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Am J Community Psychol ; 63(3-4): 286-297, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30653277

RESUMO

Teachers' stress is a dynamic combination of the individual teacher's characteristics and characteristics of the classroom and school environment. To date, there are limited studies on teachers' stress in the context of lower-middle-income countries (LMICs), where working conditions as well as general political and economic circumstances might pose a considerable threat for teachers' well-being. This study explores whether certain combinations of individual and environmental experiences of teachers in LMICs may result in stress, assessed as patterns of diurnal cortisol rhythm. Participants were kindergarten teachers in Kosovo and Ukraine, two LMICs in Europe. Latent Profile Analysis identified three subgroups of teachers that significantly differed on teachers' education and experience. Preliminary results of Latent Growth Modeling suggested differences between profiles in baseline waking cortisol and patterns of diurnal decline. Teachers in the profile that was characterized by the longest experience working in the field but the lowest level of education showed blunted cortisol in the morning and a flatter slope; a pattern that could indicate a maladaptive cortisol response. Future directions for studying stress processes among teachers in LMICs and implications for policy and practice on how to support teacher well-being in low-resource contexts are discussed.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Adulto , Países Desenvolvidos , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Kosovo/epidemiologia , Análise de Classes Latentes , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Saliva/química , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiologia , Ucrânia/epidemiologia
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