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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24731, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578618

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Administering double doses of infliximab or shortening its dosing interval for patients with Crohn disease who experience a loss of response to treatment is an accepted treatment method; however, the effectiveness and appropriate timing of treatment intensification remain unclear. We examined the treatment outcomes of patients with Crohn disease receiving infliximab therapy intensification.Among 430 patients with Crohn disease who were seen at our related facilities from July 2002 to July 2018, 46 patients (30 men and 16 women) who were followed up for diminished infliximab effects for >1 year after therapy intensification were included in this study. The relationship between patient background and continuation of therapy intensification was retrospectively examined through a logistic regression analysis.Among the 46 patients, 67.4% (31 cases) continued therapy intensification for 12 months. The treatment discontinuation rate after 12 months (7.1% vs 43.8%, P = .015) and the C-reactive protein levels at the start of therapy intensification (P = .0050) were significantly lower in the group in which treatment was strengthened due to remaining endoscopic findings (n = 14) than that due to clinical symptoms (n = 32). There was no significant difference in the rates of treatment discontinuation after 12 months of treatment strengthening between patients receiving double doses (n = 34) and those with shortened dosing intervals (n = 12).Infliximab treatment discontinuation seems to be less likely to occur in patients with Crohn disease who are receiving infliximab treatment intensification based on endoscopic findings of exacerbations than in patients whose treatment is based on clinical symptoms.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/administração & dosagem , Infliximab/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Early Hum Dev ; 155: 105323, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) is a rare and fatal disorder that occurs in the developing fetal lungs; at birth, infants exhibit an oxygenation disorder accompanied by severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) and have a very short life span. ACDMPV is definitively diagnosed by pathological findings, and infants born with unexplained severe PH may not be properly diagnosed without a biopsy or autopsy. METHODS: Japanese infants with unexplained severe PH were enrolled in this study. Genetic analyses were performed on DNA extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. Sanger sequencing or next-generation sequencing was performed by coding exons and introns for FOXF1 in all samples. For individuals without pathogenic exonic variants, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification was performed to identify copy number variations (CNVs) in exons, introns, and in the upstream region of FOXF1. RESULTS: This study included 30 infants who were diagnosed over the course of nine years. Four individuals had the pathogenic variations on the exon 1 of FOXF1, including two frameshift and two missense variations. Pathogenic CNVs were found in another five individuals. CONCLUSION: In the pathologically proven ACDMPV patients, the ratios of cases with exonic variations, CNVs, and no genetic findings were reported as 45%, 45% and 10%, respectively. We estimate that about 30% (10 (9 + 1) out of 30) of individuals with unexplained severe PH had ACDMPV.

3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5481-5487, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: γδ T cells mediate cytotoxicity against prostate cancer (PCa) cells in vitro; however, the clinical efficacy of γδ T cell-targeted immunotherapy for recurrent and metastatic PCa is unsatisfactory. We hypothesized that the resistance of recurrent and metastatic PCa to γδ T cells is related to the presence of prostate cancer stem cells (PCSCs), and we examined their relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PCa spheres (prostaspheres) were generated from five PCa cell lines, and their susceptibility to cytotoxicity by γδ T cells was investigated. Expression of stemness-related markers was evaluated by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Prostasphere-derived cancer cells were resistant to lysis by γδ T cells and expressed higher levels of several stemness markers, including CD133, NANOG, SOX2, and OCT4, than the parental PCa cell lines. CONCLUSION: Ex vivo-expanded γδ T cells are not effective against PCSCs.


Assuntos
Linfócitos Intraepiteliais/imunologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/imunologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/genética , Antígeno AC133/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Linfócitos T
4.
Mycopathologia ; 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816250

RESUMO

The prominence of seafood in Japan motivates close monitoring of its seas and marine lives for potentially pathogenic fungi. During the treatments of the male Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens) for paracoccidioidomycosis ceti (PCM-C), 5 white and floccose colonies showing identical genotype and morphological characteristics were isolated from two skin biopsy samples of cutaneous granulomatous lesions in 2018. The isolates were identified as Parengyodontium album known as one of fungal species having abilities to produce industrially important proteases, and to become a causative agent for emerging mycosis based on morphological and molecular biological characteristics. These lesions consisted of non-malignant pearl-like structures of hyperplastic keratinocytes. Interestingly, although the isolates could grow at 35 °C, their DNA sequences were phylogenetically located in a cluster consisting of environmental and clinical isolates lacking the ability to grow at 35 °C, based on previous reports. The opportunistic infection we observed in the dolphin might be caused by immune disorder due to PCM-C. Notably, although P. album is recognized as non-harmful, and has significant industrial importance and antitumor activity, it has potential to cause not only superficial but also systemic infection, and presents difficulties in treatment because of its high resistance to antifungal compounds.

