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1.
Anticancer Drugs ; 31(3): 298-303, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913197

RESUMO

This multi-institutional study aimed to identify prognostic factors for cabazitaxel treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This study included 74 Japanese patients with CRPC who were treated with cabazitaxel between 2014 and 2017. Associations between clinicopathological factors including serum markers and progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were investigated. On multivariate analysis, high Gleason score [≥9 vs. ≤7; hazard ratio (HR), 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.00 (1.01-4.34); P = 0.047], presence of pain [HR, 95% CI: 2.02 (1.14-3.58); P = 0.016], and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level [HR, 95% CI: 47.31 (3.79-577.49); P = 0.0019] were significantly associated with PFS. Similarly, number of docetaxel cycles [HR, 95% CI: 0.050 (0.0037-0.45); P = 0.0057], performance status [≥2 vs. 0; HR, 95% CI: 5.07 (1.57-16.24); P < 0.0001], and LDH level [HR, 95% CI: 2946 (50-420994); P = 0.0001] were significantly associated with OS. This study showed that LDH level is robustly prognostic for both PFS and OS in cabazitaxel chemotherapy for CRPC.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 335-339, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The novel taxane cabazitaxel has been shown to exert excellent anticancer effects after androgen receptor axis-targeting (ARAT) agents in clinical data, but not in in vitro data. We investigated the clinical outcome of cabazitaxel chemotherapy after docetaxel according to use of ARAT agents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prostate specific antigen (PSA) response, progression-free survival, and overall survival were compared between cases with and without prior use of ARAT agents in 74 Japanese patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with cabazitaxel chemotherapy. RESULTS: Background characteristics were comparable between patients with and without prior use of ARAT agents. PSA response, progression-free survival, and overall survival in cabazitaxel chemotherapy were comparable between patients with and without prior use of ARAT agents. CONCLUSION: No detrimental effects of prior ARAT agents on clinical outcome were observed for cabazitaxel chemotherapy in the post-docetaxel setting, suggesting that cabazitaxel can be expected to remain active even after ARAT agent therapy.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/farmacologia , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Taxoides/farmacologia , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Kidney Int ; 97(2): 316-326, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735358

RESUMO

Insulin is known to promote sodium transport and regulate gluconeogenesis in renal proximal tubules. Although protein kinase B (also known as Akt) and mammalian target of rapamycin complexes (mTORC) have been established as key regulators in the insulin signaling pathway, their roles in proximal tubules are poorly understood. To help define this, we examined the components of insulin signaling in sodium transport and gluconeogenesis in isolated human and rat proximal tubules, and also investigated the role of insulin in sodium handling and mTORC1 in insulin signaling in vivo. In isolated human and rat proximal tubules, Akt and mTORC1/2 inhibition suppressed insulin-stimulated sodium-bicarbonate co-transporter 1 (NBCe1) activity, whereas mTORC1 inhibition had no effect. Akt2 and mTORC2 gene silencing largely inhibited insulin-stimulated NBCe1 activity, whereas silencing of Akt1 and mTORC1 had no effect. Furthermore, insulin decreased sodium excretion, and this effect depended on phosphoinositide 3 kinase in vivo. Moreover, insulin reduced glucose production in rat proximal tubules and the expression of gluconeogenic genes in human and rat proximal tubules. Akt and mTORC1 inhibition largely abolished the observed insulin-mediated inhibitory effects. Gene silencing of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1), Akt2, mTORC1, and mTORC2 also abolished insulin-mediated inhibition of gluconeogenesis. Additionally, in vivo, mTORC1 inhibition abolished insulin-mediated inhibitory effects in rat proximal tubules, although not in liver. These results indicate that insulin-stimulated proximal tubule sodium transport is mediated via the Akt2/mTORC2 pathway, whereas insulin-suppressed proximal tubule gluconeogenesis is mediated via the IRS1/Akt2/mTORC1/2 pathway. Thus, distinct pathways may play important roles in hypertension and hyperglycemia in metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

