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1.
Lancet Neurol ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521533

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease is a complex neurodegenerative disorder for which both rare and common genetic variants contribute to disease risk, onset, and progression. Mutations in more than 20 genes have been associated with the disease, most of which are highly penetrant and often cause early onset or atypical symptoms. Although our understanding of the genetic basis of Parkinson's disease has advanced considerably, much remains to be done. Further disease-related common genetic variability remains to be identified and the work in identifying rare risk alleles has only just begun. To date, genome-wide association studies have identified 90 independent risk-associated variants. However, most of them have been identified in patients of European ancestry and we know relatively little of the genetics of Parkinson's disease in other populations. We have a limited understanding of the biological functions of the risk alleles that have been identified, although Parkinson's disease risk variants appear to be in close proximity to known Parkinson's disease genes and lysosomal-related genes. In the past decade, multiple efforts have been made to investigate the genetic architecture of Parkinson's disease, and emerging technologies, such as machine learning, single-cell RNA sequencing, and high-throughput screens, will improve our understanding of genetic risk.

2.
Mov Disord ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several reports have identified different patterns of Parkinson's disease progression in individuals carrying missense variants in GBA or LRRK2 genes. The overall contribution of genetic factors to the severity and progression of Parkinson's disease, however, has not been well studied. OBJECTIVES: To test the association between genetic variants and the clinical features of Parkinson's disease on a genomewide scale. METHODS: We accumulated individual data from 12 longitudinal cohorts in a total of 4093 patients with 22,307 observations for a median of 3.81 years. Genomewide associations were evaluated for 25 cross-sectional and longitudinal phenotypes. Specific variants of interest, including 90 recently identified disease-risk variants, were also investigated post hoc for candidate associations with these phenotypes. RESULTS: Two variants were genomewide significant. Rs382940(T>A), within the intron of SLC44A1, was associated with reaching Hoehn and Yahr stage 3 or higher faster (hazard ratio 2.04 [1.58-2.62]; P value = 3.46E-8). Rs61863020(G>A), an intergenic variant and expression quantitative trait loci for α-2A adrenergic receptor, was associated with a lower prevalence of insomnia at baseline (odds ratio 0.63 [0.52-0.75]; P value = 4.74E-8). In the targeted analysis, we found 9 associations between known Parkinson's risk variants and more severe motor/cognitive symptoms. Also, we replicated previous reports of GBA coding variants (rs2230288: p.E365K; rs75548401: p.T408M) being associated with greater motor and cognitive decline over time, and an APOE E4 tagging variant (rs429358) being associated with greater cognitive deficits in patients. CONCLUSIONS: We identified novel genetic factors associated with heterogeneity of Parkinson's disease. The results can be used for validation or hypothesis tests regarding Parkinson's disease. © 2019 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

3.
Clin Epigenetics ; 11(1): 119, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: African Americans (AAs) experience premature chronic health outcomes and longevity disparities consistent with an accelerated aging phenotype. DNA methylation (DNAm) levels at specific CpG positions are hallmarks of aging evidenced by the presence of age-associated differentially methylated CpG positions (aDMPs) that are the basis for the epigenetic clock for measuring biological age acceleration. Since DNAm has not been widely studied among non-European populations, we examined the association between DNAm and chronological age in AAs and whites, and the association between race, poverty, sex, and epigenetic age acceleration. RESULTS: We measured genome-wide DNA methylation (866,836 CpGs) using the Illumina MethylationEPIC BeadChip in blood DNA extracted from 487 middle-aged AA (N = 244) and white (N = 243), men (N = 248), and women (N = 239). The mean (sd) age was 48.4 (8.8) in AA and 49.0 (8.7) in whites (p = 0.48). We identified 4930 significantly associated aDMPs in AAs and 469 in whites. Of these, 75.6% and 53.1% were novel, largely driven by the increased number of measured CpGs in the EPIC array, in AA and whites, respectively. AAs had more age-associated DNAm changes than whites in genes implicated in age-related diseases and cellular pathways involved in growth and development. We assessed three epigenetic age acceleration measures (universal, intrinsic, and extrinsic). AAs had a significantly slower extrinsic aging compared to whites. Furthermore, compared to AA women, both AA and white men had faster aging in the universal age acceleration measure (+ 2.04 and + 1.24 years, respectively, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: AAs have more wide-spread methylation changes than whites. Race and sex interact to underlie biological age acceleration suggesting altered DNA methylation patterns may be important in age-associated health disparities.