5.
Surg Case Rep ; 6(1): 217, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vasospastic angina is a rare but potentially life-threatening adverse event (AE) of S1, an oral fluoropyrimidine anticancer agent. However, this AE is not well known owing to its low incidence. We report herein a case of a patient who suffered from vasospastic angina associated with S1 chemotherapy for unresectable gastric adenocarcinoma, along with a review of the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old woman was endoscopically diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma of the diffuse type. Abdominal pelvic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed small nodules in the omentum and ascites in the pouch of Douglas. The patient was clinically diagnosed with unresectable gastric adenocarcinoma with peritoneal metastasis, and primary chemotherapy with S1 plus cisplatin was selected. Around midnight of day 1, the patient complained of sudden oppressive chest pain. The pain disappeared spontaneously after 3-5 min, but similar events happened every midnight thereafter. No significant change was found on bedside electrocardiograms (ECGs) recorded immediately after the pain attacks. The patient was suspected to have unstable angina and underwent Holter ECG on day 4 of treatment. Holter ECG revealed ST segment elevations and short-run ventricular tachycardia during a pain attack. S1 chemotherapy was discontinued, and no attack was observed thereafter. Coronary CT angiography showed no significant stenosis of coronary arteries. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should be aware of vasospastic angina as a serious AE in the chemotherapy with S1. Holter ECG is useful for the early diagnosis of this rare and clinically important AE.

6.
Int J Urol ; 27(2): 149-155, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of permanent salvage brachytherapy in prostate cancer patients suffering recurrence after three-dimensional conformal external beam radiotherapy. METHODS: The ultra-focal (target lesion alone), hemi-lobe (within a hemi-lobe) or focused whole-gland (focusing on the lesion, but extending into the whole gland) pattern was selected based on the Gleason score for the targeted biopsy, the numbers of positive cores in the targeted and systematic biopsies, and the locations of the positive cores. Novel dosimetry criteria derived from three-dimensional cancer mapping, which was based on targeted magnetic resonance imaging/transrectal ultrasound fusion biopsies, were used in these cases. RESULTS: Permanent salvage brachytherapy was carried out in 13 patients who suffered prostate-specific antigen failure (prostate-specific antigen 2.1-6.8 ng/mL; age range 57-75 years; Gleason score ≤7 [n = 10], Gleason score ≥8 [n = 2] and Gleason score not available [n = 1]) since 2012. The targeted biopsy showed a single focus in three patients. The ultra-focal, hemi-lobe and focused whole-gland patterns were chosen in three, five and five patients, respectively. During the follow-up period (median duration 48 months), prostate-specific antigen failure occurred in zero of three, one of five and three of five of the patients treated with the ultra-focal, hemi-lobe and focused whole-gland patterns, respectively. The 4-year biochemical recurrence-free survival rate was 74%. No grade 3-4 adverse intestinal or urological events occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Targeted fusion biopsy-based three-dimensional cancer mapping should be used for permanent salvage brachytherapy treatment planning to reduce the incidence of treatment-related adverse events while maintaining good oncological outcomes.

7.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 27573-27579, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684522

RESUMO

Hologram memory is a strong candidate for optical storage due to its high recording density and high data transfer rate. We have studied and engineered a magnetic hologram memory medium using a stable magnetic garnet as recording material. To record a deep and clear magnetic hologram, it is important to control the heat diffusion generated during recording. Numerical simulation suggested that a multilayer structure with transparent heat-dissipation layers would be effective to address this. We fabricated a multilayer magnetic medium for a collinear magnetic hologram. This medium exhibited a diffraction efficiency as high as that of the single layered one, and errorless recording and reconstruction was achieved with the magnetic assist technique.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16472, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712673

