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1.
J Funct Biomater ; 13(4)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412874

RESUMO

This paper reports the results of the large-scale field testing of composite materials with antibacterial properties in a tropical climate. The composite materials, based on a cotton fabric with a coating of metal oxide nanoparticles (TiO2 and/or ZnO), were produced using high-power ultrasonic treatment. The antibacterial properties of the materials were studied in laboratory tests on solid and liquid nutrient media using bacteria of different taxonomic groups (Escherichia coli, Chromobacterium violaceum, Pseudomonas chlororaphis). On solid media, the coatings were able to achieve a >50% decrease in the number of bacteria. The field tests were carried out in a tropical climate, at the Climate test station "Hoa Lac" (Hanoi city, Vietnam). The composite materials demonstrated long-term antibacterial activity in the tropical climate: the number of microorganisms remained within the range of 1-3% in comparison with the control sample for the duration of the experiment (3 months). Ten of the microorganisms that most frequently occurred on the surface of the coated textiles were identified. The bacteria were harmless, while the fungi were pathogenic and contributed to fabric deterioration. Tensile strength deterioration was also studied, with the fabrics coated with metal oxides demonstrating a better preservation of their mechanical characteristics over time, (there was a 42% tensile strength decrease for the reference non-coated sample and a 21% decrease for the sample with a ZnO + CTAB coating).

2.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 87(10): 1179-1186, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273886

RESUMO

Transient absorption dynamics of chlorophylls a and d dissolved in tetrahydrofuran was measured by the broadband femtosecond laser pump-probe spectroscopy in a spectral range from 400 to 870 nm. The absorption spectra of the excited S1 singlet states of chlorophylls a and d were recorded, and the dynamics of the of the Qy band shift of the stimulated emission (Stokes shift of fluorescence) was determined in a time range from 60 fs to 4 ps. The kinetics of the intramolecular conversion Qx→Qy (electronic transition S2→S1) was measured; the characteristic relaxation time was 54 ± 3 and 45 ± 9 fs for chlorophylls a and d, respectively.


Assuntos
Clorofila , Furanos , Clorofila/química , Análise Espectral , Cinética
3.
Photosynth Res ; 154(2): 207-223, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070062

RESUMO

We present here a tribute to one of the foremost biophysicists of our time, Vladimir Anatolievich Shuvalov, who made important contributions in bioenergetics, especially on the primary steps of conversion of light energy into charge-separated states in both anoxygenic and oxygenic photosynthesis. For this, he and his research team exploited pico- and femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy, photodichroism & circular dichroism spectroscopy, light-induced FTIR (Fourier-transform infrared) spectroscopy, and hole-burning spectroscopy. We remember him for his outstanding leadership and for being a wonderful mentor to many scientists in this area. Reminiscences by many [Suleyman Allakhverdiev (Russia); Robert Blankenship (USA); Richard Cogdell (UK); Arvi Freiberg (Estonia); Govindjee Govindjee (USA); Alexander Krasnovsky, jr, (Russia); William Parson (USA); Andrei Razjivin (Russia); Jian- Ren Shen (Japan); Sergei Shuvalov (Russia); Lyudmilla Vasilieva (Russia); and Andrei Yakovlev (Russia)] have included not only his wonderful personal character, but his outstanding scientific research.

4.
Biophys Rev ; 14(4): 805-820, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124265

RESUMO

This review analyzes new data on the mechanism of ultrafast reactions of primary charge separation in photosystem I (PS I) of cyanobacteria obtained in the last decade by methods of femtosecond absorption spectroscopy. Cyanobacterial PS I from many species harbours 96 chlorophyll a (Chl a) molecules, including six specialized Chls denoted Chl1A/Chl1B (dimer P700, or PAPB), Chl2A/Chl2B, and Chl3A/Chl3B arranged in two branches, which participate in electron transfer reactions. The current data indicate that the primary charge separation occurs in a symmetric exciplex, where the special pair P700 is electronically coupled to the symmetrically located monomers Chl2A and Chl2B, which can be considered together as a symmetric exciplex Chl2APAPBChl2B with the mixed excited (Chl2APAPBChl2B)* and two charge-transfer states P700 +Chl2A - and P700 +Chl2B -. The redistribution of electrons between the branches in favor of the A-branch occurs after reduction of the Chl2A and Chl2B monomers. The formation of charge-transfer states and the symmetry breaking mechanisms were clarified by measuring the electrochromic Stark shift of ß-carotene and the absorption dynamics of PS I complexes with the genetically altered Chl 2B or Chl 2A monomers. The review gives a brief description of the main methods for analyzing data obtained using femtosecond absorption spectroscopy. The energy levels of excited and charge-transfer intermediates arising in the cyanobacterial PS I are critically analyzed.

