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1.
Zootaxa ; 4612(4): zootaxa.4612.4.2, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717038

RESUMO

The article presents a review of the literature on known representatives of the genus Lecanophryella containing general characteristics of the members of this genus, information on morphology and data on distribution. Diagnostic characters of L. satyanandani is emended based on material collected from a new locality. A new species, Lecanophryella indica as epibiont on the body surface of cyclopoid copepod from the Zuari estuary, west coast of India is also described.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Copépodes , Animais , Índia
2.
Zootaxa ; 4695(4): zootaxa.4695.4.5, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719343

RESUMO

The article deals with the report of 5 suctorians viz. Lecanophryella satyanandani (Santhakumari, 1986), Paracineta karunakarani Santhakumari, 1986, Ephelota gemmipara (Hertwig, 1876), Acineta foetida Maupas, 1881 and Pelagacineta sp. on marine pelagic ostracods Cypridina dentata (Müller, 1906) from new localities of the Arabian Sea. Diagnostic characters of Paracineta karunakarani are emended. Ephelota gemmipara (Hertwig, 1876) and Acineta foetida Maupas, 1881 are reported here for the first time on planktonic marine ostracods. Pelagacineta sp. is reported for the first time as epibiont on ostracods and from the Indian Ocean.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Crustáceos , Animais , Oceano Índico , Plâncton
3.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 149: 110504, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421562

RESUMO

Globally, coral reefs are degrading rapidly due to the combined impact of wide-scale anthropogenic activities and climate change. Similarly, coral reefs in India are facing an existential threat because of intensified environmental degradation, which challenges reef ecosystem resilience and socio-ecological stability. Recently, Govt. of India has taken up the 'SagarMala Programme' aiming to increase its port capacity by the expansion of existing ports, construction of several new ports and allied infrastructure development by 2025. Synergistic impact of coastal development coupled with the on-going environmental changes is deemed to accelerate coral reef degradation in Indian reefs. Therefore, the present article aims to highlight the urgency of positive intervention and initiation of long-term holistic coral reef restoration program as an active reef management tool. Along with conventional management practices, reef restoration program could curtail further reef degradation and will ensure the persistence of Indian coral reefs and the services they provide.


Assuntos
Antozoários/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Recifes de Corais , Animais , Mudança Climática , Índia
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 668: 592-601, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30856569

RESUMO

Sedimentary organic matter (SOM) plays an important role in hosting and reducing HgII in marine/estuarine sediment. This study provides a better understanding on the influence of nature of SOM, in regulating sedimentary mercury (Hg) and elemental mercury (Hg0) distribution, and speciation in the Zuari and Mandovi Estuaries that are representative of monsoon fed tropical estuaries, located in the central west coast of India. Salinity of the overlying water column controlled the physical and chemical characteristics of SOM in the estuarine systems. The high molecular weight (MW) SOM dominated at the mid and upstream (low salinity region) of the estuaries, whereas, the low MW SOM prevailed at the downstream (high salinity region). Sediment Hg showed more affinity towards the SOM of high MW. Increasing MW of SOM increased total sedimentary HgT in both the estuaries. SOM with low MW in the estuarine sediment displayed a negative relationship with the sediment Hg concentration. Distribution of Hg0 concentration in the estuarine sediment suggests that reduction of HgII in presence low MW SOM was a dominant process. It was also found that distribution and speciation of Hg0 in the estuarine sediment depends on the quantity, quality of the SOM, and the total sediment Hg loading. This study demonstrated that the competition between Hg-SOM complexation and HgII reduction by SOM controls HgII/Hg0 distribution in tropical estuarine sediment systems.

5.
Environ Monit Assess ; 173(1-4): 65-78, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20213062

RESUMO

Natural disturbances along with human interference make the tropical estuaries amongst the most disturbed areas globally. In spite of this, information on the seasonal variability of macrofauna from tropical estuaries is few. Temporal variability of macrofaunal community from Mormugao Bay, Zuari estuary, on the west coast of India was examined from 2003 to 2004 at seven stations. Environmental variability was assessed through physicochemical parameters of water and sediment. The changes in macrobenthic community were assessed using abundance, biomass and species diversity indices. The environmental parameters showed a significant seasonal variation influenced by monsoonal changes. The changes in the environmental conditions brought about variation in the macrobenthic community. Macrofaunal abundance, biomass and species diversity were the highest during post-monsoon influenced by recruitment. In monsoon, the macrobenthic community was dominated by polychaetes (92.17%), whereas bivalves dominated during the post-monsoon (57.7%). The macrofauna showed drastic decline during the stable pre-monsoon season, a period when the highest abundance of fauna is observed in the tropical estuary. Therefore, the macrobenthic community in the area did not follow the seasonal trend generally observed in a tropical estuary. Further, the community during pre-monsoon season was dominated by the opportunistic polychaete species indicating a possible influence of harbour activities in structuring the benthic community of the area.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Invertebrados , Animais , Biodiversidade , Índia , Poliquetos
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