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1.
Dalton Trans ; 46(24): 7926-7938, 2017 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28604871

RESUMO

We report on the investigation of a new series of symmetric trinuclear ruthenium complexes combined with azanaphthalene ligands: [Ru3O(CH3COO)6(L)3]PF6 where L = (1) quinazoline (qui), (2) 5-nitroisoquinoline (5-nitroiq), (3) 5-bromoisoquinoline (5-briq), (4) isoquinoline (iq), (5) 5-aminoisoquinoline (5-amiq), and (6) 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroisoquinoline (thiq). The crystal structure of complex 1, [Ru3O(CH3COO)6(qui)3]PF6, was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis, showing a high degree of co-planarity between the [Ru3O] plane and the azanaphthalene ligands. Spectroscopic (UV-visible, NMR and infra-red) and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry and spectroelectrochemistry) data showed correlation with the pKa values of the azanaphthalene ligands and this dependence was rationalized in terms of the molecular orbital of the [Ru3O] unit and the structure of the ligands. By analysing the spectroscopic and electrochemical correlations, the ability of the azanaphthalene ligands to extend the electronic π-system of the [Ru3O] unit to the periphery of the compounds was demonstrated. This electronic effect accounts for the planarity of the structure of complex 1. It was also shown through molecular modeling results that, to explain the spectroscopic and electrochemical behaviour of these species, it is not possible to neglect the electronic mixing between the metallic and the acetate orbitals. Finally, this work revealed that electronic coupling is more pronounced in the azanaphthalene series of complexes than in pyridinic analogues and it is this coupling that determines the spectroscopic and electrochemical behaviour of the new species.

2.
J Chem Inf Model ; 57(5): 1029-1044, 2017 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28414908

RESUMO

The study of selective toxicity of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on mitochondria (CNT-mitotoxicity) is of major interest for future biomedical applications. In the current work, the mitochondrial oxygen consumption (E3) is measured under three experimental conditions by exposure to pristine and oxidized CNTs (hydroxylated and carboxylated). Respiratory functional assays showed that the information on the CNT Raman spectroscopy could be useful to predict structural parameters of mitotoxicity induced by CNTs. The in vitro functional assays show that the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation by ATP-synthase (or state V3 of respiration) was not perturbed in isolated rat-liver mitochondria. For the first time a star graph (SG) transform of the CNT Raman spectra is proposed in order to obtain the raw information for a nano-QSPR model. Box-Jenkins and perturbation theory operators are used for the SG Shannon entropies. A modified RRegrs methodology is employed to test four regression methods such as multiple linear regression (LM), partial least squares regression (PLS), neural networks regression (NN), and random forest (RF). RF provides the best models to predict the mitochondrial oxygen consumption in the presence of specific CNTs with R2 of 0.998-0.999 and RMSE of 0.0068-0.0133 (training and test subsets). This work is aimed at demonstrating that the SG transform of Raman spectra is useful to encode CNT information, similarly to the SG transform of the blood proteome spectra in cancer or electroencephalograms in epilepsy and also as a prospective chemoinformatics tool for nanorisk assessment. All data files and R object models are available at https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.3472349 .


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Biológicos , Nanotubos de Carbono/toxicidade , Análise Espectral Raman , Animais , Entropia , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Consumo de Oxigênio , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
3.
Rev. clín. periodoncia implantol. rehabil. oral (Impr.) ; 9(2): 132-139, ago. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-794508

RESUMO

Aim To evaluate the release of sodium hypochlorite from three different commercial brands of heat-polymerized acrylic resin immersed in water and submitted to mechanical or chemical polishing after disinfection with hypochlorite at different concentrations. Material and methods Fifty-four disk-shaped specimens (n = 18) were made for each resin (Lucitone 550, QC-20, and Classico) and assigned to two groups according to the type of polishing. Specimens were divided in three sub-groups in relation to sodium hypochlorite concentration (1%, 2.5%, and 5.25%), and the groups were immersed for 10-min periods in each sodium hypochlorite concentration. The electrochemical method used for detecting the release of sodium hypochlorite in each specimen was the cyclic voltammetry. Results In the specimens of Clássico resin polished mechanically and immersed in 5.25% sodium hypochlorite, as well as Lucitone and QC-20 resins immersed in 2.5%, the amounts of disinfectant solution released in the four 15-min water exchanges were higher than the four 60-min exchanges. Conclusion There were differences in hypochlorite release from the three commercial brands of denture-base acrylic resins subjected to mechanical polishing. However, no hypochlorite release from the same resins was observed when they were subjected to chemical polishing.


