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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408826

RESUMO

Background. Conventional mechanical debridement alone cannot eliminate bacteria and their products from periodontal pockets. Adjunctive therapies improve tissue healing through detoxification and bactericidal effects. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-invasive treatment procedure that involves the use of a dye as a photosensitizer to attach to the target cell and be activated by a photon of an appropriate wavelength. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of PDT in treating periodontitis as an adjunct to scaling and root planing. Methods. Fifteen subjects with chronic periodontitis were treated randomly with scaling and root planing (SRP), followed by a single PDT (test) or SRP (control) episode alone. Full-mouth plaque index (PI), sulcus bleeding index (SBI), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were assessed at baseline and 1-month and 3-month intervals. Microbiological evaluation of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) in subgingival plaque samples was performed using a commercially available real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results. The results revealed a significant difference in PI, SBI, PD, CAL, and microbiological parameters between the groups one and three months after treatment. Conclusion. A combination of PDT and SRP gave rise to a significant improvement in clinical and microbiological parameters in patients with chronic periodontitis.

2.
Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res ; 24(6): 472-474, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772924

RESUMO

Background: Several hospitalized patients with complex medical issues depend on nursing staff for their daily health care due to several functional limitations. This study investigates the Oral Hygiene Care (OHC) activities and attitudes of nurses toward hospitalized patients. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at two private hospitals using a self-administered, structured questionnaire distributed to 585 nursing staff. Data were analyzed through percentages. Results: About 85.70% of the nurses ranked OHC as important; among them, 74.00% ranked as important to extremely important. Very few (2.40%) rated providing OHC to be an unpleasant task and the majority (41.80%) felt lack or proper training is one of the reasons for providing OHC satisfactorily. Conclusions: Nurses experienced significant behavioral and physical difficulties while providing OHC, but still found it important. Therefore, training programs are needed for nurses to improve OHC to hospitalized patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592307

RESUMO

Background. Elevated temperature has been recognized as an inflammatory sign. It is the only indication that can be both objectively and quantitatively evaluated and is considered as a potential indicator of periodontal disease. Assessing gingival surface temperature (GST) could be a diagnostic parameter to determine periodontal health. This pilot clinical study aimed to validate gingival surface temperature (GST) as a clinical diagnostic tool to measure periodontal disease activity by correlating with the periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA). Methods. A cross-sectional mono-center pilot study was conducted with a convenient sample of 50 participants with a mean age of 34.14±13.7 years. Clinical parameters such as probing pocket depth (PPD) clinical attachment loss (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were measured. GST was recorded with a single lead of the bedside patient monitor and correlated with PISA. Results. The results showed a positive correlation between PISA and GST (P=0.46). Conclusion. This study showed a rise in GST of inflamed sites, but the results did not support the hypothesis that increased GST is an indicator of periodontal disease. As this is a pilot study, further studies with more larger sample sizes need to be undertaken to confirm its use as a diagnostic tool in clinical trials.

4.
J Indian Soc Periodontol ; 23(3): 281-283, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143011

RESUMO

Individuals with hemophilia are at risk for bleeding episodes, which range from mild mucosal/soft-tissue bleeding to life-threatening hemorrhages. This report describes the dental/medical management provided to a 23-year-old patient suffering from uncontrolled bleeding after an electrosurgical procedure (operculectomy) in relation to the mandibular right third molar, in which hemophilia was a true accidental finding. Various safety measures that need to be considered during the dental surgical management of hemophilic patients are discussed.

5.
J Educ Health Promot ; 7: 125, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30505853

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Indian national law namely Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) exists since 2003 and aims at protecting all the people in our country, but smoking is still prevalent among people. This study was aimed to assess awareness, attitudes, and practices regarding prohibition of sale of tobacco products near educational institutions of Nellore city, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in degree colleges of Nellore city of Andhra Pradesh. The study population includes institutional personnel (student, teaching staff, nonteaching staff, and workers) of selected degree colleges of Nellore city. A structured questionnaire was designed for this study which was validated by Davis criteria; reliability was assessed by test-retest design. The questionnaire was divided into five parts consisting of demographic details (age and gender), smoking behavior, knowledge about tobacco control laws, attitudes toward the law and policies, and practices followed in the institution. Logistic regression analysis was used to find out the association between different independent variables to tobacco usage among institutional personnel. RESULTS: Among the study population (n = 400 [100%]), 75.8% of the teaching staff do not know that there should be a board in the institution saying that "sale of tobacco product in an area within the radius of 100 m of educational institution is strictly prohibited," 82.2% of the study population were not aware to whom should they report, 96.3% of the study population accepted that strict execution of COTPA law saves life, the participants who answered no to strict implementation of COTPA law, and to punish the person who is violating the COTPA law are susceptible to 0.28, and 0.14 times greater odds to be a smokeless tobacco user, respectively. CONCLUSION: The study concluded that there was lack of knowledge about smoke-free legislation among the study population and a high support for strict implementation of COTPA.

