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1.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146725

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Incretin therapy is a common treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. We have previously reported an anti-prostate cancer effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist exendin-4. The attenuation of cell proliferation in the prostate cancer cell line was dependent on GLP-1R expression. Here, we examined the relationship between human prostate cancer severity and GLP-1R expression, as well as the effect of forced expression of GLP-1R using a lentiviral vector. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prostate cancer tissues were extracted by prostatectomy and biopsy. GLP-1R was overexpressed in ALVA-41 cells using a lentiviral vector (ALVA-41-GLP-1R cells). GLP-1R expression was detected by immunohistochemistry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Cell proliferation was examined by growth curves and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation assays. Cell cycle distribution and regulators were examined by flow cytometry and western blotting. In vivo experiments were carried out using a xenografted model. RESULTS: GLP-1R expression levels were significantly inversely associated with the Gleason score of human prostate cancer tissues. Abundant GLP-1R expression and functions were confirmed in ALVA-41-GLP-1R cells. Exendin-4 significantly decreased ALVA-41-GLP-1R cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. DNA synthesis and G1-to-S phase transition were inhibited in ALVA-41-GLP-1R cells. SKP2 expression was decreased and p27Kip1 protein was subsequently increased in ALVA-41-GLP-1R cells treated with exendin-4. In vivo experiments carried out by implanting ALVA-41-GLP-1R cells showed that exendin-4 decreased prostate cancer growth by activation of GLP-1R overexpressed in ALVA41-GLP-1R cells. CONCLUSIONS: Forced expression of GLP-1R attenuates prostate cancer cell proliferation by inhibiting cell cycle progression in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, GLP-1R activation might be a potential therapy for prostate cancer.

2.
J Thorac Oncol ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165206

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Histologic subtypes of malignant pleural mesothelioma are a major prognostic indicator and decision denominator for all therapeutic strategies. In an ambiguous case, a rare transitional mesothelioma (TM) pattern may be diagnosed by pathologists either as epithelioid mesothelioma (EM), biphasic mesothelioma (BM), or sarcomatoid mesothelioma (SM). This study aimed to better characterize the TM subtype from a histological, immunohistochemical, and molecular standpoint. Deep learning of pathologic slides was applied to this cohort. METHODS: A random selection of 49 representative digitalized sections from surgical biopsies of TM was reviewed by 16 panelists. We evaluated BAP1 expression and CDKN2A (p16) homozygous deletion. We conducted a comprehensive, integrated, transcriptomic analysis. An unsupervised deep learning algorithm was trained to classify tumors. RESULTS: The 16 panelists recorded 784 diagnoses on the 49 cases. Even though a Kappa value of 0.42 is moderate, the presence of a TM component was diagnosed in 51%. In 49% of the histological evaluation, the reviewers classified the lesion as EM in 53%, SM in 33%, or BM in 14%. Median survival was 6.7 months. Loss of BAP1 observed in 44% was less frequent in TM than in EM and BM. p16 homozygous deletion was higher in TM (73%), followed by BM (63%) and SM (46%). RNA sequencing unsupervised clustering analysis revealed that TM grouped together and were closer to SM than to EM. Deep learning analysis achieved 94% accuracy for TM identification. CONCLUSION: These results revealed that the TM pattern should be classified as non-EM or at minimum as a subgroup of the SM type.

3.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(4): 152832, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057514

RESUMO

Low-grade central osteosarcoma (LG-COS) is an uncommon variant of osteosarcoma (OS) that sometimes progresses to high-grade OS post-recurrence. We herein present a case of dedifferentiated LG-COS with extensive cystic change arising in the right iliac bone of a 26-year-old man. The LG-COS was initially diagnosed and managed as a simple bone cyst. The lesion recurred thrice, and high-grade OS was diagnosed during the third recurrence. The first lesion appeared as a typical benign cystic mass on radiography. However, a huge malignant osteoblastic mass subsequently developed in the right pelvis at the third recurrence. Extended hemipelvectomy with ipsilateral hemisacral resection was performed. Histologic analysis showed tumor necrosis and irregular neoplastic tumor osteoid, while immunohistochemistry revealed that the tumor was diffusely positive for MDM2 and CDK4. The histologic diagnosis was high-grade OS dedifferentiated from a preceding cystic lesion. Our final diagnosis of the primary lesion was LG-COS with extensive cystic change.