RESUMO

We demonstrate a logic gate based on interference of forward volume spin waves (FVSWs) propagating in a 54 nm thick, 100 µm wide yttrium iron garnet waveguide grown epitaxially on a garnet substrate. Two FVSWs injected by coplanar waveguides were made to interfere constructively and destructively by varying their phase difference, showing an XNOR logic function. The reflected and resonant waves generated at the edges of the waveguide were suppressed using spin wave absorbers. The observed isolation ratio was 19 dB for a magnetic field of ~2.80 kOe ( = 223 kA m-1) applied perpendicular to the film. The wavelength and device length were ~8.9 µm and ~53 µm, respectively. Further, the interference state of the SWs was analyzed using three-dimensional radio frequency simulations.

10.
Acta Haematol ; 141(2): 111-118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726834

RESUMO

We assessed the efficacy and safety of weekly cyclophosphamide-bortezomib-dexamethasone (CBD) induction prior to autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in newly diagnosed Japanese patients with multiple myeloma (MM). This regimen consisted of four 28-day cycles of once-weekly oral cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m2), subcutaneous bortezomib (1.3 mg/m2), and oral dexamethasone (40 mg). Responding patients underwent stem cell collection followed by ASCT. The primary endpoint was the postinduction rate of achieving a near complete response (nCR) or better. Among the 38 enrolled patients, a complete response (CR), an nCR, a very good partial response (VGPR), and a partial response (PR) were achieved in 10.5, 2.6, 23.7, and 36.8% of cases, respectively. A grade 4 hematological adverse event (AE) was observed in 1 patient. Grade 3-4 infection, including febrile neutropenia, was observed in 4 patients (10.5%). Although 2 patients dropped out due to AE, 94.7% of the patients completed the induction phase. However, because of a poor response to induction chemotherapy (

Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bortezomib/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(3): 612-618, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and outcomes of asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with the first episode of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital between November 2001 and January 2009 for the episode of an acute ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack were included. Stress-Tl-201 scintigraphy was performed and followed by coronary angiography (CAG). The prevalence and risks for asymptomatic CAD, and long-term outcomes were studied. RESULTS: Of 1309 patients, only 15 (1.1%) patients presented with a history of CAD. Excluding 406 patients because of severity, systemic infection, early transfer to another hospital, or a refusal to participate, myocardial scintigraphy was performed in 903 patients (mean age, 72 ± 10 years, male 63.9%), and myocardial ischemia was diagnosed in 214 patients (23.7%). Of these patients, 76 patients underwent CAG, and showed significant stenosis (>75%) of a coronary artery in 61 (80.3%) patients. The risk factors for positive scintigraphy findings and CAG were high-grade premature complexes via Holter monitoring (P < .0001), enlarged left ventricle (P = .0051) and wall motion abnormalities (P = .0014) observed on echocardiography, and carotid artery stenosis observed in magnetic resonance angiography imaging (P < .0001). During the follow-up periods of 83 ± 47 months and of 91 ± 47 months, 17.2% of scintigraphy-positive and 2.8% of scintigraphy-negative patients developed episodes of myocardial ischemia, respectively (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic CAD was rare in Japanese patients with the first episode of ischemic stroke, but asymptomatic CAD was identified by stress Tl-201 myocardial scintigraphy in one-quarter of the patients. Positive scintigraphy was associated with asymptomatic CAD and future cardiac events.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Assintomáticas , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Intern Med ; 58(8): 1111-1118, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568130

RESUMO

A 47-year-old man with ulcerative colitis was transferred to our hospital due to progressive dyspnea. Electrocardiography on admission showed ST elevation in leads II, III, aVF, and V5-V6. Coronary angiography revealed no remarkable coronary stenosis, and left ventriculography showed a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) of 23%. Although the patient received percutaneous cardiopulmonary support, his EF progressively decreased (7-15%), and both ventricular tachycardia (VT) and high-degree atrial-ventricular block occurred. An endomyocardial biopsy showed eosinophilic infiltration in the myocardium. Steroid therapy improved the patient's EF. However, his severe inferior wall hypokinesis and non-sustained VT remained after the abovementioned treatment.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Miocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Taquicardia Ventricular/tratamento farmacológico , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Eosinofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 19(1): 535-542, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083278

RESUMO

We report a novel and inexpensive fabrication process of multiferroic nanocomposite via liquid phase using an anodic alumina template. The sol-gel spin-coating technique was used to coat the template with ferrimagnetic CoFe2O4. By dissolving the template with NaOH aqueous solution, a unique nanotube array structure of CoFe2O4 was obtained. The CoFe2O4 nanotube arrays were filled with, and sandwiched in, ferroelectric BaTiO3 layers by a sol-gel spin-coating method to obtain the composite. Its multiferroicity was confirmed by measuring the magnetic and dielectric hysteresis loops.

