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1.
J Health Popul Nutr ; 38(1): 1, 2019 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30606264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An oxidant/antioxidant disequilibrium has been suggested as having a role in the pathogenesis of some diseases. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is significantly associated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The pathogenesis of MS is complex and not well understood. The purposes of the present study were to compare enzymatic and non-enzyme antioxidants, anthropometric, hematological, and biochemical findings between subjects with MS and without MS and to evaluate the relationship between antioxidant status and hematological parameters with the components of MS. METHODS: Metabolic syndrome was assessed by using the modified National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Three hundred Thais, 124 with MS and 176 without MS, were included in the study. Each subject was tested for erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, (GPX), catalase (CAT), albumin and vitamin C levels, and hematological findings. RESULTS: Subjects with MS had lower SOD and CAT levels than those without MS (p < 0.01). Subjects with MS had lower vitamin C and albumin levels than those without MS (p < 0.05). The hematological findings were not significantly different between those with and without MS except the white blood cell (WBC) count which was significantly higher in those with MS. SOD and CAT levels were significantly positively associated with HDL-C levels and negatively associated with components of MS. After adjusting for potential covariates, we found lower SOD and vitamin C levels and higher WBC counts were significantly associated with MS (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest an alteration in antioxidant status and an increase in inflammatory markers are associated with MS and its components among Thais; subjects with MS may be more likely to have oxidative stress problems.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Adulto , Antropometria , Ácido Ascórbico/sangue , Catalase/sangue , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue , Tailândia
2.
J Med Assoc Thai ; 98(10): 1028-34, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26638595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Compare tobacco use, exposure to second-hand smoke, and smoking cessation training among third-year medical technology students in Thailand between 2006 and 2011. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The medical technology student survey was carried out with Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) between October and November 2011. The population of the present study was all students in nine medical technology schools. There were 773 students enrolled in this study yielding a response rate of 95.1%. RESULTS: The prevalence of current cigarette smokers had decreased from 2006 to 2011 (4.8% to 1.4%, respectively). Rates of exposure to second-hand smoke at home were 36.3% in 2006 and 39.7% in 2011, while rates of exposure to second-hand smoke in other places did not change. Most students recognized that they should give patients counseling to quit smoking, but only 20.6% in 2006 and 28.4% in 2011 of them had received formal training in tobacco cessation counseling. CONCLUSION: There were low percentages of current cigarette smoking but high percentages of exposure to second-hand smoke among medical technology students. The percentage of cessation training was still low among students. Therefore, medical technology schools should provide formal training in tobacco cessation for all students to help improve their ability in providing advice to patients.


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Tabagismo/epidemiologia , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Aconselhamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Faculdades de Medicina , Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/prevenção & controle , Tabagismo/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Med Biochem ; 34(2): 170-178, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28356829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clinical constellation comprising risk factors associated with developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Resistin has been suggested as a linkage between obesity, inflammation and type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to investigate resistin concentrations and hematological-biochemical parameters in MS subjects and controls, and to determine whether two resistin gene (RETN) polymorphisms (-420C>G & +299G>A) are linked to resistin levels and MS among Thais. METHODS: This case-control study was performed with 322 Thai volunteers: 160 MS subjects and 162 controls. Anthropometric parameters and hematological-biochemical variables were determined. The RETN -420C>G (rs1862513) and +299G>A (rs3745367) polymorphisms were genotyped by PCR-RFLP technique. RESULTS: The resistin levels of the MS group were significantly higher than those of the control group. Resistin levels were positively correlated with anthropometric parameters and WBC count in the MS group. According to RETN -420C>G polymorphism, MS subjects with the G allele (CG/GG) (3.9 µg/L) had significantly higher resistin concentrations than in subjects with the CC genotype (2.4 µg/L); with regard to RETN +299G>A polymorphism, carriers with the A allele (GA/AA) (3.8 µg/L) had significantly higher resistin levels than subjects with the GG genotype (2.7 µg/L), after adjusting for potential covariates. However, the RETN -420C>G and +299G>A polymorphisms were not found to be associated with MS, hematological-biochemical parameters and anthropometric variables. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest resistin levels are linked with MS and the RETN -420C>G and +299G>A polymorphisms have impacted the circulating resistin concentrations. However, these two RETN polymorphisms probably do not influence susceptibility to MS among Thais.