Objetivo Evaluar la liberación de hipoclorito de sodio de 3 marcas comerciales diferentes de resinas termo-polimerizadas sumergidas en agua, y sometidas a pulido mecánico o químico después de la desinfección con hipoclorito a diferentes concentraciones. Material y métodos Cincuenta y cuatro especímenes en forma de disco (n = 18) fueron confeccionados para cada resina (Lucitone 550, QC-20 y Clássico) y asignados a 2 grupos de acuerdo con el tipo de pulido. Las muestras se dividieron en 3 subgrupos en relación con la concentración de hipoclorito de sodio (1, 2,5 y 5,25%), y los grupos se sumergieron durante períodos de 10 min en cada concentración de hipoclorito de sodio. El método electroquímico usado para la detección de la liberación de hipoclorito de sodio en cada espécimen fue a través de voltametría cíclica. Resultados En las muestras pulidas mecánicamente de resina Clássico inmerso en hipoclorito de sodio al 5,25%, así como en las resinas Lucitone y QC-20 inmersas a 2,5%, la cantidad de solución desinfectante liberada en los 4 intercambios de agua de 15 min fue superior a los 4 de 60 min. Conclusión Hubo diferencias en la liberación de hipoclorito de las 3 marcas comerciales de resinas acrílicas sometidas a pulido mecánico. Sin embargo, no se observó liberación de hipoclorito en las mismas resinas cuando se sometieron a pulido químico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Resinas Sintéticas , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Dentaduras , Desinfetantes de Equipamento Odontológico/química , Fatores de Tempo , Resinas Acrílicas
4.
Brain Res Bull ; 109: 68-76, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25305343

RESUMO

Because mitochondrial oxidative stress and impairment are important mediators of neuronal damage in neurodegenerative diseases and in brain ischemia/reperfusion, in the present study, we evaluated the antioxidant and mitoprotective effect of a new promising neuroprotective molecule, JM-20, in mitochondria and synaptosomes isolated from rat brains. JM-20 inhibited succinate-mediated H2O2 generation in both mitochondria and synaptosomes incubated in depolarized (high K(+)) medium at extremely low micromolar concentration and with identical IC50 values of 0.91 µM. JM-20 also repressed glucose-induced H2O2 generation stimulated by rotenone or by antimycin A in synaptosomes incubated in high sodium-polarized medium at extremely low IC50 values of 0.395 µM and 2.452 µM, respectively. JM-20 was unable to react directly with H2O2 or with superoxide anion radicals but displayed a cathodic reduction peak at -0.71V, which is close to that of oxygen (-0.8V), indicating high electron affinity. JM-20 also inhibited uncoupled respiration in mitochondria or synaptosomes and was a more effective inhibitor in the presence of the respiratory substrates glutamate/malate than in the presence of succinate. JM-20 also prevented Ca(2+)-induced mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening, membrane potential dissipation and cytochrome c release, which are key pathogenic events during stroke. This molecule also prevented Ca(2+) influx into synaptosomes and mitochondria; the former effect was a consequence of the latter because JM-20 inhibition followed the patterns of carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenyl hydrazone (FCCP), which is a classic mitochondrial uncoupler. Because the mitochondrion is considered an important source and target of neuronal cell death signaling after an ischemic insult, the antioxidant and protective effects of JM-20 against the deleterious effects of Ca(2+) observed at the mitochondrial level in this study may endow this molecule with the ability to succeed in mitochondrion-targeted strategies to combat ischemic brain damage.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Benzodiazepinas/farmacologia , Cálcio/toxicidade , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Niacina/análogos & derivados , Prosencéfalo/ultraestrutura , Sinaptossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Catalase/farmacologia , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Masculino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Niacina/farmacologia , Oligomicinas/farmacologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxidos/metabolismo
5.
Chem Biol Interact ; 206(1): 63-75, 2013 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23994743