6.
Contemp Clin Dent ; 9(Suppl 2): S299-S304, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30294161

RESUMO

Background: Periodontitis and stress are among the areas of increasing interest over the past two decades. Early detection of these diseases plays a crucial role in successful therapy. Cortisol is a protein which was found to be consistently associated with both. Aim: The present study was aimed to evaluate saliva cortisol levels (SCLs) in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with and without stress. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, saliva samples were collected and cortisol levels were determined using ELISA method in 92 participants. The participants were divided into four groups based on periodontal condition (number of teeth present, plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth, and clinical attachment level) and stress levels into Group 1 (no periodontitis and no stress), Group 2 (with periodontitis and no stress), Group 3 (without periodontitis and with stress), and Group 4 (with periodontitis and stress). Results: Overall, 92 adult participants (41 males and 51 females) were included in the study. Participants with stress and periodontitis have high mean SCL when compared to other groups (Group 1: 15.01 ± 2.62, Group 2: 31.92 ± 6.80, Group 3: 34.47 ± 13.47, and Group 4: 60.13 ± 6.68). Group I shows a significant negative correlation of cortisol to BOP, stress to PI, and stress to cortisol level, whereas there is a positive correlation of SCL to PD in Group 4 which is not statistically significant. Conclusion: SCL showed difference among the groups. SCL were associated with both CP and psychological stress. Increase in inflammation and stress levels enhances the SCL.

7.
Indian J Endocrinol Metab ; 22(2): 267-273, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29911043

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age, which negatively affects various health systems. There is an extensive literature regarding the association of PCOS and other systemic conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and psychological disorders. However, there is a lack of literature in associating PCOS and periodontal disease. Hence, PubMed search was done for various articles related to PCOS and its association with other comorbidities, including periodontal diseases. Analysis was done and data were synthesized and compiled in a sequential and presentable paradigm. This literature review of the pathophysiological mechanisms linking the two diseases suggests a positive relation between the two comorbidities. However, multicenter studies, with larger sample sizes, are to be conducted to establish a clearer and stronger association.

8.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 7(1): 175-178, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29915755

RESUMO

Introduction: Increased risk of periodontal disease has been associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) and also periodontitis is considered as the sixth complication of DM. Medical physicians may have an advantageous position compared to the dentists to provide early patient counseling about oral health because patients attend medical offices more often than to dental offices and are more likely to be affiliated to medical than to dental insurance. Hence, the medical practitioners should have sufficient knowledge in this regard. The study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practice behaviors of endocrinologists, general medicine practitioners, and diabetologists on the relationship between periodontal disease and DM. Materials and Methods: Data were collected from sixty participants practicing in Nellore, using a structured questionnaire survey. The obtained data were analyzed through percentages. Results: All the participants (100%) were aware that there existed a relation between oral health and general health. However, only 17.8% (10) of the participants refer their patients to dentists without patients asking for referral. Conclusion: The endocrinologists were aware of the didactic relationship, whereas general medicine practitioners and diabetologists are not much well-equipped with the knowledge on relationship between DM and periodontitis. There exists a wide gap between their practice behaviors and current scientific evidence. Therefore, more emphasis must be made by medical practitioners for the diabetic patient toward periodontal health which is most important yet neglected aspect of comprehensive health care.