4.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261387

RESUMO

Multiple genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in Parkinson disease (PD) have identified a signal at chromosome 4p16.3; however, the causal variant has not been established for this locus. Deep investigation of the region resulted in one identified variant, the rs34311866 missense SNP (p.M393T) in TMEM175, which is 20 orders of magnitude more significant than any other SNP in the region. Because TMEM175 is a lysosomal gene that has been shown to influence α-synuclein phosphorylation and autophagy, the p.M393T variant is an attractive candidate, and we have examined its effect on TMEM175 protein and PD-related biology. After knocking down each of the genes located under the GWAS peak via multiple shRNAs, only TMEM175 was found to consistently influence accumulation of phosphorylated α-synuclein. Examination of the p.M393T variant showed effects on TMEM175 function that were intermediate between the wild type (WT) and knockout (KO) phenotypes, with reduced regulation of lysosomal pH in response to starvation and minor changes in clearance of autophagy substrates, reduced lysosomal localization, and increased accumulation of phosphorylated α-synuclein. Finally, overexpression of WT TMEM175 protein reduced phosphorylated α-synuclein, while overexpression of the p.M393T variant resulted in no change in α-synuclein phosphorylation. These results suggest that the main signal in the chromosome 4p16.3 PD risk locus is driven by the TMEM175 p.M393T variant. Modulation of TMEM175 may impact α-synuclein biology and therefore may be a rational therapeutic strategy for PD.

5.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0217796, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The electrocardiographically quantified QRS duration measures ventricular depolarization and conduction. QRS prolongation has been associated with poor heart failure prognosis and cardiovascular mortality, including sudden death. While previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 32 QRS SNPs across 26 loci among European, African, and Asian-descent populations, the genetics of QRS among Hispanics/Latinos has not been previously explored. METHODS: We performed a GWAS of QRS duration among Hispanic/Latino ancestry populations (n = 15,124) from four studies using 1000 Genomes imputed genotype data (adjusted for age, sex, global ancestry, clinical and study-specific covariates). Study-specific results were combined using fixed-effects, inverse variance-weighted meta-analysis. RESULTS: We identified six loci associated with QRS (P<5x10-8), including two novel loci: MYOCD, a nuclear protein expressed in the heart, and SYT1, an integral membrane protein. The top SNP in the MYOCD locus, intronic SNP rs16946539, was found in Hispanics/Latinos with a minor allele frequency (MAF) of 0.04, but is monomorphic in European and African descent populations. The most significant QRS duration association was with intronic SNP rs3922344 (P = 1.19x10-24) in SCN5A/SCN10A. Three other previously identified loci, CDKN1A, VTI1A, and HAND1, also exceeded the GWAS significance threshold among Hispanics/Latinos. A total of 27 of 32 previously identified QRS duration SNPs were shown to generalize in Hispanics/Latinos. CONCLUSIONS: Our QRS duration GWAS, the first in Hispanic/Latino populations, identified two new loci, underscoring the utility of extending large scale genomic studies to currently under-examined populations.

