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1.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(9): 2772-2774, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471700

RESUMO

Abies forrestii is endemic to southwest China and ecologically important as a major component of the cold temperate forests. This study was the first report complete chloroplast (cp) genome of A. forrestii. The complete chloroplast genome was 120,022 bp in size. In total, 114 genes were identified, including 68 peptide-encoding genes, 35 tRNA genes, four rRNA genes, six open reading frames and one pseudogene. Thirteen genes contain introns. In phylogenetic analysis, A. forrestii was found to be closely related with A. nukiangensis, A. fanjingshanensis and A. delavayi subsp. fansipanensis. Our study will provide potential genetic resources for further evolutionary studies of this ecologically important species.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 4047-4052, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB)/brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling plays a role in inducing malignant phenotypes in several aggressive types of cancers. To create a conclusive therapy targeting TrkB/BDNF signaling in solid refractory cancers, the biological significance of TrkB/BDNF signaling was analyzed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three PDAC cell lines were used as target cells to investigate proliferation and invasiveness. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and the TrkB tyrosine kinase inhibitor k252a were used as TrkB/BDNF signaling inhibitors. RESULTS: All PDAC cell lines expressed TrkB and BDNF. When TrkB and BDNF were inhibited by siRNA or k252a, the invasiveness of PANC-1 and SUIT-2 cells significantly decreased. When TrkB was inhibited by siRNA or k252a, proliferation was significantly inhibited in PDAC cells. CONCLUSION: TrkB/BDNF signaling may be a new therapeutic target for PDAC. Therapies targeting TrkB/BDNF signaling may be a conclusive cancer therapy for refractory solid cancer.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Receptor trkB/metabolismo , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Receptor trkB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor trkB/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(17): 4129-4139, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164397

RESUMO

This paper aims to explore the potential of Qingyan Formula(QYF) in the treatment of perimenopausal anxiety disorder(PAD) by network pharmacological method, and verify the pharmacodynamics and mechanism by using animal experiments. First, Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) was used to retrieve the active components of QYF. Then the potential drug targets were screened with use of Integrative Pharmacology-based Network Computational Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCMIP) v2.0 and Swiss Target Prediction database. Targets related to PAD were retrieved and screened from the OMIM database and GeneCards database. The intersection targets of QYF and PAD were screened out, and then the enrichment analysis of the signal pathways was conducted. Open field experiments and the O maze experiment were used to verify the pharmacodynamic effect of QYF in the treatment of PAD rats, and the serum neurotransmitter level was detected. The results showed that QYF may be have the function of regulating steroid hormone signaling pathways such as steroid hormone synthesis, ovarian steroidogenesis and estrogen signaling pathways, regulating central neurotransmitters signaling pathways including tryptophan metabolism pathways, Toll-like receptor signaling pathways, TGF-ß signaling pathway and regulating inflammatory response pathways including NF-κB signaling pathway, Apelin signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, and FOXO signaling pathway. All of the signaling pathways were related to PAD, which indicated that QYF may have the role of treating PAD. Qingyan Formula 70% ethanol extract(QYFE) revealed anxiolytic effects by extending the activity time and distance of anxious ovariectomized(OVX) rats in the central field of open field experiments, and increasing the duration and activity distance of anxious OVX rats in the open arm area in O maze experiments. QYFE increased serum serotonin/5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), and gamma aminobutyric acid(GABA) levels in anxious OVX rats, significantly reduced glutamate(Glu) and norepinephrine(NA) levels, and reversed the disturbance of excitatory/suppressive transmitter balance caused by OVX, which may be related to its effect on alleviating anxiety disorder in OVX rats.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Perimenopausa , Animais , Transtornos de Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Ratos , Serotonina
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(17): 4149-4153, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164399