4.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ERA 223 compared concurrent abiraterone acetate/prednisolone (AAP) plus radium-223 with AAP plus placebo in men with chemotherapy-naïve asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and bone metastases. We report data from a subgroup of Japanese patients in ERA 223. METHODS: Patients were randomized to radium-223 (55 kBq/kg) or placebo once every 4 weeks (max. 6 cycles), and also received oral abiraterone acetate 1000 mg once daily plus prednisone/prednisolone 5 mg twice daily during and after radium-223/placebo treatment, until a symptomatic skeletal event (SSE). The primary endpoint was SSE-free survival (SSE-FS); overall survival (OS) was a secondary endpoint. RESULTS: Of 806 patients randomized in ERA 223, 114 patients (57 per arm) were enrolled in Japan. SSE-FS was not improved significantly in the radium-223 arm [25.5 months, 95% CI 20.6-not estimated (NE)] compared with the placebo arm (28.7 months, 95% CI 19.7-NE) (HR = 0.907, 95% CI 0.501-1.642). OS and other secondary endpoints were not improved significantly in the radium-223 arm. The incidence of fracture was 23% and 11% in the radium-223 and placebo arms, respectively. The incidence of death was 32% and 36%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the Japanese ERA 223 subgroup, concurrent treatment with AAP and radium-223 did not significantly improve SSE-FS and increased the incidence of fracture, similar to outcomes achieved in the overall population, while an increased incidence of death was not evident. The combination of radium-223 with AAP is not recommended in Japanese patients with asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic mCRPC and bone metastases. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration no: NCT02043678.

5.
J Dermatol ; 2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763718

RESUMO

Although rare, tuberculosis has been reported with biologic treatment against psoriasis in Japan, a tuberculosis medium-burden country. Mycobacterial infection often develops after a long incubation period and might not have been adequately identified in clinical trials or post-marketing surveillance. To determine the real-world incidence of tuberculosis in psoriatic patients treated with biologics, we conducted a retrospective, multicenter, observational study in 18 facilities in Western Japan. Psoriatic patients who visited a participating facility between 2010 and March 2017 and received biologic reagents were enrolled. Information on sex, age at first biologic treatment, results of interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, treatment history with isoniazid, and onset of active and/or latent tuberculosis was collected. A total of 1117 patients (830 men and 287 women) were enrolled. The mean duration of biologic treatment was 3.54 years. Sixty-five patients (5.8%) showed positive IGRA results at screening. Active tuberculosis developed in two patients after the administration of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (both involved miliary tuberculosis). Latent tuberculosis was observed in two patients treated with anti-interleukin-12/23p40 antibody. The incidence rate of tuberculosis, including latent tuberculosis, in this survey was 0.36%. Although the incidence rate of tuberculosis was low considering the observation period of biologic treatment, active tuberculosis was found in both the screening-negative group and a screening-positive subject after isoniazid prophylaxis (both miliary tuberculosis), concluding that negative screening or isoniazid treatment does not always assure that an individual has no tuberculosis. Hence, dermatologists still need to pay careful attention to tuberculosis at every patient visit.

6.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 11(6): 590-594, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700625

RESUMO

The combined immunotherapy of nivolumab and ipilimumab causes a variety of autoimmune-related adverse events (irAEs). The current report details a 70-year-old woman with clear cell renal cell carcinoma metastasis in the lung. Two weeks after two courses of treatment, the patient complained of headache, dizziness and nausea. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed an elevated protein level of 195 mg/dl and a significantly elevated white blood cell (WBC) count of 830/mm3 (lymphocytes, 825/mm3; neutrophils, 5/mm3). The results excluded malignancy and infection. The patient was diagnosed with aseptic meningitis and was administered intravenous prednisolone (1 mg/kg/day). On the 49th day of the 2nd course of treatment, no recurrence of clinical symptoms was exhibited during maintenance oral steroid treatment (prednisolone 10 mg/day) and CSF analysis revealed that the WBC count had dropped to 44/mm3 (lymphocytes only). Therefore, the 3rd course of treatment was readministered the next day. After two weeks, the patients again complained of nausea, anorexia and fatigue. CSF analysis demonstrated that the WBC count was not increased from the result obtained previously. However, brain MRI scans revealed the mild diffuse enlargement of the pituitary and endocrine system tests revealed reduced adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH; 2.0 pg/ml) and cortisol (1.12 µg/dl) levels. The patient was diagnosed with isolated ACTH deficiency and oral hydrocortisone was administered after prednisolone cessation. On the 25th day of the 3rd course of treatment, the patient complained of headache and anorexia. CSF examination revealed that the WBC count had increased a second time (53/mm3; lymphocytes only) and laboratory data revealed hepatic dysfunction. The patient was then diagnosed with relapse of aseptic meningitis and liver dysfunction. While continuing oral hydrocortisone treatment, the administration of intravenous prednisolone was started. The observed liver dysfunction and aseptic meningitis gradually improved. The current report may be useful for avoiding delays in the diagnosis and treatment of this life-threatening and uncommon irAE, in which CSF examinations are useful for diagnosis and management.