6.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 64: 262-267, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085086

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite considerable efforts to identify disease-causing and risk factors contributing to essential tremor (ET), no comprehensive assessment of heritable risk has been performed to date. METHODS: We use GREML-LDMS to estimate narrow-sense heritability due to additive effects (h2) and GREMLd to calculate non-additive heritability due to dominance variance (δ2) using data from 1,751 ET cases and 5,311 controls. We evaluate heritability per 10 Mb segments across the genome and assess the impact of Parkinson's disease (PD) misdiagnosis on heritability estimates. We apply genetic risk score (GRS) from PD and restless legs syndrome (RLS) to explore its contribution to ET risk and further assess genetic correlations with 832 traits by Linkage disequilibrium score regression. RESULTS: We estimated ET narrow-sense heritability to be h2 = 75.5% (s.e = ±0.075). In contrast, dominance variance showed insignificant effect on the overall estimates. Heritability split by 10 Mb regions revealed increased estimates at chromosomes 6 and 21. The proportion of genetic variance due to PD misdiagnosed cases was estimated to be 5.33%. PD and RLS GRS were not significantly predictive of ET case-control status. CONCLUSIONS: We show for the first time that ET is a highly heritable condition in which additive common variability plays a prominent role. Chromosomes 6 and 21 may contain causative risk variants influencing susceptibility to ET. Despite overlapping symptomatology, ET does not seem to share genetic etiologies with PD or RLS. Our study suggests that most of ET genetic component is yet to be discovered and future GWAS will reveal additional risk factors contributing to ET.

7.
Mov Disord ; 34(6): 866-875, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence supports an extensive and complex genetic contribution to PD. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have shed light on the genetic basis of risk for this disease. However, the genetic determinants of PD age at onset are largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To identify the genetic determinants of PD age at onset. METHODS: Using genetic data of 28,568 PD cases, we performed a genome-wide association study based on PD age at onset. RESULTS: We estimated that the heritability of PD age at onset attributed to common genetic variation was ∼0.11, lower than the overall heritability of risk for PD (∼0.27), likely, in part, because of the subjective nature of this measure. We found two genome-wide significant association signals, one at SNCA and the other a protein-coding variant in TMEM175, both of which are known PD risk loci and a Bonferroni-corrected significant effect at other known PD risk loci, GBA, INPP5F/BAG3, FAM47E/SCARB2, and MCCC1. Notably, SNCA, TMEM175, SCARB2, BAG3, and GBA have all been shown to be implicated in α-synuclein aggregation pathways. Remarkably, other well-established PD risk loci, such as GCH1 and MAPT, did not show a significant effect on age at onset of PD. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, we have performed the largest age at onset of PD genome-wide association studies to date, and our results show that not all PD risk loci influence age at onset with significant differences between risk alleles for age at onset. This provides a compelling picture, both within the context of functional characterization of disease-linked genetic variability and in defining differences between risk alleles for age at onset, or frank risk for disease. © 2019 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

8.
Ann Neurol ; 85(4): 470-481, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify shared polygenic risk and causal associations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: Linkage disequilibrium score regression and Mendelian randomization were applied in a large-scale, data-driven manner to explore genetic correlations and causal relationships between >700 phenotypic traits and ALS. Exposures consisted of publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWASes) summary statistics from MR Base and LD-hub. The outcome data came from the recently published ALS GWAS involving 20,806 cases and 59,804 controls. Multivariate analyses, genetic risk profiling, and Bayesian colocalization analyses were also performed. RESULTS: We have shown, by linkage disequilibrium score regression, that ALS shares polygenic risk genetic factors with a number of traits and conditions, including positive correlations with smoking status and moderate levels of physical activity, and negative correlations with higher cognitive performance, higher educational attainment, and light levels of physical activity. Using Mendelian randomization, we found evidence that hyperlipidemia is a causal risk factor for ALS and localized putative functional signals within loci of interest. INTERPRETATION: Here, we have developed a public resource (https://lng-nia.shinyapps.io/mrshiny) which we hope will become a valuable tool for the ALS community, and that will be expanded and updated as new data become available. Shared polygenic risk exists between ALS and educational attainment, physical activity, smoking, and tenseness/restlessness. We also found evidence that elevated low-desnity lipoprotein cholesterol is a causal risk factor for ALS. Future randomized controlled trials should be considered as a proof of causality. Ann Neurol 2019;85:470-481.

