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1.
Sante Publique ; 29(2): 255-262, 2017 Apr 27.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737344

RESUMO

Aim: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of alcohol consumption and factors associated with alcohol consumption among students of the Sousse region of Tunisia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 556 students of Sousse universities during the 2012-2013 academic year, using an anonymous self-report questionnaire. Data capture and statistical analysis were performed with SPSS software 18.0. Results: Our study population was composed of 268 males (48.2%) with a mean age of 21.8 ± 2.1 years. Eighty-four students (15.1%) had consumed alcohol at least once. On multivariate analysis, male gender (OR = 6.94; 95%CI = [2.32-20.72]), smoking (OR = 13.21; 95%CI = [6.20-27.78]), drug use (OR = 32.22; 95%CI = [6.73-154.26]) and parental alcohol consumption (OR = 4.31; 95%CI = [1.70-10.91]) were the factors significantly associated with alcohol consumption among students. Conclusion: This study was designed to determine the characteristics of alcohol consumption among Tunisian students. Alcohol consumption levels were comparable to those reported in the general population and were significantly related to smoking and drug use. The next step of this study will consist of developing strategies to prevent risk behaviours in the student population.


Assuntos
Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 20(4): 44-50, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29566318

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the frequency and the nature of maternal near miss (NM) events in a population of women attending a tertiary level maternity hospital in Tunisia and to evaluate the care level of this institution according to indicators proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO). We opted for a retrospective medical chart review of cases of NM and maternal mortality that occurred in the year 2010 at the Farhat Hached Maternity University Hospital. NM cases were defined based on the WHO criteria 2009. There were 9957 deliveries, 58 NM events and one case of maternal death. Haemorrhagic (74.1%) and hypertensive disorders (20.7%) were the leading causes of NM. The study showed a low Maternal NM Ratio of 5.86/1000 live births, a relatively low mortality index of 1.7 % and Severe Maternal Outcome Ratio of 5.96/1000 live births. This was the first study to document NM in a Tunisian public maternity. The WHO approach allowed a systematic monitoring of quality of maternal health care. There is a low frequency of maternal morbidity and mortality at the level of this facility. But, more efforts are still needed to document NM events in other types of care facilities in Tunisia.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Adulto , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/normas , Emergências/epidemiologia , Feminino , Maternidades , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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