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1.
Burns ; 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervicofacial burn (CB) is a unique type of burn, involving the lateral part of the face, neck and chest region with significant skin contractures. Temporomandibular joint (TJ) pain and orofacial myalgia (OM) are the major problems in physiotherapy context to treat. Laser is commonly used as an adjunct therapy in painful conditions. However, clinical studies are lacking in investigating the effects of gallium-arsenide (Ga-As) super pulsed laser therapy on temporomandibular joint pain and orofacial myalgia following healed cervicofacial burn patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of clinical and functional efficacy of Ga-As super pulsed laser therapy on temporomandibular joint pain with orofacial myalgia following healed cervicofacial burn patients. METHODS: Through two block random sampling method, the eligible participants were randomized and allocated into active laser (Active-L; n = 18) and placebo laser (Placebo-L; n = 18) groups. The Active-L group received laser treatment and the Placebo-L group received placebo laser effect (inactive laser) with regular physiotherapy care for 3 times in a week for 4 weeks. Primary (pain intensity, pain threshold, pain frequency) and secondary (mouth opening, disability level and quality of life) measures were measured at baseline, after the end 4th week, 8th week and 6 month follow up. RESULTS: Baseline subjective and clinical attributes show homogenous presentation among the study groups (p > 0.05). After four weeks of treatment, and at the end of 6 months follow up, the pain intensity, 2.9 (CI 95% 2.80-3.00), pain threshold 19.2 (CI 95% -30.4 to -7.9), pain frequency 3.4 (CI 95% 3.14-3.65), mouth opening, -16.0 (CI 95%-16.5 to -15.4), disability level 11.3 (CI 95%11.14-11.45), and quality of life -31.7 (CI 95%-37.1 to -26.2) showed more improvement (p < 0.001) in Active-L group than Placebo-L group. CONCLUSION: The reports of this study proved that, four weeks active laser therapy with regular physiotherapy care has an ideal treatment protocol for temporomandibular joint pain with orofacial myalgia following healed cervicofacial burn. This study also provided a new knowledge for physiotherapists in the field of temporomandibular joint pain rehabilitation.

2.
Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155211036956, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the clinical and psychological effects of low and high-intensity aerobic training combined with resistance training in community-dwelling older men with post-COVID-19 sarcopenia symptoms. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. SETTING: University physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Men in the age range of 60-80 years with post-COVID-19 Sarcopenia. INTERVENTION: All participants received resistance training for whatever time of the day that they received it, and that in addition they were randomized into two groups like low-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) and high-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) for 30 minutes/session, 1 session/day, 4 days/week for 8 weeks. OUTCOMES: Clinical (muscle strength and muscle mass) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life scales) measures were measured at the baseline, fourth week, the eighth week, and at six months follow-up. RESULTS: The 2 × 4 group by time repeated measures MANOVA with corrected post-hoc tests for six dependent variables shows a significant difference between the groups (P < 0.001). At the end of six months follow up, the handgrip strength, -3.9 (95% CI -4.26 to -3.53), kinesiophobia level 4.7 (95% CI 4.24 to 5.15), and quality of life -10.4 (95% CI -10.81 to -9.9) shows more improvement (P < 0.001) in low-intensity aerobic training group than high-intensity aerobic training group, but in muscle mass both groups did not show any significant difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Low-intensity aerobic training exercises are more effective in improving the clinical (muscle strength) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life) measures than high-intensity aerobic training in post-COVID 19 Sarcopenia.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422082

RESUMO

Results: The results of the a-ACLR, c-ACLR, and control groups were compared. At 8 weeks following postoperative rehabilitation, the a-ACLR group shows more significant changes than the c-ACLR group (p < 0.001). At 6 and 12 months, there are normal values of kinematic and kinetic values in a-ACLR compared with the results of the control group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The study showed that postoperative rehabilitation provides significant effects in the kinematic, kinetic, and EMG gait parameters in acute ACLR than chronic ACLR subjects. Early surgical intervention and postrehabilitation are mandatory to get the significant effects in the clinical parameters in acute and chronic ACL injury.

