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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21261, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277523

RESUMO

This paper reports on the design, development, and test of a multi-channel wireless micro-electrocorticography (µECoG) system. The system consists of a semi-implantable, ultra-compact recording unit and an external unit, interfaced through a 2.4 GHz radio frequency data telemetry link with 2 Mbps (partially used) data transfer rate. Encased in a 3D-printed 2.9 cm × 2.9 cm × 2.5 cm cubic package, the semi-implantable recording unit consists of a microelectrode array, a vertically-stacked PCB platform containing off-the-shelf components, and commercially-available small-size 3.7-V, 50 mAh lithium-ion batteries. Two versions of microelectrode array were developed for the recording unit: a rigid 4 × 2 microelectrode array, and a flexible 12 × 6 microelectrode array, 36 of which routed to bonding pads for actual recording. The external unit comprises a transceiver board, a data acquisition board, and a host computer, on which reconstruction of the received signals is performed. After development, assembly, and integration, the system was tested and validated in vivo on anesthetized rats. The system successfully recorded both spontaneous and evoked activities from the brain of the subject.

2.
Molecules ; 25(22)2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228128

RESUMO

Electrolysis is a potential candidate for a quick method of wastewater cleansing. However, it is necessary to know what compounds might be formed from bioorganic matter. We want to know if there are toxic intermediates and if it is possible to influence the product formation by the variation in initial conditions. In the present study, we use Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics to simulate the fastest reaction steps under such circumstances. We investigate the behavior of amino acids and peptides under anodic conditions. Such highly reactive situations lead to chemical reactions within picoseconds, and we can model the reaction mechanisms in full detail. The role of the electric current is to discharge charged species and, hence, to produce radicals from ions. This leads to ultra-fast radical reactions in a bulk environment, which can also be seen as redox reactions as the oxidation states change. In the case of amino acids, the educts can be zwitterionic, so we also observe complex acid-base chemistry. Hence, we obtain the full spectrum of condensed-phase chemistry.

3.
Nanotechnology ; 31(2): 025710, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557743

RESUMO

Electronic properties of graphene/ZnO interface have been theoretically investigated by applying first principles density functional theory calculations. This interface is demonstrated to have interesting electrical, optical and chemical properties and therefore, is employed in different applications. In our investigation the interface between graphene and different ZnO surfaces such as polar Zn-terminated [Formula: see text] and O-terminated [Formula: see text] surfaces as well as nonpolar [Formula: see text] surface are considered. Different interface properties such as equilibrium atomic structure, binding energy, charge transfer and band alignment are calculated for these interfaces. The calculated binding energies between graphene and different ZnO surfaces are within the range of van der Waals or physical adsorption. The results clearly reveal the essential role of oxygen density at the interface. The O- and Zn-terminated ZnO surfaces show the lowest and highest binding energies, respectively. The amount of charge transfer and the direction of interfacial dipole are also dominated by the number of oxygen atoms at the graphene/ZnO interface. Calculations for the interfacial band alignment reveal that a high/low density of oxygen atoms at the interface results in a Schottky/Ohmic contact. It is also shown that inducing oxygen vacancies at an oxygen rich interface leads to the lowering of the Schottky barrier.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(21): 14688-14693, 2018 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770398

RESUMO

Studying the possibility of a p-type conduction mechanism in the Ag-doped ZnO can clarify persisting ambiguities in the related materials and devices. Here, utilizing the first principles study by hybrid functional calculations, we conclude that the potential acceptor defects AgZn and VZn are rare in the low Fermi level conditions required for p-type conduction and, hence, can hardly contribute to the hole generation in ZnO regardless of the assumed O-rich condition. Our results also reveal the exothermicity of the reaction between VO and AgZn to form the complex defect VO-2AgZn which is shown to be a less effective donor than VO. The conversion of the VO to a less electronically effective complex defect is proposed as the mechanism responsible for the conductivity instabilities in the silver doped zinc oxide.

5.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 23(36): 365502, 2011 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21865638

RESUMO

The interaction between oxygen vacancies and La atoms in the La doped HfO(2) dielectric were studied using first principles total energy calculations. La dopants in the vicinity of a neutral oxygen vacancy (V(O)) show lower formation energy compared to the La defects far from V(O) centres. La doping in HfO(2) leads to the shift of the defect states of oxygen vacancies towards the conduction band edge. A statistical average of this shift over several possible configurations of La atoms and V(O) shows that the incorporation of La effectively passivates the V(O) induced defect states leading to the reduction of the gate leakage current and improvement of the device reliability.

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