RESUMO

In the present study, we assessed whether 7-hydroxycoumarin (umbelliferone), 7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin, and their acetylated analogs modulate some of the effector functions of human neutrophils and display antioxidant activity. These compounds decreased the ability of neutrophils to generate superoxide anion, release primary granule enzymes, and kill Candida albicans. Cytotoxicity did not mediate their inhibitory effect, at least under the assessed conditions. These coumarins scavenged hypochlorous acid and protected ascorbic acid from electrochemical oxidation in cell-free systems. On the other hand, the four coumarins increased the luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence of human neutrophils stimulated with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate and serum-opsonized zymosan. Oxidation of the hydroxylated coumarins by the neutrophil myeloperoxidase produced highly reactive coumarin radical intermediates, which mediated the prooxidant effect observed in the luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence assay. These species also oxidized ascorbic acid and the spin traps α-(4-pyridyl-1-oxide)-N-tert-butylnitrone and 5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide. Therefore, 7-hydroxycoumarin and the derivatives investigated here were able to modulate the effector functions of human neutrophils and scavenge reactive oxidizing species; they also generated reactive coumarin derivatives in the presence of myeloperoxidase. Acetylation of the free hydroxyl group, but not addition of the 4-methyl group, suppressed the biological effects of 7-hydroxycoumarin. These findings help clarify how 7-hydroxycoumarin acts on neutrophils to produce relevant anti-inflammatory effects.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Umbeliferonas/farmacologia , Ânions/antagonistas & inibidores , Ânions/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/antagonistas & inibidores , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Umbeliferonas/química
6.
Brain Res Bull ; 89(5-6): 159-67, 2012 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22982368

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment are essential in the ischemic stroke cascade and eventually lead to tissue injury. C-Phycocyanin (C-PC) has previously been shown to have strong antioxidant and neuroprotective actions. In the present study, we assessed the effects of C-PC on oxidative injury induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BOOH) in SH-SY5Y neuronal cells, on transient ischemia in rat retinas, and in the calcium/phosphate-induced impairment of isolated rat brain mitochondria (RBM). In SH-SY5Y cells, t-BOOH induced a significant reduction of cell viability as assessed by an MTT assay, and the reduction was effectively prevented by treatment with C-PC in the low micromolar concentration range. Transient ischemia in rat retinas was induced by increasing the intraocular pressure to 120mmHg for 45min, which was followed by 15min of reperfusion. This event resulted in a cell density reduction to lower than 50% in the inner nuclear layer (INL), which was significantly prevented by the intraocular pre-treatment with C-PC for 15min. In the RBM exposed to 3mM phosphate and/or 100µM Ca(2+), C-PC prevented in the low micromolar concentration range, the mitochondrial permeability transition as assessed by mitochondrial swelling, the membrane potential dissipation, the increase of reactive oxygen species levels and the release of the pro-apoptotic cytochrome c. In addition, C-PC displayed a strong inhibitory effect against an electrochemically-generated Fenton reaction. Therefore, C-PC is a potential neuroprotective agent against ischemic stroke, resulting in reduced neuronal oxidative injury and the protection of mitochondria from impairment.


Assuntos
Fosfatos de Cálcio/toxicidade , Isquemia/prevenção & controle , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ficocianina/farmacologia , Vasos Retinianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Isquemia/induzido quimicamente , Isquemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ficocianina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Retina/metabolismo , Vasos Retinianos/metabolismo , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido/toxicidade
7.
J Phys Chem A ; 115(21): 5453-60, 2011 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21561138

RESUMO

Radical anions are present in several chemical processes, and understanding the reactivity of these species may be described by their thermodynamic properties. Over the last years, the formation of radical ions in the gas phase has been an important issue concerning electrospray ionization mass spectrometry studies. In this work, we report on the generation of radical anions of quinonoid compounds (Q) by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The balance between radical anion formation and the deprotonated molecule is also analyzed by influence of the experimental parameters (gas-phase acidity, electron affinity, and reduction potential) and solvent system employed. The gas-phase parameters for formation of radical species and deprotonated species were achieved on the basis of computational thermochemistry. The solution effects on the formation of radical anion (Q(•-)) and dianion (Q(2-)) were evaluated on the basis of cyclic voltammetry analysis and the reduction potentials compared with calculated electron affinities. The occurrence of unexpected ions [Q+15](-) was described as being a reaction between the solvent system and the radical anion, Q(•-). The gas-phase chemistry of the electrosprayed radical anions was obtained by collisional-induced dissociation and compared to the relative energy calculations. These results are important for understanding the formation and reactivity of radical anions and to establish their correlation with the reducing properties by electrospray ionization analyses.