5.
Burns ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burns to the thorax are at high risk for long-term pulmonary complications due to chest muscle contractures and chronic inflammation in both adolescents and young adults. Few studies have investigated the effects of arm cycling exercise in those individuals. For that reason, this study examined pulmonary function, functional capacity, and quality of life (QOL) in adolescents with thoracic burns subsequent to 2-month arm cycling exercise programme. METHODS: A single-blinded, two-month randomized prospective controlled study was carried out between July 2019 and March 2020 on thirty adolescents with chest burns aged 11-17 years. They were randomized into two equal groups (n = 15), traditional physiotherapy programme (control group), and arm cycling exercise plus traditonal physiotherapy (arm cycling exercise group) for 2 consecutive months. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), six-minute walk test (6MWT), and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) were measured in both groups at baseline and after 2-month after intervention. RESULTS: No statistical significance was detected at baseline between control and arm cycling exercise groups (FVC, p = 0.903, FEV1, p = 0.835, 6MWT, p = 0.817, and PedsQL, p = 0.612). 2 months after intervention showed statistical improvements in the arm cycling exercise group in all measures (FVC, p = 0.001, FEV1, p < 0.0001, 6MWT, p = 0.001, and PedsQL, p = 0.001) however, the control group showed statistical improvements in FVC, p = 0.044 and FEV1, p = 0.024 with non-statistically significant changes in 6MWT, p = 0.145 and PedsQL, p = 0.067. The arm cycling exercise group showed greater improvements than control group in the outcome measures (FVC, p = 0.034, FEV1, p < 0.017, 6MWT, p = 0.037, and PedsQL, p = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: This prospective study clearly demonstrated positive and beneficial influences of two-month arm cycling exercise in the optimization of pulmonary functions, functional performance, and QOL in adolescents suffering from chest burns and thereby eliminating post-burn complications.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It was defined that exercise and dietary interventions are used to control dyslipidemia and depression in obese individuals, whilst rare investigations have examined the concurrent effects of a low-fat diet and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (MIAET) on dyslipidemia and depression in obese patients. Hence, we assessed the potential influences of a low-fat diet combined with MIAET on blood lipids and depression in those individuals. METHODS: Forty-two obese patients aged 30-50 years have been enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. They have been randomized equally into MIAET group (n=14, 60-70% of the maximum heart rate (Max HR), three sessions a week), a low-fat diet group (n=14, fat, 30% Kcal/day), and a low-fat diet plus MIAET (n=14) for 10 consecutive weeks. Body mass index (BMI), lipid profile, and Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS) have been assessed in two occasions, pre and post- 10 weeks. RESULTS: It was demonstrated that a low-fat diet group showed an improvement in total cholesterol (T-Ch), p=0.046 with no changes in triglycerides (TGs), p=0.343, low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), p=0.187, and high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), p=0.224, however MIAET group showed an improvement in TGs, p=0.042, HDLs, p=0.038 with no changes in T-Ch, p=0.126 and LDLs, p=0.368. Regarding the low-fat diet plus MIAET group, significant improvements were identified in TGs, p=0.003, T-Ch, p˂0.001, LDLs, p=0.004, and HDLs, p˂0.001. For the depression status, all groups showed a significant improvement in HDRS, p˂0.001 with greater advantageous to a low-fat diet plus MIAET group, p˂0.05. CONCLUSION: The results of the current trial suggest an important implication for promoting improvement in blood lipids and a reduction in depression status in obese patients with dyslipidemia following 10-week concurrent of a low-fat diet and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise more than low-fat diet or MIAET alone.

