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1.
Am J Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585698

RESUMO

Despite increasing medical complexity in patients with heart failure (HF), there are limited data on incidence and outcomes for patients with HF needing respiratory support. This study sought to examine contemporary trends of respiratory support strategies among patients with HF. Using the National Inpatient Sample, we identified adults aged greater than 18 years hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of HF. We assessed for trends in the use of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and noninvasive ventilation (NIV), length of stay, hospital costs, and in-hospital mortality. From 2002 to 2014, we identified 9,508,768 HF hospitalizations, which included 202,340 (2.13%) and 257,549 (2.71%) patients that required IMV and NIV, respectively. Over the study period, the proportion of HF patients requiring IMV significantly decreased (3.25% in 2002 to 1.56% in 2014) whereas the use of NIV significantly increased from 0.95% to 7.25% (ptrend <0.001 for both). In-hospital mortality significantly increased for IMV (31.5% in 2002 to 38.6% in 2014) recipients and decreased for patients requiring NIV (9.0% to 5.6%, ptrend <0.0001 for both). The average length of stay was nearly 7 days longer in the IMV group (12.2 days) and 2 days longer in the NIV group (6.8 days; p <0.001 for both). Hospital charges have nearly tripled for patients requiring IMV ($99,358 in 2014, ptrend <0.001) and doubled for those requiring NIV ($37,539 in 2014, ptrend <0.001). In conclusion, respiratory support strategies for patients with HF have significantly evolved with increasing use of NIV as compared with IMV. However, the in-hospital mortality associated with respiratory failure remains unacceptably high.

2.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 30(9): 1687-1696, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Study findings show that although palliative care decreases symptom burden, it is still underused in patients with ESKD. Little is known about disparity in use of palliative care services in such patients in the inpatient setting. METHODS: To investigate the use of palliative care consultation in patients with ESKD in the inpatient setting, we conducted a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample from 2006 to 2014 to identify admitted patients with ESKD requiring maintenance dialysis. We compared palliative care use among minority groups (black, Hispanic, and Asian) and white patients, adjusting for patient and hospital variables. RESULTS: We identified 5,230,865 hospitalizations of such patients from 2006 through 2014, of which 76,659 (1.5%) involved palliative care. The palliative care referral rate increased significantly, from 0.24% in 2006 to 2.70% in 2014 (P<0.01). Black and Hispanic patients were significantly less likely than white patients to receive palliative care services (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.72; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.61 to 0.84, P<0.01 for blacks and aOR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.30 to 0.68, P<0.01 for Hispanics). These disparities spanned across all hospital subtypes, including those with higher proportions of minorities. Minority patients with lower socioeconomic status (lower level of income and nonprivate health insurance) were also less likely to receive palliative care. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a clear increase during the study period in provision of palliative care for inpatients with ESKD, significant racial disparities occurred and persisted across all hospital subtypes. Further investigation into causes of racial and ethnic disparities is necessary to improve access to palliative care services for the vulnerable ESKD population.

4.
Int J Med Inform ; 129: 334-341, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Electronic health record (EHR) systems contain structured data (such as diagnostic codes) and unstructured data (clinical documentation). Clinical insights can be derived from analyzing both. The use of natural language processing (NLP) algorithms to effectively analyze unstructured data has been well demonstrated. Here we examine the utility of NLP for the identification of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, assess patterns of disease progression, and identify gaps in care related to breakdown in communication among providers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All clinical notes available on the 38,575 patients enrolled in the Mount Sinai BioMe cohort were loaded into the NLP system. We compared analysis of structured and unstructured EHR data using NLP, free-text search, and diagnostic codes with validation against expert adjudication. We then used the NLP findings to measure physician impression of progression from early-stage NAFLD to NASH or cirrhosis. Similarly, we used the same NLP findings to identify mentions of NAFLD in radiology reports that did not persist into clinical notes. RESULTS: Out of 38,575 patients, we identified 2,281 patients with NAFLD. From the remainder, 10,653 patients with similar data density were selected as a control group. NLP outperformed ICD and text search in both sensitivity (NLP: 0.93, ICD: 0.28, text search: 0.81) and F2 score (NLP: 0.92, ICD: 0.34, text search: 0.81). Of 2281 NAFLD patients, 673 (29.5%) were believed to have progressed to NASH or cirrhosis. Among 176 where NAFLD was noted prior to NASH, the average progression time was 410 days. 619 (27.1%) NAFLD patients had it documented only in radiology notes and not acknowledged in other forms of clinical documentation. Of these, 170 (28.4%) were later identified as having likely developed NASH or cirrhosis after a median 1057.3 days. DISCUSSION: NLP-based approaches were more accurate at identifying NAFLD within the EHR than ICD/text search-based approaches. Suspected NAFLD on imaging is often not acknowledged in subsequent clinical documentation. Many such patients are later found to have more advanced liver disease. Analysis of information flows demonstrated loss of key information that could have been used to help prevent the progression of early NAFLD (NAFL) to NASH or cirrhosis. CONCLUSION: For identification of NAFLD, NLP performed better than alternative selection modalities. It then facilitated analysis of knowledge flow between physician and enabled the identification of breakdowns where key information was lost that could have slowed or prevented later disease progression.