5.
Biomed Opt Express ; 13(3): 1447-1456, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414969

RESUMO

Recipient cytoplast preparation, commonly performed by DNA aspiration with a needle, inevitably leads to the loss of reprogramming factors. As an alternative to the traditional enucleation technique, femtosecond laser enucleation can eliminate DNA effectively without loss of reprogramming factors and without oocyte puncturing. In this work we have performed oocyte enucleation by destructing the metaphase plate using a 795 nm femtosecond laser. The disability of the enucleated oocytes to develop after the parthenogenetic activation, as well as the lack of DNA staining luminescence, strongly confirms the efficiency of the femtosecond laser enucleation. The parthenogenetic development of oocytes after the cytoplasm treatment suggests a low-invasive effect of the laser enucleation technique.

6.
ACS Omega ; 7(8): 6810-6823, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35252675

RESUMO

Understanding the effect of heteroatom doping is crucial for the design of carbon nanodots (CNDs) with enhanced luminescent properties for fluorescence imaging and light-emitting devices. Here, we study the effect and mechanisms of luminescence enhancement through nitrogen doping in nanodots synthesized by the bottom-up route in an intense femtosecond laser field using the comparative analysis of CNDs obtained from benzene and pyridine. We demonstrate that laser irradiation of aromatic compounds produces hybrid nanoparticles consisting of a nanocrystalline core with a shell of surface-bonded aromatic rings. These nanoparticles exhibit excitation-dependent visible photoluminescence typical for CNDs. Incorporation of nitrogen into pyridine-derived CNDs enhances their luminescence characteristics through the formation of small pyridine-based fluorophores peripherally bonded to the nanoparticles. We identify oxidation of surface pyridine rings as a mechanism of formation of several distinct blue- and green-emitting fluorophores in nanodots, containing pyridine moieties. These findings shed additional light on the nature and formation mechanism of effective fluorophores in nitrogen-doped carbon nanodots produced by the bottom-up route.

7.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 539, 2021 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972665

RESUMO

Here, we propose a possible photoactivation mechanism of a 35-kDa blue light-triggered photoreceptor, the Orange Carotenoid Protein (OCP), suggesting that the reaction involves the transient formation of a protonated ketocarotenoid (oxocarbenium cation) state. Taking advantage of engineering an OCP variant carrying the Y201W mutation, which shows superior spectroscopic and structural properties, it is shown that the presence of Trp201 augments the impact of one critical H-bond between the ketocarotenoid and the protein. This confers an unprecedented homogeneity of the dark-adapted OCP state and substantially increases the yield of the excited photoproduct S*, which is important for the productive photocycle to proceed. A 1.37 Å crystal structure of OCP Y201W combined with femtosecond time-resolved absorption spectroscopy, kinetic analysis, and deconvolution of the spectral intermediates, as well as extensive quantum chemical calculations incorporating the effect of the local electric field, highlighted the role of charge-transfer states during OCP photoconversion.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Fotoquímica , Cristalografia , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica
8.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 217: 112154, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636482

RESUMO

In Photosystem I (PS I), the role of the accessory chlorophyll (Chl) molecules, Chl2A and Chl2B (also termed A-1A and A-1B), which are directly adjacent to the special pair P700 and fork into the A- and B-branches of electron carriers, is incompletely understood. In this work, the Chl2A and Chl2B transient absorption ΔA0(λ) at a time delay of 100 fs was identified by ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy in three pairs of PS I complexes from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 with residues PsaA-N600 or PsaB-N582 (which ligate Chl2B or Chl2A through a H2O molecule) substituted by Met, His, and Leu. The ΔA0(λ) spectra were quantified using principal component analysis, the main component of which was interpreted as a mutation-induced shift of the equilibrium between the excited state of primary donor P700⁎ and the primary charge-separated state P700+Chl2-. This equilibrium is shifted to the charge-separated state in wild-type PS I and to the excited P700 in the PS I complexes with the substituted ligands to the Chl2A and Chl2B monomers. The results can be rationalized within the framework of an adiabatic model in which the P700 is electronically coupled with the symmetrically arranged monomers Chl2A and Chl2B; such a structure can be considered a symmetric tetrameric exciplex Chl2APAPBChl2B, in which the excited state (Chl2APAPBChl2B)* is mixed with two charge-transfer states P700+Chl2A- and P700+Chl2B-. The electron redistribution between the two branches in favor of the A-branch apparently takes place in the picosecond time scale after reduction of the Chl2A and Chl2B monomers.