7.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(5): 362-368, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685237

RESUMO

Objective: This study explored the different effects of pulsed high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) versus pulsed electromagnetic field (EMF) in the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain (ChNsLBP). Methods: Between August and December 2019, 51 ChNsLBP participants with a mean age of 35.2 ± 8.6 years were enrolled in this prospective comparative study. At random, they were divided into three groups, 17 in each; HILT, EMF, and controls. HILT group was recruited for Nd:YAG laser using the following parameters: a wavelength of 1064 nm, fluency of 610-810 mJ, frequency of 10-40 Hz, average power of 10.5 W, and 120 µs short pulse duration in scanning mode. All groups received the treatment twice a week for 8 consecutive weeks. They were assessed for the modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analog scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (flex ROM) before and after 8 weeks of study program. Results: The results showed greater improvement in the HILT group (VAS, PDI, MODI, and lumbar flex ROM, p = 0.001) than the EMF group (VAS, p = 0.002, PDI, p = 0.045, MODI, p = 0.002, and lumbar flex ROM, p = 0.042), with significant difference between the two groups in favor of the HILT group (p ˂ 0.05). Conclusions: Depending on the results of the study, both HILT and EMF are useful physiotherapy modalities in the treatment of ChNsLBP with HILT exhibiting better outcomes than EMF. Clinical recommendations should be highlighted to instigate the use of HILT in the management of musculoskeletal disorders, distinctively ChNsLBP.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Dor Lombar , Adulto , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Sport Rehabil ; 30(6): 884-893, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find the short-term psychological and hormonal effects of virtual reality training on chronic low back pain in American soccer players. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The 3-block random sampling method was used on 54 university American soccer players with chronic low back pain, and they were allocated into 3 groups: virtual reality training (VRT; n = 18), combined physical rehabilitation (n = 18), and control (n = 18) groups at University Hospital. They underwent different balance training exercises for 4 weeks. The participants and the therapist who is assessing the outcomes were blinded. Psychological (pain intensity and kinesiophobia) and hormonal (glucose, insulin, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance, growth hormone, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol) values were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks, and after 6 months. RESULTS: The baseline demographic, psychological, and hormonal data between the VRT, combined physical rehabilitation, and control groups show no statistical difference (P ≥ .05). Four weeks following training, the VRT group shows more significant changes in pain intensity and kinesiophobia than the combined physical rehabilitation and control groups (P < .001), and the improvement was noted in the 6-month follow-up. All the hormonal variables (glucose, insulin, growth hormone, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol) show significant changes at 4-week training (P < .001), except for the Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (P = .075) between the 3 groups. At 6-month follow-up glucose, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol show more significant difference in the VRT group than the other 2 groups (P < .001). At the same time, insulin (P = .694), Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (P = .272), and growth hormone (P = .145) failed to show significant changes between the groups. CONCLUSION: Training through virtual reality is an effective treatment program when compared with conventional exercise training programs from a psychological and hormonal analysis perspective in American soccer players with chronic low back pain.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Futebol , Realidade Virtual , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos
9.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8866093, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628339