4.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(3): 693-696, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020735

RESUMO

Thymic carcinoma is a rare epithelial tumor of the thymus with a poor prognosis, and multimodal approaches are important for its treatment. Recently, a number of studies have indicated that S-1 treatment is effective against thymic carcinoma. S-1 plus cisplatin with concurrent radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment for other malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition, its safety has been confirmed, and it has been reported to have a marked effect against thymic carcinoma. Therefore, we conducted a phase II study of S-1 plus cisplatin with concurrent thoracic radiotherapy for locally advanced thymic carcinoma, in which the overall response rate was employed as the primary endpoint. The secondary endpoints were overall survival, progression-free survival, and safety.

5.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 214(4): 853-861, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review the appearance of various abnormalities that affect the lumbar intervertebral disk and diskovertebral segment through anatomic-pathologic correlation in cadavers. CONCLUSION. Familiarity with the pathologic conditions in and around the intervertebral disk is important in recognizing such conditions as a potential source of symptoms. We revisit the principal role of MRI in evaluating these abnormalities and excluding other sources of significant clinical manifestations.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Cadáver , Humanos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Lombar/patologia
6.
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) ; 60(3): 136-146, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902873

RESUMO

The histone H3K27M-mutant diffuse midline glioma is often seen in children and has a very poor prognosis regardless of its histological grade. Although it can occur in adults, few studies on adult cases have been reported. We examined adult midline glioma cases for their histological grade, presence of H3K27M mutation, and expression of related factors-enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), H3K27me3, p16, and methylthioadenosine phosphorylase. These tumor characteristics were also evaluated for their prognostic value in adult midline glioma. High histological grade, H3K27M-mutant, high EZH2 expression, and high H3K27me3 expression was detected in 12/23 (53%), 11/23 (48%), 9/23 (39%), and 12/23 (52%) cases, respectively. Histological grade and prognosis were significantly correlated (P <0.01). The high expression of EZH2 and the low expression of H3K27me3 correlated with histological malignancy (P = 0.019 and 0.009) and prognosis (P = 0.048 and 0.047). To broaden the scope of our analysis, a review of cases reported in the literature (2014-2019) was performed. In the 171 cases, H3K27M-mutant showed poor prognosis in the young adult group (P = 0.001), whereas H3K27 status had no effect on prognosis in the older age group (P = 0.141). Histological grade was correlated with prognosis in both young adults and older groups (P <0.001, P = 0.003, respectively). We demonstrate differences in prognostic factors for diffuse gliomas in the midline region for children and adults. Importantly, the H3K27M mutation significantly influences prognosis in children, but not necessarily in adults. Contrarily, histological grading and immunostaining are important prognostic tools in adults.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 306, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941942

RESUMO

Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare subtype of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia that consists of alveolar septal elastosis and intra-alveolar collagenosis, which is predominantly located in the upper lobes. The aim of this study was to examine the remodeling of the pulmonary arteries in patients with IPPFE. This study included 18 patients with IPPFE, 24 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and 5 patients without pulmonary disease as controls. We selected muscular pulmonary arteries and calculated the percentage of the thickness of each layer of the wall (intima, media, and adventitia) in relation to the external diameter. We also quantified the percentage of areas of elastic fiber in the media divided by the whole area of the media (medial elastic fiber score). The percentage of adventitial thickness in IPPFE was significantly higher than that in IPF and in control lungs. The percentage of medial thickness did not differ statistically between IPPFE and IPF. However, the medial elastic fiber score in IPPFE was also significantly larger than that in IPF and control lungs. These results suggest that collagenous thickening of the adventitia and medial elastosis are distinct histological features in the muscular pulmonary arteries of patients with IPPFE.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pleural biopsy through video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS pleural biopsy) is the most reliable diagnostic procedure for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). However, definitive diagnosis of MPM is occasionally difficult to establish. This study aims to investigate clinicopathological features of MPM patients who failed diagnosis by the first VATS pleural biopsy. METHODS: Four hundred consecutive patients with suspected MPM who received VATS pleural biopsy between March 2004 and July 2017 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients, whose histological diagnoses were not definitive in the first VATS pleural biopsy, were followed up as atypical mesothelial proliferation (AMP) or non-specific pleuritis (NSP). Re-examination was performed in cases strongly suspected of having MPM. RESULTS: Of the 400 patients, 267 (66.8%) were pathologically diagnosed with MPM, 25 with metastatic carcinoma and 6 with benign pleural disease by the first VATS pleural biopsy. Of the remaining 102 patients diagnosed with AMP or NSP, 10 patients (9.8%) were subsequently diagnosed with MPM. Analysis of the clinical course revealed that only insufficient tissue for diagnosis was obtained via VATS pleural biopsy in all cases and that it was caused by very early stage without visible tumour in 4 patients, intrathoracic inflammation in 4 and desmoplastic MPM in 2. CONCLUSIONS: In our review, 9.8% of patients diagnosed with AMP or NSP in first VATS pleural biopsy were subsequently diagnosed with MPM due to insufficient tissue for diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis via VATS pleural biopsy is sometimes challenging in following situation; very early stage, intrathoracic inflammation and desmoplastic MPM.