4.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; 80(3): 216-24, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21234863

RESUMO

The aims of this study were first to detect the levels of adiponectin, insulin, albumin, glucose, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lipids, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and anthropometric variables in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as well as healthy control groups, and to determine whether two adiponectin gene polymorphisms, at the position -11377C > G as well as +45T > G, are associated with serum levels of adiponectin and other variables; then to search for the association between these two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the adiponectin gene and T2DM. We investigated 93 T2DM patients and 90 healthy volunteers. Compared with the healthy control group, the T2DM group had significantly lower adiponectin levels. Waist circumference, total cholesterol, ALT, glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR scores were significantly higher in the T2DM group than in the control group. The polymorphism of the adiponectin gene at position -11377C > G among type 2 diabetes subjects showed that the adiponectin concentration was significantly lower in CG/GG genotypes (6.2 µg/mL) than the CC genotype (7.8 µg/mL), whereas SNP +45T > G was not associated with adiponectin levels. Adiponectin gene polymorphisms at position -11377C > G and +45T > G were significantly more frequent in type 2 diabetes patients than in the control group (p = 0.022; p = 0.045, respectively). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the strong impact on T2DM was found for -11377C > G gene polymorphism (p = 0.023) and waist circumference (p < 0.001). Therefore, the single nucleotide polymorphism of -11377C > G in adiponectin promoter region has impact on the lower adiponectin concentrations, and may influence susceptibility to T2DM in Thais.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Adiponectina/sangue , Adiponectina/genética , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Tailândia , Circunferência da Cintura
5.
J Clin Biochem Nutr ; 44(1): 104-10, 2009 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19177195

RESUMO

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has been increased in Thais. Resistin is an adipokine that involve in glucose homeostasis and is a candidate gene for type 2 diabetes. We performed a case-control study in representative sample of 200 Thai volunteers, 105 controls and 95 type 2 diabetes subjects. The purposes of the present study were to investigate the association between two SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) in the resistin gene, at positions +299(G>A) and -420(C>G), and biochemical parameters; to determine whether these polymorphisms are linked to increased risk of type 2 diabetes. At position +299(G>A) of the resistin gene, the resistin concentration among type 2 diabetes subjects was significantly higher in GA/AA genotypes (3.40 ng/ml) than the GG genotype (1.99 ng/ml). Resistin gene polymorphism at position +299(G>A) in type 2 diabetes patients was significantly more frequent than in the control group (p = 0.004). Polymorphism at position -420(C>G) showed no significant relationship with type 2 diabetes (p = 0.095). Logistic regression analysis was shown that +299(G>A) gene polymorphism was increased risk factors for type 2 diabetes (p = 0.013). In conclusion, these finding suggest that resistin gene polymorphism at position +299(G>A) has impact on the increased resistin concentrations and may influence susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in Thais.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18041313

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study was carried out among smokers and nonsmokers from suburban and urban residential areas in Bangkok, Thailand. One hundred eighty-six smokers and 102 nonsmokers, who voluntarily participated in the study, were investigated. The levels of alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), albumin, total protein, and other biochemical and hematological parameters as well as body mass index (BMI) measurements were taken. The levels of A2M, BUN and WBC counts were significantly higher in smokers than nonsmokers. Total protein and albumin concentrations were significantly lower in smokers than nonsmokers, but the levels of other biochemical parameters did not differ between the two groups. The relationship between BMI and median A2M levels in the smoker and nonsmoker groups showed the higher the BMI, the lower the serum A2M levels. Smokers had a higher percentage of hyperalpha-2-macroglobulinemia than nonsmokers. A2M concentrations correlated inversely with BMI, BUN, albumin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and the quantity of cigarettes smoked for the total period of smoking (cigarette pack-years). Multiple regression analysis revealed that albumin and cigarette pack-years were the most closely related variables to A2M concentrations among smokers. These findings suggest cigarette smoking affects inflammation markers, increasing A2M and WBC and decreasing albumin. This effect may be the mechanism responsible for the development of chronic disease states associated with smoking since cigarette smoke contains many toxic compounds harmful to health.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Fumar/sangue , alfa-Macroglobulinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Tailândia
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