5.
Cardiol Clin ; 37(3): 327-334, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279426

RESUMO

Ethnic disparities in health outcomes exist among multiple complex diseases especially cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and kidney disease. Recent discoveries in genetics have taught us that these disparities go beyond environmental and socioeconomic factors. The discovery of ethnic-specific risk variants in the Apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) gene on chromosome 22 seen only in individuals of recent African ancestry explains a large proportion of kidney disease disparities. In addition, recent large-scale genotype-phenotype association studies have identified associations with cardiovascular disease and hypertension. This review aims to review the recent literature in this field and point toward future directions for research.

7.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol ; 14(5): 656-663, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hypernatremia is common in hospitalized, critically ill patients. Although there are no clear guidelines on sodium correction rate for hypernatremia, some studies suggest a reduction rate not to exceed 0.5 mmol/L per hour. However, the data supporting this recommendation and the optimal rate of hypernatremia correction in hospitalized adults are unclear. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We assessed the association of hypernatremia correction rates with neurologic outcomes and mortality in critically ill patients with hypernatremia at admission and those that developed hypernatremia during hospitalization. We used data from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-III and identified patients with hypernatremia (serum sodium level >155 mmol/L) on admission (n=122) and hospital-acquired (n=327). We calculated different ranges of rapid correction rates (>0.5 mmol/L per hour overall and >8, >10, and >12 mmol/L per 24 hours) and utilized logistic regression to generate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) to examine association with outcomes. RESULTS: We had complete data on 122 patients with severe hypernatremia on admission and 327 patients who developed hospital-acquired hypernatremia. The difference in in-hospital 30-day mortality proportion between rapid (>0.5 mmol/L per hour) and slower (≤0.5 mmol/L per hour) correction rates were not significant either in patients with hypernatremia at admission with rapid versus slow correction (25% versus 28%; P=0.80) or in patients with hospital-acquired hypernatremia with rapid versus slow correction (44% versus 40%; P=0.50). There was no difference in aOR of mortality for rapid versus slow correction in either admission (aOR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.5 to 3.7) or hospital-acquired hypernatremia (aOR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.8 to 2.3). Manual chart review of all suspected chronic hypernatremia patients, which included all 122 with hypernatremia at admission, 128 of the 327 hospital-acquired hypernatremia, and an additional 28 patients with ICD-9 codes for cerebral edema, seizures and/or alteration of consciousness, did not reveal a single case of cerebral edema attributable to rapid hyprnatremia correction. CONCLUSIONS: We did not find any evidence that rapid correction of hypernatremia is associated with a higher risk for mortality, seizure, alteration of consciousness, and/or cerebral edema in critically ill adult patients with either admission or hospital-acquired hypernatremia.

8.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 30(4): 546-562, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30858225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glomerular endothelial dysfunction and neoangiogenesis have long been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). However, the specific molecular pathways contributing to these processes in the early stages of DKD are not well understood. Our recent transcriptomic profiling of glomerular endothelial cells identified a number of proangiogenic genes that were upregulated in diabetic mice, including leucine-rich α-2-glycoprotein 1 (LRG1). LRG1 was previously shown to promote neovascularization in mouse models of ocular disease by potentiating endothelial TGF-ß/activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) signaling. However, LRG1's role in the kidney, particularly in the setting of DKD, has been unclear. METHODS: We analyzed expression of LRG1 mRNA in glomeruli of diabetic kidneys and assessed its localization by RNA in situ hybridization. We examined the effects of genetic ablation of Lrg1 on DKD progression in unilaterally nephrectomized, streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice at 12 and 20 weeks after diabetes induction. We also assessed whether plasma LRG1 was associated with renal outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: LRG1 localized predominantly to glomerular endothelial cells, and its expression was elevated in the diabetic kidneys. LRG1 ablation markedly attenuated diabetes-induced glomerular angiogenesis, podocyte loss, and the development of diabetic glomerulopathy. These improvements were associated with reduced ALK1-Smad1/5/8 activation in glomeruli of diabetic mice. Moreover, increased plasma LRG1 was associated with worse renal outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: These findings identify LRG1 as a potential novel pathogenic mediator of diabetic glomerular neoangiogenesis and a risk factor in DKD progression.