RESUMO

Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f.(TwHF) is one of the most effective traditional Chinese herbal medicines against rheumatoid arthritis. As the representative agents of TwHF, Tripterygium Glycoside Tablets(TGT) and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets(TWT) were included as Class A drugs in the 2019 edition of Medicine Catalogue for National Basic Medical Insurance, Injury Insurance and Maternity Insurance, and TGT was also included in 2018 edition of National Essential Drug List and 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. However, it is difficult to grasp the specific clinical applications of TGT and TWT. Side effects occur from time to time. The curative effect is uneven in patients. And the package inserts of TGT and TWT are not described in details. In order to standardize the clinical application of Tripterygium wilfordii preparations, 38 authoritative units and 48 well-known experts in rheumatoid immunology clinical department, drug supervision and management, pharmacy and evidence-based medicine research fields jointly developed Tripterygium Glycoside Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets Medication Guide for reference in clinical application, teaching and scientific research. The guideline followed the "evidence-based, consensus-assisted and experience-based" principles to form "recommendations" for the evidence supported ones, and form "consensus suggestions" for those without evidence support by using nominal group method. In this way, the medication recommendations on function, usage and dosage, drug combinations, precautions, efficacy, safety and other aspects of TGT and TWT can be provided. The application of this Guide will help to avoid or reduce the adverse reactions of T. wilfordii preparations, enhance the efficacy and reduce the cost of medicine, with certain demonstration and promotion values to improve the rational use level of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Tripterygium , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Glicosídeos , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Gravidez , Comprimidos
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(17): 4154-4157, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164400

RESUMO

Clinical practice guideline for Tripterygium Glycosides/Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(T/CACM 1337-2020) was approved on June, 2020 by the Standardization Office of Chinese Association of Chinese Medicine. Our group developed this guideline for the clinical application of Tripterygium Glycosides/Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets according to the manual for the clinical experts consensus of Chinese patent medicine from January, 2018, when this project was approved by Chinese Association of Chinese Medicine. In this article, the detailed information on our compilation process was provided, in order to facilitate the understanding and the application of the guideline, as well as provide reference for the development of clinical practice guideline for other Chinese patent medicine.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeos , Humanos , Comprimidos , Tripterygium
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(19): 4712-4718, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164437

RESUMO

To observe the effect of shikonin on the proliferation, migration, adhesion and invasion of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) fibroblast like synoviocytes induced by tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and to explore its mechanism of action from aspects of protein kinase B(Akt) and mitogen activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathways. TNF-α(20 ng·mL~(-1)) was used in this experiment to induce human RA fibroblast like synovial cell line(MH7 A). After addition of different concentrations of shikonin(0.025, 0.05, 0.1 pmol·L~(-1)), the proliferation, migration, adhesion and invasion ability of MH7 A cells were detected by MTT test, scratch test, adhesion test, Transwell invasion test, respectively. Protein expression of Akt and MAPK signaling pathway molecules in MH7 A cells was detected by Western blot. The results showed that as compared with the control group, TNF-α could significantly induce the proliferation, migration, adhesion and invasion of MH7 A cells, and increase the phosphorylation level of Akt, JNK, p38 and extracellular regulatory protein kinase(ERK). As compared with the TNF-α group, shikonin had no significant effect on TNF-α-induced proliferation of MH7 A cells after 24 h treatment, and it could reduce the TNF-α-induced proliferation of MH7 A cells in a concentration dependent manner after 48 h treatment. Shikonin also significantly reduced the TNF-α-induced migration, adhesion, invasion and phosphorylation levels of Akt, JNK, p38, ERK in MH7 A cells within 24 h. These results suggested that shikonin could reduce the proliferation, migration, adhesion and invasion ability of MH7 A cells induced by TNF-α, and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of Akt and MAPK signaling pathway activation.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Sinoviócitos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Naftoquinonas , Membrana Sinovial , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 139, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of CHD is the highest among birth defects and is increasing year to year. CHD seriously harms the health of infants and young children and presents a large economic burden to families and society. The pathogenesis of CHD and preventive measures are the focus of current research. Our research aimed to explore the intervention effect of folic acid on heart abnormalities resulting from sodium arsenic (NaAsO2) exposure during the periconception period. METHODS: Sixty 35-day-old female SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups with 12 rats in each group. Group A was the control group. The rats were given distilled water and ordinary chow. The rats in group B were given distilled water containing 75 mg/L NaAsO2 and ordinary chow. The rats in groups C, D, and E were given distilled water containing 75 mg/L NaAsO2 and chow containing 0.53 mg/kg, 5.3 mg/kg, and 10.6 mg/kg folic acid, respectively. The general condition of the embryos and the histopathology of the embryonic hearts were examined. The acetylation levels of histone H3K9 in heart tissues and the expression levels of Mef2C (which is related to heart development) were observed. RESULTS: The embryo weight and placental weight of groups B-E were significantly lower than those of group A (P < 0.05). The heart malformation rate of the fetal rats in groups B-E was significantly higher than that of the fetal rats in group A (P < 0.05). We found that the level of H3K9 acetylation in fetal rat cardiomyocytes in groups B-E was significantly higher than that in group A (P < 0.05) and that the level of H3K9 acetylation in groups C-E was lower than that in group B (P < 0.05). The mRNA level of Mef2C in fetal rat cardiomyocytes in group B-E was significantly higher than that in group A (P < 0.05), and the mRNA level of Mef2C in groups C-E was significantly lower than that in group B (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Supplementation with folic acid during the periconception period can interfere with the toxic effects of arsenic on the heart. The mechanism may be that lowering the acetylation levels of histone H3K9 in heart tissues leads to decreased expression levels of Mef2C, which may play a protective role in heart development in fetal rats.