Assuntos
Naftoquinonas/química , Teoria Quântica , Ânions/síntese química , Ânions/química , Eletroquímica , Radicais Livres/síntese química , Radicais Livres/química , Gases/síntese química , Gases/química , Estrutura Molecular , Naftoquinonas/síntese química , Soluções , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Estereoisomerismo
8.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 116(1): 36-46, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21512303

RESUMO

Guttiferone-A (GA) is a natural occurring polyisoprenylated benzophenone with several reported pharmacological actions. We have assessed the protective action of GA on iron-induced neuronal cell damage by employing the PC12 cell line and primary culture of rat cortical neurons (PCRCN). A strong protection by GA, assessed by the 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carbox-anilide (XTT) assay, was revealed, with IC(50) values <1 µM. GA also inhibited Fe(3+)-ascorbate reduction, iron-induced oxidative degradation of 2-deoxiribose, and iron-induced lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate, as well as stimulated oxygen consumption by Fe(2+) autoxidation. Absorption spectra and cyclic voltammograms of GA-Fe(2+)/Fe(3+) complexes suggest the formation of a transient charge transfer complex between Fe(2+) and GA, accelerating Fe(2+) oxidation. The more stable Fe(3+) complex with GA would be unable to participate in Fenton-Haber Weiss-type reactions and the propagation phase of lipid peroxidation. The results show a potential of GA against neuronal diseases associated with iron-induced oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Benzofenonas/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Ácido Ascórbico/toxicidade , Benzofenonas/química , Células Cultivadas , Córtex Cerebral/citologia , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Desoxirribose/metabolismo , Embrião de Mamíferos , Compostos Férricos/química , Compostos Férricos/toxicidade , Quelantes de Ferro/química , Quelantes de Ferro/farmacologia , Cinética , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Oxidantes/química , Oxidantes/toxicidade , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células PC12 , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
9.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 320(2): 646-53, 2007 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17068204

RESUMO

Mangiferin acts as a strong antioxidant on mitochondria. However, when in the presence of Ca(2+), mangiferin elicits mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), as evidenced by cyclosporin A-sensitive mitochondrial swelling. We now provide evidence, by means of electrochemical and UV-visible spectroscopical analysis, that Fe(III) coordinates with mangiferin. The resulting mangiferin-Fe(III) complex does not elicit MPT and prevents MPT by scavenging reactive oxygen species. Indeed, the complex protects mitochondrial membrane protein thiols and glutathione from oxidation. Fe(III) also significantly increases the ability of mangiferin to scavenge the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, as well as to display antioxidant activity toward antimycin A-induced H(2)O(2) production and t-butyl hydroperoxide-promoted membrane lipid peroxidation in mitochondria. We postulate that coordination with Fe(III) constitutes a potential protective mechanism toward the prooxidant action of mangiferin and other catechol-containing antioxidants regarding MPT induction. Potential therapeutic relevance of this finding for conditions of pathological iron overload is discussed.


Assuntos
Ferro/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Organelas/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantonas/farmacologia , Animais , Eletroquímica , Glutationa/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Permeabilidade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo
10.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 320(2)Oct. 2006. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | CUMED | ID: cum-40044

RESUMO

Mangiferin acts as a strong antioxidant on mitochondria. However, when in the presence of Ca(2+), mangiferin elicits mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), as evidenced by cyclosporin A-sensitive mitochondrial swelling. We now provide evidence, by means of electrochemical and UV-visible spectroscopical analysis, that Fe(III) coordinates with mangiferin. The resulting mangiferin-Fe(III) complex does not elicit MPT and prevents MPT by scavenging reactive oxygen species. Indeed, the complex protects mitochondrial membrane protein thiols and glutathione from oxidation. Fe(III) also significantly increases the ability of mangiferin to scavenge the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, as well as to display antioxidant activity toward antimycin A-induced H(2)O(2) production and t-butyl hydroperoxide-promoted membrane lipid peroxidation in mitochondria. We postulate that coordination with Fe(III) constitutes a potential protective mechanism toward the prooxidant action of mangiferin and other catechol-containing antioxidants regarding MPT induction. Potential therapeutic relevance of this finding for conditions of pathological iron overload is discussed(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ferro/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Xantonas/farmacologia , Organelas
11.
Pharmacol Res ; 54(5): 389-95, 2006 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17000117