9.
Histopathology ; 76(2): 318-324, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429981

RESUMO

AIMS: Laminin (Ln)-γ 2, one of the chains of Ln-332, is a marker of invasive tumours and is frequently expressed as a monomer in malignant tumours. Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma (DTE), some types of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) (infiltrating and morphoeic BCC) and microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) belong to a group of tumours known as sclerosing adnexal neoplasms (SAN) that are frequently difficult to differentiate and often require immunohistochemistry for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of Ln-γ 2 expression in the differential diagnosis of DTE, infiltrating/morphoeic BCC, MAC and syringoma. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, we compared the expression of Ln-γ 2 in infiltrating/morphoeic BCC (n = 28), DTE (n = 26), MAC (n = 10) and syringoma (n = 20). Immunohistochemically, Ln-γ 2 positivity was noted in 96% (27 cases) of infiltrating/morphoeic BCC and 90% (nine cases) of MAC, while all DTE and syringoma cases were negative. Furthermore, Ln-γ 2 expression pattern in infiltrating/morphoeic BCC was different from that in MAC. Ln-γ 2 expression was found in the cytoplasm of tumour cells in infiltrating/morphoeic BCC tumour cells, while in MAC linear expression was noted both along tumour nests and in the cytoplasm. CONCLUSION: Ln-γ 2 is a helpful adjunct in the differential diagnosis of SAN.

10.
Mod Pathol ; 33(2): 245-254, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231127

RESUMO

Ancillary studies facilitate accurate diagnosis of morphologically challenging mesothelial proliferations. The current diagnostic algorithm proceeds from BAP1 immunohistochemistry to CDKN2A fluorescence in situ hybridization. While MTAP immunohistochemistry has recently shown promise as a surrogate for CDKN2A fluorescence in situ hybridization, it has been examined in only a few single-institution studies. Furthermore, there are no published reports on interobserver agreement or interlaboratory reproducibility for MTAP immunohistochemistry. We performed MTAP immunohistochemistry on 20 benign mesothelial lesions and 99 malignant mesotheliomas from five mesothelioma centers in four countries, and each MTAP stain was independently interpreted by four pathologists. CDKN2A fluorescence in situ hybridization data were available for a subset of cases, and a subset of cases was subjected in MTAP immunohistochemistry in multiple laboratories to assess interlaboratory reproducibility. Interobserver agreement in MTAP immunostain interpretation was excellent for all mesothelial lesions (kappa: 0.85) and for malignant mesothelioma cases only (kappa: 0.82). Interlaboratory reproducibility was also excellent (kappa values for paired protocols: 0.77-0.89). MTAP loss by immunohistochemistry was 78% sensitive and 96% specific for CDKN2A homozygous deletion. MTAP immunohistochemistry is a reliable surrogate for CDKN2A fluorescence in situ hybridization in diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. Interobserver agreement is excellent for interpretation of MTAP staining, and protocols performed in different laboratories yield concordant MTAP staining results. Rare cases with immunohistochemical MTAP loss may retain normal CDKN2A copy number, and the MTAP staining results should be correlated with clinicopathologic findings and other ancillary studies.