Assuntos
Clorofila/química , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/química , Sítios de Ligação , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Conformação Molecular , Mutação , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/genética , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Espectrofotometria , Synechocystis/metabolismo , Água/química
9.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(4): 995-1008, 2021 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475375

RESUMO

The primary stages of the Exiguobacterium sibiricum rhodopsin (ESR) photocycle were investigated by femtosecond absorption laser spectroscopy in the spectral range of 400-900 nm with a time resolution of 25 fs. The dynamics of the ESR photoreaction were compared with the reactions of bacteriorhodopsin (bR) in purple membranes (bRPM) and in recombinant form (bRrec). The primary intermediates of the ESR photocycle were similar to intermediates I, J, and K in bacteriorhodopsin photoconversion. The CONTIN program was applied to analyze the characteristic times of the observed processes and to clarify the reaction scheme. A similar photoreaction pattern was observed for all studied retinal proteins, including two consecutive dynamic Stokes shift phases lasting ∼0.05 and ∼0.15 ps. The excited state decays through a femtosecond reactive pathway, leading to retinal isomerization and formation of product J, and a picosecond nonreactive pathway that leads only to the initial state. Retinal photoisomerization in ESR takes 0.69 ps, compared with 0.48 ps in bRPM and 0.74 ps in bRrec. The nonreactive excited state decay takes 5 ps in ESR and ∼3 ps in bR. We discuss the similarity of the primary reactions of ESR and other retinal proteins.


Assuntos
Bacteriorodopsinas , Bacteriorodopsinas/metabolismo , Exiguobacterium , Halobacterium salinarum , Isomerismo , Conformação Proteica , Rodopsina , Análise Espectral
10.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 20(9): 1209-1227, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478050

RESUMO

Femtosecond absorption spectroscopy of Photosystem I (PS I) complexes from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was carried out on three pairs of complementary amino acid substitutions located near the second pair of chlorophyll molecules Chl2A and Chl2B (also termed A-1A and A-1B). The absorption dynamics at delays of 0.1-500 ps were analyzed by decomposition into discrete decay-associated spectra and continuously distributed exponential components. The multi-exponential deconvolution of the absorption changes revealed that the electron transfer reactions in the PsaA-N600M, PsaA-N600H, and PsaA-N600L variants near the B-branch of cofactors are similar to those of the wild type, while the PsaB-N582M, PsaB-N582H, and PsaB-N582L variants near the A-branch of cofactors cause significant alterations of the photochemical processes, making them heterogeneous and poorly described by a discrete exponential kinetic model. A redistribution of the unpaired electron between the second and the third monomers Chl2A/Chl2B and Chl3A/Chl3B was identified in the time range of 9-20 ps, and the subsequent reduction of A1 was identified in the time range of 24-70 ps. In the PsaA-N600L and PsaB-N582H/L variants, the reduction of A1 occurred with a decreased quantum yield of charge separation. The decreased quantum yield correlates with a slowing of the phylloquinone A0 → A1 reduction, but not with the initial transient spectra measured at the shortest time delay. The results support a branch competition model, where the electron is sheared between Chl2A-Chl3A and Chl2B-Chl3B cofactors before its transfer to phylloquinone in either A1A or A1B sites.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Clorofila/química , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/química , Synechocystis/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares
11.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 20(11): 1419-1428, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585368

RESUMO

A series of pyridyl (pyridinium) substituted benzoxazoles were studied by steady state absorption, fluorescence spectroscopy, time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, fs pulse absorption and polarization spectroscopy, and quantum-chemical calculations. The spectral and kinetic parameters of the fluorophores in MeCN and EtOAc were obtained experimentally and were calculated by means of DFT and TDDFT methods. A scheme including four transient excited states was proposed for the interpretation of differential absorption kinetics of the charged fluorophores. Expressions describing the actual kinetics graphs, the decay associated spectra, and the species-associated spectra were derived. The charge shift step was found to be dependent on average solvation times. A charge shift followed by the formation of the twisted conformer was found for the excited 1-ethyl-3-(5-phenyloxazol-2-yl)pyridinium 4-methyl-1-benzenesulfonate in MeCN and EtOAc. Conformational analysis confirms a large amplitude motion of the meta-substituted ethylpyridinium group as an additional structural relaxation path producing an abnormally large fluorescence Stokes shift.