9.
Mov Disord ; 34(4): 460-468, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30675927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PD is a complex polygenic disorder. In recent years, several genes from the endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway have been suggested to contribute to disease etiology. However, a systematic analysis of pathway-specific genetic risk factors is yet to be performed. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively study the role of the endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway in the risk of PD. METHODS: Linkage disequilibrium score regression was used to estimate PD heritability explained by 252 genes involved in the endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway including genome-wide association studies data from 18,869 cases and 22,452 controls. We used pathway-specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms to construct a polygenic risk score reflecting the cumulative risk of common variants. To prioritize genes for follow-up functional studies, summary-data based Mendelian randomization analyses were applied to explore possible functional genomic associations with expression or methylation quantitative trait loci. RESULTS: The heritability estimate attributed to endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway was 3.58% (standard error = 1.17). Excluding previously nominated PD endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway genes, the missing heritability was 2.21% (standard error = 0.42). Random heritability simulations were estimated to be 1.44% (standard deviation = 0.54), indicating that the unbiased total heritability explained by the endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway was 2.14%. Polygenic risk score based on endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway showed a 1.25 times increase of PD risk per standard deviation of genetic risk. Finally, Mendelian randomization identified 11 endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway genes showing functional consequence associated to PD risk. CONCLUSIONS: We provide compelling genetic evidence that the endocytic membrane-trafficking pathway plays a relevant role in disease etiology. Further research on this pathway is warranted given that critical effort should be made to identify potential avenues within this biological process suitable for therapeutic interventions. © 2019 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

10.
Neurobiol Aging ; 76: 214.e1-214.e9, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528841

RESUMO

Molecular genetic research provides unprecedented opportunities to examine genotype-phenotype correlations underlying complex syndromes. To investigate pathogenic mutations and genotype-phenotype relationships in diverse neurodegenerative conditions, we performed a rare variant analysis of damaging mutations in autopsy-confirmed neurodegenerative cases from the Johns Hopkins Brain Resource Center (n = 1243 patients). We used NeuroChip genotyping and C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat analysis to rapidly screen our cohort for disease-causing mutations. In total, we identified 42 individuals who carried a pathogenic mutation in LRRK2, GBA, APP, PSEN1, MAPT, GRN, C9orf72, SETX, SPAST, or CSF1R, and we provide a comprehensive description of the diverse clinicopathological features of these well-characterized cases. Our study highlights the utility of high-throughput genetic screening arrays to establish a molecular diagnosis in individuals with complex neurodegenerative syndromes, to broaden disease phenotypes and to provide insights into unexpected disease associations.

14.
Ann Neurol ; 84(1): 117-129, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30146727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to refine our understanding of disease risk attributable to common genetic variation in SNCA, a major locus in Parkinson disease, with potential implications for clinical trials targeting α-synuclein. We aimed to dissect the multiple independent association signals, stratify individuals by SNCA-specific risk profiles, and explore expression quantitative trait loci. METHODS: We analyzed participant-level data from 12,503 patients and 12,502 controls, optimizing a risk model and assessing SNCA-specific risk scores and haplotypes as predictors of individual risk. We also explored hypotheses about functional mechanisms and correlated risk variants to gene expression in human brain and protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid. RESULTS: We report and replicate a novel, third independent association signal at genome-wide significance level downstream of SNCA (rs2870004, p = 3.0*10-8 , odds ratio [OR] = 0.88, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.84-0.92). SNCA risk score stratification showed a 2-fold difference in disease susceptibility between top and bottom quintiles (OR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.78-2.23). Contrary to previous reports, we provide evidence supporting top variant rs356182 as functional in itself and associated with a specific SNCA 5' untranslated region transcript isoform in frontal cortex. INTERPRETATION: The SNCA locus harbors a minimum of 3 independent association signals for Parkinson disease. We demonstrate a fine-grained stratification of α-synuclein-related genetic burden in individual patients of potential future clinical relevance. Further efforts to pinpoint the functional mechanisms are warranted, including studies of the likely causal top variant rs356182 and its role in regulating levels of specific SNCA mRNA transcript variants. Ann Neurol 2018;83:117-129.

