh provocation test, spasm severity, spasm extent, and location. However, at up to 5 years of clinical follow-up, the higher-Lp(a) group showed higher total death, de novo percutaneous coronary intervention, recurrent angina, and total major adverse cardiovascular events compared with the lower-Lp(a) groups. CONCLUSION: In our study, there was no relationship between the elevated Lp(a) level and the vasospastic response to the intracoronary ACh provocation test; however, higher Lp(a) levels were associated with poor clinical outcomes up to 5 years.


Assuntos
Acetilcolina/administração & dosagem , Vasoespasmo Coronário/sangue , Vasoespasmo Coronário/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Cardiovascular , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Vasoconstrição , Vasoconstritores/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Vasoespasmo Coronário/mortalidade , Vasoespasmo Coronário/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Yonsei Med J ; 59(4): 489-494, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749131

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prediabetes is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, data on the long term adverse clinical outcomes of prediabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) are scarce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 674 consecutive non-diabetic patients who underwent elective PCI between April 2007 and November 2010. Prediabetes was defined as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 5.7% to 6.4%. Two-year cumulative clinical outcomes of prediabetic patients (HbA1c of 5.7% to 6.4%, n=242) were compared with those of a normoglycemic group (<5.7%, n=432). RESULTS: Baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar between the two groups, except for higher glucose levels (104.8±51.27 mg/dL vs. 131.0±47.22 mg/dL, p<0.001) on admission in the prediabetes group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in coronary angiographic parameters, except for a higher incidence of diffuse long lesion in the prediabetes group. For prediabetic patients, trends toward higher incidences of binary restenosis (15.6% vs. 9.8 %, p=0.066) and late loss (0.71±0.70 mm vs. 0.59±0.62 mm, p=0.076) were noted. During the 24 months of follow up, the incidence of mortality in prediabetic patients was higher than that in normoglycemic patients (5.5% vs. 1.5%, p=0.007). CONCLUSION: In our study, a higher death rate and a trend toward a higher incidence of restenosis in patients with prediabetes up to 2 years, compared to those in normoglycemic patients, undergoing elective PCI with contemporary DESs.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Reestenose Coronária/mortalidade , Stents Farmacológicos , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Circ Heart Fail ; 11(4): e004134, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29626099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disorder associated with pregnancy that can lead to life-threatening conditions. The incidence and clinical characteristics of this condition remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We aimed to perform the first population-based study of PPCM in South Korea, using the Korea National Health Insurance Claims Database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. Patients who fulfilled predefined diagnostic criteria for PPCM from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012, were identified from International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. To discriminate PPCM from other causes of heart failure, we excluded subjects who already had heart failure-related International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification codes at least 1 year before delivery. During the study period, there were 1 404 551 deliveries in South Korea, and we excluded 20 159 patients who already had heart failure. In those, a total of 795 cases were identified as PPCM. Patients with PPCM were older, had a higher prevalence of preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus, and were more likely to be primiparous and have multiple pregnancies. Moreover, cesarean section and pregnancy-related complications and in-hospital death were also more common in patients with PPCM. Intriguingly, a considerable number of heart failure cases (n=64; 8.1% of total PPCM) were noted between 5 and 12 months after delivery. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of PPCM was 1 in 1741 deliveries in South Korea. Patients with PPCM were older, were more associated with primiparity and multiple pregnancy, had more pregnancy-related complications, and revealed higher in-hospital mortality than controls. The number of cases diagnosed as PPCM were decreased over time after delivery; however, a large number of patients were still noted through 12 months after delivery.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Período Periparto/fisiologia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/diagnóstico , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco
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