Assuntos
Arsenitos , Coração Fetal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/prevenção & controle , Compostos de Sódio , Acetilação , Animais , Cardiotoxicidade , Feminino , Coração Fetal/anormalidades , Coração Fetal/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Idade Gestacional , Cardiopatias Congênitas/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias Congênitas/embriologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição MEF2/genética , Fatores de Transcrição MEF2/metabolismo , Exposição Materna , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Gravidez , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
8.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 21(2): 101-107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599195

RESUMO

EGISTs originating outside the gastrointestinal tract share some similarities with the GISTs regarding their immunohistochemical features including the positive expression of CD117 and CD34. The majority of EGISTs carry activating mutations of the C-KIT or PDGFRA genes. However, there is no precedent in the literature where the two mutations occur in one case of EGISTs to date. We describe herein, a 52-year-old female who presented as mesenteric and pelvic regions masses showing positive immunoreactivity for CD117, DOG-1, CD34. Mutation analysis identified two mutations that located in the exon 13 of C-KIT and in the exon 18 of PDGFRA. The patient was treated sequentially with imatinib, sunitinib, sorafenib, and regorafenib. However, the prognosis was undesirable. Previous research has shown that expression of members of Bcl-2 family may be helpful in predicting prognosis, the survival time, and the resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. IHC was performed to detect the expression of BCL-2 family. The results show that high BCL-2 expression and low BAX expression in both specimens. In conclusion, our case may suggest that the presence of both C-KIT and PDGFRA mutations in EGISTs patients may indicate a very poor prognosis; and the expression level of BCL-2 and BAX could predict clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/secundário , Mesentério/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/genética , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/genética , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Mesentério/efeitos dos fármacos , Mesentério/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Prognóstico
9.
Can Respir J ; 2019: 7262065, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885749

RESUMO

Objective: The absolute and relative changes of peripheral NK and T subsets are unclear in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associated with pulmonary interstitial fibrosis (RA-ILD). To investigate the clinical risk factors, especially the changes of lymphocyte subsets, in RA-ILD in order to make early diagnosis and achieve prevention of the pulmonary interstitial lesions. Methods: A total of 100 RA and 100 RA-ILD patients were enrolled. Rheumatoid factor, anti-cyclic citrulline peptide antibody, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, immunoglobulin, and C-reactive protein were examined. The percentage and absolute number of NK, T, B, Treg, Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells in peripheral blood were determined by flow cytometry. Results: RA-ILD is more common in older and male RA patients and/or those with higher autoantibody titers. Flow cytometry showed that the absolute and relative numbers of CD56+ NK cells were significantly higher in RA-ILD (280.40 ± 180.51 cells/µl vs. 207.66 ± 148.57 cells/µl; 16.62 ± 8.56% vs. 12.11 ± 6.47%), whereas the proportion of T cells and CD4+ T cells was lower in peripheral blood of RA-ILD patients (69.82 ± 9.30%; 39.44 ± 9.87 cells/µl) than that in RA patients (74.45 ± 8.72%; 43.29 ± 9.10 cells/µl). Conclusions: The occurrence of RA-ILD is closely related to the older male patients with high titer of various self-antibodies. Imbalance of CD3-CD56+ NK cells and T cells with other subsets were found in RA-ILD patients, which, together with older age, male, and high levels of autoantibodies should be considered as risk factors of pulmonary interstitial lesions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/imunologia , Fator Reumatoide/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fibrose Pulmonar/complicações , Fatores Sexuais , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia
10.
J Immunol Res ; 2019: 1058738, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772947