12.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 19(9): 1189-1200, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935702

RESUMO

The femtosecond dynamics of photoinduced electron transfers in supramolecular donor-acceptor complexes between (E)-bis(18-crown-6)stilbene (D) and tetraperchlorates of 2,7-di(2-ammonioethyl)(2,7-diazapyrenium) (A1), 3,3'-(E)-ethene-1,2-diylbis[1-(3-ammoniopropyl)pyridinium] (A2) and 4,4'-ethane-1,2-diylbis[1-(3-ammoniopropyl)pyridinium] (A3) was studied. The acceptors A2 and A3 are weak electron acceptors whose first reduction potentials are equal to -1.0 and -1.2 V (Ag), respectively, while A1 is a strong acceptor with a reduction potential of -0.42 V. It was shown that the back electron transfer time in CT-states of the complexes D·A2 and D·A3 is 30-40 ps, which is approximately 50 times greater than the analogous time for the charge transfer complexes studied earlier. The complex D·A1 is characterized by ultrafast back electron transfer (770 fs). The relaxation pathway of excited states of D·A1 depends on the wavelength of the excitation light. When excited at 356 nm, the accumulation of a transient locally excited (LE) state with a 250 fs lifetime was observed. But when excited at 425 nm, the formation of the LE-state was not observed.

13.
ACS Omega ; 5(21): 12527-12538, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548437

RESUMO

Fluorescent particle tracking is a powerful technique for studying intracellular transport and microrheological properties within living cells, which in most cases employs exogenous fluorescent tracer particles delivered into cells or fluorescent staining of cell organelles. Herein, we propose an alternative strategy, which is based on the generation of fluorescent species in situ with ultrashort laser pulses. Using mouse germinal vesicle oocytes as a model object, we demonstrate that femtosecond laser irradiation produces compact dense areas in the intracellular material containing fluorescent carbon dots synthesized from biological molecules. These dots have tunable persistent and excitation-dependent emission, which is highly advantageous for fluorescent imaging. We further show that tight focusing and tuning of irradiation parameters allow precise control of the location and size of fluorescently labeled areas and minimization of damage inflicted to cells. Pieces of the intracellular material down to the submicrometer size can be labeled with laser-produced fluorescent dots in real time and then employed as probes for detecting intracellular motion activity via fluorescent tracking. Analyzing their diffusion in the oocyte cytoplasm, we arrive to realistic characteristics of active forces generated within the cell and frequency-dependent shear modulus of the cytoplasm. We also quantitatively characterize the level of metabolic activity and density of the cytoskeleton meshwork. Our findings establish a new technique for probing intracellular mechanical properties and also promise applications in tracking individual cells in population or studies of spatiotemporal cell organization.

14.
Photosynth Res ; 146(1-3): 55-73, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144697

RESUMO

The energy and charge-transfer processes in photosystem I (PS I) complexes isolated from cyanobacteria Thermosynechococcus elongatus and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 were investigated by pump-to-probe femtosecond spectroscopy. The formation of charge-transfer (CT) states in excitonically coupled chlorophyll a complexes (exciplexes) was monitored by measuring the electrochromic shift of ß-carotene in the spectral range 500-510 nm. The excitation of high-energy chlorophyll in light-harvesting antenna of both species was not accompanied by immediate appearance of an electrochromic shift. In PS I from T. elongatus, the excitation of long-wavelength chlorophyll (LWC) caused a pronounced electrochromic effect at 502 nm assigned to the appearance of CT states of chlorophyll exciplexes. The formation of ion-radical pair P700+A1- at 40 ps was limited by energy transfer from LWC to the primary donor P700 and accompanied by carotenoid bleach at 498 nm. In PS I from Synechocystis 6803, the excitation at 720 nm produced an immediate bidentate bleach at 690/704 nm and synchronous carotenoid response at 508 nm. The bidentate bleach was assigned to the formation of primary ion-radical state PB+Chl2B-, where negative charge is localized predominantly at the accessory chlorophyll molecule in the branch B, Chl2B. The following decrease of carotenoid signal at ~ 5 ps was ascribed to electron transfer to the more distant molecule Chl3B. The reduction of phylloquinone in the sites A1A and A1B was accompanied by a synchronous blue-shift of the carotenoid response to 498 nm, pointing to fast redistribution of unpaired electron between two branches in favor of the state PB+A1A-.