14.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(2): 206-212, 2018 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747859

RESUMO

Although current guidelines have highlighted the importance of evidence-based optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the effect of OMT on post-CABG patients requiring secondary coronary revascularization on prognosis remains unknown. We sought to examine the impact of OMT on post-CABG patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as secondary revascularization. A total of 632 consecutive post-CABG patients who underwent PCI between 2001 and 2013 at our hospital (84% men, median age 71 years) were divided into 2 groups: patients who were discharged with OMT and patients who were discharged without OMT (non-OMT). OMT was defined as the combination of an antiplatelet agent, statin, ß blocker, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker. Despite having a higher prevalence of clinical comorbidities, patients with OMT (n = 163) had a lower prevalence of all-cause death than those without OMT (n = 469) during a median follow-up of 95 months (OMT group 21.5%, non-OMT group 34.1%, p = 0.002). Both groups had similar procedural success rates. In a propensity-matched cohort (n = 146 each), OMT was associated with lower rates of all-cause death and cardiac death than non-OMT 8 years after PCI. In multivariable analysis, OMT was an independent predictor of all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR] 0.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.34 to 0.72, p <0.001). In conclusion, OMT plays a protective role and reduces all-cause death in post-CABG patients requiring subsequent PCI. Outside of the domain of coronary revascularization, OMT could be considered an essential treatment in this patient population.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Idoso , Causas de Morte/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
15.
ESC Heart Fail ; 5(4): 675-684, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29757498

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with fulminant myocarditis (FM) often present with cardiogenic shock and require mechanical circulatory support, including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation. This study sought to clarify the determinants of successful weaning from ECMO in FM patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 37 consecutive FM patients supported by ECMO as the initial form of mechanical circulatory support between January 1995 and December 2014 in our hospital. Twenty-two (59%) patients were successfully weaned from ECMO, while 15 (41%) were not. There were significant differences in levels of peak creatine kinase and those of its MB isoform (CK-MB), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), and prevalence of cardiac rhythm disturbances. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that a peak CK-MB level of 185 IU/L and LVPWT of 11 mm were the optimal cut-off values for predicting successful weaning from ECMO (areas under the curve, 0.89 and 0.85, respectively). During the follow-up [median 48 (interquartile range 8-147) months], 83% of FM patients who were weaned from ECMO survived, with preserved fractional shortening based on echocardiography. Of the 15 FM patients who were not weaned from ECMO, nine bridged to VAD, and only two were successfully weaned from VAD and survived. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that myocardial injury, as evidenced by CK-MB and LVPWT, and prolonged presence of cardiac rhythm disturbances are important clinical determinants of successful weaning from ECMO.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Biópsia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Coração Auxiliar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/complicações , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocárdio/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/sangue , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Chemistry ; 24(29): 7398-7409, 2018 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29504636

RESUMO

The combination of the redox-active mesogenic anion [NiII (Bdt)(BdtSQ)]- (Bdt=1,2-benzenedithiolato; BdtSQ=1,2-dithia-semi-benzoquinonato) with alkyl-substituted ammonium cations afforded a series of redox-active ionic complexes of the type [NR4 ][NiII (Bdt)(BdtSQ)] [R=nC16 H33 (NC164 Ni) and C8,10 (NC8,104 Ni); C8,10=6-octylhexadecyl] or [NMe2 R2 ][NiII (Bdt)(BdtSQ)] [R=nC16 H33 (NMe2 C162 Ni) and C8,10 (NMe2 C8,102 Ni)]. X-ray crystallographic analyses of NMe2 C162 Ni and NC164 Ni revealed the formation of cation-dependent integrated ionic layers separated by interdigittated alkyl chains. Complexes NMe2 C162 Ni and NC164 Ni commonly form crystalline phases at room temperature, whereas complexes NMe2 C8,102 Ni and NC8,104 Ni, which contain branched alkyl chains, form a metastable mesophase and an amorphous phase at the same temperature, respectively. Furthermore, complexes NMe2 C162 Ni, NMe2 C8,102 Ni, and NC164 Ni commonly form a smectic A phase (SmA) at 375, 317, and 342 K, respectively. For the four complexes, well-defined cyclic voltammetry responses, derived from ligand-based oxidation and reduction, were observed in solution and the condensed phases, that is, upon casting these complexes on an indium-doped tin oxide working electrode. The present study demonstrates the tunability of the mesomorphism of ionic molecular assemblies composed of alkyl-substituted quaternary ammonium cations, while maintaining the well-defined redox responses of the anions even in the condensed phases.