11.
Mod Pathol ; 33(2): 235-244, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231129

RESUMO

Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) gene, a tumor suppressor gene located on chromosome 22q12.2, is frequently abnormal in mesothelioma. Recent studies have revealed the effectiveness of diagnostic assays for differentiating malignant pleural mesothelioma from reactive mesothelial hyperplasia. These include detection of homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) (9p21 FISH), loss of expression of BAP1 as detected by immunohistochemistry, and loss of expression of methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) as detected by immunohistochemistry. However, the application of FISH detection of NF2 gene deletion (NF2 FISH) in differentiation of malignant pleural mesothelioma from reactive mesothelial hyperplasia has not been fully evaluated. In this study, we investigated whether NF2 FISH, either alone or in a combination with other diagnostic assays (9p21 FISH, MTAP immunohistochemistry, and BAP1 immunohistochemistry), is effective for distinguishing malignant pleural mesothelioma from reactive mesothelial hyperplasia. This study cohort included malignant pleural mesothelioma (n = 47) and reactive mesothelial hyperplasia cases (n = 27) from a period between 2001 and 2017. We used FISH to examine deletion status of NF2 and 9p21 and immunohistochemistry to examine expression of MTAP and BAP1 in malignant pleural mesothelioma and in reactive mesothelial hyperplasia. Hemizygous NF2 loss (chromosome 22 monosomy or hemizygous deletion) was detected in 25 of 47 (53.2%) mesothelioma cases. None of the mesothelioma cases showed homozygous NF2 deletion. Hemizygous NF2 loss showed 53.2% sensitivity and 100% specificity in differentiating malignant pleural mesothelioma from reactive mesothelial hyperplasia. A combination of NF2 FISH, 9p21 FISH, and BAP1 immunohistochemistry yielded greater sensitivity (100%) than that detected for either diagnostic assay alone (53.2% for NF2 FISH, 78.7% for 9p21 FISH, 70.2% for MTAP immunohistochemistry, or 57.4% for BAP1 immunohistochemistry). Thus, NF2 FISH in combination with other diagnostic assays is effective for distinguishing malignant pleural mesothelioma from reactive mesothelial hyperplasia.

12.
NMC Case Rep J ; 6(4): 125-129, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592398

RESUMO

Metastases from meningioma grade I are especially rare. We describe a case of a 65-year-old male with meningioma WHO grade I with a history of local recurrence and distant metastasis to the lung 26 years after the initial surgery. The original tumor was localized at the occipital low convex and invaded into the venous sinus and posterior cranial fossa; it was resected. About 15 years later, the tumor recurred in the posterior cranial fossa and γ-knife radiosurgery was performed. About 4 years later, the recurred tumor was resected at our hospital. Another 7 years later, the tumor recurred in the same area and right middle cranial fossa. All tumors except that inside the venous sinus were excised. All specimens obtained were classified as meningioma WHO grade I. Preoperative examination of the third operation revealed a nodule in the lower lobe of the right lung. The nodule grew gradually. Four months after the third surgery, partial resection of the right lung was performed. Histology indicated meningioma WHO grade I. The two lesions in the cranium and lung lesions were subjected to fluorescence in situ hybridization of the NF2 gene, and the three specimens had similar findings, genetically confirming them to be metastases of the intracranial meningioma. A literature review of past cases of meningioma progression revealed that the mean duration to metastasis is 12.5, 6.8, 3.7 years for grades I, II, and III, respectively. The current case therefore has an extended time frame.

13.
Pathol Int ; 69(11): 637-645, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580004

RESUMO

We previously characterized the morphological characteristics of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) cells with 9p21 homozygous deletion (HD) using a combination of the virtual microscopy and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). In this study, we investigated whether MPM cells with BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) loss show the same morphological characteristics identified in MPM cells with 9p21 HD. MPM cells with either BAP1 loss detected by immunocytochemistry (ICC) or 9p21 HD detected by FISH were identified via virtual microscopy prior to ICC or FISH, followed by analysis and quantification of their morphological characteristics. MPM cells with BAP1 loss or 9p21 HD exhibited significantly more frequent cell-in-cell engulfment, multinucleation, and larger multicellular clusters composed of more than 10 cells than reactive mesothelial cells. In conclusion, MPM cells with BAP1 loss or 9p21 HD share similar cytological features, indicating that the same morphological criteria can be used to detect MPM cells harboring such genetic aberrations.