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is the most common feature of hepatic cirrhosis characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and function and increases permanently the mortality and morbidity rates among those patients. The incidence of sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients ranged 40-70% associating with impaired quality of life and augmented rates of infection. Based on these issues, this review is aimed at determining the prevalence and main causes of sarcopenia among cirrhotic patients and recognizing the recent diagnostic and physical treatment modalities that prevent risk factors for sarcopenia in those patients. No ideal modality is currently demonstrated for diagnosing sarcopenia in hepatic diseases, particularly cirrhosis; however, recent studies reported different diagnostic modalities for muscle function in different individuals including handgrip strength, skeletal muscle index, six-min walk test, liver frailty index, short physical performance battery, and radiological assessments for quadriceps and psoas muscles. Exercise training and therapeutic nutrition are strongly recommended for controlling sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients. The exercise program is designed and carried out on a frequent basis within an extensive scheduled time aimed at improving functional performance, aerobic capacity, and healthy conditions. Finally, a combination of exercise training and therapeutic nutrition is powerfully recommended to control sarcopenia in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Fígado/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Sarcopenia/terapia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/patologia , Fatores Sexuais
10.
Burns ; 47(1): 206-214, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circumferential burn of chest (CBC) is a significant type of burn and considers as a major cause of restrictive lung disease (RLD). Patient who has CBC with RLD leads to respiratory symptoms such as breathing difficulty, airway obstruction, reduced exercise capacity and altered pulmonary functions. However, studies examining the role of pranayama breathing exercise on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity and exercise tolerance in full thickness circumferential burn of chest are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find the short term effects of pranayama breathing exercise on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity and exercise tolerance in full thickness circumferential burns of chest. METHODS: Through simple random sampling method thirty subjects (N = 30) with RLD following CBC were allocated to pranayama breathing exercise group (PBE-G; n = 15) and conventional breathing exercise group (CBE-G; n = 15). They received pranayama breathing exercise and conventional breathing exercise for 4 weeks respectively. All the subjects received chest mobility exercise as common treatment. Primary (Numeric Pain Rating Scale - NPRS, forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) and secondary (Electromyogram of sternocleidomastoid, scalene, external intercostal and diaphragm muscle, 6 min walk test & Global Rating of Change - GRC) outcome measures were measured at baseline, after four weeks and after three months follow up. RESULTS: Baseline demographic and clinical variables show homogenous distribution between the groups (p > 0.05). Four weeks following different breathing exercises, PBE-G group shows more significant changes in pain intensity, pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity, exercise tolerance and global rating of change than CBE-G group (p ≤ 0.05) at four weeks and three months follow up. CONCLUSION: Both groups showed improvement over time. However, differences between the groups were noticed small. Still physiotherapy management, which included pranayama breathing exercises with chest mobilization program, had an effective strategy in the treatment of restrictive lung disease following circumferential burn of chest.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/normas , Queimaduras/terapia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Exercícios Respiratórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória/estatística & dados numéricos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Parede Torácica/anormalidades , Parede Torácica/lesões , Parede Torácica/fisiopatologia , Ioga
11.
Lasers Med Sci ; 36(3): 475-484, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833088