RESUMO

Objective: Accumulating evidence indicates that regulatory T cells (Tregs) may be involved in the pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). As different markers have been used to identify Tregs, some studies on the proportions of Tregs in AS patients have generated considerable controversy. To clarify the status of Tregs in such patients, we determine the proportion changes of peripheral Tregs during development of the disease, with different cellular markers. Methods: We systematically searched Embase, PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Knowledge, FDA.gov, and Clinical Trials.gov for the studies reporting the proportion of Tregs in AS patients. Using the PRISMA guidelines, we performed a random-effects meta-analysis of the frequencies of peripheral Tregs defined in different ways. Inconsistency was evaluated using the I-squared index (I 2), and publication bias was assessed by examining funnel plot asymmetry using the Begger and Egger tests. Results: A total 29 studies involving 1732 participants were included in the meta-analysis. Their conclusions of using the diversity of Tregs surface markers were inconsistent with each other. No significant difference in the proportions of Tregs was evident regardless of the definitions used [-0.709, (-1.455, 0.037, p = 0.063), I 2 = 97.3%]. Six studies used "single CD25-positive" cells as Tregs, which revealed a significant increase in AS patients compared with healthy blood donors [0.736, (0.138, 1.334), p = 0.016, I 2 = 80.7%]. Notably, the proportions of "CD4+CD25+FOXP3+," "CD4+CD25highCD127low/-," or "CD4+CD25+CD127low" T cells were lower in AS patients [-2.856, (-4.645, -1.066), p = 0.002; -1.812, (-2.648, -0.977), p < 0.001; -1.12, (-1.605, -0.635), p < 0.001]. Tregs defined as "CD25high," "CD25bright," "CD25bright/highCD127low/-," "CD4+FOXP3+," "CD4+CD25highFOXP3+," and "CD4+CD25+CD127-" did not differ in proportion between AS patients and healthy blood donors. Conclusions: The levels of Tregs varied based on the cellular identification markers used. The proportions of CD4+CD25+FOXP3+Tregs, CD4+CD25highCD127low/-, or CD4+CD25+CD127low in blood of AS patients were significantly decreased as compared with those in healthy blood donors, and our findings lend support to the idea that the Treg status of AS patients is important. And we recommend the above as the best definition of Tregs when evaluating the status of such patients.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Espondilite Anquilosante/etiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/imunologia , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Contagem de Linfócitos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
11.
Amino Acids ; 51(10-12): 1657-1666, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729551