18.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 15398, 2017 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29133943

RESUMO

Diode-pumped solid-state micro lasers are compact (centimetre-scale), highly stable, and efficient. Previously, we reported Q-switched lasers incorporating rare-earth substituted iron garnet (RIG) film. Here, the first demonstration of the magnetooptical (MO) Q-switch in an Nd:YAG laser cavity is performed. We fabricate a quasi-continuous-wave (QCW) diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser cavity, which is shortened to 10 mm in length and which contains an RIG film and a pair of small coils. This cavity yields a 1,064.58-nm-wavelength pulse with 25-ns duration and 1.1-kW peak power at a 1-kHz repetition ratio. Further, the polarisation state is random, due to the isotropic crystal structure of Nd:YAG and the fact that the MO Q-switch incorporating the RIG film does not require the presence of polarisers in the cavity. This is also the first report of an MO Q-switch producing random polarisation.

19.
Int Heart J ; 58(5): 778-786, 2017 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28966327

RESUMO

High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a ubiquitous DNA-binding protein, promotes angiogenesis and tissue repair, resulting in restored cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). Although dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) degrades certain peptides, it remains unclear as to whether HMGB1 is a substrate of DPP4 and whether DPP4 inhibition prevents the cleavage of HMGB1.In transgenic mice with cardiac-specific overexpression of HMGB1 (TG) and wild-type mice (WT), a diabetic state was induced by streptozotocin, and MI was created by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. To inhibit DPP4 activity, a DPP4 inhibitor anagliptin was used. The plasma levels of HMGB1, infarct size, echocardiographic data, angiogenesis, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in the peri-infarct area were compared among non-diabetic MI WT/TG, diabetic MI WT/TG, and anagliptin-treated diabetic MI WT/TG mice.DPP4 activity was increased in the diabetic state and blocked by anagliptin administration. The HMGB1 plasma levels were reduced in the diabetic TG compared with the non-diabetic TG mice, but DPP4 inhibition with anagliptin increased HMGB1 plasma levels in the diabetic TG mice. The infarct area was significantly larger in the diabetic TG than in the non-diabetic TG mice, and it was reduced by DPP4 inhibition. Cardiac function, angiogenesis, and VEGF expression were impaired in the diabetic TG mice, but they were ameliorated by the DPP4 inhibition to levels similar to those found in the non-diabetic TG mice.The DPP4 inhibitor ameliorated cardiac function by inhibiting the inactivation of HMGB1 in diabetic mice after MI.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína HMGB1/biossíntese , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/farmacologia , Ecocardiografia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Proteína HMGB1/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia
20.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 12835, 2017 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28993640

RESUMO

Hologram memory is expected to be the next-generation of optical data storage technology. Bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet is typically used for rewritable magnetic hologram media. The diffraction efficiency of magnetic holography depends on the Faraday rotation angle, but the experimental diffraction efficiency is not as high as that expected from calculations. This difference could be caused by incomplete magnetization reversal at the recorded region. In this study, we investigated the effects of magnetic assist (MA) recording through numerical simulation and experiment to improve the diffraction efficiency and the resulting reconstructed images. The improvement of diffraction efficiency was more effective in garnet films thinner than the width of a fringe, and a suitable value of the assist magnetic field was identified for the improvement. In addition, MA recording improved the intensity of reconstructed images and broadened the non-error recording conditions to the low energy region. This technique shows promise in improving the reconstructed quality of magnetic hologram data.

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