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease and is considered as the most common cause of pain and disability. To the best of our knowledge, it is generally observed that there is a lack of evidence on the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on inflammatory cytokines in OA. The present review aims to appraise the current evidence of efffects of LLLT on inflammatory cytokines in OA of the knee. Medical databases such as Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane register, and Google reference were searched from its inception to June 2019. Articles that meet the inclusion criteria: subjects (animals-Wistar rats) induced with OA; rats with age group of 50-90 days; weight of 150-300 g; finding the effects of LLLT; reporting inflammatory cytokines; and articles written in English were included. The reviewers assessed the methodological quality of the primary studies. Data of inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and MMP-13 were extracted for analysis. The Q (x2) test and I2 statistics analysis were performed to find the heterogeneity evaluation. Standard mean difference (SMD) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to synthesize the data. Two hundred eleven potential articles were identified and 186 articles were excluded based on the selection criteria. The rest of the 25 articles were read and 8 articles were selected for further study. From the study, it is observed that the laser therapy group had mild to moderate improvement than control group in IL-1ß, TNF-α, and MMP-13 (IL-1ß; SMD 1.21 [95% CI - 0.278, 2.704], TNF-α; SMD 5.19 [95% CI 2.413, 7.961], and MMP-13 SMD - 1.45 [95% CI - 5.121, 2.211]), while IL-6 [SMD 3.11 (95% CI 0.662, 5.549] did not show any considerable improvement after laser therapy. The present review provides the evidence of LLLT-dependent reduction of IL-1ß, TNF-α, and MMP-13, and its ability to modulate proliferation of inflammatory cells, which makes LLLT a suitable treatment for OA. Though the included studies showed a high heterogeneity in treatment parameter, the beneficial effect of LLLT on changes in inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, seems to be unaffected.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/radioterapia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Viés de Publicação , Ratos Wistar
12.
Burns ; 47(3): 587-593, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both diabetes mellitus (DM) and burn injuries lead to physical and psychological impairments. Foot burns are still a challenging health condition because of its important sensory role. No previous studies have assessed the physical therapy intervention on diabetic patients with foot burns. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the potential efficacy of sensorimotor exercise on pain, proprioception, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. METHODS: Between July 2019 and February 2020, thirty-three diabetic patients with foot burns, aged 32 to 46yrs, were enrolled in this randomized control study, and randomized consecutively into two groups, study group (n=16) and control group (n=17). The study group underwent a sensorimotor exercise program thrice a week for 12 consecutive weeks, however the control group did not undergo the exercise intervention. Both groups were instructed to conduct home exercises. Visual analogue scale (VAS), proprioceptive responses, time-up and go (TUG) values, and short form-36 (SF-36) have been assessed prior and subsequent to the study intervention. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between groups regarding baseline data (p˃0.05). Subsequent to 12wk intervention, the study group showed significant improvements in outcome measures (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.003, and SF-36, p˂0.001) and the control group exhibited significant changes in VAS and SF-36 (p=0.004, p=0.043 respectively) however, no significant changes were found in proprioceptive responses and TUG values (p˃0.05). Between groups, the post-intervention comparison demonstrated statistical differences with tending toward the study group (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.013, and SF-36, p=0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Sensorimotor exercise training may improve, pain, proprioceptive responses, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. Physiotherapists and rehabilitation providers should include the sensorimotor exercise in their protocols in the treatment of diabetic patients with foot burns.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/complicações , Terapia por Exercício/normas , Traumatismos do Pé/complicações , Córtex Sensório-Motor/lesões , Adulto , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pé/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/normas , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição da Dor , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Córtex Sensório-Motor/fisiopatologia , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil ; 34(2): 269-277, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virtual reality training is commonly used for balance problems in neurological conditions with the use of visual and auditory biofeedback. The knowledge about the effective implementation of this training in chronic low back pain is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find the radiological and biochemical effects of virtual reality training in football players with chronic low back pain. METHODS: A randomized, single-blinded controlled study was conducted on 36 participants. The first group received virtual reality training (VRT; n= 12), the second group received combined physical rehabilitation (CPR; n= 12), and the third group (control group; n= 12) received conventional training exercises for four weeks. Radiological (muscle cross-sectional area and muscle thickness) and biochemical (CRP, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6) values were measured at baseline and after four weeks. RESULTS: Four weeks following training, the VRT group showed more significant changes in the muscle cross-sectional area than the CPR and control groups (p⩽ 0.001). Biochemical measures such as CRP, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4, and IL-6 also showed significant improvement in the VRT group compared to the other two groups (p⩽ 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results show that virtual reality training has positive effects on the radiological and biochemical aspects in university football players with chronic low back pain.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Futebol , Realidade Virtual , Adolescente , Humanos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Radiografia , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Technol Health Care ; 29(1): 155-166, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence on the latest technologies in rehabilitation for reducing pain and altering serum stress hormones in low back pain (LBP) was lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find the clinical and hormonal effects of virtual reality training (VRT) and isokinetic training (IKT) in chronic LBP patients. METHODS: Through the simple random sampling method, 60 university football players with chronic LBP were allocated into three groups: NVRT= 20, NIKT= 20 and NCONTROL= 20. The three groups underwent different exercises for 4 weeks. Clinical (pain intensity and kinesiophobia) and hormonal (glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, growth hormone, prolactin, ACTH and cortisol) values were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks and 6 months. RESULTS: Four weeks following training, the VRT and IKT groups showed significant changes in pain intensity and kinesiophobia in comparison to the control group (p< 0.05). Hormonal measures also showed significant improvement in the VRT group in comparison to the other two groups (p< 0.05). CONCLUSION: Training through virtual reality and isokinetic exercise is an effective approach in terms of pain and kinesiophobia. In terms of hormonal analysis, virtual reality shows slightly more improvements than isokinetic training in subjects with chronic LBP.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Realidade Virtual , Dor Crônica/sangue , Dor Crônica/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Hormônios , Humanos , Dor Lombar/sangue , Dor Lombar/terapia , Masculino , Medição da Dor
15.
World J Psychiatry ; 11(12): 1267-1273, 2021 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35070776