9.
Cell Stem Cell ; 24(2): 299-308.e6, 2019 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639037

RESUMO

Thiazolidinedione drugs (TZDs) target the transcriptional activity of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) to reverse insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes, but side effects limit their clinical use. Here, using human adipose stem cell-derived adipocytes, we demonstrate that SNPs were enriched at sites of patient-specific PPARγ binding, which correlated with the individual-specific effects of the TZD rosiglitazone (rosi) on gene expression. Rosi induction of ABCA1, which regulates cholesterol metabolism, was dependent upon SNP rs4743771, which modulated PPARγ binding by influencing the genomic occupancy of its cooperating factor, NFIA. Conversion of rs4743771 from the inactive SNP allele to the active one by clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9-mediated editing rescued PPARγ binding and rosi induction of ABCA1 expression. Moreover, rs4743771 is a major determinant of undesired serum cholesterol increases in rosi-treated diabetics. These data highlight human genetic variation that impacts PPARγ genomic occupancy and patient responses to antidiabetic drugs, with implications for developing personalized therapies for metabolic disorders.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 29, 2019 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30604766

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects ~10% of the global population, with considerable ethnic differences in prevalence and aetiology. We assemble genome-wide association studies of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of kidney function that defines CKD, in 312,468 individuals of diverse ancestry. We identify 127 distinct association signals with homogeneous effects on eGFR across ancestries and enrichment in genomic annotations including kidney-specific histone modifications. Fine-mapping reveals 40 high-confidence variants driving eGFR associations and highlights putative causal genes with cell-type specific expression in glomerulus, and in proximal and distal nephron. Mendelian randomisation supports causal effects of eGFR on overall and cause-specific CKD, kidney stone formation, diastolic blood pressure and hypertension. These results define novel molecular mechanisms and putative causal genes for eGFR, offering insight into clinical outcomes and routes to CKD treatment development.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/genética , Hipertensão/genética , Cálculos Renais/genética , Rim/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Feminino , Loci Gênicos/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Código das Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/etnologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Cálculos Renais/etnologia , Cálculos Renais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etnologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia
11.
Kidney Int ; 95(2): 439-446, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30591223

RESUMO

Novel biomarkers are needed to predict kidney function decline in patients with type 2 diabetes, especially those with preserved glomerular filtration rate (GFR). There are limited data on the association of markers of endothelial dysfunction with longitudinal GFR decline. We used banked specimens from a nested case-control study in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Disease (ACCORD) trial (n=187 cases: 187 controls) and from a diverse contemporary cohort of type 2 diabetic patients from the Mount Sinai BioMe Biobank (n=871) to assess the association of plasma endostatin and kidney outcomes. We measured plasma endostatin at enrollment and examined its association with a composite kidney outcome of sustained 40% decline in estimated GFR or end-stage renal disease. Baseline plasma endostatin levels were higher in participants with the composite outcome. Each log2 increment in plasma endostatin was associated with approximately 2.5-fold higher risk of the kidney outcome (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.5-4.3 in ACCORD and adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.6; 95% CI 1.8-3.8 in BioMe). Participants in the highest vs. lowest quartile of plasma endostatin had approximately four-fold higher risk for the kidney outcome (adjusted OR 3.6; 95% CI 1.8-7.3 in ACCORD and adjusted HR 4.4; 95% CI 2.3-8.5 in BioMe). The AUC for the kidney outcome improved from 0.74 to 0.77 in BioMe with the addition of endostatin to a base clinical model. Plasma endostatin was strongly associated with kidney outcomes in type 2 diabetics with preserved eGFR and improved risk discrimination over traditional predictors.

12.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 244(6): 505-513, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539656

RESUMO

IMPACT STATEMENT: The heterogeneity of the renal disease, therapeutic interventions, and the original cause of the renal failure, all directly affect the microbiota. We delineate in this report the direct effect of decreased renal function on the bacterial composition following stringent criteria to eliminate the possibilities of other confounding factors and dissect the direct effects of the uremic milieu. We analyzed the microbiome following three different approaches to further evaluate the effects of mild, moderate and advanced renal insufficiency on the microbiome. We also present here a detailed functional analysis of the projected altered pathways secondary to changes in the microbiome composition.