14.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602554

RESUMO

An 84-year-old male presented with bloody stool. On digital rectal examination, a large and firm tumor was palpated in the anterior wall of the rectum at 2 cm from the anal verge. The colonoscopy revealed an ulcerated mass with smooth margins in the anterior wall of the rectum. Enhanced computed tomography showed a huge tumor in the pelvis, invading rectum, urinary bladder and the prostate, with signs of splenic and peritoneal metastases. Findings from an endoscopic biopsy and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration suggested spindle cell carcinoma. We tentatively diagnosed as spindle cell carcinoma of the rectum and administered panitumumab as palliative chemotherapy. He eventually died at 4 months after the first visit to our institution. The autopsy findings resulted in the confirmed diagnosis as biphasic malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. There are only four previous reports on malignant peritoneal mesothelioma presenting as a colorectal tumor. Although rare, malignant peritoneal mesothelioma should be considered in differential diagnosis of colorectal tumors.

15.
Pathol Int ; 69(9): 536-540, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273873

RESUMO

Upper-lobe predominance of elastofibrosis is agreed upon for the diagnosis of clinical pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE). We herein describe a patient with dermatomyositis-related interstitial pneumonia with a histology of lower-lobe predominant PPFE. A 71-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with dermatomyositis-related interstitial pneumonia died of respiratory failure. The computed tomography patterns of the lower lobes showed reticular and ground-glass opacities with traction bronchiectasis. An autopsy revealed that the bilateral lower lobes were sclerotic with decreased air volume. A microscopic examination of the lower lobes showed pleural fibrosis and subpleural elastofibrosis without the structural destruction, indicative of histological PPFE. PPFE histology was also evident in the upper lobes but relatively modest compared to that of the lower lobes. In addition, because the computed tomography images of the patient were suggestive of non-PPFE-type fibrosis, lower-lobe dominant PPFE might be overlooked in daily practice.

16.
Placenta ; 80: 4-7, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103065

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to determine whether the combination of maternal blood and amniotic fluid biomarkers can improve the predictive accuracy of histologic chorioamnionitis (HC). METHODS: This retrospective study included 80 singleton pregnant women who were suspected to have intrauterine infection and underwent measurement of two maternal blood biomarkers [maternal white blood cell count (mWBC) and maternal C-reactive protein level (mCRP)] and three amniotic fluid biomarkers [amniotic white blood cell count (aCell), amniotic glucose level (aGlucose), and amniotic lactate dehydrogenase level (aLDH)]. We divided the patients into two groups based on the presence or absence of HC and assessed the predictors of HC using logistic regression models: Model 1, combination of mWBC and mCRP; Model 2, combination of Model 1 and aGlucose; and Model 3, combination of Model 2, aCell, and aLDH. RESULTS: The multivariable analysis showed that aCell was the only significant predictor of HC [odds ratio, 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.06-1.68] independent of mWBC, mCRP, aGlucose, and aLDH. The c-statistics were higher in Model 3 (0.803; 95% CI, 0.701-0.905) than Model 1 (0.634; 95% CI, 0.511-0.758) and Model 2 (0.785; 95% CI, 0.684-0.887). DISCUSSION: We found that the combination of maternal blood and amniotic fluid biomarkers can improve the predictive accuracy of HC. Therefore, our data provide relevant information to support counseling with regard to improving the predictive accuracy of HC in patients with suspected intrauterine infection.

18.
No Shinkei Geka ; 47(3): 329-334, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940785

RESUMO

Revision of WHO guidelines in 2016 led to the classification of solitary fibrous tumours(SFTs)and haemangiopericytomas(HPCs)as a single tumor entity characterized by NAB2-STAT6 fusion. Standard-of-care treatment involves surgery, but local recurrence and distant metastasis sometimes occur. The average latency to metastasis after surgery is 99 months. A 38-year-old female patient presented with a complaint of headache. An 8×5×2cm lesion showing Gd-T1 enhancement was detected near the superior sagittal sinus. Pathological assessment following resection revealed proliferating, polymorphic, atypical tumor cells with distinct nucleoli in a "patternless pattern." Cellularity was moderate to high, and mitotic figures were observed in 15/10 high power fields. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells tested positive for STAT6, and RT-PCR revealed a NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene(exons 6 and 17, respectively), supporting a diagnosis of SFT/HPC WHO grade III. Despite postoperative radiotherapy, multiple metastases to the spleen were detected 8 months after surgery, and distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy was performed. The pathology of the splenic tumor was similar to that of the intracranial tumor. Recurrent disease in a lymph node was detected 1 month later, and local radiation therapy was administered. The patient died of cancerous peritonitis 5 months later. In this case, exceedingly rapid metastasis to the spleen occurred, despite the administration of vigorous treatment. Here, we review SFT/HPC incidence, treatment, and outcomes to better understand this rare malignancy.