Assuntos
Transferência de Energia , Complexos de Proteínas Captadores de Luz/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/metabolismo , Synechocystis/metabolismo , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Clorofila A/metabolismo , Transporte de Elétrons , Fotossíntese , Análise Espectral , Thermosynechococcus/metabolismo
15.
Biochim Biophys Acta Bioenerg ; 1861(5-6): 148184, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179058

RESUMO

The Photosystem I (PSI) reaction center in cyanobacteria is comprised of ~96 chlorophyll (Chl) molecules, including six specialized Chl molecules denoted Chl1A/Chl1B (P700), Chl2A/Chl2B, and Chl3A/Chl3B that are arranged in two branches and function in primary charge separation. It has recently been proposed that PSI from Chroococcidiopsis thermalis (Nürnberg et al. (2018) Science 360, 1210-1213) and Fischerella thermalis PCC 7521 (Hastings et al. (2019) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1860, 452-460) contain Chl f in the positions Chl2A/Chl2B. We tested this proposal by exciting RCs from white-light grown (WL-PSI) and far-red light grown (FRL-PSI) F. thermalis PCC 7521 with femtosecond pulses and analyzing the optical dynamics. If Chl f were in the position Chl2A/Chl2B in FRL-PSI, excitation at 740 nm should have produced the charge-separated state P700+A0- followed by electron transfer to A1 with a τ of ≤25 ps. Instead, it takes ~230 ps for the charge-separated state to develop because the excitation migrates uphill from Chl f in the antenna to the trapping center. Further, we observe a strong electrochromic shift at 685 nm in the final P700+A1- spectrum that can only be explained if Chl a is in the positions Chl2A/Chl2B. Similar arguments rule out the presence of Chl f in the positions Chl3A/Chl3B; hence, Chl f is likely to function solely as an antenna pigment in FRL-PSI. We additionally report the presence of an excitonically coupled homo- or heterodimer of Chl f absorbing around 790 nm that is kinetically independent of the Chl f population that absorbs around 740 nm.


Assuntos
Clorofila/análogos & derivados , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Cianobactérias/efeitos da radiação , Complexos de Proteínas Captadores de Luz/metabolismo , Luz , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
16.
Biophys J ; 118(2): 337-351, 2020 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882247

RESUMO

Cyanobacterial photosystem I (PSI) functions as a light-driven cyt c6-ferredoxin/oxidoreductase located in the thylakoid membrane. In this work, the energy and charge transfer processes in PSI complexes isolated from Thermosynechococcus elongatus via conventional n-dodecyl-ß-D-maltoside solubilization (DM-PSI) and a, to our knowledge, new detergent-free method using styrene-maleic acid copolymers (SMA-PSI) have been investigated by pump-to-probe femtosecond laser spectroscopy. In DM-PSI preparations excited at 740 nm, the excitation remained localized on the long-wavelength chlorophyll forms within 0.1-20 ps and revealed little or no charge separation and oxidation of the special pair, P700. The formation of ion-radical pair P700+A1- occurred with a characteristic time of 36 ps, being kinetically controlled by energy transfer from the long-wavelength chlorophyll to P700. Quite surprisingly, the detergent-free SMA-PSI complexes upon excitation by these long-wave pulses undergo an ultrafast (<100 fs) charge separation in ∼45% of particles. In the remaining complexes (∼55%), the energy transfer to P700 occurred at ∼36 ps, similar to the DM-PSI. Both isolation methods result in a trimeric form of PSI, yet the SMA-PSI complexes display a heterogenous kinetic behavior. The much faster rate of charge separation suggests the existence of an ultrafast pathway for charge separation in the SMA-PSI that may be disrupted during detergent isolation.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias/enzimologia , Processos Fotoquímicos , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/metabolismo , Cinética
17.
Nanoscale ; 10(47): 22409-22419, 2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30475371