15.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2018 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29988085

RESUMO

Macronutrient intake, the proportion of calories consumed from carbohydrate, fat, and protein, is an important risk factor for metabolic diseases with significant familial aggregation. Previous studies have identified two genetic loci for macronutrient intake, but incomplete coverage of genetic variation and modest sample sizes have hindered the discovery of additional loci. Here, we expanded the genetic landscape of macronutrient intake, identifying 12 suggestively significant loci (P < 1 × 10-6) associated with intake of any macronutrient in 91,114 European ancestry participants. Four loci replicated and reached genome-wide significance in a combined meta-analysis including 123,659 European descent participants, unraveling two novel loci; a common variant in RARB locus for carbohydrate intake and a rare variant in DRAM1 locus for protein intake, and corroborating earlier FGF21 and FTO findings. In additional analysis of 144,770 participants from the UK Biobank, all identified associations from the two-stage analysis were confirmed except for DRAM1. Identified loci might have implications in brain and adipose tissue biology and have clinical impact in obesity-related phenotypes. Our findings provide new insight into biological functions related to macronutrient intake.

16.
Ann Neurol ; 84(2): 191-199, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30014513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Observational studies have shown that increased plasma urate is associated with lower risk of Parkinson's disease (PD), but these studies were not designed to test causality. If a causal relationship exists, then modulating plasma urate levels could be a potential preventive avenue for PD. We used a large two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) design to assess for a causal relationship between plasma urate and PD risk. METHODS: We used a genetic instrument consisting of 31 independent loci for plasma urate on a case-control genome-wide association study data set, which included 13,708 PD cases and 95,282 controls. Individual effect estimates for each SNP were combined using the inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method. Two additional methods, MR-Egger and a penalized weighted median (PWM)-based approach, were used to assess potential bias attributed to pleiotropy or invalid instruments. RESULTS: We found no evidence for a causal relationship between urate and PD, with an effect estimate from the IVW method of odds ratio (OR) 1.03 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.88-1.20) per 1-standard-deviation increase in plasma urate levels. MR Egger and PWM analyses yielded similar estimates (OR, 0.99 [95% CI, 0.83-1.17] and 0.99 [95% CI, 0.86-1.14], respectively). INTERPRETATION: We did not find evidence for a linear causal protective effect by urate on PD risk. The associations observed in previous observational studies may be, in part, attributed to confounding or reverse causality. In the context of the present findings, strategies to elevate circulating urate levels may not reduce overall PD risk. Ann Neurol 2018;84:191-199.

17.
JAMA Neurol ; 75(11): 1416-1422, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30039155

RESUMO

Importance: Pathogenic variants in LRRK2 are a relatively common genetic cause of Parkinson disease (PD). Currently, the molecular mechanism underlying disease is unknown, and gain and loss of function (LOF) models of pathogenesis have been postulated. LRRK2 variants are reported to result in enhanced phosphorylation of substrates and increased cell death. However, the double knockout of Lrrk2 and its homologue Lrrk1 results in neurodegeneration in a mouse model, suggesting that disease may occur by LOF. Because LRRK2 inhibitors are currently in development as potential disease-modifying treatments in PD, it is critical to determine whether LOF variants in LRRK2 increase or decrease the risk of PD. Objective: To determine whether LRRK1 and LRRK2 LOF variants contribute to the risk of developing PD. Design, Setting, and Participants: To determine the prevailing mechanism of LRRK2-mediated disease in human populations, next-generation sequencing data from a large case-control cohort (>23 000 individuals) was analyzed for LOF variants in LRRK1 and LRRK2. Data were generated at 5 different sites and 5 different data sets, including cases with clinically diagnosed PD and neurologically normal control individuals. Data were collected from 2012 through 2017. Main Outcomes and Measures: Frequencies of LRRK1 and LRRK2 LOF variants present in the general population and compared between cases and controls. Results: Among 11 095 cases with PD and 12 615 controls, LRRK1 LOF variants were identified in 0.205% of cases and 0.139% of controls (odds ratio, 1.48; SE, 0.571; 95% CI, 0.45-4.44; P = .49) and LRRK2 LOF variants were found in 0.117% of cases and 0.087% of controls (odds ratio, 1.48; SE, 0.431; 95% CI, 0.63-3.50; P = .36). All association tests suggested lack of association between LRRK1 or LRRK2 variants and PD. Further analysis of lymphoblastoid cell lines from several heterozygous LOF variant carriers found that, as expected, LRRK2 protein levels are reduced by approximately half compared with wild-type alleles. Conclusions and Relevance: Together these findings indicate that haploinsufficiency of LRRK1 or LRRK2 is neither a cause of nor protective against PD. Furthermore, these results suggest that kinase inhibition or allele-specific targeting of mutant LRRK2 remain viable therapeutic strategies in PD.