RESUMO

The effects of methionine restriction on lipid metabolism in the liver and adipose tissue have been well determined, while its effects on the skeletal muscle have not been fully studied. The present study was conducted to explore whether methionine restriction in weanling piglets would affect skeletal muscle lipid content and fiber type and whether such changes would further affect the meat quality of growing-finishing pigs. A total of 28 crossbred healthy barrows weaned at the age of 21 days were randomly allotted to two treatments and fed either a methionine-restricted diet (0.25% methionine) or a control diet (0.48% methionine) for 4 weeks. After this period, the pigs were fed the same basal diet throughout the growing-finishing period. The results showed that methionine restriction during the post-weanling period of piglets enhanced lipid accumulation and promoted the formation of slow-twitch muscle fibers in the skeletal muscle, while it had no effects on growth performance. We hypothesized that such effects might be mediated by AMPK-PGC-1α signaling pathway. Furthermore, the effects of methionine restriction on the skeletal muscle of pigs at the post-weanling period had a subsequent effect on growing-finishing pigs, which showed a higher intramuscular fat content. Our results suggest that dietary methionine restriction in piglets at an early stage might be an alternative method for improving meat quality.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/química , Metionina/metabolismo , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/química , Carne de Porco/análise , Sus scrofa/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Proteínas na Dieta/análise , Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Metionina/análise , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Sus scrofa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sus scrofa/metabolismo , Desmame
12.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 1170, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that cetuximab (CET) combined with chemoradiotherapy may be effective for patients with esophageal cancer. However, the recent results are still contradictory and no consensus has yet been reached on this issue. To evaluate the clinical effects and safety of CET, we conducted an updated meta-analysis by retrieving published data up to June 2018. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in several electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI database and Chinese Biomedicine Database using subject terms and free terms. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to determine the efficiency and safety of CET. RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 10 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Five RCTs reported localized esophageal cancer and other five RCTs reported metastatic esophageal cancer. For these patients with localized esophageal cancer, CET could not significantly improve the response rate, overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS, 1-5 years). But CET treatment might increase the incidences of diarrhea (OR = 2.07; CI = 1.01-4.25) and rash (OR = 16.91; CI = 3.20-89.42). For other patients with metastatic esophageal cancer, the addition of CET significantly increased the response rate (OR = 3.34; CI = 1.90-5.88), disease control rate (OR = 2.92; CI = 1.49-5.71) and 2-year overall survival (OR = 2.78; CI = 1.20-6.46) compared with the control group. However, CET could not improve the 1-year overall survival and might make patients with metastatic esophageal cancer more susceptible to rash (OR = 5.50; CI = 2.14-14.14). No significant differences in other adverse effects were found between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that adding CET to multimodal therapy significantly improved response rate and disease control rate for patients with metastatic esophageal cancer rather than patients with localized esophageal cancer. CET might be a safe therapeutic choice, but CET failed to significantly improve the overall survival and PFS for patients with localized or metastatic esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Cetuximab/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Cancer Cell Int ; 15: 77, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26236156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colon carcinoma is one of the commonly tumors that threaten human beings as its highly morbidity and mortality. Recent evidences suggested that microRNA-21 (miR-21) played an important role in the development of colon carcinoma and might be a potential biological marker for the diagnosis and prognosis of colon carcinoma. However, the potential effect of miR-21 based therapeutic studies in colon carcinoma remains to be fully elucidated. METHODS: In present study, we constructed an eukaryotic expression vector encoding antisense oligonucleotides against miR-21 (termed as p-miR-21-ASO) and the expression of miRNA-21 in human colon cancer was detected by Real-time PCR. To assess its possible effect on the proliferation and migration capacity of human colon carcinoma cells in vitro, CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay and cell invasion, as well as migration assay, were performed respectively. Moreover, PTEN, one of target molecules of miRNA-21, was analyzed by Western blot and Fluorescence activated cell sorter assay. Finally, the transduction of AKT and ERK pathways in human colon carcinoma cells was determined by Western blot. RESULTS: We found that transiently transfection of p-miR-21-ASO could efficiently decrease the relative expression of miR-21 in human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells, accompanied by impaired proliferation and clone formation. Furthermore, we found that down-regulation of miR-21 also could significantly abrogate the invasion and migration capacity in vitro, as well as the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor which is critical for the metastatic capacity of colon carcinoma cells. Mechanistic evidence showed that down-regulation of miR-21 increased the expression of its target molecule PTEN in HCT116 cells. Finally, we revealed that the expression level of both phosphor-ERK1/2 and phosphor-AKT also were altered. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, our data suggested miR-21 ASO against miR-21 might be a useful strategy to alter the expression of miR-21 in colon carcinoma cells, which was helpful for the development of miR-21-based therapeutic strategies against clinical colon carcinoma.