RESUMO

Coherent phonon dynamics in CdSe quantum dots (QD) under an ultrafast electron transfer (ET) reaction of the (1Se-1S3/2) exciton quenched by methyl viologen (MV2+) adsorbed onto the QD surface was studied by ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy. Frequency and amplitude modulations (FM, AM) of the transient absorption ΔA(ωprobe,t) in the pure CdSe and coupled CdSe/MV2+ QDs were identified in the bleach band dynamics of the red-edge exciton. The fast Fourier transform (FFT) and continuous wavelet transform analysis of the FM and AM oscillations revealed peaks at 0.51-0.58 THz (17-19 cm-1) and 6.06-6.27 THz (202-209 cm-1) attributed to the longitudinal acoustic (LA) and longitudinal optical (LO) phonons, respectively. The electron transfer to MV2+ proceeded non-exponentially with effective time constants of 164 fs (∼30%) and 540 fs (∼70%). The quantum yield of MV˙+ radical formation was 40 ± 5%. It implies a fast route for the electron-hole pair [h+…MV˙+] recombination that can be rationalized in accordance with the adiabatic ET mechanism at the semiconductor surface. In the coupled CdSe/MV2+ QDs, the amplitude of the FM oscillations rose considerably with time despite the natural attenuation of the phonon amplitude due to decoherence processes. A kinetic model explaining the increase of FM oscillations is proposed. The surprising growth of FM oscillations is elucidated by the kinetic model taking into account the relatively slow damping of LO phonon oscillations (∼1.5 ps), the ultrafast ET to MV2+, and the quantum yield of charge separation [h+…MV˙+] (∼40%). The fast formation of the charge-separated pair [h+…MV˙+] suggests the appearance of an electric field F with a strength of ∼3 × 106 V cm-1. The MV2+ reduction substantially increased the magnitude of LA phonon oscillations. Since the ET time is shorter than the period of LA phonon oscillations (∼1.8 ps), the MV2+ reduction substantially increased the magnitude of LA phonon oscillations due to the inverse piezoelectric effect. The CdSe nanocrystals exposed to the electric field F exhibit the quantum-confined Stark and Franz-Keldysh electro-absorption effects. The proposed kinetic model gives consideration to the dynamic Stark shift of the red-edge exciton and to the increased amplitude of LO phonon oscillations in the bleach band dynamics.

18.
Photochem Photobiol ; 94(3): 564-569, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29315587

RESUMO

Photosystem I (PSI) is a Type-I reaction center and is the largest photosynthetic complex to be characterized. In cyanobacteria, PSI is organized as a trimer with a three-fold axis of symmetry. Recently, a tetrameric form of PSI has been identified in cyanobacteria. Plastids in plants and algae only contain monomeric PSI, suggesting that tetrameric PSI may be key in the transition from ancestral cyanobacterial trimeric PSI to plant/algal monomeric PSI. We have investigated the kinetics of electron transfer to the initial acceptor in PSI tetramer isolated from Chroococcidiopsis TS-821. Using a pump-probe technique with 25 fs low-energy, 720 nm pump pulses, we measure the ultrafast (<100 fs) conversion of a delocalized exciton into a charge-separated state between the primary donor P700 and the primary acceptor A0 . Comparison with previous pump-probe analysis of the trimeric PSI complexes from Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 (Shelaev et al. [2010] Biochim Biophys Acta, 1797, 1410-1420) reveals that the tetrameric (PSI) complexes from Chroococcidiopsis sp TS-821 are quite similar. The transfer of an electron from the A0 to the following acceptor A1 (phylloquinone) takes place in a time frame of about 30 ps, which is slightly longer compared to PSI trimeric complex (~24 ps). The slight spectral differences between trimeric and tetrameric PSI complexes are discussed.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/metabolismo , Transporte de Elétrons , Transferência de Energia , Cinética , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
19.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 16(12): 1801-1811, 2017 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29115362

RESUMO

The dynamics of the excited states of a supramolecular complex with a charge transfer between (E)-bis(18-crown-6)stilbene and 4,4'-(E)-ethene-1,2-diylbis[1-(2-ammonioethyl)pyridinium]tetraperchlorate was studied by means of femtosecond transient spectroscopy. It is found that the characteristic time of the conversion of the locally excited (LE) state into the charge transfer (CT) state is equal to 300 fs, whereas the characteristic time of the conversion of the CT state into the ground state is equal to 400 fs. Due to host-guest interaction involving hydrogen bonds, the complex possesses high thermodynamic stability. As a result of ultrafast photoinduced processes of the direct and back electron transfer, the complex does not fluoresce. Upon the interaction of the complex with alkaline-earth metal cations, "switch-on" of its fluorescence occurs.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(71): 9918-9921, 2017 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28829069

RESUMO

Photosensitizing and emission properties of P(v) porphyrins were studied. The nature of the axial ligands, occupying the apical position on the P centre adopting an octahedral coordination geometry, strongly influences singlet oxygen generation and charge transfer and allows switching between the two processes.

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