7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4411-4414, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cabazitaxel use has usually been limited to up to 10 cycles in most countries according to the protocol in the TROPIC trial. Therefore, clinical data on cabazitaxel use beyond 10 cycles is limited. The aim of this study was to report the therapeutic outcome of cabazitaxel chemotherapy administered for >10 cycles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 74 Japanese patients with prostate cancer between 2014 and 2017. Patients background, and treatment outcomes including PSA decline, progression-free survival, treatment-failure-free survival, overall survival, and adverse events were investigated, comparing patients treated with ≤10 and >10 cycles. RESULTS: Patients characteristics were favorable as indicated by the higher number of cycles of prior docetaxel chemotherapy, absence of pain, and absence of bony and visceral metastases among men who received >10 cycles of cabazitaxel. PSA response, progression-free survival, treatment-failure-free survival and overall survival were better among patients treated with >10 cycles of cabazitaxel compared to those treated with ≤10 cycles. The incidence of severe adverse events was similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Taken together, this study suggested that continuous chemotherapy with cabazitaxel beyond 10 cycles may be beneficial.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Docetaxel/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 144(5): 1265-1273.e9, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common and chronic inflammatory skin disease of type 2 immunity. Keratinocyte-derived cytokines, including thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and IL-33, are considered to induce the development of AD. Production of prostanoids, a family of lipid mediators, is increased in AD lesions. However, their physiologic functions remain to be clarified. OBJECTIVES: We sought to elucidate the functions of prostanoids in the development of AD. METHODS: The roles of prostanoids were investigated in a mouse model of AD induced by repeated application of hapten and PAM212, a keratinocyte cell line. RESULTS: Application of indomethacin, which blocks prostanoid synthesis, leads to enhanced TSLP and IL-33 production in the skin, increased serum IgE levels, and exacerbation of skin inflammation in this AD model. The skin inflammation was attenuated in TSLP receptor-deficient mice but not in IL-33-deficient mice, and the indomethacin-enhanced type 2 immune responses were abolished in TSLP receptor-deficient mice. Indomethacin increased protease-activated receptor 2-mediated TSLP production in keratinocytes in vitro, and prostaglandin E2 reversed the increase in TSLP levels through its receptor, the prostaglandin E2 receptor (EP2), by downregulating surface expression of protease-activated receptor 2. Administration of an EP2 agonist canceled indomethacin-enhanced TSLP production and type 2 immune responses in the skin, whereas an EP2 antagonist caused an enhancement of TSLP production and type 2 immune responses in the skin. CONCLUSION: Prostaglandin E2-EP2 signaling negatively regulates murine AD-like skin inflammation by suppressing TSLP expression.

9.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 84(3): 561-566, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the efficacy and safety profiles of 4-weekly cabazitaxel in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). METHODS: The study included 62 Japanese patients who were treated for CRPC with ≥ 2 courses of cabazitaxel between 2014 and 2017. The oncological outcomes and adverse events were compared between 16 (25.8%) and 46 (74.2%) men who were treated with standard 3-weekly and alternative 4-weekly regimens, respectively. RESULTS: The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response was comparable between the 3-weekly and 4-weekly regimens (median [interquartile range]: - 9.9% [- 64.5 to 13.0%] and - 30.7% [- 52.8 to 10.9%], P = 0.89), respectively. For patients on the 4-weekly regimen, the risks of progression (hazard ratio [HR], 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.27, 0.71-2.43, P = 0.44), treatment failure (HR, 95% CI 0.84, 0.48-1.55, P = 0.57) and any-cause mortality (HR, 95% CI 1.09, 0.58-2.17, P = 0.79) were comparable to those for patients on the 3-weekly regimen. The incidences of severe adverse events were also similar between the 3-weekly and 4-weekly regimens. CONCLUSIONS: 3-weekly and 4-weekly regimens of cabazitaxel showed similar efficacy and safety profiles in a real-world clinical setting. These data suggest that a 4-weekly regimen may be acceptable for selected patients.

10.
Med Oncol ; 36(4): 32, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815799

RESUMO

This multi-institutional study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety profiles of cabazitaxel after prior docetaxel chemotherapy in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This study included 63 Japanese patients with CRPC who were treated with cabazitaxel from 2014 to 2017. The oncological outcomes and adverse events (AEs) were documented, and prognostic factors for oncological outcomes and predictive factors for AEs were analysed. PSA decline was observed in 68.3% of patients, including 25.4% who achieved a ≥ 50% decline. The median progression-free survival, treatment failure-free survival, and overall survival were 4.3, 4.1, and 9.0 months, respectively. More cycles of prior docetaxel therapy was identified as common favourable prognostic factors for progression-free survival, treatment failure-free survival, and overall survival. Severe neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, and severe non-haematological AEs were observed in 73.0%, 33.3%, and 23.8% of patients, respectively. However, > 10 cycles of docetaxel was not associated with increased incidence of AEs. In conclusion, cabazitaxel chemotherapy was still active in Japanese CRPC patients treated with > 10 cycles of docetaxel chemotherapy, with an acceptable risk of AE burden. Treatment with cabazitaxel after > 10 cycles of docetaxel may be an appropriate option when it can be administered.