14.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2018 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348535

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is complicated by abnormalities that reflect disruption in filtration, tubular, and endocrine functions of the kidney. Our aim was to explore the relationship of specific laboratory result abnormalities and hypertension with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria CKD staging framework. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional individual participant-level analyses in a global consortium. SETTING & STUDY POPULATIONS: 17 CKD and 38 general population and high-risk cohorts. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR STUDIES: Cohorts in the CKD Prognosis Consortium with data for eGFR and albuminuria, as well as a measurement of hemoglobin, bicarbonate, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, potassium, or calcium, or hypertension. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were obtained and analyzed between July 2015 and January 2018. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: We modeled the association of eGFR and albuminuria with hemoglobin, bicarbonate, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, potassium, and calcium values using linear regression and with hypertension and categorical definitions of each abnormality using logistic regression. Results were pooled using random-effects meta-analyses. RESULTS: The CKD cohorts (n=254,666 participants) were 27% women and 10% black, with a mean age of 69 (SD, 12) years. The general population/high-risk cohorts (n=1,758,334) were 50% women and 2% black, with a mean age of 50 (16) years. There was a strong graded association between lower eGFR and all laboratory result abnormalities (ORs ranging from 3.27 [95% CI, 2.68-3.97] to 8.91 [95% CI, 7.22-10.99] comparing eGFRs of 15 to 29 with eGFRs of 45 to 59mL/min/1.73m2), whereas albuminuria had equivocal or weak associations with abnormalities (ORs ranging from 0.77 [95% CI, 0.60-0.99] to 1.92 [95% CI, 1.65-2.24] comparing urinary albumin-creatinine ratio > 300 vs < 30mg/g). LIMITATIONS: Variations in study era, health care delivery system, typical diet, and laboratory assays. CONCLUSIONS: Lower eGFR was strongly associated with higher odds of multiple laboratory result abnormalities. Knowledge of risk associations might help guide management in the heterogeneous group of patients with CKD.

15.
Hum Genet ; 137(10): 847-862, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317457

RESUMO

Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is a complex disease with a major genetic contribution. Its prevalence varies greatly among ethnic groups, and is up to five times more frequent in black African populations compared to Europeans. So far, worldwide efforts to elucidate the genetic complexity of POAG in African populations has been limited. We conducted a genome-wide association study in 1113 POAG cases and 1826 controls from Tanzanian, South African and African American study samples. Apart from confirming evidence of association at TXNRD2 (rs16984299; OR[T] 1.20; P = 0.003), we found that a genetic risk score combining the effects of the 15 previously reported POAG loci was significantly associated with POAG in our samples (OR 1.56; 95% CI 1.26-1.93; P = 4.79 × 10-5). By genome-wide association testing we identified a novel candidate locus, rs141186647, harboring EXOC4 (OR[A] 0.48; P = 3.75 × 10-8), a gene transcribing a component of the exocyst complex involved in vesicle transport. The low frequency and high degree of genetic heterogeneity at this region hampered validation of this finding in predominantly West-African replication sets. Our results suggest that established genetic risk factors play a role in African POAG, however, they do not explain the higher disease load. The high heterogeneity within Africans remains a challenge to identify the genetic commonalities for POAG in this ethnicity, and demands studies of extremely large size.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/genética , Tiorredoxina Redutase 2/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2018 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30291011

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Random assignment to intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering (systolic BP<120mmHg) compared to a less intensive BP target (systolic BP<140mmHg) in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes BP (ACCORD-BP) trial resulted in a more rapid decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Whether this reflects hemodynamic effects or intrinsic kidney damage is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of a subgroup of clinical trial participants. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: A subgroup of 529 participants in ACCORD-BP. EXPOSURES: Urine biomarkers of tubular injury (kidney injury molecule 1, interleukin 18 [IL-18]), repair (human cartilage glycoprotein 39 [YKL-40]), and inflammation (monocyte chemoattractant protein 1) at baseline and year 2. OUTCOMES: Changes in eGFR from baseline to 2 years. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: We compared changes in biomarker levels and eGFRs across participants treated to an intensive versus less intensive BP goal using analysis of covariance. RESULTS: Of 529 participants, 260 had been randomly assigned to the intensive and 269 to the standard BP arm. Mean age was 62±6.5 years and eGFR was 90mL/min/1.73m2. Baseline clinical characteristics, eGFRs, urinary albumin-creatinine ratios (ACRs), and urinary biomarker levels were similar across BP treatment groups. Compared to less intensive BP treatment, eGFR was 9.2mL/min/1.73m2 lower in the intensive BP treatment group at year 2. Despite the eGFR reduction, within this treatment group, ACR was 30% lower and 4 urinary biomarker levels were unchanged or lower at year 2. Also within this group, participants with the largest declines in eGFRs had greater reductions in urinary IL-18 and YKL-40 levels. In a subgroup analysis of participants developing incident chronic kidney disease (sustained 30% decline and eGFR<60mL/min/1.73m2; n=77), neither ACR nor 4 biomarker levels increased in the intensive treatment group, whereas the level of 1 biomarker, IL-18, increased in the less intensive treatment group. LIMITATIONS: Few participants with advanced baseline chronic kidney disease. Comparisons across treatment groups do not represent comparisons of treatment arms created solely through randomization. CONCLUSIONS: Among a subset of ACCORD-BP trial participants, intensive BP control was associated with reductions in eGFRs, but not with an increase in injury marker levels. These findings support that eGFR decline observed with intensive BP goals in ACCORD participants may predominantly reflect hemodynamic alterations.