9.
Dent Res J (Isfahan) ; 14(2): 150-157, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28584540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of three desensitizing dentifrices on dentinal hypersensitivity (DH) and salivary biochemical characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, parallel arm, triple-blinded, clinical trial was conducted over a period of 12 weeks, with a total of three visits: baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. Calcium sodium phosphosilicate, potassium nitrate and amine fluoride dentifrices were compared. A total of 68 subjects who satisfied the inclusion criteria were included and randomly divided into four groups. Visual analog scale scores for controlled air stimulus were used to assess dentinal sensitivity and salivary pH and buffering capacity were recorded at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks. RESULTS: All groups showed a reduction in sensitivity scores at 6 and 12 weeks. The calcium sodium phosphosilicate group showed a higher degree of effectiveness in reducing DH than potassium nitrate, amine fluoride dentifrices, and placebo for sensitivity measures. Salivary pH of calcium sodium phosphosilicate group was more toward neutral, and the buffering capacity of the same group showed significant changes from baseline to 6 and 12 weeks compared to the other groups. CONCLUSION: The desensitizing toothpaste containing calcium sodium phosphosilicate was found to be more effective in reducing DH and showed improvement in salivary biochemical characteristics over a period of 12 weeks compared to others.

11.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 9(7): ZE06-9, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26393230

RESUMO

AIM: Subgingival applications of various chemotherapeutic agents have been used as an adjunct to nonsurgical periodontal treatment and preventive periodontal therapy. Their use in regular clinical practice, however, is less, perhaps due to concerns about clinical success or probably due to a lack of knowledge of their effectiveness or cost. The aim of this systematic review is to obtain overall quantitative estimate of effectiveness of subgingival irrigation (SI) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of electronic database was performed for articles published through December 31, 2014, followed by manual search of dental journals. Randomized controlled trails (RCTs) assessing the effect of SI as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis evaluated by changes in the clinical and microbiological outcomes were included. RESULTS: This literature search yielded only two randomized, placebo-controlled studies that evaluated the efficacy of SI as an adjunct to SRP in patients with chronic periodontitis. The studies were methodologically not perfect (in terms of mediocre quality) with a risk of bias to come to any final conclusions to be reached. These studies didn't clearly mention about randomization, allocation concealment, blinding, dosage and formulation of irrigants, severity of periodontal disease, patient-centered outcomes and results data. CONCLUSION: Due to insufficient evidence supporting the efficacy of SI as an adjunct to SRP in treating chronic periodontitis, more rigorous scientific research is required to assess the efficacy of SI as an adjunct to SRP in the treatment of periodontal diseases.

12.
Med Hypotheses ; 82(1): 60-3, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24268739

RESUMO

Hygiene hypothesis has been proposed more than two decades back to explain an increasing prevalence of allergic diseases and atopy. It states that, a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents increases susceptibility to allergic diseases and atopy later in life. The evidence in relation to hygiene hypothesis is controversial and inconclusive. Moreover, its underlying mechanisms are elusive and remain to be elucidated. Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease initiated by microorganisms present in the plaque biofilm. Association between periodontitis and various systemic diseases has already been established and is currently an area of interest particularly in periodontal research. Consistent with hygiene hypothesis, some researchers believed that pathogens associated with periodontal diseases might have a protective role in the development of asthma and other allergic diseases. Very few studies attempted to explore the concept of association between periodontitis, asthma and other respiratory allergic diseases which could neither support such a protective role for periodontal diseases nor reject such an association. This suggests a need for additional research to examine the relevance of hygiene hypothesis in periodontics. The purpose of the present article is to review the plausible scientific explanations available for hygiene hypothesis, to review some studies relating periodontitis, asthma and other respiratory allergic diseases and to stress the need for further research.


Assuntos
Asma/etiologia , Hipótese da Higiene , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Imunidade/imunologia , Modelos Biológicos , Periodontite/etiologia , Asma/imunologia , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Periodontite/imunologia
13.
J Indian Soc Periodontol ; 17(1): 137-9, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23633790

RESUMO

The study aimed to assess the knowledge of medical doctors on the association between periodontal disease and general health and their willingness to advise their patients to seek dental treatment. In a cross-sectional survey, randomly selected medical doctors (n = 267) practicing in Nellore District were interviewed through a questionnaire survey about their knowledge of periodontal diseases and the bidirectional relationship between general health and periodontal diseases. Data were analyzed through percentages. All the medical doctors (100%) were aware that there existed a relation between oral health and general health. But only 10% of respondents refer their patients to dentists without patients asking for referral. Very few respondents (21.3%) knew about different branches of dentistry. Screening and referral by healthcare professionals may benefit their patients by improving access to dental care. Therefore, there is a need to educate doctors about oral health and general health.

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