18.
Neuron ; 97(6): 1268-1283.e6, 2018 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29566793

RESUMO

To identify novel genes associated with ALS, we undertook two lines of investigation. We carried out a genome-wide association study comparing 20,806 ALS cases and 59,804 controls. Independently, we performed a rare variant burden analysis comparing 1,138 index familial ALS cases and 19,494 controls. Through both approaches, we identified kinesin family member 5A (KIF5A) as a novel gene associated with ALS. Interestingly, mutations predominantly in the N-terminal motor domain of KIF5A are causative for two neurodegenerative diseases: hereditary spastic paraplegia (SPG10) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2 (CMT2). In contrast, ALS-associated mutations are primarily located at the C-terminal cargo-binding tail domain and patients harboring loss-of-function mutations displayed an extended survival relative to typical ALS cases. Taken together, these results broaden the phenotype spectrum resulting from mutations in KIF5A and strengthen the role of cytoskeletal defects in the pathogenesis of ALS.

19.
Neurobiol Aging ; 66: 32-39, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29505953

RESUMO

The single-nucleotide polymorphism rs356219 in the α-synuclein (SNCA) gene has been shown to significantly contribute to an earlier age at onset of Parkinson's disease (PD), and regulates SNCA expression in PD brain regions, blood, and plasma. Here, we used multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to study healthy adults with and without the rs356219 risk genotype. Motor and cognitive tests were administered, and all participants underwent functional and structural MRI. Imaging analyses included (1) task-based functional MRI; (2) task-based functional connectivity; (3) free-water diffusion MRI of the substantia nigra; (4) voxel-based morphometry; and (5) surface-based morphometry. There were no differences between the 2 groups in motor and cognitive performance, or brain structure. However, carrying a PD risk variant was associated with reduced functional activity in the posterior putamen and primary motor cortex. Moreover, the posterior putamen had reduced functional connectivity with the motor cortex during motor control in those with a risk genotype compared to those without. These findings point to functional abnormalities in the striatocortical circuit of rs356219 risk genotype carriers.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Envelhecimento Saudável/genética , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia , Atividade Motora , Neuroimagem , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , alfa-Sinucleína/genética , Idade de Início , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comportamento , Encéfalo/patologia , Cognição , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Genótipo , Envelhecimento Saudável/patologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco
20.
Neurobiol Aging ; 64: 159.e5-159.e8, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29398121

RESUMO

SNCA missense mutations are a rare cause of autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). To date, 6 missense mutations in SNCA have been nominated as causal. Here, we assess the frequency of these 6 mutations in public population databases and PD case-control data sets to determine their true pathogenicity. We found that 1 of the 6 reported SNCA mutations, His50Gln, was consistently identified in large population databases, and no enrichment was evident in PD cases compared to controls. These results suggest that His50Gln is probably not a pathogenic variant. This information is important to provide counseling for His50Gln carriers and has implications for the interpretation of His50Gln α-synuclein functional investigations.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Doença de Parkinson/genética , alfa-Sinucleína/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Genes Dominantes/genética , Aconselhamento Genético , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Doença de Parkinson/etiologia
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