RESUMO

A standard aqueous stem bark extract from selected species of Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae)--Vimang, whose major polyphenolic component is mangiferin, displays potent in vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity. The present study provides evidence that the Vimang-Fe(III) mixture is more effective at scavenging 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide radicals, as well as in protecting against t-butyl hydroperoxide-induced mitochondrial lipid peroxidation and hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced hepatocytes injury, compared to Vimang alone. Voltammetric assays demonstrated that Vimang, in line with the high mangiferin content of the extract, behaves electrochemically like mangiferin, as well as interacts with Fe(III) in close similarity with mangiferin's interaction with the cation. These results justify the high efficiency of Vimang as an agent protecting from iron-induced oxidative damage. We propose Vimang as a potential therapy against the deleterious action of reactive oxygen species generated during iron-overload, such as that occurring in diseases like beta-thalassemia, Friedreich's ataxia and haemochromatosis.


Assuntos
Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferro/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antimicina A/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hidrazinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Mangifera , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Picratos , Pirogalol/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Superóxidos/metabolismo
12.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 547(1-3): 31-6, 2006 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16945365

RESUMO

Iron-induced oxidative stress has been implicated in several pathological processes. In the present work we provide evidence for the formation of a mangiferin:Fe(III) complex (2:1), shown by means of either iron-induced changes in the UV/visible spectrum of mangiferin or by reduction of the anodic current peak in the voltammogram of that compound; we demonstrate, in addition, that the ferric complex is more effective than mangiferin itself in scavenging superoxide radicals generated by pyrogallol autoxidation, as well as in protecting hepatocytes from reactive oxygen species mediated hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. Moreover, we found that the mangiferin:Fe(III) complex reacts more readily with horseradish peroxidase/H(2)O(2) than does mangiferin by itself. We postulate that mangiferin could afford protection against iron/reactive oxygen species-mediated pathological processes by means of both iron chelating and iron-stimulated superoxide radical scavenging activity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos Férricos/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantonas/farmacologia , Animais , Hipóxia Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Eletroquímica , Compostos Férricos/química , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/química , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Oxigênio/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Superóxidos/antagonistas & inibidores , Superóxidos/metabolismo , Xantonas/química
13.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 72(3): 2200-5, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16517672

RESUMO

A series of experiments was undertaken to learn more about the impact on other bacteria of nitric oxide (NO) produced during denitrification. The denitrifier Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.3 was chosen as a denitrifier for these experiments. To learn more about NO production by this bacterium, NO levels during denitrification were measured by using differential mass spectrometry. This revealed that NO levels produced during nitrate respiration by this bacterium were in the low muM range. This concentration of NO is higher than that previously measured in denitrifiers, including Achromobacter cycloclastes and Paracoccus denitrificans. Therefore, both 2.4.3 and A. cycloclastes were used in this work to compare the effects of various NO levels on nondenitrifying bacteria. By use of bacterial overlays, it was found that the NO generated by A. cycloclastes and 2.4.3 cells during denitrification inhibited the growth of both Bacillus subtilis and R. sphaeroides 2.4.1 but that R. sphaeroides 2.4.3 caused larger zones of inhibition in the overlays than A. cycloclastes. Both R. sphaeroides 2.4.3 and A. cycloclastes induced the expression of the NO stress response gene hmp in B. subtilis. Taken together, these results indicate that there is variability in the NO concentrations produced by denitrifiers, but, irrespective of the NO levels produced, microbes in the surrounding environment were responsive to the NO produced during denitrification.


Assuntos
Achromobacter cycloclastes/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitratos/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Rhodobacter sphaeroides/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Espectrometria de Massas , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Rhodobacter sphaeroides/efeitos dos fármacos , Rhodobacter sphaeroides/crescimento & desenvolvimento
14.
Analyst ; 129(12): 1223-6, 2004 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15565222

RESUMO

We report here new chemical evidence for the generation of radical molecular ions of compounds with a conjugated pi-system (polyene) in ESI and HR-MALDI mass spectrometry. The oxidation potential of the neutral polyenes was calculated by cyclic-voltammetry and the results compared with those previously published for other complex conjugated compounds that have also been shown to form M*+ in ESI-MS. This study clearly demonstrates the correlation between the oxidation potential and the formation of the M*+ for the polyenes studied.


Assuntos
Carotenoides/análise , Retinoides/análise , Animais , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos
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