RESUMO

The corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in most nations deciding upon self-isolation and social distancing policies for their citizens to control the pandemic and reduce hospital admission. This review aimed at evaluating the effect of physical activity on mental well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. It was concluded that the COVID-19 pandemic may lead to augmented levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-2 that led to cardiovascular and neurological disorders associated with highly inflammatory effects of viral infection affecting the brain tissues leading to damage of the nervous system and resulting in cognition dysfunction, insulin sensitivity reduction, and behavioral impairments. Anxiety and depression may lead to negative effects on various quality of life domains, such as being physically inactive. Regular physical activities may reduce inflammatory responses, improve ACE-2 responses, and improve mental well-being during self-isolation and social distancing policies related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Further studies should be conducted to assess the different intensities of physical activities on cardiovascular function, and mental well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8856284, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381590

RESUMO

Background: Physical activity has been found to maintain and improve cognitive function and consequently improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The relationships between different types of physical activities, cognitive function, and HRQoL have not been studied sufficiently and compared in different age and gender groups. This study is aimed at examining the relationship between different types of physical activity (high-intensity, moderate-intensity, and walking exercise), cognitive function, and HRQoL. In addition, this study is aimed at examining these relationships in different age and gender groups. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 150 adults with a mean age of 50 ± 8.8 years. Participants completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) to assess the level of the physical activity types and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire to assess HRQoL. Cognitive function was measured using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) screening instrument. Spearman correlation analysis was used to explore the relationships between the different variables of the study. Results: There were significant positive relationships between all types of physical activities, cognitive ability, and HRQoL. The relationships between moderate-intensity physical activities and cognitive function (r = 0.38) and HRQoL (r = 0.33) were higher than the relationships with walking exercise and high-intensity physical activity. The middle-aged group had a significantly higher cognitive function compared to the senior adults (p < 0.001), while there was no significant difference between the age groups in HRQoL (p = 0.18). Conclusion: The cognitive function and HRQoL were more related to moderate-intensity physical activities compared to walking exercise or high-intensity physical activities. These relationships were more pronounced in the senior adult population compared to the middle-aged group.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Caminhada
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23555, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isokinetic training (IKT) and core stabilization training (CST) are commonly used for balance training in musculoskeletal conditions. The knowledge about the effective implementation of these training protocols on radiological and biochemical effects in university football players with chronic low back pain (LBP) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the effects of isokinetic training and CST on radiological and biochemical effects in university football players with chronic LBP. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 60 LBP participants were randomized into isokinetic group (IKT; n = 20), core stabilization group (CST; n = 20) and the control group (n = 20) and received respective exercises for 4 weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: Radiological (muscle cross sectional area & muscle thickness) and biochemical (C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor -α, interleukin [IL]-2, IL-4, IL-6) values were measured at baseline and after 4 weeks (immediate effect). RESULTS: The reports of the IKT, CST and control group were compared between the groups. Four weeks following training IKT group shows more significant changes in muscle cross sectional area (Psoas Major, Quadratus Lumborum, Multifidus and Erector Spinae muscles) and muscle thickness (Multifidus) than CST and control groups (p < 0.001). Biochemical measures such as C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor -α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-6 also show significant improvement in IKT group than the other 2 groups (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Training through Isokinetic is an effective treatment program than conventional exercise programs in the aspect of radiological and biochemical analysis in university football players with chronic LBP, which may also help to prevent further injury. The present study can be used to improve the physical therapist's knowledge and clinical decision skills on LBP in football players.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Futebol , Adolescente , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Medição da Dor , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178306