17.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2018 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307499

RESUMO

E-selectin mediates the rolling of circulating leukocytes during inflammatory processes. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in European and Asian individuals have identified the ABO locus associated with E-selectin levels. Using Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data in 2,249 African Americans (AAs) from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS), we examined genome-wide associations with soluble E-selectin levels. In addition to replicating known signals at ABO, we identified a novel association of a common loss-of-function, missense variant in FUT6 (rs17855739,p.Glu274Lys, p=9.02 x 10-24) with higher soluble E-selectin levels. This variant is considerably more common in populations of African-ancestry compared to non-African ancestry populations. We replicated the association of FUT6 p.Glu274Lys with higher soluble E-selectin in an independent population of 748 AAs from the Women's Health Initiative and identified an additional pleiotropic association with vitamin B12 levels. Despite the broad role of both selectins and fucosyltransferases in various inflammatory, immune and cancer-related processes, we were unable to identify any additional disease associations of the FUT6 p.Glu274Lys variant in an EMR-based phenome-wide association scan of over 9,000 African Americans.

19.
Am J Nephrol ; 47(6): 441-449, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29895030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various medications are cleared by the kidneys, therefore patients with impaired renal function, especially dialysis patients are at risk for adverse drug events (ADEs). There are limited studies on ADEs in maintenance dialysis patients. METHODS: We utilized a nationally representative database, the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, from 2008 to 2013, to compare emergency department (ED) visits for dialysis and propensity matched non-dialysis patients. Log binomial regression was used to calculate relative risk of hospital admission and logistic regression to calculate ORs for in-hospital mortality while adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics. RESULTS: While ED visits for ADEs decreased in both groups, they were over 10-fold higher in dialysis patients than non-dialysis patients (65.8-88.5 per 1,000 patients vs. 4.6-5.4 per 1,000 patients respectively, p < 0.001). The top medication category associated with ED visits for ADEs in dialysis patients is agents primarily affecting blood constituents, which has increased. After propensity matching, patient admission was higher in dialysis patients than non-dialysis patients, (88 vs. 76%, p < 0.001). Dialysis was associated with a 3% increase in risk of admission and 3 times the odds of in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR 3, 95% CI 2.7-2.3.3). CONCLUSIONS: ED visits for ADEs are substantially higher in dialysis patients than non-dialysis patients. In dialysis patients, ADEs associated with agents primarily affecting blood constituents are on the rise. ED visits for ADEs in dialysis patients have higher inpatient admissions and in-hospital mortality. Further studies are needed to identify and implement measures aimed at reducing ADEs in dialysis patients.

20.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(2): 261-267, 2018 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731116

RESUMO

The number of patients with advanced heart failure receiving left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation has increased dramatically over the last decade. There are limited data available about the nationwide trends of complications leading to readmissions after implantation of contemporary devices. Patients who underwent LVAD implantation from January 2013 to December 2013 were identified using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code 37.66 from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Readmission Database. The top causes of unplanned 30-day readmission after LVAD implantation were determined. Survey logistic regression was used to analyze the significant predictors of readmission. In 2013, there were 2,235 patients with an LVAD implantation. Of them, 665 (29.7%) had at least 1 unplanned readmission within 30 days, out of which 289 (43.4%) occurred within 10 days after discharge. Implant complications (14.9%), congestive heart failure (11.7%), and gastrointestinal bleeding (8.4%) were the top 3 diagnoses for the first readmission and accounted for more than a third of all readmissions. Significant predictors of readmissions included a prolonged length of stay during the index admission, Medicare insurance, and discharge to short-term facility. In conclusion, despite increased experience with LVADs, unplanned readmissions within 30 days of implantation remain significantly high.

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