14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 112(15): 4702-6, 2015 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25825755

RESUMO

The fossil record offers unique insights into the environmental and geographic partitioning of biodiversity during global diversifications. We explored biodiversity patterns during the Cambrian radiation, the most dramatic radiation in Earth history. We assessed how the overall increase in global diversity was partitioned between within-community (alpha) and between-community (beta) components and how beta diversity was partitioned among environments and geographic regions. Changes in gamma diversity in the Cambrian were chiefly driven by changes in beta diversity. The combined trajectories of alpha and beta diversity during the initial diversification suggest low competition and high predation within communities. Beta diversity has similar trajectories both among environments and geographic regions, but turnover between adjacent paleocontinents was probably the main driver of diversification. Our study elucidates that global biodiversity during the Cambrian radiation was driven by niche contraction at local scales and vicariance at continental scales. The latter supports previous arguments for the importance of plate tectonics in the Cambrian radiation, namely the breakup of Pannotia.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Evolução Biológica , Fósseis , Paleontologia/métodos , Animais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Modelos Teóricos , Dinâmica Populacional , Especificidade da Espécie , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Onco Targets Ther ; 5: 271-7, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23109808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To investigate the crosstalk between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and integrin-mediated signal transduction pathways in human gastric adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: EGF was used as a ligand of EGFR to stimulate the gastric adenocarcinoma cell, SGC7901. Signal molecules downstream of the integrin, FAK(Y397) and p130cas(Y410) phosphorylation, were measured by immunoprecipitation and western blot. Fibronectin (Fn) was used as a ligand of integrin to stimulate the same cell line. Signal molecules downstream of EGFR and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) general phosphorylation were also measured. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) small-interfering RNA was designed and transfected into SGC7901 cells to decrease the expression of FAK. Modified Boyden chambers and MTT assay were used to examine the effect of FAK inhibition on the invasiveness and proliferation of SGC7901. RESULTS: EGF activated FAK(Y397) and p130cas(Y410) phosphorylation, while Fn activated ERK general phosphorylation. Inhibition of FAK expression decreased p130cas(Y410) phosphorylation activated by EGF and ERK general phosphorylation activated by Fn, also decreased the invasiveness and proliferation of SGC7901 cells activated by EGF or Fn. CONCLUSION: There is crosstalk between EGFR and integrin signal transduction. FAK may be a key cross point of the two signal pathways and acts as a potential target for human gastric cancer therapy.

16.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 59(1): 8-12, 2007 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17294036

RESUMO

This paper was aimed to investigate the effects of ATP-sensitive potassium channels on the proliferation and differentiation of rat preadipocytes. We examined the expression of sulphonylurea receptor 2 (SUR2) mRNA in preadipocytes and adipocytes obtained by inducing for 5 d and the effects of the inhibitor (glibenclamide) and opener (diazoxide) of ATP-sensitive potassium channels on the expression of SUR2 mRNA in preadipocytes by real-time PCR. Preadipocyte proliferation and cell cycle were measured by MTT spectrophotometry and flow cytometer. The content of intracellular lipid was measured by oil red O staining, cell diameter was determined by Image-Pro Plus 5.0 software and the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) mRNA was estimated by RT-PCR. SUR2 mRNA was expressed in both preadipocytes and adipocytes obtained by inducing for 5 d, and the expression in adipocytes was obviously higher than that in preadipocytes. Glibenclamide inhibited the expression of SUR2 mRNA in preadipocyte, promoted preadipocyte proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, increased the cell percentages in G(2)/M + S phase, increased lipid content, augmented adipocyte diameter, and promoted the expression of PPAR-gamma mRNA. But the actions of diazoxide were contrary to those of glibenclamide. These results suggest that ATP-sensitive potassium channels regulate the proliferation and differentiation of preadipocytes, and PPAR-gamma is probably involved in the effect of ATP-sensitive potassium channels.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/citologia , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Canais KATP/fisiologia , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Obesidade/patologia , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/genética , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Droga/genética , Receptores de Droga/metabolismo , Receptores de Sulfonilureias
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