Assuntos
Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 10(2): 304-308, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30680212

RESUMO

Nivolumab is a monoclonal immunoglobulin G antibody blocking programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) that promotes the restoration of the natural T-cell-mediated immune response against cancer cells; however, it also causes a number of autoimmune-related adverse events (irAEs) that often involve the endocrine system. The present report describes a 71-year-old man with clear cell renal cell carcinoma metastasis in the lung. Following the 14th course of nivolumab therapy, the patient complained of general malaise, loss of appetite and mild consciousness disturbance. Laboratory tests revealed a severely elevated eosinophil ratio (26.2%) and low sodium value (122 mmol/l). Endocrine system tests revealed that the patient's adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH; 4.5 pg/ml) and cortisol (0.1 µg/dl) levels were lower than normal, while those of other pituitary hormones were higher than normal. This case was therefore diagnosed as isolated ACTH deficiency induced by nivolumab. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed normal pituitary glands. Hydrocortisone replacement therapy improved the clinical symptoms early and enabled the patient to restart nivolumab therapy. Isolated ACTH deficiency due to nivolumab, a PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody, is a rare occurrence. This report may be useful for avoiding delays in the diagnosis and treatment of this life-threatening irAE even if no pituitary abnormalities are identified via MRI.

12.
J Dermatol ; 46(3): 193-198, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628100

RESUMO

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthritis with as yet unclear pathophysiology. This retrospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted in 19 facilities in western Japan and aimed to identify patients' characteristics and factors that affect the results of treatment with biologic agents. Of 2116 patients with psoriasis, 285 (13.5%) had PsA. Skin manifestations preceded joint manifestations in 69.8%, the onset was simultaneous in 17.2%, whereas PsA preceded skin manifestations in 2.5%. Peripheral arthritis was most common, occurring in 73.7%, compared with axial disease in 21.8%, enthesitis in 23.5% and dactylitis in 35.4%. Patients with severe skin manifestations were significantly younger at onset (P = 0.02) and more frequently had axial disease (P < 0.01). Biologic agents were used in 206 patients (72.3%), anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antibodies being prescribed first to 157 of them. Anti-TNF-α antibodies were continued by 105 participants and discontinued by 47, the remaining five patients being lost to follow up. Patients who discontinued anti-TNF-α antibodies were significantly older than those who continued (55 vs 51 years, P = 0.04) and significantly older at onset of joint manifestations (50 vs 44 years, P = 0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed that patients over 50 years significantly more frequently terminated anti-TNF-α antibodies (P < 0.01). In conclusion, patients with PsA and severe skin manifestations have earlier onset and axial disease, which seriously impacts on quality of life. Anti-TNF-α antibodies were generally effective enough to continue but less so in patients aged over 50 years. Further detailed research is needed.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idade de Início , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/imunologia , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
15.
J Dermatol ; 45(12): 1452-1455, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30204257

RESUMO

Melanoma is a malignant tumor of the melanocytes with an unfavorable clinical behavior. Nivolumab, a representative anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibody, has recently been used for the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma. However, there have been few appropriate biomarkers predicting the effect of nivolumab before the administration. Furthermore, the detailed characteristics of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) profiles during nivolumab treatment remains unclear. In this study, we investigated fluctuations of PBMC profile during nivolumab treatment. PBMC analysis showed T-helper (Th)2-dominant conditions after a first course of nivolumab treatment. In a favorable case treated with nivolumab, a Th1/T-cytotoxic 1 shift was observed after nivolumab was administrated. These results suggest that flow cytometric analysis of PBMC may be helpful for the treatment of nivolumab.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Melanoma/sangue , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos , Células Th1 , Células Th2 , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11873, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30089836