RESUMO

Objectives: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (chronic nsLBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders leading to disabilities and physical inactivity. Laser therapy was used in chronic nsLBP treatment; however, no previous studies have assessed the impacts of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) versus low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on chronic nsLBP. This study compared the effects of HILT versus LLLT on individuals suffering from chronic nsLBP. Methods: The study was a randomized control trial. Sixty individuals with chronic nsLBP were enrolled in this study between May and November 2019. All participants were clinically diagnosed with chronic nsLBP. They were assigned randomly into three groups, 20 in each group. The first group received a program of LLLT, the second group received a program of HILT, and the third did not receive laser therapy (control group). Pain severity, disability, lumbar mobility, and quality of life were assessed before and after 12-week intervention. Results: Both LLLT and HILT groups showed a significant improvement of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scale (VAS), lumbar range of motion (ROM), and European Quality of Life (EuroQol) scores (p > 0.05), while the control group did not show significant changes (p > 0.05). Comparison among the three study groups postintervention showed significant differences in the outcome measures (p > 0.05), while comparison between the LLLT and HILT groups showed nonsignificant differences (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There are no different influences of LLLT versus HILT on chronic nsLBP patients. Both LLLT and HILT reduce pain and disability and improve lumbar mobility and quality of life in chronic nsLBP patients.

19.
PeerJ ; 8: e9682, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864212

RESUMO

Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) is common among schoolchildren and usually benign. However, it may progressively lead to joint pain and developmental delay. Identifying GJH in school-aged children would facilitate the monitoring of early changes and planning for early rehabilitative intervention. Epidemiological studies addressing the prevalence of GJH among children in the Gulf region and Arab ethnicity are lacking. Hence, we aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern, and factors associated with GJH among school-aged children in the Majmaah region, Saudi Arabia. Male and female school-aged children 8-14 years of age from the Majmaah region of Saudi Arabia participated in this cross-sectional study. Beighton score was used to assess GJH. Personal characteristics such as age, height, weight, body mass index, and handedness were also collected. Descriptive statistics were obtained for personal characteristics, the point prevalence of hypermobility, frequency of Beighton score distribution, and prevalence of GJH. The associations between specific factors and the presence of GJH were analyzed using chi-square and Mann-whitney tests. Using the Beighton score cutoff ≥ 4 and ≥ 6, 15.2% and 7.6% of the school children in our study were diagnosed with GJH respectively. The prevalence of GJH was higher among females (16.8%) than among males (13.4%), but the difference was not statistically significant. The elbow joints (17.2%) were the most common hypermobile joints and the trunk (0.7%) was the least involved. The children with GJH were younger and had lesser BMI compared to children without GJH (P < 0.05). The prevalence reported in this study among school-aged children was comparable with those reported worldwide.

20.
J Rehabil Med ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of isokinetic training of the knee muscles on bone morphogenetic proteins and inflammatory biomarkers in post-traumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament injury in university football players. METHODS: A total of 60 participants with post-traumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament injury were randomly allocated into 3 groups: isokinetic training (n = 20), sensory motor training (n = 20) and control (n = 20) groups. The groups underwent different training programmes for 4 weeks. Clinical and biochemical values were measured at baseline, 4-week, 8-week and 6-month follow-ups. RESULTS: Four weeks after training the isokinetic group showed more significant changes in pain intensity and functional disability than the sensory motor training or control groups (p < 0.001). There was no significant improvement in bone morphogenic protein measures, (e.g. bone morphogenic proteins 2, 4, 6, and 7) in any of the groups. There was an improvement in inflammatory markers (CRP, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6) in the isokinetic training group compared with the other 2 groups (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Isokinetic training results in greater improvements in pain and functional disability than sensory motor training in post-traumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament injury in university football players. The isokinetic training programme had a beneficial effect on levels of inflammatory biomarkers and negligible effect on bone morphogenic proteins.

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