Assuntos
Hemangiopericitoma , Tumores Fibrosos Solitários , Neoplasias Esplênicas/secundário , Adulto , Feminino , Hemangiopericitoma/secundário , Hemangiopericitoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Proteínas Repressoras , Fator de Transcrição STAT6 , Tumores Fibrosos Solitários/patologia , Tumores Fibrosos Solitários/cirurgia
19.
Lung Cancer ; 130: 187-193, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive neoplasm with poor prognosis. Loss of BRCA-associated protein 1 (BAP1) protein expression as detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and homozygous deletion (HD) of the 9p21 locus as detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) permits differentiation of MPM from reactive mesothelial hyperplasia (RMH). We have previously reported that detecting the loss of methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) using IHC is a surrogate assay for 9p21 FISH. Furthermore, enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), which encodes a component of polycomb repressor complex 2 (PRC-2), has been overexpressed in various tumors as well as MPM. In the current study, we investigated whether EZH2 IHC assay, alone or in combination with BAP1 and MTAP IHC, is useful for distinguishing MPM from RMH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined IHC expression of EZH2, BAP1, and MTAP, and 9p21 FISH in MPM (n = 38) and RMH (n = 29) and analyzed the sensitivity and specificity of each detection assay for distinguishing MPM from RMH. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: EZH2, BAP1, and MTAP IHC, and 9p21 FISH were characterized by a 100% specificity each and 44.7%, 52.6%, 47.4%, and 65.8% sensitivities, respectively. A combination of EZH2 and BAP1 IHC, and 9p21 FISH showed the greatest sensitivity (89.5%). Using IHC alone (EZH2, BAP1, and MTAP IHC) also yielded a good sensitivity of 86.9%; this level is high enough for routine diagnostics. There were no statistically significant associations between expression of EZH2 and that of other markers (BAP1 and MTAP IHC) or 9p21 HD. However, a high expression level of EZH2 was significantly associated with short survival (P = 0.025). In conclusion, adding a high expression level of EZH2 to a combination of BAP1 and MTAP loss, all detected by IHC, demonstrated useful for discriminating MPM from RMH.

20.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 7: 2050313X18824802, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719319

RESUMO

An 80-year-old male with previous workplace exposure to asbestos presented with a history of an increase in the pulmonary-to-hilar mass, measuring more than 50 mm in diameter, likely in the right lower lobe. We first interpreted it as suspicious of primary lung adenocarcinoma with direct invasion to the right hilar lymph node. A right middle and lower lobectomy with partial resection of upper lobe was performed, and gross examination showed a hilar tumor lesion, involving the middle/lower lobe to hilar lymph node and looking whitish to yellow-grayish, partly adjacent to the right pulmonary artery. On microscopic examination, the tumor was located on the extrapulmonary, interlobar pleural fissure, predominantly composed of a proliferation of atypical epithelioid cells, often arranged in an irregular and fused tubular growth pattern with an involvement of pulmonary artery. Immunohistochemically, these atypical cells are positive for several mesothelial markers, including calretinin, cytokeratin 5/6, and WT-1, whereas negative for thyroid transcription factor 1. Furthermore, p16 deletions were specifically detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and electron microscopy showed numerous, significantly elongated microvilli. Taken together, we finally made a diagnosis of localized malignant pleural mesothelioma, epithelioid-type, arising in the right interlobar fissure between lower and middle lobes. We should be aware that, owing to its characteristic features, clinicians and pathologists might be able to raise interlobar fissure localized malignant pleural mesothelioma as one of the differential diagnoses, based on careful clinicopathological examinations.

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