RESUMO

The potential of omega-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as a therapeutic target for psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease of IL-23/IL-17 axis, is a long-disputed question, since various epidemiological studies have suggested the association between high-intake of omega-3 PUFAs and the reduced frequency and severity of psoriasis. However, their actual significance and the molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. To address these issues, we focused on resolvin E1 (RvE1), an omega-3 PUFAs-derived metabolite, and examined its effects on psoriatic dermatitis, using an imiquimod-induced mouse psoriasis model. RvE1 potently suppressed the inflammatory cell infiltration and epidermal hyperplasia in the psoriatic skin. RvE1 decreased the mRNA expression of IL-23 in the skin. Consistently, RvE1 inhibited IL-23 production by dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. Furthermore, RvE1 exerted inhibitory effects on migration of cutaneous DCs and γδ T cells, a major IL-17-producing cell population in mouse, both in vivo and in vitro. These suppressive effects of RvE1 were mediated by its antagonistic function on BLT1, a receptor of leukotriene B4, and were also observed in human DCs, Th17 and Tc17 cells. Our results indicate a novel mechanism of omega-3 PUFA-mediated amelioration of psoriasis, and suggest a potential of RvE1 as a therapeutic target for psoriasis.


Assuntos
Dermatite/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/análogos & derivados , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Dermatite/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/farmacologia , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Leucotrieno B4/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Psoríase/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/metabolismo , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/metabolismo
17.
J Dermatol ; 45(9): 1031-1043, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863806

RESUMO

Male-pattern hair loss (MPHL, androgenetic alopecia) is a slowly progressive form of alopecia which begins after puberty. In 2010, we published the first Japanese edition of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of MPHL. It achieved the original goal of providing physicians and patients in Japan with evidence-based information for choosing efficacious and safe therapy for MPHL. Subsequently, new therapeutic drugs and treatment methods have been developed, and women's perception of MPHL has undergone change and the term "female-pattern hair loss (FPHL)" is becoming more common internationally. Thus, here we report a revised version of the 2010 guidelines aimed at both MPHL and FPHL. In these guidelines, finasteride 1 mg daily, dutasteride 0.5 mg daily and topical 5% minoxidil twice daily for MPHL, and topical 1% minoxidil twice daily for FPHL, are recommended as the first-line treatments. Self-hair transplantation, irradiation by light-emitting diodes and low-level lasers, and topical application of adenosine for MPHL are recommended, whereas prosthetic hair transplantation and oral administration of minoxidil should not be performed. Oral administration of finasteride or dutasteride are contraindicated for FPHL. In addition, we have evaluated the effectiveness of topical application of carpronium chloride, t-flavanone, cytopurine, pentadecane and ketoconazole, and wearing a wig. Unapproved topical application of bimatoprost and latanoprost, and emerging hair regeneration treatments have also been addressed. We believe that the revised guidelines will improve further the diagnostic and treatment standards for MPHL add FPHL in Japan.


Assuntos
Alopecia/terapia , Cabelo/transplante , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Administração Tópica , Alopecia/diagnóstico , Dutasterida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Finasterida/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Japão , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Minoxidil/uso terapêutico , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMC Med Genet ; 19(1): 103, 2018 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital NBCe1A deficiency with the SLC4A4 mutation causes severe proximal renal tubular acidosis, which often comprises extrarenal symptoms, such as intellectual disability and developmental delay, glaucoma, cataract and band keratopathy. To date, almost all mutations have been found to be homozygous mutations located in exons. CASE PRESENTATION: We performed direct nucleotide sequencing analysis of exons and exon-intron boundary regions of the SLC4A4 in a patient presenting with severe renal proximal tubule acidosis, glaucoma and intellectual disability and her parents without these signs. The examination revealed compound heterozygous mutations in exon-intron boundary regions, c.1076 + 3A > C and c.1772 - 2A > T, neither of which have been reported previously. While the former mutation was found in the mother, the latter was found in the father. The transcript of the SLC4A4 gene was almost undetectable, and the patient was also diagnosed with Turner's syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: We identified two novel SLC4A4 mutations, c.1076 + 3A > C and c.1772 - 2A > T. When presented in a compound heterozygous state, these mutations caused a phenotype of severe renal proximal tubular acidosis along with glaucoma and mental retardation. This is the first report of congenital proximal renal tubular acidosis carrying compound heterozygous SLC4A4 mutations in exon-intron boundary regions. We suggest that an mRNA surveillance mechanism, nonsense-mediated RNA decay, following aberrant splicing was the reason that the SLC4A4 transcript was almost undetectable in the proband.


Assuntos
Acidose Tubular Renal/genética , Éxons/genética , Íntrons/genética , Mutação/genética , Simportadores de Sódio-Bicarbonato/genética , Síndrome de Turner/genética , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Túbulos Renais/patologia
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